ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE SENATE BILL 6442
State of Washington 52nd Legislature 1992 Regular Session
By Senate Committee on Commerce & Labor (originally sponsored by Senators Anderson and Murray)
Read first time 02/07/92.
AN ACT Relating to child labor; amending RCW 49.12.121, 49.12.390, 49.12.410, 49.12.005, and 49.12.902; creating new sections; repealing RCW 49.12.105; prescribing penalties; providing an effective date; and declaring an emergency.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. The legislature finds that:
(1) Current Washington statutes governing the employment of minors are vague, inconsistent, outdated, and incomplete. They offer insufficient guidance to the department of labor and industries to carry out its administrative duties, forcing the department to expend limited resources defining the law rather than enforcing it;
(2) A sound state policy governing the employment of minors requires a sensitive balance of interests and values, most appropriately achieved through a representative legislature and the legislative process; and
(3) Changes to Washington law governing the employment of minors, absent a thorough and balanced review of relevant data and information, and input from all affected parties, risks harm to minors and unwarranted discord between business and labor.
Sec. 2. RCW 49.12.121 and 1989 c 1 s 3 are each amended to read as follows:
committee, or the)) director(( ,)) may at any time inquire
into wages, hours, and conditions of labor of minors employed in any trade,
business or occupation in the state of Washington (( and may adopt special
rules for the protection of the safety, health and welfare of minor employees)).
The minimum wage for minors shall be as prescribed in RCW 49.46.020. The (( committee))
department shall issue work permits to employers for the employment of
minors, after being assured the proposed employment of a minor meets the
standards set forth concerning the health, safety and welfare of minors as set
forth in (( the rules and regulations promulgated by the committee)) this
section. No minor person shall be employed in any occupation, trade or
industry subject to this 1973 amendatory act, unless a work permit has been
properly issued, with the consent of the parent, guardian or other person
having legal custody of the minor and with the approval of the school which
such minor may then be attending.
(2) Minors under age sixteen may not be employed: (a) During school hours except by special permission from school officials as outlined in RCW 28A.225.010 and 28A.225.080; (b) before 7:00 a.m. or after 7:00 p.m. during the school year; or (c) after 9:00 p.m. during the summer vacation season.
(3) Minors under age sixteen may not be employed more than three hours per day on school days nor more than eighteen hours per week during school weeks.
(4) No minor shall be employed more than twenty-eight hours per week during school weeks.
(5) No minor shall be employed more than eight hours per day nor more than five days in any one week. Minors employed past 8:00 p.m. in service occupations must be supervised by a responsible adult who is required to be on the premises.
(6) On nights preceding a school day, no minor shall be employed later than 10:00 p.m. or ten hours prior to his or her first scheduled school class, whichever is later.
(7) No minor shall be employed more than five hours without a meal period of at least thirty minutes.
(8) Every minor employee shall be given a rest period of at least ten minutes in every four-hour period of employment.
(9) No minor shall be employed in any occupation or doing any type of work that the industrial safety and health division of the department of labor and industries determines by rule to be unreasonably hazardous to minors. In making this determination, the division shall (a) include only types of work and occupations which evidence indicates present an unreasonable threat to the health or safety of minors and (b) be guided by the hazardous occupations orders in nonagricultural occupations of the child labor provisions of the fair labor standards act (29 C.F.R. Part 570, Subpart E).
(10) It is the belief of the legislature that many occupations and types of work are less hazardous for minors age sixteen and older than for those under age sixteen. The occupations and types of work of minors under age sixteen shall therefore be subject to additional restrictions as determined by rule by the industrial safety and health division of the department of labor and industries. In making this determination, the division shall (a) include only types of work and occupations which evidence indicates present an unreasonable threat to the health or safety of minors under age sixteen and (b) be guided by the occupation standards for fourteen and fifteen year olds of the child labor provisions of the fair labor standards act (29.C.F.R. Part 570, Subpart C).
(11) The employer is responsible for obtaining and keeping on file the following information concerning each minor employee:
(a) Proof of age by means of a copy of one of the following: (i) Birth certificate, (ii) driver's license, (iii) baptismal record, (iv) bible record, (v) insurance policy at least one year old indicating birth date, or (vi) witnessed statement of parent or guardian;
(b) Personal data relating to the minor, including name, address, and sex;
(c) Description of employment, including each of the following: Earliest and latest hours of employment, description of specific meal and rest periods, and complete description of duties;
(d) Parental authorization for employment by signature of parent or guardian on a form provided by the department;
(e) School authorization for employment, during any part of the school year, on a form provided by the department.
(12) The employer shall make any or all of the information under subsection (11) of this section available to the department or any of its authorized agents upon request.
(13) An employer may apply to the department for an order for a variance from any standard for wages, hours, or conditions of labor established under this chapter. The department shall issue an order granting a variance if it determines or decides that (a) the applicant for the variance has shown good cause for the lack of compliance and (b) the variance will not place the employer out of compliance with federal law. Any order so issued shall prescribe the conditions the employer must maintain, and the practices, means, methods, operations, standards, and processes which the employer must adopt and utilize to the extent they differ from the standard in question. At any time the department may terminate and revoke such order, provided the employer was notified by the department of the termination at least thirty days prior to said termination.
(14) The department may adopt rules necessary to implement this section.
(15)(a) A joint select committee on nonagricultural child labor is established to review the law governing the nonagricultural employment of minors in Washington state. The committee shall recommend any changes to the law that it believes are necessary to provide, in a clear and unambiguous fashion, for the safe and reasonable participation of minors in the workplace and for the proper education and social development of the state's youth.
(b) The committee shall consist of six voting members appointed as follows: (i) Two majority caucus members and one minority caucus member from the senate, selected by the president of the senate, and (ii) two majority caucus members and one minority caucus member from the house of representatives, selected by the speaker of the house of representatives.
(c) The committee shall establish an advisory group consisting of: (i) Equal representation from business and labor, to be selected by the appropriate organizations representing business and labor and (ii) at least two minors.
(d) The committee shall use legislative committee staff and facilities. All expenses of the committee shall be paid jointly by the senate and the house of representatives.
(e) The committee shall report its findings and recommendations to the governor and the legislature on or before the commencement of the 1993 regular session of the legislature. The committee shall cease to exist on June 1, 1993.
Sec. 3. RCW 49.12.390 and 1991 c 303 s 3 are each amended to read as follows:
(1)(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2) of this section, if the director, or the director's designee, finds that an employer has violated any of the requirements of RCW 49.12.121 or 49.12.123, or a rule or order adopted or variance granted under RCW 49.12.121 or 49.12.123, a citation stating the violations shall be issued to the employer. The citation shall be in writing, describing the nature of the violation including reference to the standards, rules, or orders alleged to have been violated. An initial citation for failure to comply with RCW 49.12.121(12) or (13), 49.12.123 or rules requiring a minor work permit and maintenance of records shall state a specific and reasonable time for abatement of the violation to allow the employer to correct the violation without penalty. The director or the director's designee may establish a specific time for abatement of other nonserious violations in lieu of a penalty for first time violations. The citation and a proposed penalty assessment shall be given to the highest management official available at the workplace or be mailed to the employer at the workplace. In addition, the department shall mail a copy of the citation and proposed penalty assessment to the central personnel office of the employer. Citations issued under this section shall be posted at or near the place where the violation occurred.
(b) Except when an employer corrects a violation as provided in (a) of this subsection, he or she shall be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars depending on the size of the business and the gravity of the violation. The employer shall pay the amount assessed within thirty days of receipt of the assessment or notify the director of his or her intent to appeal the citation or the assessment penalty as provided in RCW 49.12.400.
(2) If the director, or the director's designee, finds that an employer has committed a serious or repeated violation of the requirements of RCW 49.12.121 or 49.12.123, or any rule or order adopted or variance granted under RCW 49.12.121 or 49.12.123, the employer is subject to a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each day the violation continues. For the purposes of this subsection, a serious violation shall be deemed to exist if death or serious physical harm has resulted or is imminent from a condition that exists, or from one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes that have been adopted or are in use by the employer, unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation.
(3) In addition to any other authority provided in this section, if, upon inspection or investigation, the director, or director's designee, believes that an employer has violated RCW 49.12.121 or 49.12.123, or a rule or order adopted or variance granted under RCW 49.12.121 or 49.12.123, and that the violation creates a danger from which there is a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result to a minor employee, the director, or director's designee, may issue an order immediately restraining the condition, practice, method, process, or means creating the danger in the workplace. An order issued under this subsection may require the employer to take steps necessary to avoid, correct, or remove the danger and to prohibit the employment or presence of a minor in locations or under conditions where the danger exists.
(4) An employer who violates any of the posting requirements of RCW 49.12.121 or rules adopted implementing RCW 49.12.121 shall be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one hundred dollars for each violation.
(5) A person who gives advance notice, without the authority of the director, of an inspection to be conducted under this chapter shall be assessed a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars.
(6) Penalties assessed under this section shall be paid to the director and deposited into the general fund.
Sec. 4. RCW 49.12.410 and 1991 c 303 s 5 are each amended to read as follows:
An employer who knowingly or recklessly violates the requirements of RCW 49.12.121 (1) through (11) or 49.12.123, or a rule or order adopted under RCW 49.12.121 (1) through (11) or 49.12.123, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. An employer whose practices in violation of the requirements of RCW 49.12.121 (1) through (11) or 49.12.123, or a rule or order adopted under RCW 49.12.121 (1) through (11) or 49.12.123, result in the death or permanent disability of a minor employee is guilty of a class C felony.
Sec. 5. RCW 49.12.005 and 1988 c 236 s 8 are each amended to read as follows:
For the purposes of this chapter:
(1) The term "department" means the department of labor and industries.
(2) The term "director" means the director of the department of labor and industries, or his or her designated representative.
(3) The term "employer" means any person, firm, corporation, partnership, business trust, legal representative, or other business entity which engages in any business, industry, profession, or activity in this state and employs one or more employees and for the purposes of RCW 49.12.270 through 49.12.295 also includes the state, any state institution, any state agency, political subdivisions of the state, and any municipal corporation or quasi-municipal corporation.
(4) The term "employee" means an employee who is employed in the business of his or her employer whether by way of manual labor or otherwise.
(5) The term "conditions of labor" shall mean and include the conditions of rest and meal periods for employees including provisions for personal privacy, practices, methods and means by or through which labor or services are performed by employees and includes bona fide physical qualifications in employment, but shall not include conditions of labor otherwise governed by statutes and rules and regulations relating to industrial safety and health administered by the department.
the purpose of this 1973 amendatory act a)) The term "minor"
(( is defined to be)) means a person of either sex under the age
of eighteen years.
(7) The term "committee" shall mean the industrial welfare committee.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 6. RCW 49.12.105 and 1973 2nd ex.s. c 16 s 8 are each repealed.
Sec. 7. RCW 49.12.902 and 1991 c 303 s 12 are each amended to read as follows:
3 through 7 of this act shall take effect ((
April)) July 1, 1992.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 8. If the effective date of section 7 of this act is on or after April 1, 1992, it is the intent of the legislature that:
(1) The implementation of RCW 49.12.390, 49.12.400, 29.12.410, and 49.12.420, and section 6, chapter 303, Laws of 1991 be delayed until July 1, 1992;
(2) No enforcement actions under RCW 49.12.390 or 49.12.410 be taken until July 1, 1992; and
(3) Penalties under RCW 49.12.390 or 49.12.410 be imposed only for violations that occur on or after July 1, 1992.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 9. The department of labor and industries shall adopt rules to carry out the intent of section 8 of this act and delay the implementation of RCW 49.12.390, 49.12.400, 49.12.410, and 49.12.420, and section 6, chapter 303, Laws of 1991.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 10. (1) Sections 1 through 6 of this act shall take effect July 1, 1992.
(2) Sections 7 through 9 of this act are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately.