CERTIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT
SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1062
1991 Regular Session
Passed by the House February 27, 1991
Yeas 93 Nays 0
Speaker of the
House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate March 27, 1991
Yeas 48 Nays 0
President of the Senate
Approved Place Style On Codes above, and Style Off Codes below.
Governor of the State of Washington
I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1062 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
Secretary of State
State of Washington
SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1062
Passed Legislature - 1991 Regular Session
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By House Committee on Judiciary (originally sponsored by Representatives Ludwig, Padden, R. Meyers and Orr).
Read first time 1/28/91.
AN ACT Relating to power of fiduciaries to divide trusts; and amending RCW 11.108.025 and 11.98.080.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 11.108.025 and 1990 c 179 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:
Unless a governing instrument directs to the contrary:
(1) The fiduciary shall have the power to make elections, in whole or in part, to qualify property for the marital deduction as qualified terminable interest property under section 2056(b)(7) of the internal revenue code or, if the surviving spouse is not a citizen of the United States, under section 2056A of the internal revenue code.
(2) The fiduciary making an election under section 2056(b)(7) or 2056A of the internal revenue code or making an allocation under section 2632 of the internal revenue code may benefit personally from the election or allocation, with no duty to reimburse any other person interested in the election or allocation. The fiduciary shall have no duty to make any equitable adjustment and shall have no duty to treat interested persons impartially in respect of the election or allocation.
The fiduciary making an election under section 2056(b)(7) or 2056A of the internal
revenue code shall have the power to divide the trust into two or more separate
trusts, of equal or unequal value, provided that the division shall not prevent
a separate trust for which the election is made from qualifying for the marital
deduction under the internal revenue code and its regulations.)) The
fiduciary of a trust, if an election is made under section 2056(b)(7) or 2056A
of the internal revenue code, if an allocation is made under section 2632 of
the internal revenue code, or if division of a trust is of benefit to the
persons interested in the trust, may divide the trust into two or more separate
trusts, of equal or unequal value, provided that the terms of the separate
trusts which result are substantially identical to the terms of the trust
before division, and provided further, in the case of a trust otherwise
qualifying for the marital deduction under the internal revenue code and its
regulations, that the division shall not prevent a separate trust for which the
election is made from qualifying for the marital deduction.
Sec. 2. RCW 11.98.080 and 1985 c 30 s 51 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Two or more trusts may be consolidated if:
(a) The trusts so provide; or
(b) Whether provided in the trusts or not, in accordance with subsection (2) of this section, if all interested persons consent as provided in subsection (2)(b) of this section and the requirements of subsection (1)(d) of this section are satisfied; or
(c) Whether provided in the trusts or not, in accordance with subsection (3) of this section if the requirements of subsection (1)(d) of this section are satisfied;
(d) Consolidation under subsection (2) or (3) of this section is permitted only if:
(i) The dispositive provisions of each trust to be consolidated are substantially similar;
(ii) Consolidation is not inconsistent with the intent of the trustor with regard to any trust to be consolidated; and
(iii) Consolidation would facilitate administration of the trusts and would not materially impair the interests of the beneficiaries;
(e) Trusts may be consolidated whether created inter vivos or by will, by the same or different instruments, by the same or different trustors, whether the trustees are the same, and regardless of where the trusts were created or administered.
(2) The trustees of two or more trusts may consolidate the trusts on such terms and conditions as appropriate without court approval as provided in RCW 11.96.170.
(a) The trustee shall give written notice of proposed consolidation by personal service or by certified mail to the beneficiaries of every trust affected by the consolidation as provided in RCW 11.96.100 and 11.96.110 and to any trustee of such trusts who does not join in the notice. The notice shall: (i) State the name and mailing address of the trustee; (ii) include a copy of the governing instrument of each trust to be consolidated; (iii) include a statement of assets and liabilities of each trust to be consolidated, dated within ninety days of the notice; (iv) fully describe the terms and manner of consolidation; and (v) state the reasons supporting the requirements of subsection (1)(d) of this section. The notice shall advise the recipient of the right to petition for a judicial determination of the proposed consolidation as provided in subsection (3) of this section. The notice shall include a form on which consent or objection to the proposed consolidation may be indicated.
(b) If the trustee receives written consent to the proposed consolidation from all persons entitled to notice as provided in RCW 11.96.100 and 11.96.110, the trustee may consolidate the trusts as provided in the notice. Any person dealing with the trustee of the resulting consolidated trust is entitled to rely on the authority of that trustee to act and is not obliged to inquire into the validity or propriety of the consolidation under this section.
(3)(a) Any trustee, beneficiary, or special representative may petition the superior court of the county in which the principal place of administration of a trust is located for an order consolidating two or more trusts under chapter 11.96 RCW. If nonjudicial consolidation has been commenced pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, a petition may be filed under this section unless the trustee has received all necessary consents. The principal place of administration of the trust is the trustee's usual place of business where the records pertaining to the trust are kept, or the trustee's residence if the trustee has no such place of business.
(b) At the conclusion of the hearing, if the court finds that the requirements of subsection (1)(d) of this section have been satisfied, it may direct consolidation of two or more trusts on such terms and conditions as appropriate. The court in its discretion may provide for payment from one or more of the trusts of reasonable fees and expenses for any party to the proceeding.
(4) This section applies to all trusts whenever created.