CERTIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT
SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1915
1991 Regular Session
Passed by the House March 19, 1991
Yeas 98 Nays 0
Speaker of the
House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate April 10, 1991
Yeas 44 Nays 0
President of the Senate
Approved Place Style On Codes above, and Style Off Codes below.
Governor of the State of Washington
I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1915 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
Secretary of State
State of Washington
SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1915
Passed Legislature - 1991 Regular Session
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By House Committee on Human Services (originally sponsored by Representatives R. King, Prentice, Morris, Prince, Nealey, Ogden and Chandler).
Read first time March 6, 1991.
AN ACT Relating to employment services in mental health programs; and amending RCW 71.24.035, 71.24.045, and 71.24.300.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 71.24.035 and 1990 1st ex.s. c 8 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) The department is designated as the state mental health authority.
(2) The secretary may provide for public, client, and licensed service provider participation in developing the state mental health program.
(3) The secretary shall provide for participation in developing the state mental health program for children and other underserved populations, by including representatives on any committee established to provide oversight to the state mental health program.
(4) The secretary shall be designated as the county authority if a county fails to meet state minimum standards or refuses to exercise responsibilities under RCW 71.24.045.
(5) The secretary shall:
(a) Develop a biennial state mental health program that incorporates county biennial needs assessments and county mental health service plans and state services for mentally ill adults and children. The secretary may also develop a six-year state mental health plan;
(b) Assure that any county community mental health program provides access to treatment for the county's residents in the following order of priority: (i) The acutely mentally ill; (ii) the chronically mentally ill; and (iii) the seriously disturbed. Such programs shall provide:
(A) Outpatient services;
(B) Emergency care services for twenty-four hours per day;
(C) Day treatment for mentally ill persons which includes training in basic living and social skills, supported work, vocational rehabilitation, and day activities. Such services may include therapeutic treatment. In the case of a child, day treatment includes age-appropriate basic living and social skills, educational and prevocational services, day activities, and therapeutic treatment;
(D) Screening for patients being considered for admission to state mental health facilities to determine the appropriateness of admission;
(E) Employment services, which may include supported employment, transitional work, placement in competitive employment, and other work-related services, that result in mentally ill persons becoming engaged in meaningful and gainful full or part-time work. Other sources of funding such as the division of vocational rehabilitation may be utilized by the secretary to maximize federal funding and provide for integration of services;
(F) Consultation and education services; and
(G) Community support services;
(c) Develop and promulgate rules establishing state minimum standards for the delivery of mental health services including, but not limited to:
(i) Licensed service providers;
(ii) Regional support networks; and
(iii) Residential and inpatient services, evaluation and treatment services and facilities under chapter 71.05 RCW, resource management services, and community support services;
(d) Assure that the special needs of minorities, the elderly, disabled, children, and low-income persons are met within the priorities established in this section;
(e) Establish a standard contract or contracts, consistent with state minimum standards, which shall be used by the counties;
(f) Establish, to the extent possible, a standardized auditing procedure which minimizes paperwork requirements of county authorities and licensed service providers;
(g) Develop and maintain an information system to be used by the state, counties, and regional support networks when they are established which shall include a tracking method which allows the department and regional support networks to identify mental health clients' participation in any mental health service or public program on an immediate basis. The information system shall not include individual patient's case history files. Confidentiality of client information and records shall be maintained as provided in this chapter and in RCW 71.05.390, 71.05.400, 71.05.410, 71.05.420, 71.05.430, and 71.05.440. The system shall be fully operational no later than January 1, 1993: PROVIDED, HOWEVER, That when a regional support network is established, the department shall have an operational interim tracking system for that network that will be adequate for the regional support network to perform its required duties under this chapter;
(h) License service providers who meet state minimum standards;
(i) Certify regional support networks that meet state minimum standards;
(j) Periodically inspect certified regional support networks and licensed service providers at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner; and
(k) Fix fees to be paid by evaluation and treatment centers to the secretary for the required inspections;
(l) Monitor and audit counties, regional support networks, and licensed service providers as needed to assure compliance with contractual agreements authorized by this chapter;
(m) Prior to September 1, 1989, adopt such rules as are necessary to implement the department's responsibilities under this chapter pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW: PROVIDED, That such rules shall be submitted to the appropriate committees of the legislature for review and comment prior to adoption; and
(n) Beginning July 1, 1989, and continuing through July 1, 1993, track by region and county the use and cost of state hospital and local evaluation and treatment facilities for seventy-two hour detention, fourteen, ninety, and one hundred eighty day commitments pursuant to chapter 71.05 RCW, voluntary care in state hospitals, and voluntary community inpatient care covered by the medical assistance program. Service use and cost reports shall be provided to regions in a timely fashion at six-month intervals.
(6) The secretary shall use available resources appropriated specifically for community mental health programs only for programs under RCW 71.24.045. After July 1, 1995, or when regional support networks are established, available resources may be used only for regional support networks.
(7) Each certified regional support network and licensed service provider shall file with the secretary, on request, such data, statistics, schedules, and information as the secretary reasonably requires. A certified regional support network or licensed service provider which, without good cause, fails to furnish any data, statistics, schedules, or information as requested, or files fraudulent reports thereof, may have its certification or license revoked or suspended.
(8) The secretary may suspend, revoke, limit, or restrict a certification or license, or refuse to grant a certification or license for failure to conform to the law, applicable rules and regulations, or applicable standards, or failure to meet the minimum standards established pursuant to this section.
(9) The superior court may restrain any regional support network or service provider from operating without certification or a license or any other violation of this section. The court may also review, pursuant to procedures contained in chapter 34.05 RCW, any denial, suspension, limitation, restriction, or revocation of certification or license, and grant other relief required to enforce the provisions of this chapter.
(10) Upon petition by the secretary, and after hearing held upon reasonable notice to the facility, the superior court may issue a warrant to an officer or employee of the secretary authorizing him or her to enter at reasonable times, and examine the records, books, and accounts of any regional support network or service provider refusing to consent to inspection or examination by the authority.
(11) The secretary shall adopt such rules as may be necessary to effectuate the intent and purposes of this chapter, which shall include but not be limited to certification and licensing and other action relevant to certifying regional support networks and licensing service providers.
(12) Notwithstanding the existence or pursuit of any other remedy, the secretary may, in the manner provided by law, upon the advice of the attorney general who shall represent the secretary in the proceedings, maintain an action in the name of the state for an injunction or other process against any person or governmental unit to restrain or prevent the establishment, conduct, or operation of a regional support network or service provider without certification or a license under this chapter.
(13) The standards for certification of evaluation and treatment facilities shall include standards relating to maintenance of good physical and mental health and other services to be afforded persons pursuant to this chapter and chapter 71.05 RCW, and shall otherwise assure the effectuation of the purposes and intent of this chapter and chapter 71.05 RCW.
(14)(a) The department, in consultation with affected parties, shall establish a distribution formula that reflects county needs assessments based on the number of persons who are acutely mentally ill, chronically mentally ill, and seriously disturbed as defined in chapter 71.24 RCW. The formula shall take into consideration the impact on counties of demographic factors in counties which result in concentrations of priority populations as defined in subsection (15) of this section. These factors shall include the population concentrations resulting from commitments under the involuntary treatment act, chapter 71.05 RCW, to state psychiatric hospitals, as well as concentration in urban areas, at border crossings at state boundaries, and other significant demographic and workload factors.
(b) The department shall submit a proposed distribution formula in accordance with this section to the ways and means and health care and corrections committees of the senate and to the ways and means and human services committees of the house of representatives by October 1, 1989. The formula shall also include a projection of the funding allocations that will result for each county, which specifies allocations according to priority populations, including the allocation for services to children and other underserved populations.
(15) To supersede duties assigned under subsection (5)(a) and (b) of this section, and to assure a county-based, integrated system of care for acutely mentally ill adults and children, chronically mentally ill adults and children, and seriously disturbed adults and children who are determined by regional support networks at their sole discretion to be at risk of becoming acutely or chronically mentally ill, the secretary shall encourage the development of regional support networks as follows:
By December 1, 1989, the secretary shall recognize regional support networks requested by counties or groups of counties.
All counties wishing to be recognized as a regional support network on December 1, 1989, shall submit their intentions regarding participation in the regional support networks by October 30, 1989, along with preliminary plans. Counties wishing to be recognized as a regional support network by January 1 of any year thereafter shall submit their intentions by October 30 of the previous year along with preliminary plans. The secretary shall assume all duties assigned to the nonparticipating counties under chapters 71.05 and 71.24 RCW on July 1, 1995. Such responsibilities shall include those which would have been assigned to the nonparticipating counties under regional support networks.
The implementation of regional support networks, or the secretary's assumption of all responsibilities under chapters 71.05 and 71.24 RCW, shall be included in all state and federal plans affecting the state mental health program including at least those required by this chapter, the medicaid program, and P.L. 99-660. Nothing in these plans shall be inconsistent with the intent and requirements of this chapter.
(16) The secretary shall:
(a) Disburse the first funds for the regional support networks that are ready to begin implementation by January 1, 1990, or within sixty days of approval of the biennial contract. The department must either approve or reject the biennial contract within sixty days of receipt.
(b) Enter into biennial contracts with regional support networks to begin implementation between January 1, 1990, and March 1, 1990, and complete implementation by June 1995. The contracts shall be consistent with available resources. No contract shall be approved that does not include progress toward meeting the goals of this chapter by taking responsibility for: (i) Short-term commitments; (ii) residential care; and (iii) emergency response systems.
(c) By July 1, 1993, allocate one hundred percent of available resources to regional support networks created by January 1, 1990, in a single grant. Regional support networks created by January 1, 1991, shall receive a single block grant by July 1, 1993; regional support networks created by January 1, 1992, shall receive a single block grant by July 1, 1994; and regional support networks created by January 1, 1993, shall receive a single block grant by July 1, 1995. The grants shall include funds currently provided for all residential services, all services pursuant to chapter 71.05 RCW, and all community support services and shall be distributed in accordance with a formula submitted to the legislature by January 1, 1993, in accordance with subsection (14) of this section.
(d) By January 1, 1990, allocate available resources to regional support networks for community support services, resource management services, and residential services excluding evaluation and treatment facilities provided pursuant to chapter 71.05 RCW in a single grant using the distribution formula established in subsection (14) of this section.
(e) By March 1, 1990, or within sixty days of approval of the contract continuing through July 1, 1993, provide grants as specifically appropriated by the legislature to regional support networks for evaluation and treatment facilities for persons detained or committed for periods up to seventeen days according to chapter 71.05 RCW. For regional support networks created by January 1, 1993, provide grants as specifically appropriated by the legislature to regional support networks for evaluation and treatment facilities for persons detained or committed for periods up to seventeen days according to chapter 71.05 RCW through July 1, 1995.
(f) Notify regional support networks of their allocation of available resources at least sixty days prior to the start of a new biennial contract period.
(g) Study and report to the legislature by December 1, 1989, on expanding the use of federal Title XIX funds and the definition of institutions for mental diseases to provide services to persons who are acutely mentally ill, chronically mentally ill, or at risk of becoming so. The study shall also include an assessment of the impact of Title XIX funds and the definition of institutions for mental diseases on the use of state funds to provide needed mental health services to the chronically mentally ill.
(h) Deny funding allocations to regional support networks based solely upon formal findings of noncompliance with the terms of the regional support network's contract with the department. Written notice and at least thirty days for corrective action must precede any such action. In such cases, regional support networks shall have full rights to appeal under chapter 34.05 RCW.
(i) Identify in its departmental biennial operating and capital budget requests the funds requested by regional support networks to implement their responsibilities under this chapter.
(j) Contract to provide or, if requested, make grants to counties to provide technical assistance to county authorities or groups of county authorities to develop regional support networks.
(17) The department of social and health services, in cooperation with the state congressional delegation, shall actively seek waivers of federal requirements and such modifications of federal regulations as are necessary to allow federal medicaid reimbursement for services provided by free-standing evaluation and treatment facilities certified under chapter 71.05 RCW. The department shall periodically report its efforts to the health care and corrections committee of the senate and the human services committee of the house of representatives.
(18) The secretary shall establish a task force to examine the recruitment, training, and compensation of qualified mental health professionals in the community, which shall include the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a training academy, loan forgiveness program, or educational stipends offered in exchange for commitments of employment in mental health. The task force shall report back to the appropriate committees of the legislature by January 1, 1990.
Sec. 2. RCW 71.24.045 and 1989 c 205 s 4 are each amended to read as follows:
The county authority shall:
(1) Submit biennial needs assessments beginning January 1, 1983, and mental health service plans which incorporate all services provided for by the county authority consistent with state minimum standards and which provide access to treatment for the county's residents including children and other underserved populations who are acutely mentally ill, chronically mentally ill, or seriously disturbed. The county program shall provide:
(a) Outpatient services;
(b) Emergency care services for twenty-four hours per day;
(c) Day treatment for mentally ill persons which includes training in basic living and social skills, supported work, vocational rehabilitation, and day activities. Such services may include therapeutic treatment. In the case of a child, day treatment includes age-appropriate basic living and social skills, educational and prevocational services, day activities, and therapeutic treatment;
(d) Screening for patients being considered for admission to state mental health facilities to determine appropriateness of admission;
(e) Employment services, which may include supported employment, transitional work, placement in competitive employment, and other work-related services, that result in mentally ill persons becoming engaged in meaningful and gainful full or part-time work;
(f) Consultation and education services;
(g) Residential and inpatient services, if the county chooses to provide
such optional services; and
(h) Community support services.
The county shall develop the biennial needs assessment based on clients to be served, services to be provided, and the cost of those services, and may include input from the public, clients, and licensed service providers. Each county authority may appoint a county mental health advisory board which shall review and provide comments on plans and policies developed by the county authority under this chapter. The composition of the board shall be broadly representative of the demographic character of the county and the mentally ill persons served therein. Length of terms of board members shall be determined by the county authority;
(2) Contract as needed with licensed service providers. The county authority may, in the absence of a licensed service provider entity, become a licensed service provider entity pursuant to minimum standards required for licensing by the department for the purpose of providing services not available from licensed service providers;
(3) Operate as a licensed service provider if it deems that doing so is more efficient and cost effective than contracting for services. When doing so, the county authority shall comply with rules promulgated by the secretary that shall provide measurements to determine when a county provided service is more efficient and cost effective.
(4) Monitor and perform biennial fiscal audits of licensed service providers who have contracted with the county to provide services required by this chapter. The monitoring and audits shall be performed by means of a formal process which insures that the licensed service providers and professionals designated in this subsection meet the terms of their contracts, including the minimum standards of service delivery as established by the department;
(5) Assure that the special needs of minorities, the elderly, disabled, children, and low-income persons are met within the priorities established in this chapter;
(6) Maintain patient tracking information in a central location as required for resource management services;
(7) Use not more than two percent of state-appropriated community mental health funds, which shall not include federal funds, to administer community mental health programs under RCW 71.24.155: PROVIDED, That county authorities serving a county or combination of counties whose population is equal to or greater than that of a county of the first class may be entitled to sufficient state-appropriated community mental health funds to employ up to one full-time employee or the equivalent thereof in addition to the two percent limit established in this subsection when such employee is providing staff services to a county mental health advisory board;
(8) Coordinate services for individuals who have received services through the community mental health system and who become patients at a state mental hospital.
Sec. 3. RCW 71.24.300 and 1989 c 205 s 5 are each amended to read as follows:
A county authority or a group of county authorities whose combined population is no less than forty thousand may enter into a joint operating agreement to form a regional support network. The roles and responsibilities of county authorities shall be determined by the terms of that agreement and the provisions of law. The state mental health authority may not determine the roles and responsibilities of county authorities as to each other under regional support networks by rule, except to assure that all duties required of regional support networks are assigned and that a single authority has final responsibility for all available resources and performance under the regional support network's contract with the secretary.
(1) Regional support networks shall within three months of recognition submit an overall six-year operating and capital plan, timeline, and budget and submit progress reports and an updated two-year plan biennially thereafter, to assume within available resources all of the following duties by July 1, 1995, instead of those presently assigned to counties under RCW 71.24.045(1):
(a) Administer and provide for the availability of all resource management services, residential services, and community support services.
(b) Administer and provide for the availability of all investigation, transportation, court-related, and other services provided by the state or counties pursuant to chapter 71.05 RCW.
(c) By July 1, 1993, provide within the boundaries of each regional support network evaluation and treatment services for at least eighty-five percent of persons detained or committed for periods up to seventeen days according to chapter 71.05 RCW. Regional support networks with populations of less than one hundred fifty thousand may contract to purchase evaluation and treatment services from other networks. For regional support networks that are created after June 30, 1991, the requirements of (c) of this subsection must be met by July 1, 1995.
(d) By July 1, 1993, administer a portion of funds appropriated by the legislature to house mentally ill persons in state institutions from counties within the boundaries of any regional support network, with the exception of mentally ill offenders, and provide for the care of all persons needing evaluation and treatment services for periods up to seventeen days according to chapter 71.05 RCW in appropriate residential services, which may include state institutions. The regional support networks shall reimburse the state for use of state institutions at a rate equal to that assumed by the legislature when appropriating funds for such care at state institutions during the biennium when reimbursement occurs. The duty of a state hospital to accept persons for evaluation and treatment under chapter 71.05 RCW is limited by the responsibilities assigned to regional support networks under this section. For regional support networks that are created after June 30, 1991, the requirements of (d) of this subsection must be met by July 1, 1995.
(e) Administer and provide for the availability of all other mental health services, which shall include patient counseling, day treatment, consultation, education services, employment services as defined in RCW 71.24.035, and mental health services to children as provided in this chapter.
(f) Establish standards and procedures for reviewing individual service plans and determining when that person may be discharged from resource management services.
(2) Regional support networks shall assume all duties assigned to county authorities by this chapter and chapter 71.05 RCW.
(3) A regional support network may request that any state-owned land, building, facility, or other capital asset which was ever purchased, deeded, given, or placed in trust for the care of the mentally ill and which is within the boundaries of a regional support network be made available to support the operations of the regional support network. State agencies managing such capital assets shall give first priority to requests for their use pursuant to this chapter.
(4) Each regional support network shall appoint a mental health advisory board which shall review and provide comments on plans and policies developed under this chapter. The composition of the board shall be broadly representative of the demographic character of the region and the mentally ill persons served therein. Length of terms of board members shall be determined by the regional support network.
(5) Regional support networks shall assume all duties specified in their plans and joint operating agreements through biennial contractual agreements with the secretary.
(6) Counties or groups of counties participating in a regional support network are not subject to RCW 71.24.045(7). The office of financial management shall consider information gathered in studies required in this chapter and information about the experience of other states to propose a mental health services administrative cost lid to the 1991 legislature which shall include administrative costs of licensed service providers, the state psychiatric hospitals and the department.
(7) The first regional support network contract may include a pilot project to: Establish standards and procedures for (a) making referrals for comprehensive medical examinations and treatment programs for those whose mental illness is caused or exacerbated by organic disease, and (b) training staff in recognizing the relationship between mental illness and organic disease.