DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
[Order 169--Filed April 15, 1997, 3:18 p.m.]
Date of Adoption: April 15, 1997.
Purpose: Chapter 468-86 WAC, to provide a framework for state-wide and regional consistency in the performance and development of the regional transportation planning process.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 47.80.070 and SHB 1928, Section 5.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 97-06-005 on February 24, 1997.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 16, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 16, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 16, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
April 15, 1997
S. A. Moon
RTPO PLANNING STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES
WAC 468-86-010 Authority. The regional transportation planning
program was authorized by the 1990 legislature as part of the state's
Growth Management Act. The program is contained in chapter 47.80 RCW,
with funding appropriations made as part of the Department of
Transportation Appropriations Act.
WAC 468-86-020 Purpose/intent. (1) The regional transportation planning program creates a formal mechanism for local governments and the state to coordinate transportation planning for regional transportation facilities. The act authorized the creation of regional transportation planning organizations (RTPO) by local governments to coordinate transportation planning among jurisdictions and develop a regional transportation plan. The regional transportation planning program is available to all counties and cities state-wide (RCW 47.80.020).
(2) The legislature has authorized a grant program to fund this work. The department has the authority to administer this grant program, and to develop in cooperation with the RTPOs:
(a) Minimum planning standards for the development of a regional transportation plan;
(b) The RTPO regional transportation improvement program;
(c) Planning guidelines and principles;
(d) Certification standards for the transportation portion of local comprehensive plans and county-wide planning policies;
(e) The adoption of LOS standards on state transportation facilities; and
(f) RTPO regional transportation strategies.
(3) The purpose of the minimum planning standards is to guide RTPOs in the use of the regional transportation planning grants, and in the development of planning products under the program. Work proposed by each regional transportation planning organization shall be included in a work program that demonstrates adherence to the planning standards within this chapter. The intent of the department is to provide guidance that is sufficient to ensure a minimum level of consistency across the state, while providing flexibility for regions to meet specific mobility needs.
(4) The department will achieve this purpose through the
establishment of these rules and through the cooperative development and
maintenance of a set of RTPO planning standards and guidelines. Copies
of these standards and guidelines will be available through the
department's transportation planning office.
WAC 468-86-030 Definitions. "Consistency" means that no feature of a plan or regulation is incompatible with any other feature of a plan or regulation. Consistency is indicative of a capacity for orderly integration or operation with other elements in a system.
"Department" means the department of transportation (WSDOT).
"Least cost planning" means a process of comparing direct and indirect costs of demand and supply options to meet transportation goals and/or policies where the intent of the process is to identify the most cost-effective mix of options.
"Level of service" means an established minimum capacity for both transit and regional arterials that must be provided per unit of demand or other appropriate measure of need.
"Organization" means regional transportation planning organization (RTPO).
"Region" means the area that includes the local jurisdictions that comprise the regional transportation planning organization.
"Urbanized area" means those areas designated as such by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.
"Urban growth areas" means those areas designated by a county
pursuant to RCW 36.70A.110.
WAC 468-86-040 Determining the region. Local governments should
decide the geographic extent and composition of their region. The region
should reflect common transportation concerns and a willingness among the
local governments to work together in a cooperative planning process.
WAC 468-86-050 Establishing the organization. (1) A regional
transportation planning organization is a voluntary association of local
governments within the region. It shall be a formal organization formed
through an interlocal agreement that establishes the organization,
defines duties and relationships, and includes a transportation policy
board. The establishment of a technical advisory committee (TAC) is
recommended. The RTPO must determine its own structure to ensure
equitable and acceptable representation by member governments. Regions
are encouraged to seek native American tribal involvement.
WAC 468-86-060 Relationship to MPOs. The federal government
requires a regional transportation planning process in urbanized areas
with over fifty thousand population. This process is carried out by
metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) that have been jointly
designated by local governments and the state. The intent is that the
regional transportation planning program be integrated with the
metropolitan planning organization program in these urbanized areas. RCW
47.80.020 requires that RTPOs shall be the same organization as that
designated as the MPO. The regional transportation planning program
provides the opportunity for transportation planning in rural areas
within the RTPO. The department intends to jointly administer these two
WAC 468-86-070 Designation procedures. (1) Local governments desiring participation in the regional transportation planning program must submit an RTPO designation package to WSDOT. This information is necessary for WSDOT to verify that the RTPO meets the requirements of RCW 47.80.020. This package shall contain the following items:
(a) A description of the region;
(b) A formal designation of the RTPO, in the form of a resolution or other legal declaration;
(c) A list of all RTPO member local governments;
(d) A copy of the interlocal agreement that will govern RTPO operations;
(e) A formal designation by the RTPO of the lead planning agency; and
(f) A description of the RTPO's transportation policy board.
(2) WSDOT has the responsibility of verifying that RTPOs designated
by local governments meet the state requirements. The most recent annual
OFM population data will be used to verify population figures. WSDOT
will review the RTPO designation package, make a finding of verification,
and concur with or deny the local designation. Once verified, the RTPO
may proceed in carrying out its duties and may receive regional
transportation planning formula grants. If significant changes are made
in the structure of the RTPO, WSDOT may request that another designation
package be submitted for verification review.
REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLAN
WAC 468-86-080 Least-cost planning methodology. The methodology
shall consider direct and indirect costs and benefits for all reasonable
options to meet planning goals and objectives. The methodology shall
treat demand and supply resources on a consistent and integrated basis.
The regional transportation planning organizations shall consult the
guidelines set forth by the department for implementing a least-cost
planning methodology. Regional transportation plans should incrementally
incorporate least-cost planning methodologies as these concepts are
developed. The regional transportation plan adopted after July 1, 2000,
shall be based on a least-cost planning methodology appropriate to the
WAC 468-86-090 Regional transportation goals and objectives. The regional transportation planning program is meant to foster an ongoing transportation planning and decision-making process that actively plans for the improvement of regional transportation systems and coordinates this process among jurisdictions. The goals and objectives of the regional transportation plan should incorporate existing transportation related county-wide planning policies or multicounty transportation related planning policies where adopted and adhere to the following principles:
(1) Build upon applicable portions of the existing local comprehensive plan and process and promote the establishment of a regional perspective into the local comprehensive plan;
(2) Encourage partnerships between federal, state, local and tribal governments, special districts, the private sector, the general public, and other interest groups during conception, technical analysis, policy development, and decision processes in developing, updating, and maintaining the regional transportation plan;
(3) Ensure early and continuous public involvement from conceptual planning through decision making;
(4) Shall be ongoing, and incorporate short and long range multimodal planning activities to address major capacity expansion and operational improvements to the regional transportation system;
(5) Use regionally coordinated, valid and consistent technical methods and data should be used in identifying and analyzing needs;
(6) Consider environmental impacts related to the development of regional transportation policies and facilities and;
(7) Address the policies regarding the coordination of transportation planning among regional jurisdictions, including the relationship between regional transportation planning, local comprehensive planning and state transportation planning.
Within these principles, regions shall develop their own ongoing
planning process for the development and refinement of the regional
transportation plan, and provide a forum for the discussion of regional
transportation planning issues.
WAC 468-86-100 Regional transportation strategy. Each regional transportation planning organization shall develop a regional transportation strategy. The strategy should identify alternative transportation modes within the region and recommend policies to:
(1) Address each transportation mode;
(2) Address intermodal connections between modes; and
(3) Address transportation demand management where required.
The regional transportation strategy is intended to guide development of the regional transportation plan and any periodic updates.
Adopted multicounty and county-wide planning policies and policies
from local comprehensive plans that are regional in scope and regionally
consistent should provide the basis for the regional transportation
strategy. The regional transportation strategy should be periodically
reviewed and updated as necessary to reflect changing priorities or to
maintain regional consistency.
WAC 468-86-110 Needs, deficiencies, data requirements, and coordinated regional transportation and land use assumptions. (1) The following components shall be developed and incorporated in the RTP:
(a) An inventory of existing regional transportation facilities and services, including physical, operational, and usage characteristics of the regional transportation system;
(b) An evaluation of current facilities and services, comparing current usage, and operational characteristics to level of service standards, and identification of regional transportation needs;
(c) Forecasts of future travel demand, based on the regional transportation strategy and local comprehensive plans;
(d) Identification of future regional transportation system deficiencies, comparing future travel needs for movement of people and goods to available facilities and services; and
(e) Coordinated common regional assumptions (growth, population, employment, mode split, etc.,) among local jurisdictions for the development of all transportation models to ensure consistency within the RTPO, and:
(i) These common regional assumptions shall recognize the planning requirements of the state's Growth Management Act, and;
(ii) Be consistent with population forecasts prepared by the office of financial management.
(2) Performance monitoring. An integral part of the regional transportation plan is monitoring the performance of the regional transportation system over time. This information is necessary to determine the success of plan implementation and the effect of the desired improvements on the performance of the regional transportation system. Each RTPO shall describe their performance monitoring system in the regional transportation plan. The performance monitoring measures shall include traffic volumes and vehicle miles of travel (VMT) at a minimum and can include, but are not limited to, travel time, speed, safety standards and other measures. Performance monitoring measures should be coordinated and measurable on a consistent basis throughout the RTPO.
(3) Regional development patterns and investments. The regional
transportation plan shall include a general assessment of regional
development patterns and investments. This analysis is intended to
provide direction and background information for updates of the regional
transportation plan. The RTP updates shall be based upon a general
retrospective discussion of current land use and transportation patterns
and their relationship to the region's goals and objectives and elsewhere
in the regional transportation plan. Current and projected development
patterns and the expected magnitudes and time frame in which these
developments are expected to occur should be reviewed and evaluated
against the regional growth and transportation strategies. If the
regional growth and transportation strategies have changed or current and
projected development can be shown to be inconsistent, the plan should
be updated to reflect these changes, or development policies should be
updated to assure consistency and continuity of transportation and land
use issues within the region. The region's interrelationships between
growth and transportation should be discussed along with strategies such
as access control, development of heritage corridors, and other measures
designed to maintain current and proposed development patterns consistent
with the regional transportation plan and the transportation and land use
elements of local comprehensive plans.
WAC 468-86-120 Financial component. The financial component shall include the following:
(1) An analysis of funding capacity including an inventory of revenue sources for regional transportation improvements, and probable funding levels available for regional transportation improvements from each source;
(2) Probable funding comparisons with identified current and future needs, including identified funding shortfalls; and
(3) If funding shortfalls are identified, an analysis of additional
funding resources to make up the shortfall, or a reassessment of the
regional transportation strategies, at a minimum, to ensure that transportation needs fall within probable funding levels.
WAC 468-86-130 Proposed future transportation network. Based upon
the identified needs and probable funding levels within the region, the
proposed future transportation network defines specific facility or
service improvements, transportation system management strategies, and
demand management strategies proposed for implementation on the regional
transportation system. The plan shall identify priority levels for these
improvements to guide local jurisdictions and the state in implementation
and development of the regional transportation improvement program.
WAC 468-86-140 High capacity transit and public transportation
interrelationships. Within those RTPOs where there is an existing or
proposed high capacity transit system, the regional transportation plan
shall discuss the relationship between the high capacity transit system
and conventional public transit system. This could include policies to
maintain coordinated arrivals and departures of interconnecting routes,
coordination with other multimodal transportation centers, and other
strategies targeted at improving these intermodal relationships over
WAC 468-86-150 Certification. (1) By December 31, 1996, each RTPO shall certify, that the transportation element of all comprehensive plans for cities and counties planning under the Growth Management Act:
(a) Reflect the transportation guidelines and principles established in the regional transportation plan;
(b) Are consistent with the adopted regional transportation plan; and
(c) Conform with the requirements of RCW 36.70A.070.
(2) Each RTPO shall also certify that county-wide planning policies adopted under RCW 36.70A.210 and the adopted regional transportation plan are consistent.
(3) Regions shall cooperatively define and establish measures and
processes to determine regional consistency with the adopted regional
TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM
WAC 468-86-160 Regional transportation improvement program. (1) Each RTPO shall compile a regional transportation improvement program (TIP) at least once every two years. The regional TIP shall:
(a) Be developed on a cooperative basis by local government agencies, public transit agencies, and the department of transportation within each region;
(b) Consist of a list of regionally significant transportation projects and programs including projects proposed for construction and transportation demand management measures proposed to be implemented during each year for the next six-year period;
(c) Consist of regionally significant projects included in the local six-year transit development plans and six-year comprehensive transportation programs required by RCW 35.58.2795, 35.77.010, and 36.81.121 for transit agencies, cities, towns, and counties;
(d) Include all proposed WSDOT projects in the region;
(e) Include only projects consistent with the regional transportation plan;
(f) Include a financial section outlining:
(i) Sources of funding reasonably expected to be received for each year of the ensuing three-year period; and
(ii) All assumptions and explanations supporting the expected levels of funding consistent with information included in the financial component of the regional transportation plan.
(2) The six-year regional TIP developed by each RTPO is intended for
use as a planning document and shall be available at the lead planning
agency office of the RTPO.