WSR 97-13-051

PERMANENT RULES

DEPARTMENT OF

SOCIAL AND HEALTH SERVICES

(Institutions)

[Filed June 13, 1997, 4:49 p.m.]

Date of Adoption: June 12, 1997.

Purpose: Clarify and limit the use of state funds expended under the Division of Developmental Disabilities' family support program.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 275-27-221; and amending WAC 275-27-023 Exemptions, 275-27-220 Family support services, and 275-27-223 Service need.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 71A.12.030.

Other Authority: RCW 71A.12.040 and Title 71A RCW.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 97-08-007 on March 24, 1997.

Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: A one-year period was specified for the receipt of flexible funding. The process for granting exceptions was enlarged to include committee recommendations and regional administrator reasons for nonapproval. WAC 275-27-222 (1)(e) allows legislatively mandated vendor rate increases and included those granted last session.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, amended 4, repealed 1.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, amended 4, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.

June 12, 1997

Merry A. Kogut, Manager

Rules and Policies Assistance Unit





AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 3230, filed 8/9/91, effective 9/9/91)

WAC 275-27-023 Exemptions. (1) The department may approve an exemption to a specific rule in this chapter as defined under WAC 275-27-020(7) provided an:

(a) Assessment of the exemption shall not undermine the legislative intent of Title 71A RCW; and

(b) Evaluation of the exemption request shows granting the exemption shall not adversely effect the quality of the services, supervision, health, and safety of department-served persons.

(2) Agencies and individual providers shall retain a copy of each department-approved exemption.

(3) Exemption requests are not subject to appeal.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 71A.16.020. 91-17-005 (Order 3230), 275-27-023, filed 8/9/91, effective 9/9/91.]

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 3702, filed 2/1/94, effective 3/4/94)

WAC 275-27-220 Family support services. (1) The ((department's intent)) purpose of the family support ((services shall be)) program is to:

(a) Reduce or eliminate the need for out-of-home residential placement of a client where the in-home placement is in the client's best interest;

(b) Allow a client to live in the most independent setting possible; and

(c) Have access to services best suited to a client's needs.

(2) The department's family support services shall include, ((but not be limited to,)) the following services:

(a) ((Emergency or planned)) Respite care, including the use of community activities which provide respite;

(b) Attendant care;

(c) Nursing services provided by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse, that cannot be provided by an unlicensed caregiver, including but not limited to, ventilation, catheterization, insulin injections, etc., when not covered by another resource;

(d) Therapeutic services, provided these therapeutic services are not covered by another resource such as medicaid, private insurance, public schools, or child development services funding, including:

(i) Physical therapy;

(ii) Occupational therapy;

(iii) Behavior management therapy; and

(iv) Communication therapy; or

(v) Counseling for the client relating to a disability.

(((d) The purchase, rental, loan, or refurbishment of specialized equipment, environmental modifications, and other adaptations; and

(e) Other service approved by the director or designee as described under subsection (1) of this section.))

(3) Up to nine hundred dollars of the service need level amount in WAC 275-27-222 may be used during a one year period for flexible use as follows. The requested service must be necessary as a result of the disability of the client.

(a) Training and supports including parenting classes and disability related support groups;

(b) Specialized equipment and supplies including the purchase, rental, loan or refurbishment of specialized equipment or adaptive equipment not covered by another resource including Medicaid. Mobility devices such as walkers and wheelchairs are included, as well as communication devices and medical supplies such as diapers for those more than three years of age;

(c) Environmental modification including home repairs for damages, and modifications to the home needed because of the disability of the client;

(d) Medical/dental services not covered by any other resource. This may include the payment of insurance premiums and deductibles and is limited to the premiums and deductibles of the client;

(e) Special formulas or specially prepared foods needed because of the disability of the client;

(f) Parent/family counseling dealing with a diagnosis, grief and loss issues, genetic counseling and behavior management;

(g) Specialized clothing adapted for a physical disability, excessive wear clothing, or specialized footwear;

(h) Specialized utility costs including extraordinary supplemental utility costs related to the client's disability or medical condition;

(i) Transportation costs for gas or tickets (ferry fare, transit cost) for a client to get to essential services and appointments, if another resource is not available;

(j) Other services approved by the DDD regional administrator or designee that will replace or reduce ongoing departmental expenditures and will reduce the risk of out-of-home placement. Exemption requests under this section are not subject to appeal.

(4) Recommendations will be made to the regional administrator by a review committee. The regional administrator will approve or disapprove the request and will communicate reasons for denial to the committee.

(5) Payment for services specified in subsection (3), except (3)(a) and (h), shall cover only the portion of cost attributable to the client.

(6) Requests must be received by DDD no later than midway through the service authorization period unless circumstances exist justifying an emergency.

(7) A plan shall be developed jointly by the family and the department ((shall authorize services to the family for a specified time-limited)) for each service authorization period. The department may choose whether to contract directly with the vendor, to authorize purchase by another agency, or may reimburse the parent of the client.

(((a))) (8) Emergency Services. Emergency funds may be requested for use in response to a single incident or situation or short term crisis such as care giver hospitalization, absence, or incapacity. The request shall include anticipated resolution of the situation. Funds shall be provided for a limited period not to exceed two months. All requests are to be reviewed and approved or denied by the regional administrator or designee.

(9) A departmental service authorization shall state the type, amount, and period (duration) of service. Each department authorization shall constitute a new service for a new period.

(((b))) (10) If the client becomes eligible and begins to receive Medicaid Personal Care services as defined in WAC 388-15-880 through 388-15-890, the family support funding will be reduced at the beginning of the next month of service. The family will receive notice of the reconfiguration of services at least five working days before the beginning of the month.

(11) If requested family support services are not authorized, such actions shall be deemed a denial of services.

(((c))) (12) Family support services may be authorized below the amount requested by the family for the period. When, during the authorized service period, family support services are reduced or terminated below the amount specified in service authorizations, the department shall deem such actions as a reduction or termination of services.

(((4) The department shall authorize family support services in accordance with department-established policies. The department shall base periodic service authorizations on:

(a) Requests for family support services described in subsection (2) of this section;

(b) Service need levels as described in section 223 of this chapter;

(c) Availability of family support funding;

(d) The family's ability to purchase services required by a minor client as described under WAC 275-27-221 based on family-provided financial information; and

(e) Authorization by a review committee, in each regional office, which reviews each request for service.

(5) The department shall authorize family support services contingent upon the applicant providing accurate and complete information concerning family income and disability-related expenses as requested by the department.

(6) The department shall ensure service authorizations do not exceed maximum amounts for each service need level based on the availability of funds.

(7) The department shall not authorize a birth parent, adoptive parent, or stepparent living in the same household as the client as the direct care provider for respite, attendant, nursing, therapy, or counseling services for a child seventeen years of age or younger.

(8) The department shall ensure subsections (4)(d) and (5) of this section are only in effect until July 31, 1995.))

[Statutory Authority: RCW 71A.12.040 and 43.43.745. 94-04-092 (Order 3702), 275-27-220, filed 2/1/94, effective 3/4/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 71A.12.040. 92-09-114 (Order 3372), 275-27-220, filed 4/21/92, effective 5/22/92. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.20.070. 88-05-004 (Order 2596), 275-27-220, filed 2/5/88; 86-18-049 (Order 2418), 275-27-220, filed 8/29/86.]

NEW SECTION

WAC 275-27-222 Service need level rates. (1) The department shall base periodic service authorizations on:

(a) Requests for family support services described in WAC 275-27-220(2) of this section;

(b) Service need levels as described in WAC 275-27-220(3) of this chapter. Service need level lid amounts are as follows:

(i) Clients designated for service need level one (WAC 275-27-223) may receive up to nine hundred fifty-one dollars per month or two thousand three hundred forty-one dollars per month if the client requires licensed nursing care in the home:

(A) If a client is receiving funding through Medicaid Personal Care or other DSHS in-home residential support, the maximum payable through family support shall be four hundred twenty-one dollars per month;

(B) If the combined total of family support services at this maximum plus in-home support is less than nine hundred fifty-one dollars additional family support can be authorized to bring the total to nine hundred fifty-one dollars.

(ii) Clients designated for service need level two may receive up to three hundred seventy-six per month if not receiving funding through Medicaid personal care:

(A) If a client is receiving funds through Medicaid personal care or other DSHS in-home residential support service, the maximum receivable through family support shall be two hundred eleven dollars per month;

(B) If the combined total of family support services at this maximum plus in-home support is less than three hundred seventy-six dollars, additional family support can be authorized to bring the total to three hundred seventy-six dollars.

(iii) Clients designated for service need level three may receive up to two hundred eleven dollars per month provided the client is not receiving Medicaid personal care. If the client is receiving Medicaid personal care or other DSHS in-home residential support service, the maximum receivable through family support shall be one hundred six dollars per month; and

(iv) Clients designated for service level four may receive up to one hundred six dollars per month family support services.

(c) Availability of family support funding;

(d) Authorization by a review committee, in each regional office, which reviews each request for service;

(e) The amounts designated in subsection (1)(b)(i) through (iv) of this section are subject to periodic increase if vendor rate increases are mandated by the legislature.

(2) The department shall authorize family support services contingent upon the applicant providing accurate and complete information on disability-related requests.

(3) The department shall ensure service authorizations do not exceed maximum amounts for each service need level based on the availability of funds.

(4) The department shall not authorize a birth parent, adoptive parent, or stepparent living in the same household as the client as the direct care provider for respite, attendant, nursing, therapy, or counseling services for a child seventeen years of age or younger.

[]



AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 3702, filed 2/1/94, effective 3/4/94)

WAC 275-27-223 Service need levels. (1) The department shall use service need levels to determine periodic family support service authorizations.

(2) The department shall determine service need levels in order of priority for funding as follows:

(a) Service need level 1: Client is at immediate risk of out-of-home placement without the provision of family support services. The client needs intensive residential support to assist the client's family to care for the family's child or adult requiring nursing services, attendant care, or support due to difficult behaviors. A client shall:

(i) Have received, over the past three months, at least ten days or eighty hours of service; or

(ii) Requires at least ten days or eighty hours per month of service to prevent immediate out-of-home placement, based upon an assessment conducted by the department;

(b) Service need level 2: Client is at high risk of out-of-home placement without the provision of family support services and has one or more of the following documented in writing:

(i) The client:

(A) Currently receives adult protective services or division of children and family services as an active:

(I) Child protective service client;

(II) Child welfare service client; or

(III) Family reconciliation service client.

(B) Has returned home from foster care or group care placement within the last six months;

(C) Has a serious medical problem requiring close and ongoing monitoring and/or specialized treatment, such as:

(I) Apnea monitor;

(II) Tracheotomy;

(III) Heart monitor;

(IV) Ventilator;

(V) Constant monitoring due to continuous seizures;

(VI) Immediate life-saving intervention due to life threatening seizures;

(VII) Short bowel syndrome; or

(VIII) Brittle bone syndrome.

(D) Has a dual diagnosis based on current mental health DSM Axis I diagnosis;

(E) Has an extreme behavioral challenge resulting in health and safety issues for self and/or others which:

(I) Resulted in serious physical injury to self or others within the last year;

(II) For a client who is two years of age or older, requires constant monitoring when awake for personal safety reasons; or

(III) Is of imminent danger to self or others as determined by a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other qualified professional.

(F) Is ten years of age or older or weighs forty pounds or more, requires lifting, and needs direct physical assistance in three or more of the following areas:

(I) Bathing;

(II) Toileting;

(III) Feeding;

(IV) Mobility; or

(V) Dressing.

(ii) The caregiver:

(A) Is a division of developmental disabilities client;

(B) Has a physical or medical problem that interferes with providing care; or

(C) Has serious mental health or substance abuse problems and:

(I) Is receiving counseling for these problems; or

(II) Has received or applied for counseling within the past six months.

(c) Service need level 3: The family is at risk of significant deterioration which could result in an out-of-home placement of the client without provision of family support services due to the following:

(i) The client requires direct physical assistance, above what is typical for such client's age, in three or more of the following areas:

(A) Bathing;

(B) Toileting;

(C) Feeding;

(D) Mobility; or

(E) Dressing.

(ii) The client has current behavioral episodes resulting in:

(A) Physical injury to the client or others;

(B) Substantial damage to property; and/or

(C) Chronic sleep pattern disturbances or chronic continuous screaming behavior.

(iii) The client has medical problems requiring substantial extra care; and/or

(iv) The family is:

(A) Experiencing acute and/or chronic stress;

(B) Has acute or chronic physical limitations; or

(C) Has acute or chronic mental or emotional limitations.

(d) Service need level 4: Family needs temporary or ongoing services in order to:

(i) Receive support to relieve and/or prevent stress of caregiver/family; or

(ii) Enhance the current functioning of the family.

(3) The department, through regional review committees, shall determine service need level of the client's service request by reviewing information received from the client, family, and other sources about:

(a) Whether client is an active recipient of services from the division of children and family services or adult protective services;

(b) Whether indicators of risk of out-of-home placement exist, and the imminence of such an event. The department's assessment of such risk may include:

(i) Review of family's requests for placement;

(ii) History of family's involvement with children's protective services or adult protective services;

(iii) Client's current adjustment;

(iv) Parental history of psychiatric hospitalization;

(v) Clinical assessment of family's condition; and

(vi) Statements from other professionals.

(c) Caregiver conditions, such as acute and/or chronic:

(i) Stress;

(ii) Physical limitations; and

(iii) Mental and/or emotional impairments.

(d) Client's need for intense medical, physical, or behavioral support;

(e) Family's ability to use typical community resources;

(f) Availability of private, local, state, or federal resources to help meet the need for family support;

(g) Severity and chronicity of family or client problems; and

(h) Degree to which family support services will:

(i) Ameliorate or alleviate such problems; and

(ii) Reduce the risk of out-of-home placement.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 71A.12.040 and 43.43.745. 94-04-092 (Order 3702), 275-27-223, filed 2/1/94, effective 3/4/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 71A.12.040. 92-09-114 (Order 3372), 275-27-223, filed 4/21/92, effective 5/22/92. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.20.070. 88-05-004 (Order 2596), 275-27-223, filed 2/5/88.]

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 2596, filed 2/5/88)

WAC 275-27-400 Notification. (1) The department shall notify the client or applicant, the parent when the client or applicant is a minor, and the guardian when the client or applicant is an adult, of the following decisions:

(a) Denial or termination of eligibility set forth in WAC 275-27-030;

(b) Development or modification of the individual service plan set forth in WAC 275-27-060;

(c) Authorization, denial, reduction, or termination of services set forth in WAC 275-27-230; and

(d) Admission or readmission to, or discharge from, a residential habilitation center.

(2) The notice shall set forth appeal rights pursuant to WAC 275-27-500 and a statement that the client's case manager can be contacted for an explanation of the reasons for the action.

(3)(a) The department shall provide notice of a denial or partial authorization of a family support services request and a statement of reason for denial or partial authorization, or reduction to the person or persons described in subsection (1) of this section. The department shall send such notice no later than five working days before the end of the month previous to the month for which service was requested;

(b) The department shall make available an administrative review of a decision to deny or partially authorize services upon receipt of a written request by a person or persons described in subsection (1) of this section to the administrator of the region in which the client is living. The regional office must receive a request for administrative review by the last working day of the month;

(c) The client shall state in the written request why the client or client's family believes their service priority designation is not correct;

(d) Upon receipt of request for administrative review, the regional administrator or designee shall review the request and the client file; and

(e) The department shall send the results of the administrative review to the client and/or family within the first five working days of the service month for which the client is being denied or receiving a partial authorization for services.

(4) The department shall provide at least thirty days' advance notice of action to terminate a client's eligibility, terminate or reduce a client's service, or discharge a client from a residential habilitation center to the community((, except for the)). Transfer or removal of a client from a service set forth in WAC 275-27-500 (5)(f) is governed by that section, and reduction of family support funding during the service authorization period is covered by subsection (3)(a) of this section.

(5) All parties affected by such department decision shall be consulted, whenever possible, during the decision process by the responsible field services regional office in person and/or by telephone.

(6) The division shall ensure notification to the school district in which a school-aged child is to be placed when a placement decision is reached.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.20.070. 88-05-004 (Order 2596), 275-27-400, filed 2/5/88; 86-18-049 (Order 2418), 275-27-400, filed 8/29/86; 84-15-058 (Order 2124), 275-27-400, filed 7/18/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 72.01.090, 72.33.040, 72.33.125 and 72.33.165. 78-04-033 (Order 1280), 275-27-400, filed 3/16/78; Order 1143, 275-27-400, filed 8/11/76.]

REPEALER

The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:

WAC 275-27-221 Family financial participation.

Legislature Code Reviser

Register

Washington State Code Reviser's Office