CERTIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT
HOUSE BILL 1757
1991 Regular Session
Passed by the House March 18, 1991
Yeas 98 Nays 0
Speaker of the
House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate April 10, 1991
Yeas 43 Nays 1
President of the Senate
Governor of the State of Washington
I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is HOUSE BILL 1757 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
Secretary of State
State of Washington
HOUSE BILL 1757
Passed Legislature - 1991 Regular Session
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By Representatives Ferguson, Van Luven, Heavey, D. Sommers, Dorn, Miller, R. Meyers, Paris, Hargrove, Silver, Prentice, Moyer, Betrozoff, Winsley, Horn, Chandler, Tate, Vance, Nealey, Edmondson, Fuhrman, Broback, Wynne, Ballard, Hochstatter, Jacobsen, Wineberry, Roland, Bowman, Brough and Forner.
Read first time February 7, 1991. Referred to Committee on Judiciary.
AN ACT Relating to driving under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug; and amending RCW 2.56.110, 3.66.070, 9.94A.030, 43.59.140, 46.61.990, and 70.96A.120.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 2.56.110 and 1987 c 202 s 109 are each amended to read as follows:
administrator for the courts may assign one or more district judges from other
judicial districts to serve as visiting district judges in a judicial district
which the administrator determines is experiencing an increase in case filings
as the result of enhanced enforcement of laws related to driving, or being in
physical control of, a motor vehicle while ((
intoxicated)) under the
influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug. The prosecuting, city, or
town attorney of the county, city, or town in which a judicial district lies,
or the presiding judge of the judicial district, may request the administrator
for the courts to designate the district as an enhanced enforcement district
and to make assignments under this section. An assignment shall be for a
specified period of time not to exceed thirty days. A visiting district judge
has the same powers as a district judge of the district to which he or she is
assigned. A visiting district judge shall be reimbursed for expenses under RCW
Sec. 2. RCW 3.66.070 and 1984 c 258 s 47 are each amended to read as follows:
criminal actions shall be brought in the district where the alleged violation
occurred: PROVIDED, That (1) the prosecuting attorney may file felony cases in
the district in which the county seat is located, (2) with the consent of the
defendant criminal actions other than those arising out of violations of city
ordinances may be brought in or transferred to the district in which the county
seat is located, and (3) if the alleged violation relates to driving, or being
in actual physical control of, a motor vehicle while ((
the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug and the alleged violation
occurred within a judicial district which has been designated an enhanced
enforcement district under RCW 2.56.110, the charges may be filed in that
district or in a district within the same county which is adjacent to the
district in which the alleged violation occurred.
Sec. 3. RCW 9.94A.030 and 1990 c 3 s 602 are each amended to read as follows:
Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter.
(1) "Collect," or any derivative thereof, "collect and remit," or "collect and deliver," when used with reference to the department of corrections, means that the department is responsible for monitoring and enforcing the offender's sentence with regard to the legal financial obligation, receiving payment thereof from the offender, and, consistent with current law, delivering daily the entire payment to the superior court clerk without depositing it in a departmental account.
(2) "Commission" means the sentencing guidelines commission.
(3) "Community corrections officer" means an employee of the department who is responsible for carrying out specific duties in supervision of sentenced offenders and monitoring of sentence conditions.
(4) "Community custody" means that portion of an inmate's sentence of confinement in lieu of earned early release time served in the community subject to controls placed on the inmate's movement and activities by the department of corrections.
(5) "Community placement" means that period during which the offender is subject to the conditions of community custody and/or postrelease supervision, which begins either upon completion of the term of confinement (postrelease supervision) or at such time as the offender is transferred to community custody in lieu of earned early release. Community placement may consist of entirely community custody, entirely postrelease supervision, or a combination of the two.
(6) "Community service" means compulsory service, without compensation, performed for the benefit of the community by the offender.
(7) "Community supervision" means a period of time during which a convicted offender is subject to crime-related prohibitions and other sentence conditions imposed pursuant to this chapter by a court. For first-time offenders, the supervision may include crime-related prohibitions and other conditions imposed pursuant to RCW 9.94A.120(5). For purposes of the interstate compact for out-of-state supervision of parolees and probationers, RCW 9.95.270, community supervision is the functional equivalent of probation and should be considered the same as probation by other states.
(8) "Confinement" means total or partial confinement as defined in this section.
(9) "Conviction" means an adjudication of guilt pursuant to Titles 10 or 13 RCW and includes a verdict of guilty, a finding of guilty, and acceptance of a plea of guilty.
(10) "Court-ordered legal financial obligation" means a sum of money that is ordered by a superior court of the state of Washington for legal financial obligations which may include restitution to the victim, statutorily imposed crime victims' compensation fees as assessed pursuant to RCW 7.68.035, court costs, county or interlocal drug funds, court-appointed attorneys' fees, and costs of defense, fines, and any other financial obligation that is assessed to the offender as a result of a felony conviction.
(11) "Crime-related prohibition" means an order of a court prohibiting conduct that directly relates to the circumstances of the crime for which the offender has been convicted, and shall not be construed to mean orders directing an offender affirmatively to participate in rehabilitative programs or to otherwise perform affirmative conduct.
(12)(a) "Criminal history" means the list of a defendant's prior convictions, whether in this state, in federal court, or elsewhere. The history shall include, where known, for each conviction (i) whether the defendant has been placed on probation and the length and terms thereof; and (ii) whether the defendant has been incarcerated and the length of incarceration.
(b) "Criminal history" shall always include juvenile convictions for sex offenses and shall also include a defendant's other prior convictions in juvenile court if: (i) The conviction was for an offense which is a felony or a serious traffic offense and is criminal history as defined in RCW 13.40.020(6)(a); (ii) the defendant was fifteen years of age or older at the time the offense was committed; and (iii) with respect to prior juvenile class B and C felonies or serious traffic offenses, the defendant was less than twenty-three years of age at the time the offense for which he or she is being sentenced was committed.
(13) "Department" means the department of corrections.
(14) "Determinate sentence" means a sentence that states with exactitude the number of actual years, months, or days of total confinement, of partial confinement, of community supervision, the number of actual hours or days of community service work, or dollars or terms of a legal financial obligation. The fact that an offender through "earned early release" can reduce the actual period of confinement shall not affect the classification of the sentence as a determinate sentence.
(15) "Disposable earnings" means that part of the earnings of an individual remaining after the deduction from those earnings of any amount required by law to be withheld. For the purposes of this definition, "earnings" means compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonuses, or otherwise, and, notwithstanding any other provision of law making the payments exempt from garnishment, attachment, or other process to satisfy a court-ordered legal financial obligation, specifically includes periodic payments pursuant to pension or retirement programs, or insurance policies of any type, but does not include payments made under Title 50 RCW, except as provided in RCW 50.40.020 and 50.40.050, or Title 74 RCW.
(16) "Drug offense" means:
(a) Any felony violation of chapter 69.50 RCW except possession of a controlled substance (RCW 69.50.401(d)) or forged prescription for a controlled substance (RCW 69.50.403);
(b) Any offense defined as a felony under federal law that relates to the possession, manufacture, distribution, or transportation of a controlled substance; or
(c) Any out-of-state conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be a felony classified as a drug offense under (a) of this subsection.
(17) "Escape" means:
(a) Escape in the first degree (RCW 9A.76.110), escape in the second degree (RCW 9A.76.120), willful failure to return from furlough (RCW 72.66.060), willful failure to return from work release (RCW 72.65.070), or willful failure to comply with any limitations on the inmate's movements while in community custody (RCW 72.09.310); or
(b) Any federal or out-of-state conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be a felony classified as an escape under (a) of this subsection.
(18) "Felony traffic offense" means:
(a) Vehicular homicide (RCW 46.61.520), vehicular assault (RCW 46.61.522), eluding a police officer (RCW 46.61.024), or felony hit-and-run injury-accident (RCW 46.52.020(4)); or
(b) Any federal or out-of-state conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be a felony classified as a felony traffic offense under (a) of this subsection.
(19) "Fines" means the requirement that the offender pay a specific sum of money over a specific period of time to the court.
(20)(a) "First-time offender" means any person who is convicted of a felony (i) not classified as a violent offense or a sex offense under this chapter, or (ii) that is not the manufacture, delivery, or possession with intent to manufacture or deliver a controlled substance classified in schedule I or II that is a narcotic drug, and except as provided in (b) of this subsection, who previously has never been convicted of a felony in this state, federal court, or another state, and who has never participated in a program of deferred prosecution for a felony offense.
(b) For purposes of (a) of this subsection, a juvenile adjudication for an offense committed before the age of fifteen years is not a previous felony conviction except for adjudications of sex offenses.
(21) "Nonviolent offense" means an offense which is not a violent offense.
(22) "Offender" means a person who has committed a felony established by state law and is eighteen years of age or older or is less than eighteen years of age but whose case has been transferred by the appropriate juvenile court to a criminal court pursuant to RCW 13.40.110. Throughout this chapter, the terms "offender" and "defendant" are used interchangeably.
(23) "Partial confinement" means confinement for no more than one year in a facility or institution operated or utilized under contract by the state or any other unit of government, or, if home detention has been ordered by the court, in the residence of either the defendant or a member of the defendant's immediate family, for a substantial portion of each day with the balance of the day spent in the community. Partial confinement includes work release and home detention as defined in this section.
(24) "Postrelease supervision" is that portion of an offender's community placement that is not community custody.
(25) "Restitution" means the requirement that the offender pay a specific sum of money over a specific period of time to the court as payment of damages. The sum may include both public and private costs. The imposition of a restitution order does not preclude civil redress.
(26) "Serious traffic offense" means:
Driving while ((
intoxicated)) under the influence of intoxicating
liquor or any drug (RCW 46.61.502), actual physical control while (( intoxicated))
under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug (RCW 46.61.504),
reckless driving (RCW 46.61.500), or hit-and-run an attended vehicle (RCW
(b) Any federal, out-of-state, county, or municipal conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be classified as a serious traffic offense under (a) of this subsection.
(27) "Serious violent offense" is a subcategory of violent offense and means:
(a) Murder in the first degree, homicide by abuse, murder in the second degree, assault in the first degree, kidnapping in the first degree, or rape in the first degree, or an attempt, criminal solicitation, or criminal conspiracy to commit one of these felonies; or
(b) Any federal or out-of-state conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be a felony classified as a serious violent offense under (a) of this subsection.
(28) "Sentence range" means the sentencing court's discretionary range in imposing a nonappealable sentence.
(29) "Sex offense" means:
(a) A felony that is a violation of chapter 9A.44 RCW or RCW 9A.64.020 or 9.68A.090 or that is, under chapter 9A.28 RCW, a criminal attempt, criminal solicitation, or criminal conspiracy to commit such crimes;
(b) A felony with a finding of sexual motivation under RCW 9.94A.127; or
(c) Any federal or out-of-state conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be a felony classified as a sex offense under (a) of this subsection.
(30) "Sexual motivation" means that one of the purposes for which the defendant committed the crime was for the purpose of his or her sexual gratification.
(31) "Total confinement" means confinement inside the physical boundaries of a facility or institution operated or utilized under contract by the state or any other unit of government for twenty-four hours a day, or pursuant to RCW 72.64.050 and 72.64.060.
(32) "Victim" means any person who has sustained emotional, psychological, physical, or financial injury to person or property as a direct result of the crime charged.
(33) "Violent offense" means:
(a) Any of the following felonies, as now existing or hereafter amended: Any felony defined under any law as a class A felony or an attempt to commit a class A felony, criminal solicitation of or criminal conspiracy to commit a class A felony, manslaughter in the first degree, manslaughter in the second degree, indecent liberties if committed by forcible compulsion, kidnapping in the second degree, arson in the second degree, assault in the second degree, extortion in the first degree, robbery in the second degree, vehicular assault, and vehicular homicide, when proximately caused by the driving of any vehicle by any person while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug as defined by RCW 46.61.502, or by the operation of any vehicle in a reckless manner;
(b) Any conviction for a felony offense in effect at any time prior to July 1, 1976, that is comparable to a felony classified as a violent offense in (a) of this subsection; and
(c) Any federal or out-of-state conviction for an offense that under the laws of this state would be a felony classified as a violent offense under (a) or (b) of this subsection.
(34) "Work release" means a program of partial confinement available to offenders who are employed or engaged as a student in a regular course of study at school. Participation in work release shall be conditioned upon the offender attending work or school at regularly defined hours and abiding by the rules of the work release facility.
"Home detention" means a program of partial confinement available to
offenders wherein the offender is confined in a private residence subject to
electronic surveillance. Home detention may not be imposed for offenders
convicted of a violent offense, any sex offense, any drug offense, reckless
burning in the first or second degree as defined in RCW 9A.48.040 or 9A.48.050,
assault in the third degree as defined in RCW 9A.36.031, unlawful imprisonment
as defined in RCW 9A.40.040, or harassment as defined in RCW 9A.46.020. Home
detention may be imposed for offenders convicted of possession of a controlled
substance (RCW 69.50.401(d)) or forged prescription for a controlled substance
(RCW 69.50.403) if the offender fulfills the participation conditions set forth
in this subsection and is monitored for drug use by treatment alternatives to
street crime (TASC) or a comparable court or agency-referred program. (a)
Home detention may be imposed for offenders convicted of burglary in the second
degree as defined in RCW 9A.52.030 or residential burglary conditioned upon the
(a))) (i) Successfully completing twenty-one days in
a work release program, (( (b))) (ii) having no convictions for
burglary in the second degree or residential burglary during the preceding two
years and not more than two prior convictions for burglary or residential
burglary, (( (c))) (iii) having no convictions for a violent
felony offense during the preceding two years and not more than two prior
convictions for a violent felony offense, (( (d))) (iv) having no
prior charges of escape, and (( (e))) (v) fulfilling the other
conditions of the home detention program. (b) Participation in a home
detention program shall be conditioned upon: (( (a))) (i) The
offender obtaining or maintaining current employment or attending a regular
course of school study at regularly defined hours, or the offender performing
parental duties to offspring or minors normally in the custody of the offender,
(( (b))) (ii) abiding by the rules of the home detention program,
and (( (c))) (iii) compliance with court-ordered legal financial
obligations. The home detention program may also be made available to
offenders whose charges and convictions do not otherwise disqualify them if
medical or health-related conditions, concerns or treatment would be better
addressed under the home detention program, or where the health and welfare of
the offender, other inmates, or staff would be jeopardized by the offender's
incarceration. Participation in the home detention program for medical or
health-related reasons is conditioned on the offender abiding by the rules of
the home detention program and complying with court-ordered restitution.
Sec. 4. RCW 43.59.140 and 1983 c 165 s 42 are each amended to read as follows:
Washington traffic safety commission shall produce and disseminate through all
possible media, informational and educational materials explaining the extent
of the problems caused by drinking drivers, the need for public involvement in
their solution, and the penalties of existing and new laws against driving
intoxicated)) under the influence of intoxicating liquor or
Sec. 5. RCW 46.61.990 and 1965 ex.s. c 155 s 92 are each amended to read as follows:
1 through 52 and 54 through 86 of this amendatory act are added to chapter 12,
Laws of 1961 and shall constitute a new chapter in Title 46 of the Revised Code
of Washington and sections 54, 55 and 63 as herein amended and RCW 46.48.012,
46.48.014, 46.48.015, 46.48.016, 46.48.023, 46.48.025, 46.48.026, 46.48.041,
46.48.046, 46.48.050, 46.48.060, 46.48.080, 46.48.110, 46.48.120, 46.48.150,
46.48.160, 46.48.340, 46.56.030, 46.56.070, 46.56.100, 46.56.130, 46.56.135,
46.56.190, 46.56.200, 46.56.210, 46.56.220, 46.56.230, 46.56.240, 46.60.260,
46.60.270, 46.60.330, 46.60.340 shall be recodified as and be a part of said
chapter. The sections of the new chapter shall be organized under the following
captions: "OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS", "TRAFFIC
SIGNS, SIGNALS AND MARKINGS", "DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY‑-OVERTAKING
AND PASSING‑-USE OF ROADWAY", "RIGHT OF WAY",
"PEDESTRIANS' RIGHTS AND DUTIES", "TURNING AND STARTING AND
SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING", "SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED",
"SPEED RESTRICTIONS", "RECKLESS DRIVING, DRIVING WHILE ((
UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF INTOXICATING LIQUOR OR ANY DRUG, AND NEGLIGENT
HOMICIDE BY VEHICLE", "STOPPING, STANDING AND PARKING",
"MISCELLANEOUS RULES", and "OPERATION OF BICYCLES AND PLAY
VEHICLES". Such captions shall not constitute any part of the law.
Sec. 6. RCW 70.96A.120 and 1990 c 151 s 8 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) An intoxicated person may come voluntarily to an approved treatment program for treatment. A person who appears to be intoxicated in a public place and to be in need of help, if he or she consents to the proffered help, may be assisted to his or her home, an approved treatment program or other health facility.
Except for a person who may be apprehended for possible violation of laws not
relating to alcoholism, drug addiction, or intoxication and except for a person
who may be apprehended for possible violation of laws relating to driving or
being in physical control of a vehicle while ((
the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug and except for a person
who may wish to avail himself or herself of the provisions of RCW 46.20.308, a
person who appears to be incapacitated or gravely disabled by alcohol or other
drugs and who is in a public place or who has threatened, attempted, or
inflicted physical harm on himself, herself, or another, shall be taken into
protective custody by a peace officer or staff designated by the county and as
soon as practicable, but in no event beyond eight hours brought to an approved
treatment program for treatment. If no approved treatment program is readily
available he or she shall be taken to an emergency medical service customarily
used for incapacitated persons. The peace officer or staff designated by the
county, in detaining the person and in taking him or her to an approved
treatment program, is taking him or her into protective custody and shall make
every reasonable effort to protect his or her health and safety. In taking the
person into protective custody, the detaining peace officer or staff designated
by the county may take reasonable steps including reasonable force if necessary
to protect himself or herself or effect the custody. A taking into protective
custody under this section is not an arrest. No entry or other record shall be
made to indicate that the person has been arrested or charged with a crime.
(3) A person who comes voluntarily or is brought to an approved treatment program shall be examined by a qualified person. He or she may then be admitted as a patient or referred to another health facility, which provides emergency medical treatment, where it appears that such treatment may be necessary. The referring approved treatment program shall arrange for his or her transportation.
(4) A person who is found to be incapacitated or gravely disabled by alcohol or other drugs at the time of his or her admission or to have become incapacitated or gravely disabled at any time after his or her admission, may not be detained at the program for more than seventy-two hours after admission as a patient, unless a petition is filed under RCW 70.96A.140, as now or hereafter amended: PROVIDED, That the treatment personnel at an approved treatment program are authorized to use such reasonable physical restraint as may be necessary to retain an incapacitated or gravely disabled person for up to seventy-two hours from the time of admission. The seventy-two hour periods specified in this section shall be computed by excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays. A person may consent to remain in the program as long as the physician in charge believes appropriate.
(5) A person who is not admitted to an approved treatment program, is not referred to another health facility, and has no funds, may be taken to his or her home, if any. If he or she has no home, the approved treatment program shall provide him or her with information and assistance to access available community shelter resources.
(6) If a patient is admitted to an approved treatment program, his or her family or next of kin shall be notified as promptly as possible by the treatment program. If an adult patient who is not incapacitated requests that there be no notification, his or her request shall be respected.
(7) The peace officer, staff designated by the county, or treatment facility personnel, who act in compliance with this chapter and are performing in the course of their official duty are not criminally or civilly liable therefor.
(8) If the person in charge of the approved treatment program determines that appropriate treatment is available, the patient shall be encouraged to agree to further diagnosis and appropriate voluntary treatment.