WSR 98-15-151

PROPOSED RULES

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL

[Filed July 22, 1998, 10:40 a.m.]



Original Notice.

Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 98-13-051.

Title of Rule: Amending the "007 Exceptions" sections of chapter 51-40 WAC, Building Code, chapter 51-42 WAC, Mechanical Code, chapter 51-44 WAC, Fire Code, and chapter 51-46 WAC Plumbing Code, and Section "101.3 Scope" of chapter 51-11 WAC, Energy Code, by adding an exemption for temporary worker housing.

Purpose: To exempt temporary worker housing from codes listed in RCW 19.27.031 and chapter 19.27A RCW, and refer to Department of Health rules regulating temporary worker housing.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 19.27.031, 19.27.074.

Statute Being Implemented: Chapters 19.27 and 34.05 RCW.

Summary: The proposed amendments will exempt temporary worker housing from being subject to the codes listed in RCW 19.27.031 and chapter 19.27A RCW, as directed by chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (2SSB 6168).

Reasons Supporting Proposal: Chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (2SSB 6168).

Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting and Implementation: Tim Nogler, P.O. Box 48300, Olympia, WA 98504-8300), 586-0486; and Enforcement: Local jurisdiction.

Name of Proponent: Washington State Building Code Council, governmental.

Agency Comments or Recommendations, if any, as to Statutory Language, Implementation, Enforcement, and Fiscal Matters: The council seeks comments on the issues and options proposed in the rules shown below.

Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.

Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: Amendments will exempt temporary worker housing from being subject to the codes listed in RCW 19.27.031 and chapter 19.27A RCW, as directed by chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (2SSB 6168) and refer to Department of Health rule.

Purpose: To exempt temporary worker housing from the Uniform Building Code, Uniform Mechanical Code, Uniform Plumbing Code, Washington State Energy Code.

Anticipated Effect: A Department of Health program will regulate safe, healthy and affordable housing for temporary workers. This will streamline the regulatory process by making Department of Health the agency in charge of temporary worker housing.

The "Exceptions" section of WAC 51-40-007 (Uniform Building Code), 51-42-007 (Uniform Mechanical Code), 51-44-007 (Uniform Fire Code), and 51-46-007 (Uniform Plumbing Code); also the "Scope" section, Section 101.3, of chapter 51-11 WAC, Energy Code.

Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: This amendment exempts temporary worker housing from the Building, Fire, Energy, Plumbing and Mechanical codes. This change will effectively streamline the regulatory processes for temporary worker housing. A Department of Health program will have regulatory authority over temporary worker housing thereby removing that responsibility away from the local building officials/jurisdictions.

No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. 1. Washington State Building Code Council was directed by chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (2SSB 6168).

2. Based on RCW 19.85.030 (3)(a) Washington State Building Code Council is eliminating substantive regulatory requirements on temporary worker housing.

RCW 34.05.328 does not apply to this rule adoption. The Washington State Building Code Council is not listed in this section as one of the agencies required to comply with this regulation.

Hearing Location: Spokane City Council Chambers, West 808 Spokane Falls Boulevard, Spokane, WA 99201, on September 18, 1998, at 10:00 a.m.

Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Krista Braaksma, (360) 753-5927, by September 1, 1998, TDD (360) 753-2200.

Submit Written Comments to: Mike McEnaney, Chair, fax (360) 586-5880, by September 16, 1998.

Date of Intended Adoption: November 13, 1998.

July 10, 1998

Mike McEnaney

Council Chair

OTS-2361.1

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 98-03-003, filed 1/8/98, effective 7/1/98)



WAC 51-11-0101  Section 101. Scope and general requirements.



101.1 Title: Chapters 1 through 10 of this Code shall be known as the "Washington State Residential Energy Code" and may be cited as such; and will be referred to herein as "this Code."



101.2 Purpose and Intent: The purpose of this Code is to provide minimum standards for new or altered buildings and structures or portions thereof to achieve efficient use and conservation of energy.



The purpose of this Code is not to create or otherwise establish or designate any particular class or group of persons who will or should be especially protected or benefitted by the terms of this Code.



It is intended that these provisions provide flexibility to permit the use of innovative approaches and techniques to achieve efficient use and conservation of energy. These provisions are structured to permit compliance with the intent of this Code by any one of the following three paths of design:



1. A systems analysis approach for the entire building and its energy-using sub-systems which may utilize renewable energy sources, Chapter 4.



2. A component performance approach for various building elements and mechanical systems and components, Chapter 5.



3. A prescriptive requirements approach, Chapter 6.



Compliance with any one of these approaches meets the intent of this Code. This Code is not intended to abridge any safety or health requirements required under any other applicable codes or ordinances.



The provisions of this Code do not consider the efficiency of various energy forms as they are delivered to the building envelope. A determination of delivered energy efficiencies in conjunction with this Code will provide the most efficient use of available energy in new building construction.



101.3 Scope: This Code sets forth minimum requirements for the design of new buildings and structures that provide facilities or shelter for residential occupancies by regulating their exterior envelopes and the selection of their HVAC, service water heating systems and equipment for efficient use and conservation of energy.



Buildings shall be designed to comply with the requirements of either Chapter 4, 5, or 6 of this Code.



101.3.1 Exempt Buildings: Buildings and structures or portions thereof meeting any of the following criteria shall be exempt from the building envelope requirements of sections 502 and 602, but shall comply with all other requirements for building mechanical systems, and service water heating.



101.3.1.1: Buildings and structures or portions thereof whose peak design rate of energy usage is less than three and four tenths (3.4) Btu/h per square foot or one point zero (1.0) watt per square foot of floor area for space conditioning requirements.



101.3.1.2: Buildings and structures or portions thereof which are neither heated according to the definition of heated space in Chapter 2, nor cooled by a nonrenewable energy source, provided that the nonrenewable energy use for space conditioning complies with requirements of section 101.3.1.1.



101.3.1.3: Greenhouses isolated from any conditioned space and not intended for occupancy.



101.3.1.4: The provisions of this code do not apply to the construction, alteration, or repair of temporary worker housing except as provided by rule adopted under chapter 70.114A RCW or chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (SB 6168). "Temporary worker housing" means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an employer for his or her employees or by another person, including a temporary worker housing operator, who is providing such accommodations for employees, for temporary, seasonal occupancy, and includes "labor camps" under RCW 70.54.110.



101.3.2 Application to Existing Buildings: Additions, historic buildings, changes of occupancy or use, and alterations or repairs shall comply with the requirements in the subsections below.

EXCEPTION: The building official may approve designs of alterations or repairs which do not fully conform with all of the requirements of this Code where in the opinion of the building official full compliance is physically impossible and/or economically impractical and:



1. The alteration or repair improves the energy efficiency of the building; or



2. The alteration or repair is energy efficient and is necessary for the health, safety, and welfare of the general public.



In no case, shall building envelope requirements or mechanical system requirements be less than those requirements in effect at the time of the initial construction of the building.



101.3.2.1 Additions to Existing Buildings: Additions to existing buildings or structures may be made to such buildings or structures without making the entire building or structure comply, provided that the new additions shall conform to the provisions of this Code.



EXCEPTION: New additions which do not fully comply with the requirements of this Code and which have a floor area which is less than seven hundred fifty square feet shall be approved provided that improvements are made to the existing occupancy to compensate for any deficiencies in the new addition. Compliance shall be demonstrated by either systems analysis or component performance calculations. The nonconforming addition and upgraded, existing occupancy shall have an energy budget or heat loss which is less than or equal to the unimproved existing building, with the addition designed to comply with this Code.



101.3.2.2 Historic Buildings: The building official may modify the specific requirements of this Code for historic buildings and require in lieu thereof alternate requirements which will result in a reasonable degree of energy efficiency. This modification may be allowed for those buildings which have been specifically designated as historically significant by the state or local governing body, or listed in The National Register of Historic Places or which have been determined to be eligible for listing.



101.3.2.3 Change of Occupancy or Use:



Any Other than Group R Occupancy which is converted to Group R Occupancy shall be brought into full compliance with this Code.



101.3.2.4 Alterations and Repairs: All alterations and repairs to buildings or portions thereof originally constructed subject to the requirements of this Code shall conform to the provisions of this Code without exception. For all other existing buildings, initial tenant alterations shall comply with the new construction requirements of this Code. Other alterations and repairs may be made to existing buildings and moved buildings without making the entire building comply with all of the requirements of this Code for new buildings, provided the following requirements are met:



101.3.2.5 Building Envelope: The result of the alterations or repairs both:



1. Improves the energy efficiency of the building, and



2. Complies with the overall average thermal transmittance values of the elements of the exterior building envelope in Table 5-1 of Chapter 5 or the nominal R-values and glazing requirements of the reference case in Tables 6-1 to 6-6.



EXCEPTIONS:



1. Untested storm windows may be installed over existing glazing for an assumed U-factor of 0.90, however, where glass and sash are being replaced in Group R Occupancy, glazing shall comply with the appropriate reference case in Table 6-1 through Table 6-6.



2. Where the structural elements of the altered portions of roof/ceiling, wall or floor are not being replaced, these elements shall be deemed to comply with this Code if all existing framing cavities which are exposed during construction are filled to the full depth with batt insulation or insulation having an equivalent nominal R-value while, for roof/ceilings, maintaining the required space for ventilation. Existing walls and floors without framing cavities need not be insulated. Existing roofs shall be insulated to the requirements of this Code if



a. The roof is uninsulated or insulation is removed to the level of the sheathing, or



b. All insulation in the roof/ceiling was previously installed exterior to the sheathing or nonexistent.



101.3.2.6 Building Mechanical Systems: Those parts of systems which are altered or replaced shall comply with section 503 of this Code.



101.3.2.7 Service Water Heating: Those parts of systems which are altered or replaced shall comply with section 504.



101.3.2.8 Reserved.



101.3.3 Mixed Occupancy: When a building houses more than one occupancy, each portion of the building shall conform to the requirements for the occupancy housed therein. Where approved by the building official, where minor accessory uses do not occupy more than ten percent of the area of any floor of a building, the major use may be considered the building occupancy.



101.4 Amendments by Local Government: Except as provided in RCW 19.27A.020(7), this Code shall be the maximum and minimum energy code for Group R Occupancy in each town, city and county, no later than July 1, 1991.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27A.025 and 19.27A.045. 98-03-003, 51-11-0101, filed 1/8/98, effective 7/1/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27A.025. 93-21-052, 51-11-0101, filed 10/18/93, effective 4/1/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27A.020 and 1990 c 2. 91-01-112, 51-11-0101, filed 12/19/90, effective 7/1/91.]

OTS-2362.1

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 98-02-054, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98)



WAC 51-40-007  Exceptions. The exceptions and amendments to the Uniform Building Code contained in the provisions of chapter 19.27 RCW shall apply in case of conflict with any of the provisions of these rules.

Table 10-D, Section 1607.6 and Section 3003 (with the exception of 3003.3 Standby Power and 3003.5 Stretcher Requirements) of the 1997 Uniform Building Code are not adopted.

The provisions of this code do not apply to temporary growing structures used solely for the commercial production of horticultural plants including ornamental plants, flowers, vegetables, and fruits. "Temporary growing structure" means a structure that has the sides and roof covered with polyethylene, polyvinyl, or similar flexible synthetic material and is used to provide plants with either frost protection or increased heat retention. A temporary growing structure is not considered a building for purposes of this code.

The provisions of this code do not apply to the construction, alteration, or repair of temporary worker housing except as provided by rule adopted under chapter 70.114A RCW or chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (SB 6168). "Temporary worker housing" means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an employer for his or her employees or by another person, including a temporary worker housing operator, who is providing such accommodations for employees, for temporary, seasonal occupancy, and includes "labor camps" under RCW 70.54.110.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074. 98-02-054, 51-40-007, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98.]

OTS-2363.1

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 98-02-056, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98)



WAC 51-42-007  Exceptions. The exceptions and amendments to the Uniform Mechanical Code contained in the provisions of chapter 19.27 RCW shall apply in case of conflict with any of the provisions of these rules.

The provisions of this code do not apply to temporary growing structures used solely for the commercial production of horticultural plants including ornamental plants, flowers, vegetables, and fruits. "Temporary growing structure" means a structure that has the sides and roof covered with polyethylene, polyvinyl, or similar flexible synthetic material and is used to provide plants with either frost protection or increased heat retention. A temporary growing structure is not considered a building for purposes of this code.

The provisions of this code do not apply to the construction, alteration, or repair of temporary worker housing except as provided by rule adopted under chapter 70.114A RCW or chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (SB 6168). "Temporary worker housing" means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an employer for his or her employees or by another person, including a temporary worker housing operator, who is providing such accommodations for employees, for temporary, seasonal occupancy, and includes "labor camps" under RCW 70.54.110.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074. 98-02-056, 51-42-007, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98.]

OTS-2364.1

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 98-02-053, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98)



WAC 51-44-007  Exceptions. The exceptions and amendments to the Uniform Fire Code contained in the provisions of chapter 19.27 RCW shall apply in case of conflict with any of the provisions of these rules.

The provisions of this code do not apply to temporary growing structures used solely for the commercial production of horticultural plants including ornamental plants, flowers, vegetables, and fruits. "Temporary growing structure" means a structure that has the sides and roof covered with polyethylene, polyvinyl, or similar flexible synthetic material and is used to provide plants with either frost protection or increased heat retention. A temporary growing structure is not considered a building for purposes of this code.

The provisions of this code do not apply to the construction, alteration, or repair of temporary worker housing except as provided by rule adopted under chapter 70.114A RCW or chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (SB 6168). "Temporary worker housing" means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an employer for his or her employees or by another person, including a temporary worker housing operator, who is providing such accommodations for employees, for temporary, seasonal occupancy, and includes "labor camps" under RCW 70.54.110.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074. 98-02-053, 51-44-007, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98.]

OTS-2365.1

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 98-02-055, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98)



WAC 51-46-007  Exceptions. The exceptions and amendments to the uniform codes contained in the provisions of chapter 19.27 RCW shall apply in cases of conflict with any of the provisions of these rules.

The provisions of this code do not apply to the construction, alteration, or repair of temporary worker housing except as provided by rule adopted under chapter 70.114A RCW or chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (SB 6168). "Temporary worker housing" means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an employer for his or her employees or by another person, including a temporary worker housing operator, who is providing such accommodations for employees, for temporary, seasonal occupancy, and includes "labor camps" under RCW 70.54.110.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074. 98-02-055, 51-46-007, filed 1/6/98, effective 7/1/98.]

Legislature Code Reviser

Register

Washington State Code Reviser's Office