Effective Date of Rule: September 1, 2011.
Purpose: To amend WAC 392-121-182 to comply with the new legislative requirements in ESHB 2065, which was passed by the 2011 legislature and signed by the governor on June 15, 2011.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 392-121-182.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: ESHB 2065, section 2(5).
Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest.
Reasons for this Finding: The 2011 legislature passed ESHB 2065, which the governor signed on June 15, 2011. ESHB 2065 states, "the superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules defining minimum requirements and accountability for alternative learning experience programs." The office of superintendent of public instruction has been charged with implementing the requirements of the new legislation by the beginning of the 2011-12 school year.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: June 22, 2011.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 11-12-022, filed 5/24/11, effective 9/1/11)
WAC 392-121-182 Alternative learning experience requirements. (1) Purposes: The purposes of this section are the following:
(a) To ensure that students enrolled in an alternative learning experience offered by a school district have available to them educational opportunities designed to meet their individual needs;
(b) To provide general program requirements for alternative learning experiences offered by or through school districts;
(c) To provide a method for determining full-time equivalent enrollment and a process school districts must use when claiming state funding for alternative learning experiences.
(2) General requirements: A school district must meet the requirements of this section to count an alternative learning experience as a course of study pursuant to WAC 392-121-107. This section applies solely to school districts claiming state funding pursuant to WAC 392-121-107 for an alternative learning experience, including an alternative learning experience on-line program as defined in RCW 28A.150.262. It is not intended to apply to alternative learning experiences funded exclusively with federal or local resources.
(3) Definitions: For the purposes of this section the following definitions apply:
(a)(i) "Alternative learning experience" means:
(i))) (A) A course or a set of courses developed by a
certificated teacher and documented in an individual written
student learning plan for any student who meets the definition
for enrollment specified by WAC 392-121-106. A student may
enroll part-time in an alternative learning experience. Such
enrollment is subject to the provisions of RCW 28A.150.350 and
chapter 392-134 WAC; and
(ii))) (B) The student pursues the requirements of the
written student learning plan in whole or in part
independently from a regular (( attendance-based
instructional)) classroom setting or schedule, (( although the
learning plan)) but may include some components of direct
(( instructional components)) instruction; and
(iii))) (C) The student's learning is supervised,
monitored, assessed, evaluated, and documented by a
(ii) The broad categories of alternative learning experience programs include, but are not limited to:
(A) On-line programs as defined in RCW 28A.150.262;
(B) Parent partnership programs that include significant participation and partnership by parents and families in the design and implementation of a student's learning experience; and
(C) Contract based learning programs.
(b) "Certificated teacher" means an employee of a school district, or of a school district contractor pursuant to WAC 392-121-188, who is assigned and endorsed according to the provisions of chapter 181-82 WAC;
(c) "Written student learning plan" means a written plan for learning that is developed by a certificated teacher that defines the requirements of an individual student's alternative learning experience. The written student learning plan must include at least the following elements:
(i) A beginning and ending date for the student's alternative learning experience;
(ii) An estimate by a certificated teacher of the average
number of hours per week the student will engage in learning
activities to meet the requirements of the written student
learning plan. This estimate must consider only the time the
student will engage in learning activities necessary to
accomplish the learning goals and performance objectives
specified in the written student learning plan((
(iii) A description of how weekly direct personal contact requirements will be fulfilled;
(iv) A description of each alternative learning experience course included as part of the learning plan, including specific learning goals, performance objectives, and learning activities for each course, written in a manner that facilitates monthly evaluation of student progress. This requirement may be met through the use of individual course syllabi or other similarly detailed descriptions of learning requirements. The description must clearly identify the requirements a student must meet to successfully complete the course or program. Courses must be identified using course names, codes, and designators specified in the most recent Comprehensive Education Data and Research System data manual published by the office of superintendent of public instruction;
(v) Identification of the certificated teacher responsible for each course included as part of the plan;
(vi) Identification of all instructional materials that will be used to complete the learning plan; and
(vii) A description of the timelines and methods for evaluating student progress toward the learning goals and performance objectives specified in the learning plan;
(viii) Identification of whether each alternative learning experience course meets one or more of the state essential academic learning requirements or grade-level expectations and any other academic goals, objectives, and learning requirements defined by the school district. For each high school alternative learning experience course, the written student learning plan must specify whether the course meets state and district graduation requirements.
(d) "Direct personal contact" means a one-to-one meeting between a certificated teacher and the student, or, where appropriate, between the certificated teacher, the student, and the student's parent. Direct personal contact can be accomplished in person or through the use of telephone, e-mail, instant messaging, interactive video communication, or other means of digital communication. Direct personal contact must be for the purposes of instruction, review of assignments, testing, evaluation of student progress, or other learning activities or requirements identified in the written student learning plan, and must at minimum include a two-way exchange of information between a certificated teacher and the student. All required direct personal contact must be documented.
(e) "Satisfactory progress" means a certificated teacher has determined that a student's progress toward achieving the specific learning goals and performance objectives specified in the written student learning plan is satisfactory. The evaluation of satisfactory progress is conducted in a manner consistent with school district student evaluation or grading procedures, and is based on the professional judgment of a certificated teacher;
(f) "Intervention plan" means a plan designed to improve the progress of students determined to be not making satisfactory progress. An intervention plan must be developed, documented, and implemented by a certificated teacher in conjunction with the student and, for students in grades K-8, the student's parent(s). At minimum, the intervention plan must include at least one of the following interventions:
(i) Increasing the frequency or duration of direct personal contact for the purposes of enhancing the ability of the certificated teacher to improve student learning;
(ii) Modifying the manner in which direct personal contact is accomplished;
(iii) Modifying the student's learning goals or performance objectives;
(iv) Modifying the number of or scope of courses or the content included in the learning plan.
(g) "Substantially similar experiences and services" means that for each purchased or contracted instructional or cocurricular course, lesson, trip, or other experience, service, or activity identified on an alternative learning experience written student learning plan, there is an identical or similar experience, service, or activity made available to students enrolled in the district's regular instructional program:
(i) At the same grade level;
(ii) At an equivalent level of frequency, intensity, and duration including, but not limited to, consideration of individual versus group instruction;
(iii) At an equivalent level of costs to the student with regard to any related club, group, or association memberships; admission, enrollment, registration, rental or other participation fees; or any other expense associated with the experience or service;
(iv) In accordance with district adopted content standards or state defined grade level standards; and
(v) That is supervised, monitored, assessed, evaluated, and documented by a certificated teacher.
(h) "Synchronous digital instructional contact" means real-time communication between a certificated teacher and the student using interactive on-line, voice, or video communication technology.
(i) "Parent" has the same definition as "parent" in WAC 392-172A-01125.
(4) Alternative learning experience program requirements:
(a) Each student participating in an alternative learning experience must have a written student learning plan developed by a certificated teacher that is designed to meet the student's individual educational needs. A certificated teacher must have responsibility and accountability for each course specified in the plan, including supervision and monitoring, and evaluation and documentation of the student's progress. The written student learning plan may be developed with assistance from the student, the student's parents, or other interested parties.
(b) Each student enrolled in an alternative learning experience must have direct personal contact with a certificated teacher at least once a week, until the student completes all course objectives or otherwise meets the requirements of the learning plan.
(c) The educational progress of each student enrolled in an alternative learning experience must be evaluated at least once each calendar month of enrollment by a certificated teacher and the results of each evaluation must be communicated to the student or, if the student is in grades K-8, both the student and the student's parent. Educational progress must be evaluated according to the following requirements:
(i) Each student's educational progress evaluation must be based on the learning goals and performance objectives defined in the written student learning plan.
(ii) The progress evaluation conducted by a certificated teacher must include direct personal contact with the student.
(iii) Based on the progress evaluation, a certificated teacher must determine and document whether the student is making satisfactory progress reaching the learning goals and performance objectives defined in the written student learning plan.
(iv) If it is determined that the student failed to make satisfactory progress or that the student failed to follow the written student learning plan, an intervention plan must be developed for the student.
(v) If after no more than three consecutive calendar months in which it is determined the student is not making satisfactory progress despite documented intervention efforts, a course of study designed to more appropriately meet the student's educational needs must be developed and implemented by a certificated teacher in conjunction with the student and where possible, the student's parent. This may include removal of the student from the alternative learning experience and enrollment of the student in another educational program offered by the school district.
(5) Required school district board policies for alternative learning experiences: The board of directors of a school district claiming state funding for alternative learning experiences must adopt and annually review written policies authorizing such alternative learning experiences, including each alternative learning experience program and program provider. The policy must designate, by title, one or more school district official(s) responsible for overseeing the district's alternative learning experience courses or programs, including monitoring compliance with this section, and reporting at least annually to the school district board of directors on the program. This annual report shall include at least the following:
(a) Documentation of alternative learning experience student headcount and full-time equivalent enrollment claimed for basic education funding;
(b) Identification of the overall ratio of certificated instructional staff to full-time equivalent students enrolled in each alternative learning experience program;
(c) A description of how the program supports the district's overall goals and objectives for student academic achievement; and
(d) Results of any self-evaluations conducted pursuant to
(9))) (10) of this section.
(6) Alternative learning experience implementation requirements:
(a) School districts that offer alternative learning experiences must ensure that they are accessible to all students, including students with disabilities. Alternative learning experiences for special education students must be provided in accordance with chapter 392-172A WAC.
(b) Contracting for alternative learning experiences is subject to the provisions of WAC 392-121-188.
(c) It is the responsibility of the school district or school district contractor to ensure that students have all curricula, course content, instructional materials and learning activities that are identified in the alternative learning experience written student learning plan.
(d) School districts must ensure that no student or parent is provided any compensation, reimbursement, gift, reward, or gratuity related to the student's enrollment or participation in, or related to another student's recruitment or enrollment in, an alternative learning experience unless otherwise required by law. This prohibition includes, but is not limited to, funds provided to parents or students for the purchase of educational materials, supplies, experiences, services, or technological equipment.
(e) School district employees are prohibited from receiving any compensation or payment as an incentive to increase student enrollment of out-of-district students in an alternative learning experience program.
(f) Curricula, course content, instructional materials, learning activities, and other learning resources for alternative learning experiences must be consistent in quality with those available to the district's overall student population.
(f))) (g) Instructional materials used in alternative
learning experiences must be approved pursuant to school board
policies adopted in accordance with RCW 28A.320.230.
(g))) (h) A district may purchase educational
materials, equipment, or other nonconsumable supplies for
students' use in alternative learning experience programs if
the purchase is consistent with the district's approved
instructional materials or curriculum, conforms to applicable
laws and rules, and is made in the same manner as such
purchases are made for students in the district's regular
instructional program. Items so purchased remain the property
of the school district upon program completion.
(i) School districts are prohibited from purchasing or contracting for instructional or cocurricular experiences and services that are included in an alternative learning experience written student learning plan including, but not limited to, lessons, trips, and other activities, unless substantially similar experiences or services are also made available to students enrolled in the district's regular instructional program. This prohibition extends to a district's contracted providers of alternative learning experience programs, and each district shall be responsible for monitoring the compliance of its contracted providers. However, nothing in this subsection prohibits school districts from contracting with on-line providers pursuant to chapter 28A.250 RCW.
(j)(i) A school district that provides one or more alternative learning experiences to a student must provide the parent(s) of the student, prior to the student's enrollment, with a description of the difference between home-based instruction pursuant to chapter 28A.200 RCW and the enrollment option selected by the student. The parent must sign documentation attesting to his or her understanding of the difference. Such documentation must be retained by the district and made available for audit.
(ii) In the event a school district cannot locate a student's parent within three days of a student's request for enrollment in an alternative learning experience, the school district may enroll the student for a conditional period of no longer than thirty calendar days. The student must be disenrolled from the alternative learning experience if the school district does not obtain the documentation required under this subsection before the end of the thirty day conditional enrollment period.
(h))) (k) The school district or school district
contractor is prohibited from advertising, marketing, and
otherwise providing unsolicited information about learning
programs offered by the school district including, but not
limited to, digital learning programs, part-time enrollment
opportunities, and other alternative learning programs, to
students and their parents who have filed a declaration of
intent to cause a child to receive home-based instruction
under RCW 28A.200.010. School districts may respond to
requests for information that are initiated by a parent. This
prohibition does not apply to general mailings, newsletters,
or other general communication distributed by the school
district or the school district contractor to all households
in the district.
(i))) (l) Work-based learning as a component of an
alternative learning experience course of study is subject to
the provisions of WAC 392-410-315 and 392-121-124.
(j))) (m) The school district must institute reliable
methods to verify a student is doing his or her own work. The
methods may include proctored examinations or projects,
including the use of web cams or other technologies. "Proctored" means directly monitored by an adult authorized by
the school district.
(k))) (n) State funded alternative learning experience
on-line programs must be accredited by the Northwest
Accreditation Commission or another national, regional, or
state accreditation program listed by the office of
superintendent of public instruction on its web site.
(l))) (o) School districts may accept nonresident
students under the school choice enrollment provisions of RCW 28A.225.200 through 28A.225.230 and chapter 392-137 WAC for
enrollment in alternative learning experiences. School
districts enrolling such students in alternative learning
experiences are subject to all school district duties and
liabilities pertaining to such students for the full school
year, including ensuring the student's compulsory attendance
pursuant to chapter 28A.225 RCW, until such time as the
student has actually enrolled in another school district, or
has otherwise met the mandatory attendance requirements
specified by RCW 28A.225.010.
(m))) (p) The alternative learning experience must
satisfy the office of superintendent of public instruction's
requirements for courses of study and equivalencies as
provided in chapter 392-410 WAC(( ;)).
(n))) (q) Alternative learning experience courses
offering credit or alternative learning experience programs
issuing a high school diploma must satisfy the state board of
education's high school credit and graduation requirements as
provided in chapter 180-51 WAC.
(7) Enrollment reporting procedures: Effective the 2011-12 school year, the full-time equivalency of students enrolled in an alternative learning experience must be determined as follows:
(a) The school district must use the definition of full-time equivalent student in WAC 392-121-122 and the number of hours the student is expected to engage in learning activities as follows:
(i) On the first enrollment count date on or after the start date specified in the written student learning plan, subject to documented evidence of student participation as required by WAC 392-121-106(4), the student's full-time equivalent must be based on the estimated average weekly hours of learning activity described in the student's written student learning plan.
(ii) On any subsequent monthly count date, the student's full-time equivalent must be based on the estimated average weekly hours of learning activity described in the written student learning plan if:
(A) The student's progress evaluation pursuant to subsection (4)(c) of this section indicates satisfactory progress; or
(B) The student's prior month progress evaluation pursuant to subsection (4)(c) of this section indicates a lack of satisfactory progress, and an intervention plan designed to improve student progress has been developed, documented, and implemented within five school days of the date of the prior month's progress evaluation.
(iii) On any subsequent monthly count date if an intervention plan has not been developed, documented, and implemented within five days of the prior month's progress evaluation, the student's full-time equivalent must not be included by the school district in that month's enrollment count.
(iv) Enrollment of part-time students is subject to the provisions of RCW 28A.150.350, and generates a pro rata share of full-time funding.
(b) The enrollment count must exclude students meeting the definition of enrollment exclusions in WAC 392-121-108 or students who have not had direct personal contact with a certificated teacher for twenty consecutive school days. Any such student must not be counted as an enrolled student until the student has met with a certificated teacher and resumed participation in their alternative learning experience or is participating in another course of study as defined in WAC 392-121-107;
(c) The enrollment count must exclude students who are
not residents of Washington state as defined by WAC 392-137-115((
(d) The enrollment count must exclude students who as of the enrollment count date have completed the requirements of the written student learning plan prior to ending date specified in the plan and who have not had a new written student learning plan established with a new beginning and ending date that encompasses the count date;
(e) School districts providing alternative learning experiences to nonresident students must document the district of the student's physical residence, and shall establish procedures that address, at a minimum, the coordination of student counting for state funding so that no student is counted for more than one full-time equivalent in the aggregate including, but not limited to:
(i) When a resident district and one or more nonresident district(s) will each be claiming basic education funding for a student in the same month or months, the districts shall execute a written agreement that at minimum identifies the maximum aggregate basic education funding each district may claim for the duration of the agreement. A nonresident district may not claim funding for a student until after the effective date of the agreement.
(ii) When a district is providing alternative learning experiences to nonresident students under the school choice enrollment provisions of RCW 28A.225.200 through 28A.225.230 and 392-137 WAC the district may not claim funding for the student until after the release date documented by the resident district.
(8) Differentiated funding: For the 2011-12 school year, school districts reporting student enrollment pursuant to the requirements of this section shall generate and receive funding at eighty percent of the formula funding that would have been generated under the state basic education formula for such enrollment unless the following conditions are met, in which case school districts shall generate and receive funding at ninety percent of the formula funding:
(a) For alternative learning experience on-line programs under RCW 28A.150.262, in addition to the direct personal contact requirements specified in subsection (4) of this section, each student receives on average either:
(i) At least one hour per week of face-to-face, in-person instructional contact time from a certificated teacher during each month of reported enrollment for the student; or
(ii) At least one hour per week of synchronous digital instructional contact time from a certificated teacher during each month of reported enrollment if the student's written student learning plan includes only on-line courses as defined by RCW 28A.250.010;
(b) For all other types of alternative learning experience programs, in addition to the direct personal contact requirements specified in subsection (4) of this section, each student receives on average at least one hour per week of face-to-face, in-person instructional contact time from a certificated teacher during each month of reported enrollment for the student;
(c) The instructional contact time must be for the purposes of actual instruction, review of assignments, testing, evaluation of student progress, or other learning activities or requirements identified in the written student learning plan;
(d) The district certifies monthly to the superintendent of public instruction that the alternative learning experience program is designed and implemented in a manner that will accomplish such contact requirements.
(9) Assessment requirements:
(a) All students enrolled in alternative learning experiences must be assessed at least annually, using, for full-time students, the state assessment for the student's grade level and using any other annual assessments required by the school district. Part-time students must also be assessed at least annually. However, part-time students who are either receiving home-based instruction under chapter 28A.200 RCW or who are enrolled in an approved private school under chapter 28A.195 RCW are not required to participate in the assessments required under chapter 28A.655 RCW.
(b) Any student whose alternative learning experience enrollment is claimed as greater than 0.8 full-time equivalent in any one month through the January count date must be included by the school district in any required state or federal accountability reporting for that school year, subject to existing state and federal accountability rules and procedures.
(c) Students enrolled in nonresident alternative learning experience schools, programs, or courses who are unable to participate in required annual state assessments at the nonresident district must have the opportunity to participate in such required annual state assessments at the district of physical residence, subject to that district's planned testing schedule. It is the responsibility of the nonresident enrolling district to establish a written agreement with the district of physical residence that facilitates all necessary coordination between the districts and with the student and, where appropriate, the student's parent(s) to fulfill this requirement. Such coordination may include arranging for appropriate assessment materials, notifying the student of assessment administration schedules, arranging for the forwarding of completed assessment materials to the enrolling district for submission for scoring and reporting, and other steps as may be necessary. The agreement may include rates and terms for payment of reasonable fees by the enrolling district to the district of physical residence to cover costs associated with planning for and administering the assessments to students not enrolled in the district of physical residence. Assessment results for students assessed according to these provisions must be included in the enrolling district's accountability measurements, and not in the district of physical residence's accountability measurements.
(9))) (10) Program evaluation requirements: School
districts offering alternative learning experiences must
engage in periodic self-evaluation of these learning
experiences in a manner designed to objectively measure their
effectiveness, including the impact of the experiences on
student learning and achievement. Self-evaluation must follow
a continuous improvement model, and may be implemented as part
of the school district's school improvement planning efforts.
(10))) (11) Reporting requirements:
(a) Each school district offering alternative learning experiences must report monthly to the superintendent of public instruction accurate monthly headcount and full-time equivalent enrollment for students enrolled in alternative learning experiences as well as information about the resident and serving districts of such students.
(b) Each school district offering alternative learning experiences must submit an annual report to the superintendent of public instruction detailing the costs and purposes of any expenditure made pursuant to subsection (6)(i) of this section, along with the substantially similar experiences or services made available to students enrolled in the district's regular instructional program.
(c) Each school district offering alternative learning
experiences must ((
also)) report annually to the
superintendent of public instruction on the types of programs
and course offerings subject to this section. The annual
report shall identify the ratio of certificated instructional
staff to full-time equivalent students enrolled in alternative
learning experience courses or programs. The annual report
shall separately identify alternative learning experience
enrollment of students provided under contract pursuant to RCW 28A.150.305 and WAC 392-121-188.
(11))) (12) Documentation and record retention
requirements: School districts claiming state funding for
alternative learning experiences must retain all documentation
required in this section in accordance with established
records retention schedules and must make such documentation
available upon request for purposes of state monitoring and
audit. School districts must maintain the following written
(a) School board policy for alternative learning experiences pursuant to this section;
(b) Annual reports to the school district board of directors as required by subsection (5) of this section;
(c) Monthly and annual reports to the superintendent of
public instruction as required by subsection ((
(10))) (11) of
(d) The written student learning plans required by subsection (4) of this section;
(e) Evidence of direct personal contact required by subsection (4) of this section;
(f) Student progress evaluations and intervention plans required by subsection (4) of this section;
(g) The results of any assessments required by subsection
(8))) (9) of this section;
(h) Student enrollment detail substantiating full-time
equivalent enrollment reported to the state; ((
(i) Signed parent enrollment disclosure documents
required by subsection (6)((
(g)))(j) of this section(( .)); and
(j) Evidence of face-to-face contact required in subsection (8)(a) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.150.305. 11-12-022, § 392-121-182, filed 5/24/11, effective 9/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.150.290. 09-06-038, § 392-121-182, filed 2/25/09, effective 3/28/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.150.290 and 2005 c 356. 05-13-154, § 392-121-182, filed 6/21/05, effective 7/22/05. Statutory Authority: 1997 c 265 § 6 and RCW 28A.150.290. 99-08-008 (Order 99-01), § 392-121-182, filed 3/25/99, effective 4/25/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.150.290. 95-18-097, § 392-121-182, filed 9/6/95, effective 10/7/95; 95-01-013, § 392-121-182, filed 12/8/94, effective 1/8/95. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.150.290, 28A.150.250 and 28A.150.260. 91-02-096 (Order 50), § 392-121-182, filed 1/2/91, effective 2/2/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.41.055 and 28A.41.170. 88-03-013 (Order 88-8), § 392-121-182, filed 1/11/88.]