SENATE BILL 5827
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By Senators West, McDonald and Niemi; by request of Office of Financial Management and Dept. of Social & Health Services.
Read first time February 25, 1991. Referred to Committee on Health & Long‑Term Care.
AN ACT Relating to regulation of nursing homes; and amending RCW 18.51.050, 74.46.660, 74.46.020, 74.46.210, 74.46.380, 74.46.410, 74.46.481, and 74.46.530.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 18.51.050 and 1989 c 372 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:
receipt of an application for license, the department shall issue a license if
the applicant and the nursing home facilities meet the requirements established
under this chapter, except that the department shall issue a temporary license
to a court-appointed receiver for a period not to exceed six months from the
date of appointment. Prior to the issuance or renewal of the license, the
licensee shall pay a license fee as established by the department. No fee
shall be required of government operated institutions or court-appointed
receivers. All licenses issued under the provisions of this chapter shall
expire on a date to be set by the department, but no license issued pursuant to
this chapter shall exceed thirty-six months in duration. When a change of ownership
occurs, the entity becoming the licensed operating entity of the facility shall
pay a fee established by the department at the time of application for the
license. The previously determined date of license expiration shall not
The department shall conduct, without charge to the nursing
homes, one annual licensing and certification survey per calendar year and one
postsurvey visit. For
all additional surveys required beyond the first postsurvey visit, nursing
homes shall pay an inspection fee of twelve dollars per bed to the department.
The inspection fee shall be due within thirty days of the completion date of
the postsurvey.)) The department shall establish license fees
at an amount adequate to reimburse the department in full for all costs of its
licensing activities for nursing homes, adjusted to cover the department's cost
of reimbursing such fees through medicaid.
All applications and fees for renewal of the license shall be submitted to the department not later than thirty days prior to the date of expiration of the license. All applications and fees for change of ownership licenses shall be submitted to the department not later than sixty days before the date of the proposed change of ownership. Each license shall be issued only to the operating entity and those persons named in the license application. The license is valid only for the operation of the facility at the location specified in the license application. Licenses are not transferable or assignable. Licenses shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the licensed premises.
Sec. 2. RCW 74.46.660 and 1980 c 177 s 66 are each amended to read as follows:
In order to participate in the prospective cost-related reimbursement system established by this chapter, the person or legal organization responsible for operation of a facility shall:
(1) Obtain a state certificate of need and/or federal capital expenditure review (section 1122) approval pursuant to chapter 70.38 RCW and Part 100, Title 42 CFR where required;
(2) Hold the appropriate current license;
(3) Hold current Title XIX certification;
Hold a current contract to provide services under this chapter; ((
(5) Comply with all provisions of the contract and all application regulations, including but not limited to the provisions of this chapter; and
(6) Obtain and maintain medicare certification, under Title XVIII of the social security act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 1395, as amended, for no less than fifteen percent of the facility's licensed beds.
Sec. 3. RCW 74.46.020 and 1989 c 372 s 17 are each amended to read as follows:
Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter.
(1) "Accrual method of accounting" means a method of accounting in which revenues are reported in the period when they are earned, regardless of when they are collected, and expenses are reported in the period in which they are incurred, regardless of when they are paid.
(2) "Ancillary care" means those services required by the individual, comprehensive plan of care provided by qualified therapists.
(3) "Appraisal" means the process of estimating the fair market value or reconstructing the historical cost of an asset acquired in a past period as performed by a professionally designated real estate appraiser with no pecuniary interest in the property to be appraised. It includes a systematic, analytic determination and the recording and analyzing of property facts, rights, investments, and values based on a personal inspection and inventory of the property.
(4) "Arm's-length transaction" means a transaction resulting from good-faith bargaining between a buyer and seller who are not related organizations and have adverse positions in the market place. Sales or exchanges of nursing home facilities among two or more parties in which all parties subsequently continue to own one or more of the facilities involved in the transactions shall not be considered as arm's-length transactions for purposes of this chapter. Sale of a nursing home facility which is subsequently leased back to the seller within five years of the date of sale shall not be considered as an arm's-length transaction for purposes of this chapter.
(5) "Assets" means economic resources of the contractor, recognized and measured in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.
(6) "Bad debts" means amounts considered to be uncollectable from accounts and notes receivable.
(7) "Beds" means the number of set-up beds in the facility, not to exceed the number of licensed beds.
(8) "Beneficial owner" means:
(a) Any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares:
(i) Voting power which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of such ownership interest; and/or
(ii) Investment power which includes the power to dispose, or to direct the disposition of such ownership interest;
(b) Any person who, directly or indirectly, creates or uses a trust, proxy, power of attorney, pooling arrangement, or any other contract, arrangement, or device with the purpose or effect of divesting himself of beneficial ownership of an ownership interest or preventing the vesting of such beneficial ownership as part of a plan or scheme to evade the reporting requirements of this chapter;
(c) Any person who, subject to subparagraph (b) of this subsection, has the right to acquire beneficial ownership of such ownership interest within sixty days, including but not limited to any right to acquire:
(i) Through the exercise of any option, warrant, or right;
(ii) Through the conversion of an ownership interest;
(iii) Pursuant to the power to revoke a trust, discretionary account, or similar arrangement; or
(iv) Pursuant to the automatic termination of a trust, discretionary account, or similar arrangement;
except that, any person who acquires an ownership interest or power specified in subparagraphs (i), (ii), or (iii) of this subparagraph (c) with the purpose or effect of changing or influencing the control of the contractor, or in connection with or as a participant in any transaction having such purpose or effect, immediately upon such acquisition shall be deemed to be the beneficial owner of the ownership interest which may be acquired through the exercise or conversion of such ownership interest or power;
(d) Any person who in the ordinary course of business is a pledgee of ownership interest under a written pledge agreement shall not be deemed to be the beneficial owner of such pledged ownership interest until the pledgee has taken all formal steps necessary which are required to declare a default and determines that the power to vote or to direct the vote or to dispose or to direct the disposition of such pledged ownership interest will be exercised; except that:
(i) The pledgee agreement is bona fide and was not entered into with the purpose nor with the effect of changing or influencing the control of the contractor, nor in connection with any transaction having such purpose or effect, including persons meeting the conditions set forth in subparagraph (b) of this subsection; and
(ii) The pledgee agreement, prior to default, does not grant to the pledgee:
(A) The power to vote or to direct the vote of the pledged ownership interest; or
(B) The power to dispose or direct the disposition of the pledged ownership interest, other than the grant of such power(s) pursuant to a pledge agreement under which credit is extended and in which the pledgee is a broker or dealer.
(9) "Capitalization" means the recording of an expenditure as an asset.
(10) "Contractor" means an entity which contracts with the department to provide services to medical care recipients in a facility and which entity is responsible for operational decisions.
(11) "Department" means the department of social and health services (DSHS) and its employees.
(12) "Depreciation" means the systematic distribution of the cost or other basis of tangible assets, less salvage, over the estimated useful life of the assets.
(13) "Direct care supplies" means medical, pharmaceutical, and other supplies required for the direct nursing and ancillary care of medical care recipients.
(14) "Entity" means an individual, partnership, corporation, or any other association of individuals capable of entering enforceable contracts.
(15) "Equity" means the net book value of all tangible and intangible assets less the recorded value of all liabilities, as recognized and measured in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.
(16) "Facility" means a nursing home licensed in accordance with chapter 18.51 RCW, excepting nursing homes certified as institutions for mental diseases, or that portion of a hospital licensed in accordance with chapter 70.41 RCW which operates as a nursing home.
(17) "Fair market value" means the replacement cost of an asset less observed physical depreciation on the date for which the market value is being determined.
(18) "Financial statements" means statements prepared and presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles including, but not limited to, balance sheet, statement of operations, statement of changes in financial position, and related notes.
(19) "Gain on sale" means the difference between the remaining undepreciated base and any proceeds received for, or to compensate for, the asset.
(20) "Generally accepted accounting principles" means accounting principles approved by the financial accounting standards board (FASB).
(21) "Generally accepted auditing standards" means auditing
standards approved by the American institute of certified public accountants
(22) "Goodwill" means the excess of the price paid for a
business over the fair market value of all other identifiable, tangible, and
intangible assets acquired.
(23) "Historical cost" means the actual cost incurred in
acquiring and preparing an asset for use, including feasibility studies,
architect's fees, and engineering studies.
(24) "Imprest fund" means a fund which is regularly
replenished in exactly the amount expended from it.
(25) "Joint facility costs" means any costs which represent
resources which benefit more than one facility, or one facility and any other
(26) "Lease agreement" means a contract between two parties
for the possession and use of real or personal property or assets for a
specified period of time in exchange for specified periodic payments.
Elimination (due to any cause other than death or divorce) or addition of any
party to the contract, expiration, or modification of any lease term in effect
on January 1, 1980, or termination of the lease by either party by any means
shall constitute a termination of the lease agreement. An extension or renewal
of a lease agreement, whether or not pursuant to a renewal provision in the
lease agreement, shall be considered a new lease agreement. A strictly formal
change in the lease agreement which modifies the method, frequency, or manner
in which the lease payments are made, but does not increase the total lease
payment obligation of the lessee, shall not be considered modification of a
(27) "Medical care program" means medical assistance provided
under RCW 74.09.500 or authorized state medical care services.
(28) "Medical care recipient" or "recipient" means
an individual determined eligible by the department for the services provided
in chapter 74.09 RCW.
(29) "Net book value" means the historical cost of an asset
less accumulated depreciation.
(30) "Net invested funds" means the net book value of tangible
fixed assets employed by a contractor to provide services under the medical
care program, including land, buildings, and equipment as recognized and
measured in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, plus an
allowance for working capital which shall be five percent of the allowable
costs of each contractor for the previous calendar year.
(31) "Operating lease" means a lease under which rental or
lease expenses are included in current expenses in accordance with generally
accepted accounting principles.
(32) "Owner" means a sole proprietor, general or limited
partners, and beneficial interest holders of five percent or more of a
corporation's outstanding stock.
(33) "Ownership interest" means all interests beneficially
owned by a person, calculated in the aggregate, regardless of the form which
such beneficial ownership takes.
(34) "Patient day" or "client day" means a calendar
day of care which will include the day of admission and exclude the day of
discharge; except that, when admission and discharge occur on the same day, one
day of care shall be deemed to exist.
(35) "Professionally designated real estate appraiser" means
an individual who is regularly engaged in the business of providing real estate
valuation services for a fee, and who is deemed qualified by a nationally
recognized real estate appraisal educational organization on the basis of
extensive practical appraisal experience, including the writing of real estate
valuation reports as well as the passing of written examinations on valuation
practice and theory, and who by virtue of membership in such organization is
required to subscribe and adhere to certain standards of professional practice
as such organization prescribes.
(36) "Qualified therapist" means:
(a) An activities specialist who has specialized education, training, or experience as specified by the department;
(b) An audiologist who is eligible for a certificate of clinical competence in audiology or who has the equivalent education and clinical experience;
(c) A mental health professional as defined by chapter 71.05 RCW;
(d) A mental retardation professional who is either a qualified therapist or a therapist approved by the department who has had specialized training or one year's experience in treating or working with the mentally retarded or developmentally disabled;
(e) A social worker who is a graduate of a school of social work;
(f) A speech pathologist who is eligible for a certificate of clinical competence in speech pathology or who has the equivalent education and clinical experience;
(g) A physical therapist as defined by chapter 18.74 RCW; and
(h) An occupational therapist who is a graduate of a program in occupational therapy, or who has the equivalent of such education or training.
(37) "Questioned costs" means those costs which have been
determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles but
which may constitute disallowed costs or departures from the provisions of this
chapter or rules and regulations adopted by the department.
(38) "Records" means those data supporting all financial
statements and cost reports including, but not limited to, all general and
subsidiary ledgers, books of original entry, and transaction documentation,
however such data are maintained.
(39) "Related organization" means an entity which is under
common ownership and/or control with, or has control of, or is controlled by,
(a) "Common ownership" exists when an entity is the beneficial owner of five percent or more ownership interest in the contractor and any other entity.
(b) "Control" exists where an entity has the power, directly or indirectly, significantly to influence or direct the actions or policies of an organization or institution, whether or not it is legally enforceable and however it is exercisable or exercised.
(40) "Restricted fund" means those funds the principal and/or
income of which is limited by agreement with or direction of the donor to a
(41) "Secretary" means the secretary of the department of
social and health services.
(42) "Title XIX" or "Medicaid" means the 1965 amendments
to the social security act, P.L. 89-07, as amended.
(43) "Physical plant capital improvement" means a capitalized
improvement that is limited to an improvement to the building or the related
Sec. 4. RCW 74.46.210 and 1980 c 177 s 21 are each amended to read as follows:
necessary and ordinary expenses a contractor incurs in providing care services
will be allowable costs.)) All documented costs that are ordinary,
necessary, and related to the care of medical care recipients and are not
expressly unallowable will be allowable costs. These expenses include:
(1) Meeting licensing and certification standards;
(2) Meeting standards of providing regular room, nursing, ancillary, and dietary services, as established by department rule and regulation pursuant to chapter 211, Laws of 1979 ex. sess.; and
(3) Fulfilling accounting and reporting requirements imposed by this chapter.
Sec. 5. RCW 74.46.380 and 1980 c 177 s 38 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Where depreciable assets are disposed of through sale, trade-in, scrapping, exchange, theft, wrecking, or fire or other casualty, depreciation shall no longer be taken on the assets. No further depreciation shall be taken on permanently abandoned assets.
(2) Where an asset has been retired from active use but is being held for stand-by or emergency service, and the department has determined that it is needed and can be effectively used in the future, depreciation may be taken.
(3) If there has been a sale of a building and any building improvements used in providing care that results in a gain on sale, the actual reimbursement for depreciation paid to the current contractor through the medicaid reimbursement program shall be recovered by the department. If the purchaser has a medicaid contract, the purchaser is obligated to reimburse the department. If the purchaser has no medicaid contract, the seller is responsible for reimbursing the department.
Sec. 6. RCW 74.46.410 and 1989 c 372 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Costs will be unallowable if they are not documented, necessary, ordinary, and related to the provision of care services to authorized patients.
(2) Unallowable costs include, but are not limited to, the following:
(a) Costs of items or services not covered by the medical care program. Costs of such items or services will be unallowable even if they are indirectly reimbursed by the department as the result of an authorized reduction in patient contribution;
(b) Costs of services and items provided to recipients which are covered by the department's medical care program but not included in care services established by the department under this chapter;
(c) Costs associated with a capital expenditure subject to section 1122 approval (part 100, Title 42 C.F.R.) if the department found it was not consistent with applicable standards, criteria, or plans. If the department was not given timely notice of a proposed capital expenditure, all associated costs will be unallowable up to the date they are determined to be reimbursable under applicable federal regulations;
(d) Costs associated with a construction or acquisition project requiring certificate of need approval pursuant to chapter 70.38 RCW if such approval was not obtained;
(e) Interest costs other than those provided by RCW 74.46.290 on and after the effective date of RCW 74.46.530;
(f) Salaries or other compensation of owners, officers, directors, stockholders, and others associated with the contractor or home office, except compensation paid for service related to patient care;
(g) Costs in excess of limits or in violation of principles set forth in this chapter;
(h) Costs resulting from transactions or the application of accounting methods which circumvent the principles of the cost-related reimbursement system set forth in this chapter;
(i) Costs applicable to services, facilities, and supplies furnished by a related organization in excess of the lower of the cost to the related organization or the price of comparable services, facilities, or supplies purchased elsewhere;
(j) Bad debts of non-Title XIX recipients. Bad debts of Title XIX recipients are allowable if the debt is related to covered services, it arises from the recipient's required contribution toward the cost of care, the provider can establish that reasonable collection efforts were made, the debt was actually uncollectible when claimed as worthless, and sound business judgment established that there was no likelihood of recovery at any time in the future;
(k) Charity and courtesy allowances;
(l) Cash, assessments, or other contributions, excluding dues, to charitable organizations, professional organizations, trade associations, or political parties, and costs incurred to improve community or public relations;
(m) Vending machine expenses;
(n) Expenses for barber or beautician services not included in routine care;
(o) Funeral and burial expenses;
(p) Costs of gift shop operations and inventory;
(q) Personal items such as cosmetics, smoking materials, newspapers and magazines, and clothing, except those used in patient activity programs;
(r) Fund-raising expenses, except those directly related to the patient activity program;
(s) Penalties and fines;
(t) Expenses related to telephones, televisions, radios, and similar appliances in patients' private accommodations;
(u) Federal, state, and other income taxes;
(v) Costs of special care services except where authorized by the department;
(w) Expenses of key-man insurance and other insurance or retirement plans not made available to all employees;
(x) Expenses of profit-sharing plans;
(y) Expenses related to the purchase and/or use of private or commercial airplanes which are in excess of what a prudent contractor would expend for the ordinary and economic provision of such a transportation need related to patient care;
(z) Personal expenses and allowances of owners or relatives;
(aa) All expenses of maintaining professional licenses or membership in professional organizations;
(bb) Costs related to agreements not to compete;
(cc) Amortization of goodwill;
(dd) Expenses related to vehicles which are in excess of what a prudent contractor would expend for the ordinary and economic provision of transportation needs related to patient care;
(ee) Legal and consultant fees in connection with a fair hearing against the department where a decision is rendered in favor of the department or where otherwise the determination of the department stands;
(ff) Legal and consultant fees of a contractor or contractors in connection with a lawsuit against the department;
(gg) Lease acquisition costs and other intangibles not related to patient care;
(hh) All rental or lease costs other than those provided in RCW 74.46.300 on and after the effective date of RCW 74.46.510 and 74.46.530;
(ii) Postsurvey charges incurred by the facility as a result of subsequent inspections under RCW 18.51.050 which occur beyond the first postsurvey visit during the certification survey calendar year;
(jj) Costs and fees otherwise allowable for legal services, whether purchased, allocated by a home office, regional office or management company, or performed by the contractor or employees of the contractor, in excess of the eighty-fifth percentile of such costs reported by all contractors for the most recent cost report period: PROVIDED, That this limit shall not apply if a contractor has not exceeded this percentile in any of the preceding three annual cost report periods;
(kk) Costs and fees otherwise allowable for accounting and bookkeeping services, whether purchased, allocated by a home office, regional office or management company, or performed by the contractor or employees of the contractor, in excess of the eighty-fifth percentile of such costs reported by all contractors for the most recent cost report period: PROVIDED, That this limit shall not apply if a contractor has not exceeded this percentile in any of the preceding three annual cost report periods;
(ll) Compensation paid for any purchased direct nursing service in excess of the fiftieth percentile of purchased direct nursing service costs, based on per patient day calculations, reported in the most recent cost report period by all contractors, whether or not they used purchased direct nursing services.
Sec. 7. RCW 74.46.481 and 1990 c 207 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) The nursing services cost center shall include all costs related to the direct provision of nursing and related care, including fringe benefits and payroll taxes for the nursing and related care personnel. For rates effective for state fiscal year 1984, the department shall adopt by administrative rule a definition of "related care" which shall incorporate, but not exceed services reimbursable as of June 30, 1983. For rates effective for state fiscal year 1985, the definition of related care shall include ancillary care. For rates effective after June 30, 1991, nursing services costs, as reimbursed within this chapter and as tested for reasonableness within this section, shall not include costs of any purchased direct nursing service in excess of the fiftieth percentile of purchased direct nursing costs, based on per patient day calculations, reported in the most recent cost report period by all contractors, whether or not they used purchased direct nursing services.
(2) The department shall adopt by administrative rules a method for establishing a nursing services cost center rate consistent with the principles stated in this section.
(3) Utilizing regression or other statistical technique, the department shall determine a reasonable limit on facility nursing staff taking into account facility patient characteristics. For purposes of this section, facility nursing staff refers to registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and nursing assistants employed by the facility or obtained through temporary labor contract arrangements. Effective January 1, 1988, the hours associated with the training of nursing assistants and the supervision of that training for nursing assistants shall not be included in the calculation of facility nursing staff. In selecting a measure of patient characteristics, the department shall take into account:
(a) The correlation between alternative measures and facility nursing staff; and
(b) The cost of collecting information for and computation of a measure.
If regression is used, the limit shall be set at predicted nursing staff plus 1.75 regression standard errors. If another statistical method is utilized, the limit shall be set at a level corresponding to 1.75 standard errors above predicted staffing computed according to a regression procedure.
(4) No facility shall receive reimbursement for nursing staff levels in excess of the limit, except that, if a facility was reimbursed for a nursing staff level in excess of the limit as of June 30, 1983, the facility may chose to continue to receive its June, 1983 nursing services rate plus any adjustments in rates, such as adjustments for economic trends, made available to all facilities. However, nursing staff levels established under subsection (3) of this section shall not apply to the nursing services cost center reimbursement rate for the pilot facility especially designed to meet the needs of persons living with AIDS as defined by RCW 70.24.017 and specifically authorized for this purpose under the 1989 amendment to the Washington state health plan [1989 1st ex.s. c 9]. The reasonableness limit established pursuant to this subsection shall remain in effect for the period July 1, 1983 through June 30, 1985. At that time the department may revise the measure of patient characteristics or method used to establish the limit.
(5) The department shall select an index of cost increase relevant to the nursing and related services cost area. In the absence of a more representative index, the department shall use the medical care component index as maintained by the United States bureau of labor statistics.
(6) If a facility's nursing staff level is below the limit specified in subsection (3) of this section, the department shall determine the percentage increase for all items included in the nursing services cost center between the facility's most recent cost reporting period and the next prior cost reporting period.
(a) If the percentage cost increase for a facility is below the increase in the selected index for the same time period, the facility's reimbursement rate in the nursing services cost center shall equal the facility's cost from the most recent cost reporting period plus any allowance for inflation provided by legislative appropriation.
(b) If the percentage cost increase for a facility exceeds the increase in the selected index, the department shall limit the cost used for setting the facility's rate in the nursing services cost area to a level reflecting the increase in the selected index.
(7) If the facility's nursing staff level exceeds the reasonableness limit established in subsection (3) of this section, the department shall determine the increase for all items included in the nursing services cost center between the facility's most recent cost reporting period and the next prior cost reporting period.
(a) If the percentage cost increase for a facility is below the increase in the index selected pursuant to subsection (5) of this section, the facility's reimbursement rate in the nursing cost center shall equal the facility's cost from the most recent cost reporting period adjusted downward to reflect the limit on nursing staff, plus any allowance for inflation provided by legislative appropriation subject to the provisions of subsection (4) of this section.
(b) If the percentage cost increase for a facility exceeds the increase in the selected index, the department shall limit the cost used for setting the facility's rate in the nursing services cost center to a level reflecting the nursing staff limit and the cost increase limit, subject to the provisions of subsection (4) of this section, plus any allowance for inflation provided by legislative appropriation.
(8) The department is authorized to determine on a systematic basis facilities with unmet patient care service needs. The department may increase the nursing services cost center prospective rate for a facility beyond the level determined in accordance with subsection (6) of this section if the facility's actual and reported nursing staffing is one standard error or more below predicted staffing as determined according to the method selected pursuant to subsection (3) of this section and the facility has unmet patient care service needs: PROVIDED, That prospective rate increases authorized by this subsection shall be funded only from legislative appropriations made for this purpose and the increases shall be conditioned on specified improvements in patient care at such facilities.
(9) The department shall establish a method for identifying patients with exceptional care requirements and a method for establishing or negotiating on a consistent basis rates for such patients.
(10) The department, in consultation with interested parties, shall adopt rules to establish the criteria the department will use in reviewing any requests by a contractor for a prospective rate adjustment to be used to increase the number of nursing staff. These rules shall also specify the time period for submission and review of staffing requests: PROVIDED, That a decision on a staffing request shall not take longer than sixty days from the date the department receives such a complete request. In establishing the criteria, the department may consider, but is not limited to, the following:
(a) Increases in acuity levels of contractors' residents;
(b) Staffing patterns for similar facilities;
(c) Physical plant of contractor; and
(d) Survey, inspection of care, and department consultation results.
Sec. 8. RCW 74.46.530 and 1985 c 361 s 17 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) The department shall establish for individual facilities return on investment allowances composed of two parts: A financing allowance and a variable return allowance.
The financing allowance shall be determined by multiplying the net invested
funds of each facility by ((
.11)) .10, and dividing by the
contractor's total patient days. If a capitalized addition or retirement of an
asset will result in a different licensed bed capacity during the ensuing
period, the prior period total patient days used in computing the financing and
variable return allowances shall be adjusted to the anticipated patient day
computing the portion of net invested funds representing the net book value of
tangible fixed assets, the same assets, depreciation bases, lives, and methods
referred to in RCW 74.46.330, 74.46.350, 74.46.360, ((
and)) 74.46.370, and
74.46.380, including owned and leased assets, shall be utilized, except
that the capitalized cost of land upon which the facility is located and such
other contiguous land which is reasonable and necessary for use in the regular
course of providing patient care shall also be included. In the case of leased
facilities where the net invested funds are unknown or the contractor is unable
to provide necessary information to determine net invested funds, the secretary
shall have the authority to determine an amount for net invested funds based on
an appraisal conducted according to RCW 74.46.360(1).
(c) In determining the variable return allowance:
(i) The department will first rank all facilities in numerical order from highest to lowest according to their average per diem allowable costs for the sum of the administration and operations and property cost centers for the previous cost report period.
The department shall then compute the variable return allowance by multiplying
the appropriate percentage amounts, which shall ((
not be less than one
percent and)) range from zero to not greater than (( four)) three
percent, by the total prospective rate for each facility, as determined in RCW
74.46.450 through 74.46.510. The percentage amounts will be based on groupings
of facilities according to the rankings as established in subparagraph
(1)(b)(i) of this section. Those groups of facilities with lower per diem
costs shall receive higher percentage amounts than those with higher per diem
(d) The sum of the financing allowance and the variable return allowance shall be the return on investment for each facility, and shall be added to the prospective rates of each contractor as determined in RCW 74.46.450 through 74.46.510.
(e) In the case of a facility which was leased by the contractor as of January 1, 1980, in an arm's-length agreement, which continues to be leased under the same lease agreement, and for which the annualized lease payment, plus any interest and depreciation expenses associated with contractor-owned assets, for the period covered by the prospective rates, divided by the contractor's total patient days, minus the property cost center determined according to RCW 74.46.510, is more than the return on investment allowance determined according to subsection (1)(d) of this section, the following shall apply:
(i) The financing allowance shall be recomputed substituting the fair market value of the assets as of January 1, 1982, as determined by the department of general administration through an appraisal procedure, less accumulated depreciation on the lessor's assets since January 1, 1982, for the net book value of the assets in determining net invested funds for the facility. A determination by the department of general administration of fair market value shall be final unless the procedure used to make such determination is shown to be arbitrary and capricious.
(ii) The sum of the financing allowance computed under subsection (1)(e)(i) of this section and the variable allowance shall be compared to the annualized lease payment, plus any interest and depreciation expenses associated with contractor-owned assets, for the period covered by the prospective rates, divided by the contractor's total patient days, minus the property cost center rate determined according to RCW 74.46.510. The lesser of the two amounts shall be called the alternate return on investment allowance.
(iii) The return on investment allowance determined according to subsection (1)(d) of this section or the alternate return on investment allowance, whichever is greater, shall be the return on investment allowance for the facility and shall be added to the prospective rates of the contractor as determined in RCW 74.46.450 through 74.46.510.
(f) In the case of a facility which was leased by the contractor as of January 1, 1980, in an arm's-length agreement, if the lease is renewed or extended pursuant to a provision of the lease, the treatment provided in subsection (1)(e) of this section shall be applied except that in the case of renewals or extensions made subsequent to April 1, 1985, reimbursement for the annualized lease payment shall be no greater than the reimbursement for the annualized lease payment for the last year prior to the renewal or extension of the lease.
(2) In the event that the department of health and human services disallows the application of the return on investment allowances to nonprofit facilities, the department shall modify the measurements of net invested funds used for computing individual facility return on investment allowances as follows: Net invested funds for each nonprofit facility shall be multiplied by one minus the ratio of equity funds to the net invested funds of all nonprofit facilities.
(3) Each biennium, beginning in 1985, the secretary shall review the adequacy of return on investment allowances in relation to anticipated requirements for maintaining, reducing, or expanding nursing care capacity. The secretary shall report the results of such review to the legislature and make recommendations for adjustments in the return on investment rates utilized in this section, if appropriate.