CERTIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT
HOUSE BILL 1299
1991 Regular Session
Passed by the House April 28, 1991
Yeas 97 Nays 0
Speaker of the
House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate April 28, 1991
Yeas 47 Nays 0
President of the Senate
Governor of the State of Washington
I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is HOUSE BILL 1299 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
Secretary of State
State of Washington
HOUSE BILL 1299
AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE
Passed Legislature - 1991 Regular Session
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By Representatives Phillips, Holland, Wang, Horn, Fraser, Ballard, Rust, Brumsickle, Leonard, Tate, Pruitt, Haugen, May, Nelson, Bowman, O'Brien, Nealey, Heavey, D. Sommers, Belcher, Broback, Jacobsen, Ferguson, Morris, Winsley, Appelwick, Van Luven, Franklin, Wynne, H. Sommers, Neher, Wineberry, Mitchell, Ogden, Edmondson, Spanel, Forner, Casada, Wood, Mielke, P. Johnson, Kremen, Dorn, Paris, Wilson, Fuhrman, Lisk, Zellinsky, Vance, Hochstatter, Cooper, Betrozoff, Schmidt, Brough, Chandler, Miller, McLean, R. King, Jones, Silver, Dellwo, Rayburn, H. Myers, Bray, Roland, Valle, Basich, Hine, Scott and Anderson.
Read first time January 25, 1991. Referred to Committee on Revenue.
AN ACT Relating to increasing the maximum income limits for retired persons' property tax exemptions to twenty-two thousand dollars per year and for retired persons' property tax deferrals to thirty thousand dollars per year; amending RCW 84.38.020, 84.38.030, 84.36.381, and 84.36.383; creating a new section; and declaring an emergency.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 84.38.020 and 1984 c 220 s 20 are each amended to read as follows:
Unless a different meaning is plainly required by the context, the following words and phrases as hereinafter used in this chapter shall have the following meanings:
"Claimant" means a person who ((
is receiving a property tax
exemption under RCW 84.36.381 through 84.36.389 and who)) either elects or
is required under RCW 84.64.030 or 84.64.050 to defer payment of the special
assessments and/or real property taxes accrued on (( his)) the
claimant's residence by filing a declaration to defer as provided by this
When two or more individuals of a household file or seek to file a declaration to defer, they may determine between them as to who the claimant shall be.
(2) "Department" means the state department of revenue.
(3) "Equity value" means the amount by which the fair market value of a residence as determined from the records of the county assessor exceeds the total amount of any liens or other obligations against the property.
(4) "Special assessment" means the charge or obligation imposed by a city, town, county, or other municipal corporation upon property specially benefited by a local improvement, including assessments under chapters 35.44, 36.88, 36.94, 53.08, 54.16, 56.20, 57.16, 86.09, and 87.03 RCW and any other relevant chapter.
(5) "Real property taxes" means ad valorem property taxes levied on a residence in this state in the preceding calendar year.
Sec. 2. RCW 84.38.030 and 1988 c 222 s 11 are each amended to read as follows:
claimant may defer payment of special assessments and/or real property taxes on
his property that is receiving an exemption under RCW 84.36.381 through
84.36.389 on)) up to eighty percent of the amount of (( his)) the
claimant's equity value in (( said property)) the claimant's
residence if the following conditions are met:
(1) The claimant must meet all requirements for an exemption for the residence under RCW 84.36.381, other than the income limits.
(2) The claimant must have a combined disposable income, as defined in RCW 84.36.383, of thirty thousand dollars or less.
(3) The claimant must have owned, at the time of filing, the residence on which the special assessment and/or real property taxes have been imposed. For purposes of this subsection, a residence owned by a marital community or owned by cotenants shall be deemed to be owned by each spouse or cotenant. A claimant who has only a share ownership in cooperative housing, a life estate, a lease for life, or a revocable trust does not satisfy the ownership requirement.
(4) The claimant must have and keep in force fire and casualty insurance
in sufficient amount to protect the interest of the state in the claimant's
equity value: PROVIDED, That if the claimant fails to keep fire and casualty
insurance in force to the extent of the state's interest in the claimant's
equity value, the amount deferred shall not exceed one hundred percent of the
claimant's equity value in the land or lot only.
(5) In the case of special assessment deferral, the claimant must have
opted for payment of such special assessments on the installment method if such
method was available.
Sec. 3. RCW 84.36.381 and 1987 c 301 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:
A person shall be exempt from any legal obligation to pay all or a portion of the amount of excess and regular real property taxes due and payable in the year following the year in which a claim is filed, and thereafter, in accordance with the following:
(1) The property taxes must have been imposed upon a residence which was occupied by the person claiming the exemption as a principal place of residence as of January 1st of the year for which the exemption is claimed: PROVIDED, That any person who sells, transfers, or is displaced from his or her residence may transfer his or her exemption status to a replacement residence, but no claimant shall receive an exemption on more than one residence in any year: PROVIDED FURTHER, That confinement of the person to a hospital or nursing home shall not disqualify the claim of exemption if the residence is temporarily unoccupied or if the residence is occupied by a spouse and/or a person financially dependent on the claimant for support;
(2) The person claiming the exemption must have owned, at the time of filing, in fee, as a life estate, or by contract purchase, the residence on which the property taxes have been imposed or if the person claiming the exemption lives in a cooperative housing association, corporation, or partnership, such person must own a share therein representing the unit or portion of the structure in which he or she resides. For purposes of this subsection, a residence owned by a marital community or owned by cotenants shall be deemed to be owned by each spouse or cotenant, and any lease for life shall be deemed a life estate;
The person claiming the exemption must ((
have been)) be sixty-one
years of age or older on (( January 1st)) December 31st of the
year in which the exemption claim is filed, or must have been, at the time of
filing, retired from regular gainful employment by reason of physical
disability: PROVIDED, That any surviving spouse of a person who was receiving
an exemption at the time of the person's death shall qualify if the surviving
spouse is fifty-seven years of age or older and otherwise meets the
requirements of this section;
(4) The amount that the person shall be exempt from an obligation to pay shall be calculated on the basis of combined disposable income, as defined in RCW 84.36.383. If the person claiming the exemption was retired for two months or more of the preceding year, the combined disposable income of such person shall be calculated by multiplying the average monthly combined disposable income of such person during the months such person was retired by twelve.
(5) (a) A person who otherwise qualifies under this section and has a combined disposable income of eighteen thousand dollars or less shall be exempt from all excess property taxes; and
(b)(i) A person who otherwise qualifies under this section and has a combined disposable income of fourteen thousand dollars or less but greater than twelve thousand dollars shall be exempt from all regular property taxes on the greater of twenty-four thousand dollars or thirty percent of the valuation of his or her residence, but not to exceed forty thousand dollars of the valuation of his or her residence; or
(ii) A person who otherwise qualifies under this section and has a combined disposable income of twelve thousand dollars or less shall be exempt from all regular property taxes on the greater of twenty-eight thousand dollars or fifty percent of the valuation of his or her residence.
Sec. 4. RCW 84.36.383 and 1991 c __ s 1 (HB 1642) are each amended to read as follows:
As used in RCW 84.36.381 through 84.36.389, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
(1) The term "residence" shall mean a single family dwelling unit whether such unit be separate or part of a multiunit dwelling, including the land on which such dwelling stands not to exceed one acre. The term shall also include a share ownership in a cooperative housing association, corporation, or partnership if the person claiming exemption can establish that his or her share represents the specific unit or portion of such structure in which he or she resides. The term shall also include a single family dwelling situated upon lands the fee of which is vested in the United States or any instrumentality thereof including an Indian tribe or in the state of Washington, and notwithstanding the provisions of RCW 84.04.080, 84.04.090 or 84.40.250, such a residence shall be deemed real property.
(2) The term "real property" shall also include a mobile home which has substantially lost its identity as a mobile unit by virtue of its being fixed in location upon land owned or leased by the owner of the mobile home and placed on a foundation (posts or blocks) with fixed pipe, connections with sewer, water, or other utilities: PROVIDED, That a mobile home located on land leased by the owner of the mobile home shall be subject, for tax billing, payment, and collection purposes, only to the personal property provisions of chapter 84.56 RCW and RCW 84.60.040.
(3) The term "preceding calendar year" shall mean the calendar year preceding the year in which the claim for exemption is to be made.
(4) "Department" shall mean the state department of revenue.
(5) "Combined disposable income" means the disposable income of the person claiming the exemption, plus the disposable income of his or her spouse, and the disposable income of each cotenant occupying the residence for the preceding calendar year, less amounts paid by the person claiming the exemption or his or her spouse during the previous year for the treatment or care of either person received in the home or in a nursing home.
(6) "Disposable income" means adjusted gross income as defined in the federal internal revenue code, as amended prior to January 1, 1989, or such subsequent date as the director may provide by rule consistent with the purpose of this section, plus all of the following items to the extent they are not included in or have been deducted from adjusted gross income:
(a) Capital gains, other than nonrecognized gain on the sale of a principal residence under section 1034 of the federal internal revenue code, or gain excluded from income under section 121 of the federal internal revenue code to the extent it is reinvested in a new principal residence;
(b) Amounts deducted for loss;
(c) Amounts deducted for depreciation;
(d) Pension and annuity receipts;
(e) Military pay and benefits other than attendant-care and medical-aid payments;
(f) Veterans benefits other than attendant-care and medical-aid payments;
(g) Federal social security act and railroad retirement benefits;
(h) Dividend receipts; and
(i) Interest received on state and municipal bonds.
(7) "Cotenant" means a person who resides with the person claiming the exemption and who has an ownership interest in the residence.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 5. This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 6. Sections 1 and 2 of this act shall be effective for taxes levied for collection in 1991 and thereafter. Sections 3 and 4 of this act shall be effective for taxes levied for collection in 1992 and thereafter.