S-3248.3          _______________________________________________


                                 SENATE BILL 6355



State of Washington              52nd Legislature             1992 Regular Session


By Senators Metcalf, Bailey, Owen and Barr


Read first time 01/27/92.  Referred to Committee on Environment & Natural Resources.Limiting the resurvey authority of the department of natural resources.

     AN ACT Relating to resurveys by the department of natural resources; and adding new sections to chapter 58.24 RCW.




     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 1.      Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter.

     (1) "Bona fide rights" of a landowner are those claims acquired in good faith pursuant to the applicable sections of the current Manual of Instructions for the Survey of Public Lands of the United States.

     (2) "Good faith" means honesty in fact in complying with a law or administrative rule.

     (3) "Dependent survey" means a retracement and reestablishment of the lines of the original survey in their true original positions according to the best available evidence of the positions of the original corners.

     (4) "Independent survey" means an establishment of new section lines, and often new township lines, independent of and without reference to the corners of the original survey.

     (5) "Original survey" means the first survey of the land in question conducted under the authority of the federal general land office which is now the federal bureau of land management.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 2.      (1) If land is resurveyed by the department under this chapter, the survey may not impair the bona fide rights of a landowner who may be affected by the resurvey.  If the department resurveys land, the resurvey must be a dependent survey that determines the location of land made in good faith according to the best available evidence of the original survey.  The burden of proof shall be the preponderance of the evidence standard.

     (2) The department may not substitute the methods of an independent resurvey in place of evidence from the original survey although the original survey may have been poorly or incompletely executed.  The original survey controls the boundaries of land patented under that survey.

     (3) The position of a tract of land, described by legal subdivisions, is absolutely fixed by the original corners and other evidences of the original survey and not by occupation or improvements, or by the lines of a resurvey that does not follow the original survey.  Questions of priority of possession or occupation, continuous residence, value of improvements, and cultivation may be used only as factors in determining the issue of the good faith location of the land in the original survey.  The resurvey is not determinative of these factors.  Nothing in this section abrogates rights of landowners under the doctrine of adverse possession or the practical location of boundaries.


     NEW SECTION.  Sec. 3.      Sections 1 and 2 of this act are each added to chapter 58.24 RCW.