Date of Adoption: May 21, 1999.
Purpose: To ensure that the rules governing the disclosure of student records for the University of Washington are in compliance with mandated modifications to the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. 1232g.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 478-140-060; and amending WAC 478-140-010, 478-140-015, 478-140-018, 478-140-021, 478-140-024, 478-140-050, and 478-140-070.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 28B.20.130.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 99-08-056 on April 1, 1999.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 2, Amended 7, Repealed 1; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 2, Amended 7, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 2, Amended 7, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 2, Amended 7, Repealed 1. Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
May 28, 1999
Rebecca Goodwin Deardorff
Administrative Procedures Officer
RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
DISCLOSURE OF)) STUDENT EDUCATION RECORDS
93-380,)) The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, (( requires that the university
adopt guidelines concerning)) 20 U.S.C. Sec. 1232g, provides for the right of a student to
inspect his or her education records, and guidelines concerning the release of
(( personally-identifiable information)) those records to third parties. The act further provides
that such a student (( has the right to)) may request a hearing in order to (( provide for the
correction or deletion of)) correct or delete inaccurate, misleading or otherwise inappropriate
data, and that currently registered students be informed annually of their rights under the act. (( The act also provides that students be informed annually of the types of education records
maintained by the university that are directly related to students.)) Any student who alleges a
failure by the university to comply with the act has the right to file a complaint with the U.S.
Department of Education.
Consistent with ((
that)) the act, this policy on student education records is established to
(( insure)) ensure that the education records and the information contained in such records (( is))
are treated in a responsible manner (( with due regard to the personal nature of the information)).
[Order 75-1, § 478-140-010, filed 3/5/75; Order 72-11, § 478-140-010, filed 11/30/72.]
For the purposes of these rules, a student
is defined as any person who is or has been admitted or is or has been officially registered in
courses at the University of Washington for at least one day of an academic program and with
respect to whom the university maintains education records ((
information)); except that a person who has applied (( for admission to, but has never been in
attendance at, a component unit of the university (i.e., college, school, or department;
undergraduate, graduate, or professional program), even if that person is or has been in
attendance at another component unit of the university, is not considered to be a student with
respect to the component unit to which an application for admission has been made but to which
admittance was denied)) to a unit of the university (e.g., college, department, graduate or
professional program) is not considered to be a student of that unit, even if he or she is or has
been attending another unit of the university, if he or she never attended the unit applied to
and/or the application is denied. For most individuals, this means one day of an academic
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.20.130(1). 79-05-025 (Order 79-1), § 478-140-015, filed 4/18/79; Order 75-1, § 478-140-015, filed 3/5/75.]
(1) A student has the right to inspect and review his or her education records except where otherwise provided in this chapter.
(a) The term "education records" means those records, files, documents and other materials which contain information directly related to a student and are maintained by the university.
(b) Types of education records, and the university officials responsible for those records, include, but are not limited to:
(i) Official transcripts of courses taken and grades received((
;)), records relating to prior
(( educational)) education experience, and admission records. The executive director of
admissions and records, whose office is located in Schmitz Hall, is (( the official)) responsible
for the maintenance of such records. In addition, the director of graduate admissions (( officer)),
whose office is located in (( administration building)) Gerberding Hall, is (( the official))
responsible for the maintenance of certain admission(( s)) and current education status records for
graduate students, as are the admission directors of the professional schools of dentistry, law,
medicine and pharmacy.
(ii) Tuition and fee payment records. The manager of the student accounts office,
located in Schmitz Hall, is ((
the official)) responsible for the maintenance of such records.
(iii) Student disciplinary records ((
are the responsibility of)). The vice president for
student affairs, whose office is located in Schmitz Hall, is responsible for the maintenance of
Individual)) Education records relating to a student's particular field of study may
be maintained by the departments and(( /or)) colleges throughout the university. Where such
education records are so maintained, the respective (( chairperson)) chair or dean of the
department or college is (( the university official)) responsible for maintenance of the records.
(b))) (c) The term "education records" does not include:
Working papers concerning students that are maintained by faculty and graduate
student service appointees, such as informal notes, memory aids or other temporary records of a
similar nature which are in the sole possession of the maker thereof and not accessible or
revealed to any other person except a substitute. A substitute may be defined as:)) Any record of
instructional, supervisory, administrative or educational personnel which is in the sole
possession of the maker thereof and not accessible or revealed to any other person except a
substitute. For the purposes of this subsection, substitute means:
(A) A person who is providing instruction in place of or as assistant to the regularly assigned faculty member in a course in which knowledge of the performance of individual students is essential to the provision of instruction, or
(B) A person who is supervising a student's thesis or research progress in place of or as an assistant to the regularly assigned faculty member during a prolonged absence.
If the personnel of the university police department do not have access to education
records under WAC 478-140-024(1), the records and documents of the police department which
(A) Are kept apart from records described in WAC 478-140-018 (1)(a),
(B) Are maintained solely for law enforcement purposes, and
(C) Are not made available to persons other than law enforcement officials of the same jurisdiction.)) Records created and maintained by the University of Washington police department for the purposes of law enforcement, except that education records created by another university department remain education records while in the possession of the police department.
(iii) Records made and maintained in the normal course of business which relate
exclusively to the person's capacity as an employee and are not available for any other
: Provided,)); however, (( That)) records concerning a student who is employed as a
result of his or her status as a student (e.g., graduate student service appointments) shall not be
considered to relate exclusively to a student's capacity as an employee.
(iv) Health care records on a student ((
which)) that are created or maintained by a
(( physician, psychiatrist, psychologist or other recognized professional or para-professional
acting in his professional or para-professional capacity, or assisting in that capacity and which
are created, maintained or used only)) health care provider or health care facility in connection
with the provision of treatment to the student, and are not available to anyone other than persons
providing such treatment(( : Provided, however, That such records can be personally reviewed
by a physician or other appropriate professional)), the student, or a health care provider of the
student's choice (see also chapter 70.02 RCW).
(v) Records of an institution which contain only information relating to a person after
that person is no longer a student at the university (e.g., information pertaining to the
s)) of an (( alumni)) alumnus or alumna).
(2)(a) Confidential recommendations, evaluations or comments concerning a student,
whether or not provided in confidence, either expressed or implied, as between the author and
the recipient,)) shall nonetheless be made available to the student, except as provided in
(( paragraphs)) (b), (c) and (d) of this subsection.
(b) The student may specifically ((
release)) waive his or her right to inspect and review
education records where the information consists only of confidential recommendations
respecting the student's:
(i) Admission to the University of Washington or any other educational institution, or component part thereof, or
An)) Application for employment, or
(iii) Receipt of an honor or honorary recognition.
(c) A student's waiver of his or her right ((
of access)) to inspect and review confidential
statements shall (( apply)) be valid only if:
(i) The student is, upon request, notified of the names of all persons making confidential
statements concerning ((
him)) the student, the dates of such confidential statements and the
purpose or purposes for which the statements were provided, and
(ii) Such confidential statements are used solely for the purpose or purposes for which
they were ((
originally intended)) provided, and
(iii) Such waivers are not required as a condition for admission to, receipt of financial aid from or receipt of any other services or benefits from the university, and
(iv) Such waiver is in writing and signed and dated by the student.
(d) Such a waiver may be revoked, in writing, by the student; however, the revocation will be effective only for confidential statements or records dated after the date of the revocation.
(e) Confidential recommendations, evaluations or comments concerning a student ((
have been provided in confidence, either expressed or implied, as between the author and the
recipient,)) prior to January 1, 1975, shall not be subject to release under WAC 478-140-018
(2)(a)(( : Provided,)); however, (( That)) upon request the student (( is)) shall be notified of the
names of the authors of all such confidential records, the dates appearing on such confidential
records and the purpose for which each such confidential record was provided. Such records
shall remain confidential and shall be released only with the consent of the author. Such records
shall be used by the (( institution)) university only for the purpose or purposes for which they
were (( originally intended)) provided.
(3) Where requested education records ((
or data)) include information on more than one
student, the student making the request shall be entitled to (( receive)) inspect, review or be
informed of only (( that part of the record or data that pertains to)) the specific portion of the
record about that student.
(4) A student may not inspect and review education records that are or contain financial records of his or her parents.
(5) Students ((
have the right to)) may obtain copies of their education records. Charges
for (( the)) copies shall not exceed the cost normally charged by a University of Washington copy
center (except in cases where charges have previously been approved (( by regential action)) for
certain specified services(( , such as transcripts and grade sheets))).
(5))) (a) The university may refuse to provide copies of education records including
transcripts and diplomas in the following circumstances:
(i) If the record is a secure exam as determined by the department that maintains the exam, so that the integrity of such exams may be protected;
(ii) If the student has outstanding debts owed to the university, so that the university may facilitate collection of such debts;
(iii) If disciplinary action is pending or sanctions are not completed.
(b) The university must provide copies of education records, subject to the provisions of (a) of this subsection, in the following circumstances:
(i) If failure to do so would effectively prevent the student from inspecting and reviewing a record;
(ii) When records are released pursuant to a student's consent and the student requests copies; and
(iii) When the records are transferred to another educational agency or institution where the student seeks or intends to enroll and the student requests copies.
(6) The office of the registrar is the ((
official custodian of academic records and therefore
is the)) only (( official who)) office which may issue (( a)) an official transcript of the student's
(( official)) academic record.
(6))) (7) Student education records may be destroyed in accordance with a department's
routine retention schedule. In no case will any record which is requested by a student for review
in accordance with WAC 478-140-018 (( and)) or 478-140-021 be removed or destroyed prior to
providing the student access.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.20.130(1). 79-05-025 (Order 79-1), § 478-140-018, filed 4/18/79; Order 75-3, § 478-140-018, filed 5/22/75; Order 75-1, § 478-140-018, filed 3/5/75.]
The student records committee is appointed by the president of the university and shall be responsible for reviewing unusual requests for information and for assisting in the interpretation of these rules. The committee shall also be responsible for hearing appeals as defined in WAC 478-140-021. The committee shall consist of an administrator, a graduate student, an undergraduate student, two faculty and two university staff members. The committee will be advised by a representative of the university's attorney general's division.
(1) A request by a student
for)) to inspect and review (( of information)) his or her education records should be made in
writing to the university (( individual(s))) official(s) or office(s) having custody of the particular
An)) Individual(s) or office(s) must respond to a request for education records, or
explanations or interpretations of those records, within a reasonable period of time, but in no
case more than forty-five days after the request has been made.
(3)(a) After reviewing his or her records, a student may ((
challenge the content of)) ask
the university to amend the records if (( they are felt to be)) the student believes information
contained in the records is inaccurate(( ,)) or misleading (( or otherwise in violation of the privacy
or other rights of the student)). In such cases, the student should contact the appropriate dean or
director responsible for custody of the record. The responsible party must inform the student of
the party's decision within a reasonable period of time.
If the responsible party grants the student's request, the university shall amend the education records and inform the student in writing of the action taken.
In cases where a student has been unable to correct or delete such inaccurate,
misleading or otherwise inappropriate data, he or she may request a hearing by the university's
student records committee. The student records committee will render its decision within a
reasonable period of time following the hearing. The decision of the student records committee
shall be final.)) If the party receiving a request to amend an education record denies the student's
request, the party must, within a reasonable period of time, inform the student of the decision
and the student's right to a hearing before the university student records committee. The student
must request in writing, addressed to the office of the registrar in Schmitz Hall, a hearing within
ninety days of the date of the denial of his or her request by the custodian of the record.
(c) The committee shall hold a hearing within a reasonable period of time after the student files a request for a hearing. The student must receive notice of the hearing's date, time and place reasonably in advance of the hearing. The committee shall give the student a full and fair opportunity to present evidence relevant to the contested part of the education record. The student may, at his or her own expense, be assisted or represented by one or more individuals, including an attorney. The student records committee will render its decision in writing within a reasonable period of time following the hearing. The decision must be based on the records relevant to the matter and on any evidence presented to the committee. The decision must include a brief summary of the evidence and a statement of the reasons supporting the decision. The decision of the student records committee shall be the university's final decision.
, as a result of the hearing,)) the university student records committee (( decides
that the information the student complained of is inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in
violation of the privacy or other rights of the students, it)) grants the student's appeal, the
university shall amend the education records of the student accordingly and shall inform the
student in writing of the action taken.
, as a result of the hearing,)) the university student records committee (( decides
that the information the student complained of is not inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in
violation of the privacy or other rights of the student)) denies the student's appeal, the student
shall be given the right to place in the education record a statement commenting upon the
information in the education record and/or setting forth any reasons for disagreeing with the
decision of the university student records committee. The university must maintain the
statement with the contested part of the record for as long as the record is maintained and must
disclose the statement whenever it discloses the portion of the record to which the statement
(c) In no case shall any request for review by a student be considered by the university's
student records committee which has not been filed with that body in writing within ninety days
from the date of the initial request to the custodian of the record.))
(d) The student records committee shall not review any matter regarding the
appropriateness of official academic grades((
, in that each school or college within the university
provides appropriate review procedures in this area)).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.20.130(1). 79-05-025 (Order 79-1), § 478-140-021, filed 4/18/79; Order 75-1, § 478-140-021, filed 3/5/75.]
(1) The university shall not permit access to or the release of education records or
personally-identifiable information contained therein, other than "directory information((
defined in (( section (5) hereof)) subsection (5) of this section), without the written consent of the
student, to any party other than the following:
(a) University staff((
,)) and faculty, and students when officially appointed to a faculty
council or administrative committee, when the information is required for a legitimate
educational interest in support of the university's mission of education, research and public
service and within the performance of their responsibilities to the university(( , with the
understanding that its)). The use of such information will be strictly limited to the performance
of those responsibilities.
Federal and state officials)) Authorized representatives of the comptroller general of
the United States, the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education, or state or local authorities
requiring access to education records, in connection with the audit (( and)) or evaluation of a
federally- or state-supported education program or in connection with the enforcement of the
federal or state legal requirements which relate to such a program. (( In such cases the
information required shall be protected by the federal or state official in a manner which will not
permit the personal identification of students and their parents to other than those officials, and
such personally-identifiable data shall be destroyed when no longer needed for such audit,
evaluation or enforcement of legal requirements.))
(c) Agencies or organizations requesting information in connection with a student's application for, or receipt of, financial aid if the information is necessary to determine:
(i)(A) Eligibility for financial aid;
(B) The amount of financial aid; or
(C) The conditions for financial aid;
(ii) Or, enforce the terms and conditions of financial aid.
(d) Organizations conducting studies for or on behalf of the university or educational
agencies or institutions for purposes of developing, validating, or ((
tests,)) administering student aid programs, (( and)) or improving instruction or student services,
if such studies are conducted in such a manner as will not permit the personal identification of
students or their parents by persons other than representatives of such organizations, and such
information will be destroyed when no longer needed for the purposes for which it was
(e) Accrediting organizations in order to carry out their accrediting functions.
(f) Any person or entity designated by judicial order or lawfully-issued subpoena, or as a
consequence of the university initiating legal action against a parent or student, upon condition
that the university makes a reasonable effort to notify the student ((
is notified)) of all such orders
or subpoenas or of its intent to release records in advance of (( the)) compliance (( therewith)) or
release, unless directed otherwise by the court issuing the subpoena. Any university
individual(s) or office(s) receiving a subpoena or judicial order for education records should
immediately notify the attorney general's division.
(g) Alleged victims of a crime of violence or a nonforcible sexual offense requesting the final results of disciplinary proceedings conducted by the university under its student conduct code against the alleged perpetrator of such crime with respect to such crime.
(h) To others, the final results of a disciplinary proceeding when, at its discretion the university believes that disclosure will serve a legitimate educational interest, and determines through a disciplinary proceeding conducted under its student conduct code that the alleged student perpetrator committed a crime of violence or a nonforcible sexual offense that is a violation of the university's rules or policies with respect to such crime or offense. For purposes of this subsection, "final results" means the name of the student perpetrator, the violation committed, and any sanction imposed by the university on that student. Names of other students involved in the violation, such as a victim or witness, will be released only with the written consent of that other student or students.
(i) For the purpose of (g) and (h) of this subsection, a "crime of violence" means:
(i) An offense that has an element the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the person or property of another, or
(ii) An offense that is a felony and that, by its nature, involves a substantial risk that physical force against the person or property of another may be used in the course of committing the offense.
(j) Victims alleging a sexual offense shall be notified of the outcome of disciplinary proceedings through the student conduct code (chapter 478-120 WAC).
(k) Officials of another institution of postsecondary education where the student seeks to enroll; the university shall provide the student a copy of the records released.
(l) Officials of another postsecondary institution or educational agency in which the student is enrolled or from which the student receives services when there is a legitimate educational interest.
(m) State or local officials or authorities, if a state statute adopted before November 19, 1974, specifically requires disclosures to those officials and authorities. The university may limit the number and type of officials to whom disclosure will be made under this subsection.
(n) A parent of a minor student or a nonminor dependent student, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code and upon submission of a copy of the most recent Internal Revenue Service annual tax return showing the student as a dependent.
(o) When, at its discretion, it believes that disclosure will serve a legitimate educational interest, the university may release to a parent or legal guardian of a student, information regarding that student's violation of any federal, state, or local law, or of any rule or policy of the university, governing the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance if:
(i) The student is under the age of twenty-one, and
(ii) The university determines that the student has committed a disciplinary violation with respect to such use or possession.
(p) Appropriate persons in connection with an emergency if knowledge of the information is necessary to protect the health or safety of the student or other individual(s).
(q) Appropriate persons for whom information about the student's university-sponsored student health insurance status is necessary to protect the welfare of the student (e.g., to pay premiums, provide medical treatment, process claims).
(r) For deceased students, members of the family or to other persons with the approval of the family or representatives of the estate. The request for education records must be accompanied by a copy of the death certificate or obituary. Absent approval from the family or representative of the estate, directory information only will be released to persons upon request.
(2) Where the consent of ((
a)) the student is obtained for the release of education records,
it shall be in writing, signed and dated by the (( person giving such consent)) student, or through
the use of computer technology if the identification of the requesting student can be verified by
the university, and shall include:
(a) A specification of the records to be released,
(b) The reasons for such release, and
(c) The names of the parties to whom such records ((
will)) may be released.
In cases where records are made available without student release as permitted by
WAC 478-140-024 (1)(b), (c), (d), (e) and (f),)) The university shall (( maintain a record kept))
keep with the education record released, a log which will indicate the parties which have
requested or obtained access to a student's records maintained by the university, including the
names of additional parties to whom the receiving party was permitted by the university to
disclose the record, and which will indicate the (( legitimate)) interest (( of)) claimed by the
(( investigating)) requesting party. (( Releases in accordance with WAC 478-140-024 (1)(a) need
not be recorded.)) The university need not maintain a log of releases made to university officials
who have been determined to have a legitimate educational interest; releases to the student;
releases made pursuant to a student's written consent, or releases of directory information only. The (( records)) log of disclosure may be inspected and reviewed by the student, the university
official responsible for the custody of the records, and other authorized parties.
Personally-identifiable)) Education records, other than directory information,
released to third parties, with or without student consent, shall be accompanied by a written
statement indicating that the information cannot be subsequently released (( in a
personally-identifiable form)) to any other parties without obtaining consent of the student and
must be destroyed when no longer needed for the purposes for which it was provided. Third
parties and their agents may use such information only for the purposes for which it was
(5) The term "directory information" used in WAC 478-140-024(1) is defined as a
student's name, street address, e-mail address, telephone numbers, date ((
and place)) of birth,
major (( field)) and minor field(s) of (( studies,)) study, class, participation in
officially-recognized (( sports)) activities and sports, weight and height (( of members of athletic
teams)) if the student is a member of an intercollegiate athletic team, dates of attendance,
degrees and awards received, and the most recent previous educational agency or institution
attended by the student. Students may (( request that the university not)) restrict release of
directory information, or remove a previous directory release restriction, by (( so indicating on
their registration form or through written notice to the Registration Department of the Registrar's
Office, 225 Schmitz Hall, Window 3, 1400 N.E. Campus Parkway)) going to the registration
office (225 Schmitz Hall) in person and presenting photo identification, or using STAR online.
(6) Information from education records may be released to appropriate persons in
connection with an emergency if the knowledge of such information is necessary to protect the
health or safety of a student or other person(s).))
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.20.130(1). 79-05-025 (Order 79-1), § 478-140-024, filed 4/18/79; Order 75-1, § 478-140-024, filed 3/5/75.]
All university individual(s) or office(s) which
have custody of education records will develop procedures in accord with WAC 478-140-010
478-140-060)) 478-140-024. Any supplementary (( regulations)) policies and
procedures found necessary by departments will be filed with the student records committee,
which will be responsible for periodic review of policy and procedures.
(1) Disciplinary records shall be kept separate and apart from academic records, and
transcripts of a student's academic record shall contain no notation of any disciplinary action. Special precautions shall be exercised to insure that information from disciplinary or counseling
files is not revealed to unauthorized persons. Provision shall be made for periodic review and
routine destruction of inactive disciplinary records by offices maintaining such records.
(2) No records shall be kept that reflect a student's political or ideological beliefs or associations.))
[Order 75-1, § 478-140-050, filed 3/5/75; Order 72-11, § 478-140-050, filed 11/30/72.]
Each year during fall quarter,)) The university (( publishes)) will publish in the
quarterly Time Schedule a notice of students' rights under the Family Educational Rights and
Privacy Act of 1974(( , and the regulations interpreting that act, and the university rules and
regulations governing disclosure of student records implementing the act, in the University of
Washington Daily newspaper)). Copies of the university rules are (( printed and)) available
through the Washington Administrative Code located in the reference stations (( throughout)) on
campus. (( In addition, the University of Washington Bulletin, distributed to all new students
upon entrance to the university, contains references to the university rules and regulations
governing disclosure of student records.)) The university shall provide copies of these rules to
students upon request.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.20.130(1). 79-05-025 (Order 79-1), § 478-140-070, filed 4/18/79.]
Students may file complaints with the U.S. Department of Education concerning alleged failures by the university to comply with the requirements of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act or its implementing regulations.
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
|WAC 478-140-060||Student records committee.|