DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
(Board of Hearing and Speech)
[Filed June 26, 1998, 4:55 p.m.]
Date of Adoption: June 5, 1998.
Purpose: The rules are needed to provide guidance to consumers of hearing and speech health care services, members of the public and audiologists and speech-language pathologists regarding the expected and recognized minimum standards of practice.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 18.35.161 (3) and (10).
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 98-08-117 on April 1, 1998.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 2, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 2, amended 0, repealed 0.
Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
June 10, 1998
Delores E. Spice
WAC 246-828-095 Audiology minimum standards of practice. Certified audiologists are independent practitioners who provide a comprehensive array of services related to the identification, assessment, habitation/rehabilitation and prevention of auditory and vestibular impairments.
Audiologists serve in a number of roles including but not limited to clinician, therapist, teacher, consultant, researcher, and administrator. Audiologists provide services in hospitals, clinics, schools, nursing facilities, care centers, private practice and other settings in which audiological services are relevant. Audiologists provide services to individuals of all ages.
Audiologists must engage in and supervise only those aspects of the profession that are within the scope of their education, training and experience.
Standard procedures for providing audiology services may include one or more of the following:
(1) Case history to include:
(a) Documentation of referrals.
(b) Historical review of the nature, onset, progression and stability of the hearing problem, and associated otic and/or vestibular symptoms.
(c) Review of communication difficulties.
(d) Review of medical, pharmacology, vocational, social and family history pertinent to the etiology, assessment and management of the underlying hearing disorder.
(2) Physical examination of the external ear includes:
(a) Otoscopic examination of the external auditory canal to detect:
(i) Congenital or traumatic abnormalities of the external canal or tympanic membrane.
(ii) Inflammation or irritation of the external canal or tympanic membrane.
(iii) Perforation of the tympanic membrane and/or discharge from the external canal.
(iv) A foreign body or impacted cerumen in the external canal.
(b) Cerumen management to clean the external canal and to remove excess cerumen for the preservation of hearing.
(c) Referral for otologic evaluation and/or treatment when indicated.
(3) Identification of audiometry:
(a) Hearing screening administered as needed, requested, or mandated for those persons who may be identified as at risk for hearing impairment.
(b) Referral of persons who fail the screening for rescreening, audiologic assessment and/or for medical or other examination and services.
(c) Audiologists may perform speech and language screening measures for initial identification and referral.
(4) Assessment of auditory function includes:
(a) The administration of behavioral and/or objective measures of the peripheral and central auditory system to determine the presence, degree and nature of hearing loss or central auditory impairment, the effect of the hearing impairment on communication, and/or the site of the lesion within the auditory system. Assessment may also include procedures to detect and quantify nonorganic hearing loss.
(i) When traditional audiometric techniques cannot be employed as in infants, children or multiple impaired clients, developmentally appropriate behavioral and/or objective measures may be employed.
(ii) Assessment and intervention of central auditory processing disorders in which there is evidence of communication disorders may be provided in collaboration with other professionals.
(b) Interpretation of measurement recommendations for habilitative/rehabilitative management and/or referral for further evaluation and the counseling of the client and family.
(5) Assessment of vestibular function includes administration and interpretation of behavioral and objective measures of equilibrium to detect pathology within the vestibular system, to determine the site of lesion, to monitor changes in balance and to determine the contribution of visual, vestibular and proprioceptive systems to balance.
(6) Habilitation/rehabilitation of auditory and vestibular disorders may include:
(a) Aural rehabilitation therapy.
(b) Fitting and dispensing of hearing instruments and assistive listening devices.
(c) Habilitative and rehabilitative nonmedical management of disorders of equilibrium.
(7) Industrial and community hearing conservation programs.
(8) Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring.
(9) Standardized and nonstandardized procedures may be employed for assessment, habilitation/rehabilitation of auditory and vestibular disorders. When standardized procedures are employed they must be conducted according to the standardized procedure or exception documented. Nonstandardized measures must be conducted according to established principles and procedures of the profession.
WAC 246-828-105 Speech-language pathology--Minimum standards of practice. Certified speech-language pathologists are independent practitioners who provide a comprehensive array of services related to the identification, assessment, habilitation/rehabilitation, of communication disorders and oro-pharyngeal and dysphasia. Speech-language pathologists serve in a number of roles including but not limited to clinician, therapist, teacher, consultant, researcher, and administrator. Speech-language pathologists provide services in hospitals, clinics, schools, nursing facilities, care centers, private practice, and other settings in which speech-language pathology services are relevant. Speech-language pathologists provide services to individuals of all ages.
Services must be provided and products dispensed only when benefit can reasonably be expected. All services provided and products dispensed must be evaluated for effectiveness. A certified speech-language pathologist must engage in and supervise only those aspects of the profession that are within the scope of their education, training, and experience. Speech-language pathologists must provide services appropriate to each individual in his or her care, which may include one or more of the following standard procedures:
(1) Case history, to include the following:
(a) Documentation of referral.
(b) Review of the communication, cognitive and/or swallowing problem.
(c) Review of pertinent medical, pharmacological, social and educational status.
(2) Examination of the oral mechanism for the purposes of determining adequacy for speech communication and swallowing.
(3) Screening to include: Speech and language.
(a) Hearing screening, limited to pure-tone air conduction and screening tympanometry.
(b) Swallowing screening. Children under the age of three years who are considered at risk are assessed, not screened;
(4) Assessment may include the following:
(a) Language may include parameters of phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics; and include receptive and expressive communication in oral, written, graphic and manual modalities;
(b) Speech may include articulation, fluency, and voice (including respiration, phonation and resonance). Treatment shall address appropriate areas;
(d) Cognitive aspects of communication may include communication disability and other functional disabilities associated with cognitive impairment;
(e) Central auditory processing disorders in collaboration with other qualified professionals;
(f) Social aspects of communication may include challenging behaviors, ineffective social skills, lack of communication opportunities;
(g) Augmentative and alternative communication include the development of techniques and strategies that include selecting, and dispensing of aids and devices (excluding hearing instruments) and providing training to individuals, their families, and other communication partners in their use.
(5) Habilitation/rehabilitation of communication and swallowing to include the following:
(a) Treatment of speech disorders including articulation, fluency and voice.
(b) Treatment of language disorders including phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics; and include receptive and expressive communication in oral, written, graphic and manual modalities.
(c) Treatment of swallowing disorders.
(d) Treatment of the cognitive aspects of communication.
(e) Treatment of central auditory processing disorders in which there is evidence of speech, language, and/or other cognitive communication disorders.
(f) Treatment of individuals with hearing loss, including aural rehabilitation and related counseling.
(g) Treatment of social aspects of communication, including challenging behaviors, ineffective social skills, and lack of communication opportunities.
(6) All services must be provided with referral to other qualified resources when appropriate.