52nd Legislature

                      1991 Regular Session



Passed by the House March 15, 1991

  Yeas 76   Nays 22




Speaker of the

       House of Representatives


Passed by the Senate April 10, 1991

  Yeas 42   Nays 1




President of the Senate












Governor of the State of Washington



I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1081 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.




                                      Chief Clerk











                        Secretary of State   

                       State of Washington  




                       ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1081



                             AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE


                     Passed Legislature - 1991 Regular Session


State of Washington              52nd Legislature             1991 Regular Session


By House Committee on Transportation (originally sponsored by Representatives Morris, R. Fisher, Braddock, Winsley, Moyer, Paris, Day, G. Fisher, Prentice, H. Sommers, Cooper, R. Johnson, Rust, Dellwo, Pruitt, Phillips, Sprenkle, Riley, Wineberry, Basich, Jacobsen, Leonard, Roland, Bowman, Brekke, Orr, Appelwick and Anderson).


Read first time February 22, 1991.   Implementing a bicycle safety program.

     AN ACT Relating to bicycle safety; amending RCW 46.04.670 and 46.61.990; adding a new section to chapter 43.43 RCW; adding a new section to chapter 47.36 RCW; and adding new sections to chapter 47.04 RCW.




     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 1.  A new section is added to chapter 43.43 RCW to read as follows:

     Bicycling is increasing in popularity as a form of recreation and as an alternative mode of transportation.  To make bicycling safer, the various law enforcement agencies should enforce traffic regulations for bicyclists.  By enforcing bicycle regulations, law enforcement officers are reinforcing educational programs.  Bicycling takes more skill than most people realize.  Since bicyclists have a low profile in traffic and are unprotected, they need more defensive riding skills than motorists do.

     A bicycle awareness program is created within the Washington state patrol.  In developing the curriculum for the bicycle awareness program the patrol shall consult with the traffic safety commission and with bicycling groups providing bicycle safety education.  The patrol shall conduct the program in conjunction with the safety education officer program and may use other law enforcement personnel and volunteers to implement the program for children in grades kindergarten through six.  The patrol shall ensure that each safety educator presenting the bicycle awareness program has received specialized training in bicycle safety education and has been trained in effective defensive bicycle riding skills.


     Sec. 2.  RCW 46.04.670 and 1979 ex.s. c 213 s 4 are each amended to read as follows:

     "Vehicle" includes every device capable of being moved upon a public highway and in, upon, or by which any persons or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a public highway, ((excepting)) including bicycles.  The term does not include devices other than bicycles moved by human or animal power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks((, except that)).  Mopeds shall be considered vehicles or motor vehicles only for the purposes of chapter 46.12 RCW, but not for the purposes of chapter 46.70 RCW.  Bicycles shall not be considered vehicles for the purposes of chapter 46.12, 46.16, or 46.70 RCW.


     Sec. 3.  RCW 46.61.990 and 1965 ex.s. c 155 s 92 are each amended to read as follows:

     Sections 1 through 52 and 54 through 86 of ((this amendatory act)) chapter 155, Laws of 1965 ex. sess. are added to chapter 12, Laws of 1961 and shall constitute a new chapter in Title 46 of the Revised Code of Washington and sections 54, 55, and 63 as herein amended and RCW 46.48.012, 46.48.014, 46.48.015, 46.48.016, 46.48.023, 46.48.025, 46.48.026, 46.48.041, 46.48.046, 46.48.050, 46.48.060, 46.48.080, 46.48.110, 46.48.120, 46.48.150, 46.48.160, 46.48.340, 46.56.030, 46.56.070, 46.56.100, 46.56.130, 46.56.135, 46.56.190, 46.56.200, 46.56.210, 46.56.220, 46.56.230, 46.56.240, 46.60.260, 46.60.270, 46.60.330, and 46.60.340 shall be recodified as and be a part of said chapter.  The sections of the new chapter shall be organized under the following captions:  "OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS", "TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS AND MARKINGS", "DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY‑-OVERTAKING AND PASSING‑-USE OF ROADWAY", "RIGHT OF WAY", "PEDESTRIANS' RIGHTS AND DUTIES", "TURNING AND STARTING AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING", "SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED", "SPEED RESTRICTIONS", "RECKLESS DRIVING, DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED AND NEGLIGENT HOMICIDE BY VEHICLE", "STOPPING, STANDING AND PARKING", "MISCELLANEOUS RULES", and "OPERATION OF ((BICYCLES AND PLAY)) NONMOTORIZED VEHICLES".  Such captions shall not constitute any part of the law.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 4.  A new section is added to chapter 47.36 RCW to read as follows:

     The department of transportation shall, by January 1, 1992, adopt minimum pavement marking standards for the area designating the limits of the vehicle driving lane along the right edge for arterials that do not have curbs or sidewalks and are inside urbanized areas.  In preparing the standards, the department of transportation shall take into consideration all types of pavement markings, including flat, raised, and recessed markings, and their effect on pedestrians, bicycle, and motor vehicle safety.

     The standards shall provide that a jurisdiction shall conform to these requirements, at such time thereafter that it undertakes to (1) renew or install permanent markings on the existing or new roadway, and (2) remove existing nonconforming raised pavement markers at the time the jurisdiction prepares to resurface the roadway, or earlier, at its option.  These standards shall be in effect, as provided in this section, unless the legislative authority of the local governmental body finds that special circumstances exist affecting vehicle and pedestrian safety that warrant a variance to the standard.

     For the purposes of this section, "urbanized area" means an area designated as such by the United States bureau of census and having a population of more than fifty thousand.  Other jurisdictions that install pavement marking material on the right edge of the roadway shall do so in a manner not in conflict with the minimum state standard.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 5.  A new section is added to chapter 47.04 RCW to read as follows:

     (1) The department of transportation is responsible for the initiation, coordination, and operation of a bicycle transportation management program.

     (2) To assist in the operation of the bicycle transportation management program, a full-time staff position of state bicycle program manager is established within the department of transportation.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 6.  A new section is added to chapter 47.04 RCW to read as follows:

     The state bicycle program manager shall:

     (1) Design programs that encourage the use of bicycling for transportation;

     (2) Coordinate bicycle safety related programs and bicycle tourism programs in all state agencies;

     (3) Assist the department of transportation and the cities and counties of the state in assigning priorities to, programming, and developing bicycle-related projects;

     (4) Serve as a clearinghouse for bicycle program information and resources;

     (5) Provide assistance in revising and updating bicycle material of the superintendent of public instruction and the state patrol;

     (6) Promote the use of bicycle helmets of a type certified to meet the requirements of standard Z-90.4 of the American National Standards Institute or such subsequent nationally recognized standard for bicycle helmet performance; and

     (7) Promote bicycle safety equipment.