SENATE BILL 5948
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1991 Regular Session
By Senators Patterson, McDonald, Skratek, Erwin, Murray, Gaspard, Madsen, Bailey and von Reichbauer.
Read first time March 21, 1991. Referred to Committee on Transportation.
AN ACT Relating to high capacity transportation systems; and amending RCW 81.104.010, 81.104.020, 81.104.040, 81.104.050, 81.104.060, 81.104.080, 81.104.090, 81.104.100, 81.104.110, 81.104.140, and 81.104.160.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 81.104.010 and 1990 c 43 s 22 are each amended to read as follows:
congestion on Washington's roadways calls for identification and implementation
of high capacity transportation system alternatives. "High capacity
transportation system" means a system of public transportation
services and facilities, operating principally on exclusive rights of
way, and supporting services necessary to implement such a system, including
high occupancy vehicle lanes, which taken as a whole, provides a substantially
higher level of passenger capacity, speed, and service frequency than
traditional public transportation systems operating principally ((
general purpose (( roadway rights of way)) roadways. The
legislature believes that local jurisdictions should coordinate and be
responsible for high capacity transportation policy development, program
planning, and implementation. The state should assist by working with local
agencies on issues involving rights of way, partially financing projects meeting
established state criteria including expediting development and completion
of high occupancy vehicle lanes, authorizing local jurisdictions to finance
high capacity transportation systems through voter-approved tax options, and
providing technical assistance and information.
Sec. 2. RCW 81.104.020 and 1990 c 43 s 23 are each amended to read as follows:
The department of transportation's current policy role in transit is expanded to include other high capacity transportation development as part of a multimodal transportation system.
(1) The department of transportation shall implement a program for high capacity transportation coordination, planning, and technical studies with appropriations from the high capacity transportation account.
The department shall assist local jurisdictions and ((
transportation planning organizations, or their successor agencies,
with high capacity transportation planning efforts.
Sec. 3. RCW 81.104.040 and 1990 c 43 s 25 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Agencies in a class AA county and in class A counties bordering a class AA county that are currently authorized to provide high capacity transportation planning and operating services, including but not limited to city-owned transit systems, county transportation authorities, metropolitan municipal corporations, and public transportation benefit areas, must establish through interlocal agreements a joint regional policy committee with proportional representation based upon the population distribution within each agency's designated service area, as determined by the parties to the agreement.
(a) The membership of the joint regional policy committee shall consist of locally elected officials who serve on the legislative authority of the existing transit systems and a representative from the department of transportation. Nonvoting membership for elected officials from adjoining counties may be allowed at the committee's discretion.
The joint regional policy committee shall be responsible for the preparation
and adoption of a regional high capacity transportation system plan, a
project plan, and an implementation program including a financing ((
This)) plan. These plans shall be in conformance with the (( metropolitan))
regional transportation planning organization's regional transportation
plan and consistent with RCW 81.104.080.
(c) Interlocal agreements shall be executed within two years of March 14, 1990. The joint regional policy committee shall present a high capacity transportation system plan and local funding program to the boards of directors of the transit agencies within the service area for adoption.
(d) Transit agencies shall present the adopted high capacity transportation system plan and financing program for voter approval within four years of the execution of the interlocal agreements. A simple majority vote is required for approval of the high capacity transportation system plan and financing program in any service district within each county. Implementation of the program may proceed in any service area approving the system plan and program.
interlocal agreements have not been executed within two years from March 14,
1990, the designated ((
metropolitan)) regional transportation
planning organization shall convene within one hundred eighty days a conference
to be attended by an elected representative selected by the legislative
authority of each city and county in a class AA county and in class A counties
bordering a class AA county.
(a) Public notice of the conference shall occur thirty days before the date of the conference.
(b) The purpose of the conference is to evaluate the need for developing high capacity transportation service in a class AA county and in class A counties bordering a class AA county and to determine the desirability of a regional approach to developing such service.
(c) The conference may elect to continue high capacity transportation efforts on a subregional basis through existing transit planning and operating agencies.
(d) The conference may elect to pursue regional development by creating a multicounty interim regional high capacity transportation authority. Conference members shall determine the structure and composition of any interim regional authority.
(i) The interim regional authority shall propose a permanent authority or authorities for voter approval. Permanent regional authorities shall become the responsible agencies for planning, construction, operations, and funding of high capacity transportation systems within their service boundaries. Funding sources for a regional high capacity transportation authority or authorities are separate from currently authorized funding sources for city-owned transit systems, county transportation authorities, metropolitan municipal authorities, or public transportation benefit areas.
(ii) State and local jurisdictions, county transportation authorities, metropolitan municipal corporations, or public transportation benefit areas shall retain responsibility for existing facilities and/or services, unless the responsibility is transferred to the high capacity transportation authority or authorities by interlocal agreement.
If, within four years of the execution of the interlocal agreements, a high
capacity transportation system plan and financing program has been
approved by a simple majority vote within a participating jurisdiction, that
jurisdiction may proceed with high capacity transportation project
development. If within four years of the execution of the interlocal
agreements, a high capacity transportation system plan and funding
has)) have not been approved by a simple majority vote
within one or more of the participating jurisdictions, the (( joint regional
policy committee)) regional transportation planning organization
shall convene within one hundred eighty days, a conference to be attended by
participating jurisdictions within which a high capacity transportation
system plan and financing program have not been approved. Such a
conference shall be for the same purpose and shall be subject to the same
conditions as described in subsection (2) of this section.
(4) High capacity transportation service planning, construction, operations, and funding shall be governed through the interlocal agreement process, including but not limited to provision for a cost allocation and distribution formula, service corridors, station area locations, right of way transfers, and feeder transportation systems. The interlocal agreement shall include a mechanism for resolving conflicts among parties to the agreement.
Sec. 4. RCW 81.104.050 and 1990 c 43 s 26 are each amended to read as follows:
Regional high capacity transportation service boundaries may be expanded beyond the established service district through interlocal agreements among the transit agencies and local jurisdictions.
Sec. 5. RCW 81.104.060 and 1990 c 43 s 27 are each amended to read as follows:
The state's planning role in high capacity transportation development as one element of a multimodal transportation system should facilitate cooperative state and local planning efforts.
(1) The department of transportation may serve as a contractor for high capacity transportation system and project design, administer construction, and assist agencies authorized to provide service in the acquisition, preservation, and joint use of rights of way.
(2) The department and local jurisdictions shall continue to cooperate with respect to the development of park-and-ride facilities, associated roadways, transfer stations, people mover systems developed either by the public or private sector, and other related projects.
(3) The department in cooperation with local jurisdictions shall develop policies which enhance the development of high speed intercity systems by both the private and the public sector. These policies may address joint use of rights of way, identification and preservation of transportation corridors, and joint development of stations and other facilities.
Sec. 6. RCW 81.104.080 and 1990 c 43 s 29 are each amended to read as follows:
transportation plans ((
should)) shall be (( considered)) included
in (( adopting)) local comprehensive land use plans. Regional
transportation plans and local land use plans (( should)) shall
address the (( impacts of)) relationship between urban growth (( on))
and an effective high capacity transportation (( planning and development))
system plan, and provide for cooperation between local jurisdictions and
Regional high capacity transportation plans shall be included in the designated
metropolitan)) regional transportation planning organization's
regional transportation plan review and update process to facilitate
development of a coordinated multimodal transportation system and to meet
federal funding requirements.
state)) Interlocal agreements between transit authorities and local
jurisdictions shall (( cooperate in encouraging)) set forth conditions
for assuring integrated high capacity and land (( uses compatible with
development of high capacity transportation systems)) use implementing
actions. These include developing sufficient land use densities through
local actions in high capacity transportation corridors and near passenger
stations, preserving transit rights of way, and protecting the region's
environmental quality. Siting of high capacity transportation facilities
shall favor local jurisdictions with supportive land use plans. In
developing local actions intended to carry out these policies local governments
shall insure the opportunity for public comment and participation in the siting
of such facilities, including stations or transfer facilities. Agencies
providing high capacity transportation services, in cooperation with public and
private interests, shall promote transit-compatible land uses and development
which includes joint development.
(3) Interlocal agreements shall be consistent with state growth strategy goals for protecting resource lands, critical areas, open spaces, and lands and resources of state-wide significance. Agreements shall also include plans for concentrated employment centers, mixed-use development, and housing densities that support high capacity transportation systems.
(4) Agencies providing high capacity transportation service and transit agencies shall develop a cooperative process for the planning, development, operations, and funding of feeder transportation systems. Feeder systems may include existing and future intercity passenger systems and alternative technology people mover systems which may be developed by the private or public sector.
(5) Jurisdictions, working through their designated (( metropolitan))
regional transportation planning organizations, shall manage a right of
way preservation review process which includes activities to promote the
preservation of the high capacity transportation rights of way.
Jurisdictions shall forward all development proposals for projects within and
adjoining to the rights of way proposed for preservation to the designated ((
regional transportation planning organizations, which shall distribute
the proposals for local and regional agency review.
metropolitan)) regional transportation planning
organizations shall also review proposals for conformance with the regional
transportation plan and associated regional development strategies. The
designated (( metropolitan)) regional transportation planning
organization shall within ninety days compile local and regional agency
comments and communicate the same to the originating jurisdiction and the joint
regional policy committee or, if established, a regional high capacity transportation
Sec. 7. RCW 81.104.090 and 1990 c 43 s 30 are each amended to read as follows:
The department of transportation shall, upon dissolution of the rail development commission, assume responsibility for distributing amounts appropriated from the high capacity transportation account and shall prioritize funding requests based on criteria in subsection (3) of this section.
(1) The department shall establish an advisory council of policy and technical experts pursuant to RCW 47.01.091 to assist in the review of requests for high capacity transportation account funds. The council shall be comprised of one representative from each congressional district, a designee of the governor, the executive director or a designee of the transportation improvement board, the director of the Washington state transportation center, and the chair or designee of the legislative transportation committee.
(2) State high capacity transportation account funds may provide up to eighty percent matching assistance for high capacity transportation planning efforts and for support of interim regional high capacity transportation authorities.
(3) Authorizations for state funding for high capacity transportation planning projects shall be subject to the following criteria:
Conformance with the designated ((
transportation planning organization's regional transportation plan;
(b) Local matching funds;
(c) Demonstration of projected improvement in regional mobility;
(d) Conformance with planning requirements prescribed in RCW 81.104.100, and if five hundred thousand dollars or more in state funding is requested, conformance with the requirements of RCW 81.104.110; and
(e)(i) Establishment, through interlocal agreements, of a regional policy committee with proportional representation based upon population distribution within each agency's designated service area as defined in RCW 81.104.030;
(ii) Establishment of a demonstrated regional agreement through a multijurisdictional conference to pursue high capacity transportation development on a subregional basis through established transit planning and operating agencies as defined in RCW 81.104.040; or
(iii) Establishment, through a multijurisdictional conference, of an interim high capacity transportation authority as defined in RCW 81.104.040.
(4) The department of transportation shall provide general review and monitoring of the system and project planning process prescribed in RCW 81.104.100.
Sec. 8. RCW 81.104.100 and 1990 c 43 s 31 are each amended to read as follows:
To assure the adoption of an effective high capacity transportation system, local authorities shall follow the following planning process:
Regional, multimodal planning is the ongoing urban transportation
planning process conducted in each urbanized area by its (( metropolitan))
regional transportation planning organization. During this process,
regional transportation goals are identified, travel patterns are analyzed, and
future land use and travel are projected. The system planning process provides
a comprehensive view of the region's transportation needs but does not select a
specified mode to serve those needs. System planning shall identify a priority
corridor or corridors for further study of high capacity transportation
facilities if it is deemed feasible by local officials.
Project)) High capacity transportation system planning is the
detailed evaluation of a range of public transportation options,
including (i) do nothing, (ii) low capital, and (iii) ranges of higher capital
High capacity transportation system planning shall proceed as follows:
(i) Organization and management. The responsible local transit agency or agencies shall define roles for various local agencies, review background information, provide for public involvement, and develop a detailed work plan for the project planning process.
(ii) Development of options. Options to be studied shall be developed to ensure an appropriate range of technologies and service policies can be evaluated. A do-nothing option and a low capital option that maximizes the current system shall be developed. Several higher capital options that consider several candidate technologies shall be developed.
(iii) Analysis methods. The local transit agency shall develop reports describing the analysis and assumptions for the estimation of capital costs, operating and maintenance costs, methods for travel forecasting, a financial plan and an evaluation methodology.
(iv) Study of options. The local transit agency shall use the methods described in (iii) of this subsection to produce impact information needed for project evaluation and for the preparation of an environmental impact statement. The impact evaluation shall address the impact that such a project will have on abutting or nearby residential or commercial property owners. The process of identification of corridors, places to be served by high capacity transportation, and a narrow range of routes between places shall include notification of affected property owners by normal legal publication. At minimum, such notification shall include notice on the same day for at least three weeks in at least two newspapers of general circulation in the county where such project is proposed. Special notice of hearings by the conspicuous posting of notice, in a manner designed to attract public attention, in the vicinity of areas identified for station locations or transfer sites shall also be provided.
(v) Review and monitor. The department of transportation shall provide system and project review and monitoring in cooperation with the expert review panel identified in RCW 81.104.110. In addition, the local transit agency shall maintain a continuous public involvement program and seek involvement of other government agencies.
(3) Detailed planning process. In order to increase the likelihood of
future federal funding, the system and project planning processes shall follow
the urban mass transportation administration's requirements as described in
"Procedures and Technical Methods for Transit Project Planning",
published by the United States department of transportation, urban mass
transportation administration, September 1986, or the most recent edition.
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to preclude detailed evaluation
of more than one corridor in the planning process.
Sec. 9. RCW 81.104.110 and 1990 c 43 s 32 are each amended to read as follows:
The legislature recognizes that the planning process described in RCW 81.104.100 provides a recognized framework for guiding high capacity transportation studies. However, the process cannot guarantee appropriate transit decisions unless key study assumptions are reasonable.
PLAN OVERSIGHT. To assure appropriate ((
project)) system plan
assumptions and to provide for review of (( project)) system plan
results, the department of transportation shall develop independent oversight
procedures which are appropriate to the scope of any system or project plan
for which high capacity transportation account funds are requested.
expert review panel shall be appointed to provide independent technical review
for any ((
project)) system plan which is to be funded in whole or
in part by the imposition of any voter-approved local option funding sources
enumerated in RCW 81.104.140.
(1) The expert review panel shall consist of ten members who are recognized experts in relevant fields, such as transit operations, planning, emerging transportation technologies, engineering, finance, law, the environment, geography, economics, and political science.
(2) The expert review panel shall be selected cooperatively by the chair of the legislative transportation committee, the secretary of the department of transportation, and the governor to assure a balance of disciplines.
(3) The chair of the expert review panel shall be designated by the appointing body.
(4) The expert review panel shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for expenses according to chapter 43.03 RCW.
(5) Funds appropriated for expenses of the expert panel shall be administered by the department of transportation until the system plan is approved by the voters.
The expert panel shall review all reports required in RCW 81.104.100(2)((
and (3) but shall concentrate on service modes and concepts, costs,
patronage, financing, and project evaluation and may provide continuing
oversight and comment on all material recommendations made for the
implementation of high capacity transportation services.
(7) The expert panel shall provide timely reviews and comments on individual project reports and study conclusions to the governor, the legislative transportation committee, the department of transportation, the regional transportation planning organization, and the submitting lead transit agency.
The legislative transportation committee shall contract for consulting services
for an expert review ((
panels)) panel until the system plan is
approved by the voters. The amount of consultant support shall be
negotiated with each expert review panel by the legislative transportation
committee and shall be paid from the high capacity transportation account.
Sec. 10. RCW 81.104.140 and 1990 c 43 s 35 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Agencies authorized to provide high capacity transportation service, including city-owned transit systems, county transportation authorities, metropolitan municipal corporations and public transportation benefit areas, are hereby granted dedicated funding sources for such systems. These dedicated funding sources, as set forth in RCW 81.104.150, 81.104.160, and 81.104.170, are authorized only for agencies located in class AA counties, class A counties, counties of the first class which border another state, and counties which, on March 14, 1990, are of the second class and which adjoin class A counties.
(2) Agencies providing high capacity transportation service should also seek other funds, including federal, state, local, and private sector assistance.
(3) Funding sources should satisfy each of the following criteria to the greatest extent possible:
(b) Ease of administration;
(d) Implementation feasibility;
(e) Revenue reliability; and
(f) Revenue yield.
(4) Agencies participating in regional high capacity transportation system development through interlocal agreements or a conference-approved interim regional rail authority or subregional process as defined in RCW 81.104.040 are authorized to levy and collect either separately or in combination on one ballot the following voter-approved local option funding sources:
(a) Employer tax as provided in RCW 81.104.150;
(b) Special motor vehicle excise tax as provided in RCW 81.104.160; and
(c) Sales and use tax as provided in RCW 81.104.170.
Revenues from these taxes may be used only to support those purposes prescribed in subsection (8) of this section. Before an agency may impose any of the taxes enumerated in this section and authorized in RCW 81.104.150, 81.104.160, and 81.104.170, it must comply with the process prescribed in RCW 81.104.100(1) and (2) and 81.104.110. No construction of exclusive right of way may occur before the requirements of RCW 81.104.100(3) are met.
(5) Authorization in subsection (4) of this section shall not adversely affect the funding authority of existing transit agencies. Local option funds may be used to support implementation of interlocal agreements with respect to the establishment of regional high capacity transportation service. Local jurisdictions shall retain control over moneys generated within their boundaries, although funds may be commingled for planning, construction, and operation of high capacity transportation systems as set forth in the agreements.
(6) Agencies providing high capacity transportation service may contract with the state for collection and transference of local option revenue.
(7) Dedicated high capacity transportation funding shall be subject to voter approval by a simple majority.
(8) Agencies providing high capacity transportation service shall retain responsibility for revenue encumbrance, disbursement, and bonding. Funds may be used for any purpose relating to planning, construction, and operation of high capacity transportation systems, commuter rail systems, and feeder transportation systems.
Sec. 11. RCW 81.104.160 and 1990 c 43 s 42 are each amended to read as follows:
city that operates a transit system, county transportation authority,
metropolitan municipal corporation, or public transportation benefit area,
solely for the purpose of providing high capacity transportation service may
submit an authorizing proposition to the voters, and if approved, may levy and
collect an excise tax, at a rate approved by the voters, but not exceeding
eighty one-hundredths of one percent on the value, under chapter 82.44 RCW, of
every motor vehicle owned by a resident of such city, county transportation
authority, metropolitan municipal corporation, or public transportation benefit
area. In any county imposing a motor vehicle excise tax surcharge pursuant to
RCW 81.100.060, the maximum tax rate under this section shall be reduced to a
rate equal to eighty one-hundredths of one percent on the value less the
equivalent motor vehicle excise tax rate of the surcharge imposed pursuant to
RCW 81.100.060. ((
This authority may be exercised only if all local
agencies which are parties to an interlocal agreement or members of a regional
authority under RCW 81.104.040 are imposing the tax at the same rate.))
This rate shall not apply to vehicles licensed under RCW 46.16.070 except
vehicles with an unladen weight of six thousand pounds or less, RCW 46.16.079,
46.16.080, 46.16.085, or 46.16.090.