CERTIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT
ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1856
1991 Special Session
Passed by the House June 28, 1991
Yeas 84 Nays 6
Speaker of the
House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate June 28, 1991
Yeas 25 Nays 22
I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1856 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
President of the Senate
Approved Place Style On Codes above, and Style Off Codes below.
Governor of the State of Washington
Secretary of State
State of Washington
ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1856
Passed Legislature - 1991 1st Special Session
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By House Committee on Revenue (originally sponsored by Representatives Wang and Holland; by request of Department of Agriculture and Office of Financial Management).
Read first time March 11, 1991.
AN ACT Relating to weights and measures; amending RCW 19.94.150, 19.94.160, 19.94.190, 19.94.200, 19.94.220, 19.94.240, 19.94.250, 19.94.260, 19.94.290, 19.94.300, 19.94.330, 19.94.340, 19.94.350, 19.94.420, 19.94.440, and 19.94.450; and creating new sections.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. The legislature finds:
(1) Accurate weights and measures are essential for the efficient operation of commerce in Washington, and weights and measures are important to both consumers and businesses.
(2) Legislation to expand the weights and measures program and fund the program with license fees on weights and measures devices has been considered.
(3) Additional information is necessary before further action can be taken.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 2. It is the intent of the legislature to fund the current weights and measures program only through the first year of the 1991-93 fiscal biennium, and to base funding of the program for the second year of the biennium and ensuing biennia upon the recommendations of the study performed under section 3 of this act.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 3. The department of agriculture shall conduct a study of a weights and measures program necessary to protect both consumers and business. In the conduct of this study the department shall consult with those affected by the weights and measures program. The department may create an advisory committee made up of consumers and members of the business community affected by the weights and measures program.
(2) The study shall include:
(a) Determination of the appropriate level and form for a weights and measures program sufficient for the efficient operation of commerce in Washington.
(b) Recommendations for an appropriate funding mechanism for the weights and measures program.
(3) In conducting the study the department shall:
(a) Identify the benefits of the weights and measures program, taking into account the element of service provided the device owners and the element of consumer protection provided the general public.
(b) Survey other states about their methods of funding weights and measures programs, frequency of inspection, and number of inspection personnel.
(c) Investigate the potential for error for different types of devices and determine the appropriate frequency of inspection for different types of weights and measures devices.
(d) Determine an appropriate license fee schedule for different types of devices taking into account the cost of equipment and personnel to the department of agriculture.
(e) Determine the appropriate level of license fee revenue sharing with those first class cities operating a weights and measures program.
(f) Examine the need to license and inspect electronic scanning devices and other new weighing and measuring technology.
(g) Examine the level of complaints relating to firewood deliveries.
(h) Study any other issues relevant to the weights and measures program.
Sec. 4. RCW 19.94.150 and 1969 c 67 s 15 are each amended to read as follows:
system of weights and measures in customary use in the United States and the
metric system of weights and measures are jointly recognized, and either one or
both of these systems shall be used for all commercial purposes in this state.
The definitions of basic units of weight and measure and weights and measures
equivalents, as published by the national ((
bureau of standards)) institute
of standards and technology, are recognized and shall govern weighing and
measuring equipment and transactions in the state.
Sec. 5. RCW 19.94.160 and 1969 c 67 s 16 are each amended to read as follows:
and measures in conformity with the standards of the United States as have been
supplied to the state by the federal government or otherwise obtained by the
state for use as state standards, shall, when the same shall have been
certified as such by the national ((
bureau of standards)) institute of
standards and technology, be the state standards of weight and measure.
The state standards shall be kept in a place designated by the director and
shall not be removed from the said place except for repairs or for
certification: PROVIDED, That they shall be submitted at least once in ten
years to the national (( bureau of standards)) institute of standards
and technology for certification.
Sec. 6. RCW 19.94.190 and 1989 c 354 s 36 are each amended to read as follows:
shall enforce the provisions of this chapter and shall ((
issue from time to
time reasonable)) adopt rules for enforcing and carrying out the
purposes of this chapter. Such rules shall have the effect of law and may
include (1) standards of net weight, measure, or count, and reasonable
standards of fill for any commodity in package form, (2) (( rules)) the
governing (( the)) technical and reporting procedures to be followed, and
the report and record forms and marks of rejection to be used by the director
and city sealers in the discharge of their official duties, (3) (( rules))
the governing technical test procedures, reporting procedures, record
and reporting forms to be used by commercial firms when installing, repairing
or testing commercial weights or measures, (4) (( rules providing)) the
criteria that all weights and measures used by commercial firms in
repairing or servicing commercial weighing and measuring devices shall be
calibrated by the department and be directly traceable to state standards and
shall be submitted to the department for calibration and certification as
necessary and/or at such reasonable intervals as may be established or required
by the director, (5) exemptions from the sealing or marking requirements of RCW
19.94.250 with respect to weights and measures of such character or size that
such sealing or marking would be inappropriate, impracticable, or damaging to
the apparatus in question, (6) (( rules)) provisions that allow
the director to establish fees for weighing, measuring, and providing
calibration services performed by the weights and measures laboratory, with all
money collected under this subsection paid to the director and deposited in an
account within the agricultural local fund to be used for the repair and
maintenance of weights and measures devices and other related functions, (7)
exemptions from the requirements of RCW 19.94.200 and 19.94.210 for testing,
with respect to classes of weights and measures found to be of such character
that periodic retesting is unnecessary to continued accuracy. These (( regulations))
rules shall include specifications, tolerances, and (( regulations))
rules for weights and measures of the character of those specified in
RCW 19.94.210, designed to eliminate from use, without prejudice to apparatus
that conforms as closely as practicable to the official standards, those (a)
that are not accurate, (b) that are of such construction that they are faulty,
that is, that are not reasonably permanent in their adjustment or will not
repeat their indications correctly, or (c) that facilitate the perpetration of
fraud. The specifications, tolerances, and (( regulations)) rules
for commercial weighing and measuring devices, together with amendments
thereto, as recommended by the most recent edition of Handbook 44 published
by the national (( bureau of standards Handbook 44, third edition as
published at the time of the enactment of this chapter)) institute of
standards and technology shall be the specifications, tolerances, and regulations
for commercial weighing and/or measuring devices of the state. To promote
uniformity, any supplements or amendments to Handbook 44 or any similar
subsequent publication of the national (( bureau of standards)) institute
of standards and technology shall be deemed to have been adopted under this
section. The director may, however, within thirty days of the publication or
effective date of Handbook 44 or any supplements, amendments, or similar
publications give public notice that a hearing will be held to determine if
such publications should not be applicable under this section. The hearing
shall be conducted under chapter 34.05 RCW. For the purpose of this chapter,
apparatus shall be deemed to be "correct" when it conforms to all
applicable requirements promulgated as specified in this section; all other
apparatus shall be deemed to be "incorrect".
Sec. 7. RCW 19.94.200 and 1969 c 67 s 20 are each amended to read as follows:
director shall test the standards of weight and measure procured by any city
for which the appointment of a sealer of weights and measures is provided by
this chapter, at least once every five years, and shall approve the same when
found to be correct, and ((
he)) the director shall inspect such
standards at least once every two years. (( He)) The director
shall test all weights and measures used in checking the receipt or
disbursement of supplies in every institution for the maintenance of which
moneys are appropriated by the legislature, and (( he)) the director
shall report (( his)) the findings, in writing, to the executive
officer of the institution concerned.
Sec. 8. RCW 19.94.220 and 1969 c 67 s 22 are each amended to read as follows:
director shall investigate complaints made ((
to him)) concerning
violations of the provisions of this chapter, and shall, upon his or her
own initiative, conduct such investigations as (( he deems)) deemed
appropriate and advisable to develop information on prevailing procedures in
commercial quantity determination and on possible violations of the provisions
of this chapter and to promote the general objective of accuracy in the
determination and representation of quantity in commercial transactions.
Sec. 9. RCW 19.94.240 and 1969 c 67 s 24 are each amended to read as follows:
director shall have the power to issue stop‑use orders, stop‑removal
orders and removal orders with respect to weights and measures being, or
susceptible of being, commercially used, and to issue stop‑removal orders
and removal orders with respect to packages or amounts of commodities kept,
offered, exposed for sale, sold or in process of delivery, whenever in the
course of his or her enforcement of the provisions of this chapter ((
or rules (( and regulations)) adopted hereunder he or she
deems it necessary or expedient to issue such orders. No person shall use,
remove from the premises specified or fail to remove from any premises
specified any weight, measure, or package or amount of commodity contrary to
the terms of a stop‑use order, stop‑removal order or removal order
issued under the authority of this section.
Sec. 10. RCW 19.94.250 and 1969 c 67 s 25 are each amended to read as follows:
director shall reject and mark or tag as "rejected" such weights and
measures as he or she finds upon inspection or test to be
"incorrect" as defined in RCW 19.94.190, but which in his or her
best judgment are susceptible of satisfactory repair: PROVIDED, That such
sealing or marking shall not be required with respect to such weights and
measures as may be exempted therefrom by ((
a regulation)) rule of
the director issued under the authority of RCW 19.94.190. The director may reject
or seize any weights and measures found to be incorrect that, in his or her
best judgment, are not susceptible of satisfactory repair. Weights and
measures that have been rejected may be confiscated and may be destroyed by the
director if not corrected as required by RCW 19.94.330 or if used or disposed
of contrary to the requirements of said section.
Sec. 11. RCW 19.94.260 and 1969 c 67 s 26 are each amended to read as follows:
With respect to the enforcement of this chapter and any other acts dealing with
weights and measures that he or she is, or may be empowered to enforce,
the director is authorized ((
to arrest any violator of the said chapter, and))
to seize for use as evidence incorrect or unsealed weights and measures or
amounts or packages of commodities to be used, retained, offered, exposed for
sale or sold in violation of the law.
the performance of his or her official duties the director is authorized
at reasonable times during the normal business hours of the person using the
weights and measures to enter into or upon any structure or premises where
weights and measures are used or kept for commercial purposes. Should the
director be denied access to any premises or establishment where such access
was sought for the purposes set forth in this section, ((
director may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for a search
warrant authorizing access to such premises or establishment for said purposes.
The court may, upon such application, issue the search warrant for the purposes
Sec. 12. RCW 19.94.290 and 1969 c 67 s 29 are each amended to read as follows:
with sureties, to be approved by the appointing power, and conditioned upon the
faithful performance of ((
his)) duties and the safekeeping of any
standards or equipment entrusted to (( his)) the city sealer's
care, shall forthwith, upon his or her appointment, be given by each
city sealer and deputy sealer in the penal sum of one thousand dollars; the
premium on such bond shall be paid by the city for which the officer in
question is appointed.
Sec. 13. RCW 19.94.300 and 1969 c 67 s 30 are each amended to read as follows:
The city sealer and his or her deputy sealers when acting under his or her instructions and at his or her direction shall have the same powers and shall perform the same duties within the city for which appointed as are granted to and imposed upon the director by RCW 19.94.210, 19.94.220, 19.94.230, 19.94.240, and 19.94.250.
Sec. 14. RCW 19.94.330 and 1969 c 67 s 33 are each amended to read as follows:
and measures that have been rejected under the authority of the director or a
city sealer shall remain subject to the control of the rejecting authority
until such time as suitable repair or disposition thereof has been made as
required by this section. The owners of such rejected weights and measures
shall cause the same to be made correct within thirty days or such longer
period as may be authorized by the rejecting authority; or, in lieu of this,
may dispose of the same, but only in such a manner as is specifically
authorized by the rejecting authority. Weights and measures that have been
rejected shall not again be used commercially until they have been officially
and found to be correct or until specific written permission
for such use is issued by the rejecting authority)) or until
standardized corrective measures have been instituted as prescribed by rule as
adopted by the department.
Sec. 15. RCW 19.94.340 and 1969 c 67 s 34 are each amended to read as follows:
in liquid form shall be sold only by liquid measure or by weight, and, except
as otherwise provided in this chapter, commodities not in liquid form shall be
sold only by weight, by measure of length or area, or by count: PROVIDED, That
liquid commodities may be sold by weight and commodities not in liquid form may
be sold by count only if such methods give accurate information as to the
quantity of commodity sold: AND PROVIDED FURTHER, That the provisions of this
section shall not apply (1) to commodities when sold for immediate consumption
on the premises where sold, (2) to vegetables when sold by the head or bunch,
(3) to commodities in containers standardized by a law of this state or by
federal law, (4) to commodities in package form when there exists a general
consumer usage to express the quantity in some other manner, (5) to concrete
aggregates, concrete mixtures, and loose solid materials such as earth, soil,
gravel, crushed stone, and the like, when sold by cubic measure, or (6) to
unprocessed vegetable and animal fertilizer when sold by cubic measure. The
director may issue such reasonable ((
regulations)) rules as are
necessary to assure that amounts of commodity sold are determined in accordance
with good commercial practice and are so determined and represented to be
accurate and informative to all interested parties.
Sec. 16. RCW 19.94.350 and 1969 c 67 s 35 are each amended to read as follows:
as otherwise provided in this chapter, any commodity in package form introduced
or delivered for introduction into or received in intrastate commerce, kept for
the purpose of sale, offered or exposed for sale or sold in intrastate
commerce, shall bear on the outside of the package such definite, plain, and
conspicuous declaration of (1) the identity of the commodity in the package
unless the same can easily be identified through the wrapper or container((
(2) the net quantity of the contents in terms of weight, measure or count; and
(3) in the case of any package not sold on the premises where packed, the name
and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor, as may be
prescribed by (( regulation)) rule issued by the director:
PROVIDED, That in connection with the declaration required under (( subdivision))
subsection (2) of this section, neither the qualifying term "when
packed" or any words of similar import, nor any term qualifying a unit of
weight, measure, or count (for example, "jumbo", "giant",
"full", "or over", and the like) that tends to exaggerate
the amount of commodity in a package, shall be used: AND PROVIDED FURTHER,
That under (( clause)) subsection (2) of this section the
director shall by (( regulation)) rule establish (a) reasonable
variations to be allowed, (b) exemptions as to small packages and (c)
exemptions as to commodities put up in variable weights or sizes for sale to
the consumer intact and either customarily not sold as individual units or
customarily weighed or measured at time of sale to the consumer.
Sec. 17. RCW 19.94.420 and 1975 1st ex.s. c 51 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:
fluid dairy products, including but not limited to whole milk, skimmed milk,
cultured milk, sweet cream, sour cream and buttermilk and all fluid imitation
and fluid substitute dairy products shall be packaged for retail sale only in
units as provided by the director of the department of agriculture by ((
rule pursuant to the provisions of chapter 34.05 RCW.
Sec. 18. RCW 19.94.440 and 1969 c 67 s 44 are each amended to read as follows:
vehicle delivers to an individual purchaser a commodity in bulk, and the
commodity is sold in terms of weight units, the delivery shall be accompanied
by a duplicate delivery ticket with the following information clearly stated,
in ink or other indelible marking equipment and, in clarity, equal to type or
printing: (1) the name and address of the vendor, (2) the name and address of
the purchaser, and (3) the net weight of the delivery expressed in pounds, and,
if the net weight is derived from determinations of gross and tare weights,
such gross and tare weights also shall be stated in terms of pounds. One of
these tickets shall be retained by the vendor, and the other shall be delivered
to the purchaser at the time of delivery of the commodity, or shall be
surrendered on demand to the director or the deputy director or the inspector,
or the sealer or deputy sealer, who, if he or she desires to retain it
as evidence, shall issue a weight slip in lieu thereof for delivery to the
purchaser: PROVIDED, That if the purchaser himself or herself carries
his)) the purchase, the vendor shall be required only to
give the purchaser at the time of sale a delivery ticket stating the number of
pounds of commodity delivered to (( him)) the purchaser.
Sec. 19. RCW 19.94.450 and 1969 c 67 s 45 are each amended to read as follows:
solid fuels such as, but not limited to, coal, coke, charcoal, broiler chips,
pressed fuels and briquets shall be sold by weight: PROVIDED, That solid fuels
such as hogged fuel, sawdust and similar industrial fuels may be sold or
purchased by cubic measure. Unless the fuel is delivered to the purchaser in
package form, each delivery of coal, coke, or charcoal to an individual
purchaser shall be accompanied by duplicate delivery tickets on which, in ink
or other indelible substance, there shall be clearly stated (1) the name and
address of the vendor; (2) the name and address of the purchaser; and (3) the
net weight of the delivery and the gross and tare weights from which the net weight
is computed, each expressed in pounds. One of these tickets shall be retained
by the vendor and the other shall be delivered to the purchaser at the time of
delivery of the fuel, or shall be surrendered, on demand, to the director or
his or her deputy or inspector or a city sealer or deputy sealer who, if
he or she desires to retain it as evidence, shall issue a weight slip in
lieu thereof for delivery to the purchaser: PROVIDED, That if the purchaser
carries away ((
his)) the purchase, the vendor shall be required
only to give to the purchaser at the time of sale a delivery ticket stating the
number of pounds of fuel delivered to (( him)) the purchaser.