Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
Purpose: There are many equine diseases that have become a threat to the equine industry in Washington state, therefore, the department proposed to add new sections within the current chapter 16-71 WAC, Equine infectious anemia. The proposed new sections define each of the diseases and the requirements if equine were to test positive. Because the department proposed to add new equine diseases to the WAC, the department proposed changing the name of this WAC to equine diseases in Washington state.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 16.36 RCW.
Other Authority: Chapter 34.05 RCW.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 10-12-076 on June 1, 2010.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 7, Amended 4, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 7, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: June 10, 2010.
INFECTIOUS ANEMIA)) DISEASES IN WASHINGTON STATE
"Department" means the Washington state department of agriculture.
(2))) "Director" means the director of the Washington
state department of agriculture or his or her (( duly))
(3))) "Equine(( s))" means horses, donkeys, mules,
ponies, zebras, and others in the Equidae family.
(4) "Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)" means infection
with the equine infectious anemia lentivirus, affecting both
sexes, all ages, all breeds and all species of equines. Infected equines remain carriers for life, constituting a
potential source for spread of the infection. There is no
known cure or treatment.
(5) "Official health certificate" means a legible certificate of veterinary inspection executed on an official form published by the state of origin or by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). This certificate must be issued by a licensed, accredited veterinarian or a veterinarian approved by USDA APHIS.
(6))) "Herd plan" means a written management agreement between the animal owner and the state veterinarian, with possible input from a private accredited veterinarian designated by the owner and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) veterinary services area veterinarian-in-charge, in which each participant agrees to undertake actions specified in the herd plan to control the spread of infectious, contagious, or communicable disease within and from an infected herd and to work toward eradicating the disease in the infected herd.
"Official test" means ((
blood samples tested)) a
laboratory test by USDA-approved laboratories or by people
authorized by the state of origin's animal health officials to
conduct the tests.
(7) "Reactor" means an equine found positive on an
official EIA test.)) "VS form 1-27" means a United States
department of agriculture permit form for the movement of
restricted or quarantined livestock.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040. 00-14-059, § 16-71-010, filed 7/3/00, effective 8/3/00; Order 1330, § 16-71-010, filed 12/21/73.]
Animal Services Division
Washington State Department of Agriculture
1111 Washington St. S.E.
Olympia, WA 98504-2560
EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA
(2)(a) Positive diagnosis of EIA is made with the agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGID or Coggins test), competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA test) or other official test. A supplementary AGID will be conducted to confirm positives detected with other official tests.
(b) Blood samples for EIA testing will be collected by
licensed, accredited veterinarians at the owners' request and
expense. At sample collection, the veterinarian will make an
accurate, detailed identification of the equine on an official
test request form. Positive test results are to be reported
to state and federal animal health authorities. ((
be advised of the procedure if equines are found positive on
the official test. The owner must sign an agreement regarding
disposition of a reactor. The agreement should follow a herd
plan as defined in chapter 16.36 RCW.
(2) All equines over six months of age entering the state must be accompanied by an official health certificate and a record of a negative EIA test conducted within six months prior to importation. Exceptions to the EIA test requirement:
(a) Equines consigned for immediate slaughter;
(b) Equines consigned to a veterinary clinic for the purpose of treatment or surgery, under the supervision of a veterinarian. These equines must return to the state of origin following treatment or surgery and must not be commingled, housed or corralled in common with any other equine;
(c) Equines under six months old;
(d) Oregon-origin equines under a reciprocal arrangement; and
(e) Idaho-origin equines may be excluded when a reciprocal arrangement exists for Washington-origin equines moving into Idaho.))
(3) The management or board of governors at race tracks,
rodeos, shows, fairs or other assembly points may require
negative, official EIA tests within six months prior to))
more restrictive testing for all equine before consignment to
an assembly point or participation (( for all equines consigned
to these assembly points or participating)) in an event(( s)).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040. 00-14-059, § 16-71-022, filed 7/3/00, effective 8/3/00; Order 1431, § 16-71-022, filed 2/10/76. Formerly WAC 16-71-020.]
(b) The quarantine will be released only upon the
reactor's)) positive equine's death or (( when it)) if the
animal is legally moved from the (( premises)) quarantine
location by permit on a VS form 1-27. (( If reactor status is
disclosed while the equine is on a premises other than the
owner's, permission may be granted to move the animal to the
owner's premises. Reactors can only move by permit on a VS
form 1-27. State and federal animal health authorities will
conduct an epidemiological investigation to identify other
equines exposed to EIA by contact with the reactor.))
(c) All equine((
s having contact with the reactor must))
exposed to EIA positive equine will be quarantined. The
quarantine will be removed on these (( contact)) exposed
equine(( s)) and movement allowed only after a negative,
official EIA test at least (( 60)) ninety days after (( removal
of)) the (( reactor)) positive equine have been removed from
the quarantine premises.
Confirmed reactors)) Positive equine must be
(a) Placed in ((
a)) permanent quarantine in a restricted
holding facility for the life(( ,))of the equine under a herd
plan developed to control the spread of the diseases, as
provided for in RCW 16.36.005; or
(b) Donated to a diagnostic or research facility((
legally moved to slaughter)); or
(c) Legally removed from the state on a VS form 1-27; or
(d) Euthanized. A state or federal animal health
authority)) official or a licensed(( ,)) and accredited
veterinarian will conduct euthanasia.
(3) For lifelong quarantine, a state or federal animal
authority)) official must approve the isolation
facility. The isolation facility must be located at least two
hundred yards from any other equine, and must keep the
(( reactor)) positive equine separate from all other
equine(( s)). (( It)) The facility must be screened to prevent
transmission of EIA by insect(( s)) vectors.
With)) (4) In consultation (( of)) with an entomologist,
an insect control program must be developed, approved by the
director, and must be followed routinely. (( The isolation
facility must be located at least 200 yards from any other
equines. The department will pay for and hold a lifetime
brand inspection on those equines held in lifetime
(5) If the ((
reactor)) positive equine is donated(( ,
moved to slaughter)) to a research facility or removed from
the state, it can only move by permit on a VS form 1-27. For
removal from the state, the receiving state must agree in
advance to accept the (( reactor)) positive equine.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040. 00-14-059, § 16-71-030, filed 7/3/00, effective 8/3/00; Order 1330, § 16-71-030, filed 12/21/73.]
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040. 00-14-059, § 16-71-035, filed 7/3/00, effective 8/3/00.]EQUINE VIRAL ARTERITIS (EVA)
(2) If equine test positive for EVA:
(a) The owner of intact males over six months of age and equine reproductive products from donors that test positive for EVA must comply with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Equine Viral Arteritis Uniform Methods and Rules, effective April 19, 2004.
(b) Intact males that test antibody positive for EVA may be subject to quarantine.
(c) Equine semen and embryos from antibody positive donors must be used or implanted only in vaccinated or seropositive mares. These mares must be isolated for twenty-one days following insemination or implantation.
EQUINE HERPES VIRUS (EHV1)
(2) Horses that show clinical signs consistent with neurological EHV1 and test positive to a PCR test for neurological EHV1 will be dealt with by the state veterinarian on a case-by-case basis.
(2) Horses that test positive to any of the following tests must either be euthanized or removed from the state within thirty days of diagnosis:
(a) cELISA (competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay);
(b) CF (complement fixation);
(c) PCR (polymerase chain reaction); or
(d) IFA (immunofluorescent antibody).
(3) Equine found positive to piroplasmosis must be:
(a) Permanently quarantined in a restricted holding facility for the life of the equine under a herd plan developed to control the spread of the disease, as provided for in RCW 16.36.005; or
(b) Donated to a diagnostic or research facility; or
(c) Legally removed from the state on a VS form 1-27; or
(d) The equine is euthanized and disposed of under the direct supervision of a state or federal animal health official.
(2) Horses that test positive to Streptococcus equi will be dealt with by the state veterinarian on a case-by-case basis.