SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1957







                        52nd Legislature

                      1991 Regular Session



Passed by the House March 12 1991

  Yeas 96   Nays 0




Speaker of the

       House of Representatives


Passed by the Senate April 12, 1991

  Yeas 38   Nays 0




President of the Senate












Governor of the State of Washington



I, Alan Thompson, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1957 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.




                                      Chief Clerk











                        Secretary of State   

                       State of Washington  




                            SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1957



                             AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE


                     Passed Legislature - 1991 Regular Session



State of Washington              52nd Legislature             1991 Regular Session


By House Committee on Agriculture & Rural Development (originally sponsored by Representatives Rayburn, Nealey, McLean, Chandler, Roland, Franklin and Rasmussen; by request of Department of Agriculture).


Read first time March 4, 1991.Requiring licensing of food processing plants.

     AN ACT Relating to food processing; amending RCW 69.07.010, 69.07.040, 69.07.050, 69.07.060, and 69.07.150; adding new sections to chapter 69.07 RCW; repealing RCW 69.07.090 and 69.07.130; and prescribing penalties.




     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 1.  A new section is added to chapter 69.07 RCW to read as follows:

     The processing of food intended for public consumption is important and vital to the health and welfare both immediate and future and is hereby declared to be a business affected with the public interest.  The provisions of this chapter are enacted to safeguard the consuming public from unsafe, adulterated, or misbranded food by requiring licensing of all food processing plants as defined in this chapter and setting forth the requirements for such licensing.


     Sec. 2.  RCW 69.07.010 and 1967 ex.s. c 121 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:

     For the purposes of this chapter:

     (1) "Department" means the department of agriculture of the state of Washington;

     (2) "Director" means the director of the department;

     (3) "Food" means any substance used for food or drink by ((man)) any person, including ice, and any ingredient used for components of any such substance regardless of the quantity of such component;

     (4) "Sale" means selling, offering for sale, holding for sale, preparing for sale, trading, bartering, offering a gift as an inducement for sale of, and advertising for sale in any media;

     (5) "Food processing" means the handling or processing of any food in any manner in preparation for sale for human consumption:  PROVIDED, That it shall not include fresh fruit or vegetables merely washed or trimmed while being prepared or packaged for sale in their natural state;

     (6) "Food processing plant" includes but is not limited to any premises, plant, establishment, building, room, area, facilities and the appurtenances thereto, in whole or in part, where food is prepared, handled or processed in any manner for ((resale or)) distribution ((to)) or sale for resale by retail outlets, restaurants, and any such other facility selling or distributing to the ultimate consumer:  PROVIDED, That ((retail outlets)), as set forth herein, establishments processing foods in any manner for resale shall be considered a food processing plant as to such processing;

     (7) "Food service establishment" shall mean any fixed or mobile restaurant, coffee shop, cafeteria, short order cafe, luncheonette, grill, tearoom, sandwich shop, soda fountain, tavern, bar, cocktail lounge, night club, roadside stand, industrial-feeding establishment, retail grocery, retail food market, retail meat market, retail bakery, private, public, or nonprofit organization routinely serving food, catering kitchen, commissary or similar place in which food or drink is prepared for sale or for service on the premises or elsewhere, and any other eating or drinking establishment or operation where food is served or provided for the public with or without charge.

     For the purpose of this chapter any custom cannery or processing plant where raw food products, food, or food products are processed for the owner thereof, or the food processing facilities are made available to the owners or persons in control of raw food products or food or food products for processing in any manner, shall be considered to be food processing plants((.));

     (8) "Person" means an individual, partnership, corporation, or association.


     Sec. 3.  RCW 69.07.040 and 1988 c 5 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:

     It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a food processing plant or process foods without first having obtained an annual license from the department, which shall expire on ((the 31st day of March following issuance.  A separate license shall be required for each food processing plant)) a date set by rule by the director.  License fees shall be prorated where necessary to accommodate staggering of expiration dates.  Application for a license shall be on a form prescribed by the director and accompanied by a twenty-five dollar annual license fee. Such application shall include the full name of the applicant for the license and the location of the food processing plant he intends to operate.  If such applicant is an individual, receiver, trustee, firm, partnership, association or corporation, the full name of each member of the firm or partnership, or names of the officers of the association or corporation shall be given on the application.  Such application shall further state the principal business address of the applicant in the state and elsewhere and the name of a person domiciled in this state authorized to receive and accept service of summons of legal notices of all kinds for the applicant((, and any other necessary information prescribed by the director)).  The application shall also specify the type of food to be processed and the method or nature of processing operation or preservation of that food and any other necessary information.  Upon the approval of the application by the director and compliance with the provisions of this chapter, including the applicable regulations adopted hereunder by the department, the applicant shall be issued a license or renewal thereof.

     Licenses shall be issued to cover only those products, processes, and operations specified in the license application and approved for licensing.  Wherever a license holder wishes to engage in processing a type of food product that is different than the type specified on the application supporting the licensee's existing license and processing that type of food product would require a major addition to or modification of the licensee's processing facilities or has a high potential for harm, the licensee shall submit an amendment to the current license application.  In such a case, the licensee may engage in processing the new type of food product only after the amendment has been approved by the department.

     If upon investigation by the director, it is determined that a person is processing food for retail sale and is not under permit, license, or inspection by a local health authority, then that person may be considered a food processor and subject to the provisions of this chapter.


     Sec. 4.  RCW 69.07.050 and 1988 c 5 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:

     If the application for renewal of any license provided for under this chapter is not filed prior to ((April 1st in any year)) the  expiration date as established by rule by the director, an additional fee of fifteen dollars shall be assessed and added to the original fee and shall be paid by the applicant before the renewal license shall be issued: PROVIDED, That such additional fee shall not be charged if the applicant furnishes an affidavit certifying that he or she has not operated a food processing plant or processed foods subsequent to the expiration of his or her license.


     Sec. 5.  RCW 69.07.060 and 1979 c 154 s 19 are each amended to read as follows:

     The director may, subsequent to a hearing thereon, deny, suspend or revoke any license provided for in this chapter if he determines that an applicant has committed any of the following acts:

     (1) Refused, neglected or failed to comply with the provisions of this chapter, the rules and regulations adopted hereunder, or any lawful order of the director.

     (2) Refused, neglected or failed to keep and maintain records required by this chapter, or to make such records available when requested pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

     (3) Refused the department access to any portion or area of the food processing plant for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter.

     (4) Refused the department access to any records required to be kept under the provisions of this chapter.

     (5) Refused, neglected, or failed to comply with any provisions of chapter 69.04 RCW, Washington Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, or any regulations adopted thereunder.

     The provisions of this section requiring that a hearing be conducted before an action may be taken against a license do not apply to an action taken under section 6 of this act.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 6.  A new section is added to chapter 69.07 RCW to read as follows:

     (1) Whenever the director finds an establishment operating under conditions that constitute an immediate danger to public health or whenever the licensee or any employee of the licensee actively prevents the director or the director's representative, during an onsite inspection, from determining whether such a condition exists, the director may summarily suspend, pending a hearing, a license provided for in this chapter.

     (2) Whenever a license is summarily suspended, the holder of the license shall be notified in writing that the license is, upon service of the notice, immediately suspended and that prompt opportunity for a hearing will be provided.

     (3) Whenever a license is summarily suspended, food processing operations shall immediately cease.  However, the director may reinstate the license when the condition that caused the suspension has been abated to the director's satisfaction.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 7.  A new section is added to chapter 69.07 RCW to read as follows:

     The director or the director's deputies, assistants, and inspectors are authorized to do all acts and things necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, including the taking of verified statements.  The department personnel are empowered to administer oaths of verification on the statement.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 8.  A new section is added to chapter 69.07 RCW to read as follows:

     It shall be unlawful to resell, to offer for resale, or to distribute for resale in intrastate commerce any food processed in a food processing plant, which has not obtained a license, as provided for in this chapter, once notification by the director has been given to the person or persons reselling, offering, or distributing food for resale, that said food is from an unlicensed processing operation.


     Sec. 9.  RCW 69.07.150 and 1967 ex.s. c 121 s 15 are each amended to read as follows:

     (1) Any person violating any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and guilty of a gross misdemeanor for any second and subsequent violation:  PROVIDED, That any offense committed more than five years after a previous conviction shall be considered a first offense.  A misdemeanor under this section is punishable to the same extent that a misdemeanor is punishable under RCW 9A.20.021 and a gross misdemeanor under this section is punishable to the same extent that a gross misdemeanor is punishable under RCW 9A.20.021.

     (2) Whenever the director finds that a person has committed a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, and that violation has not been punished pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, the director may impose upon and collect from the violator a civil penalty not exceeding one thousand dollars per violation per day.  Each violation shall be a separate and distinct offense.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 10.  The following acts or parts of acts are each repealed:

     (1) RCW 69.07.090 and 1967 ex.s. c 121 s 9; and

     (2) RCW 69.07.130 and 1967 ex.s. c 121 s 13.