SHB 2776 -
By Committee on Ways & Means
ADOPTED AS AMENDED 03/04/2010
Strike everything after the enacting clause and insert the following:
"NEW SECTION. Sec. 1 (1) It is the legislature's intent to
continue implementation of chapter 548, Laws of 2009, by adopting the
technical details of a new distribution formula for the instructional
program of basic education. The legislature intends to continue to
review and revise the formulas and may make revisions as necessary for
technical purposes and consistency in the event of mathematical or
other technical errors.
(2) The legislature further intends to adjust the timelines for the working groups created under chapter 548, Laws of 2009, so that their expertise and advice can be received as soon as possible and to make adjustments to the composition of the local finance working group. The legislature further intends to clarify the legislature's intent to fully fund all-day kindergarten by the 2018-19 school year.
Sec. 2 RCW 28A.150.315 and 2009 c 548 s 107 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) Beginning with the 2007-08 school year, funding for voluntary all-day kindergarten programs shall be phased-in beginning with schools with the highest poverty levels, defined as those schools with the highest percentages of students qualifying for free and reduced-price lunch support in the prior school year. The funding shall continue to be phased-in until full statewide implementation of all-day kindergarten is achieved in the 2018-19 school year. Once a school receives funding for the all-day kindergarten program, that school shall remain eligible for funding in subsequent school years regardless of changes in the school's percentage of students eligible for free and reduced-price lunches as long as other program requirements are fulfilled. Additionally, schools receiving all-day kindergarten program support shall agree to the following conditions:
(a) Provide at least a one thousand-hour instructional program;
(b) Provide a curriculum that offers a rich, varied set of experiences that assist students in:
(i) Developing initial skills in the academic areas of reading, mathematics, and writing;
(ii) Developing a variety of communication skills;
(iii) Providing experiences in science, social studies, arts, health and physical education, and a world language other than English;
(iv) Acquiring large and small motor skills;
(v) Acquiring social and emotional skills including successful participation in learning activities as an individual and as part of a group; and
(vi) Learning through hands-on experiences;
(c) Establish learning environments that are developmentally appropriate and promote creativity;
(d) Demonstrate strong connections and communication with early learning community providers; and
(e) Participate in kindergarten program readiness activities with early learning providers and parents.
(2) Subject to funds appropriated for this purpose, the superintendent of public instruction shall designate one or more school districts to serve as resources and examples of best practices in designing and operating a high-quality all-day kindergarten program. Designated school districts shall serve as lighthouse programs and provide technical assistance to other school districts in the initial stages of implementing an all-day kindergarten program. Examples of topics addressed by the technical assistance include strategic planning, developing the instructional program and curriculum, working with early learning providers to identify students and communicate with parents, and developing kindergarten program readiness activities.
Sec. 3 2009 c 548 s 302 (uncodified) is amended to read as
(1) Beginning ((
July)) April 1, 2010, the office of financial
management, with assistance and support from the office of the
superintendent of public instruction, shall convene a technical working
group to develop options for a new system of supplemental school
funding through local school levies and local effort assistance.
(2) The working group shall consider the impact on overall school district revenues of the new basic education funding system established ((
under this act)) by the legislature based on prototypical schools and
shall recommend a phase-in plan that ensures that no school district
suffers a decrease in funding from one school year to the next due to
implementation of the new system of supplemental funding.
(3) The working group shall also:
(a) Examine local school district capacity to address facility needs associated with phasing-in full-day kindergarten across the state and reducing class size in kindergarten through third grade;
(b) Provide technical advice to the quality education council including an analysis on the potential use of local funds that may become available for redeployment and redirection as a result of increased state funding allocations for pupil transportation and maintenance, supplies, and operating costs; and
(c) Advise the quality education council and the legislature on further development and implementation of the funding formulas under RCW 28A.150.260, as appropriate.
(4) The working group shall be composed of representatives from the department of revenue, the legislative evaluation and accountability program committee, school district and educational service district financial managers, and representatives of the Washington association of school business officers, the Washington education association, the Washington association of school administrators, the association of Washington school principals, the Washington state school directors' association, the public school employees of Washington, and other interested stakeholders with expertise in education finance. When choosing the individuals to serve on the working group, the office of financial management and the office of the superintendent of public instruction are encouraged, as appropriate, to include members of the funding formula technical working group convened in accordance with section 112, chapter 548, Laws of 2009. The working group may convene advisory subgroups on specific topics as necessary to assure participation and input from a broad array of diverse stakeholders. In addition to the staff support provided by the office of financial management and the office of the superintendent of public instruction, the department of revenue shall provide technical assistance, including financial and legal analysis, to support the working group's findings and analysis under subsection (3) of this section.
(4))) (5) The local funding working group shall be monitored and
overseen by the legislature and by the quality education council
created in (( section 114 of this act)) RCW 28A.290.010. The working
group shall submit an initial report to the legislature (( December 1))
and the quality education council by November 30, 2010, and a final
report by June 30, 2011.
Sec. 4 RCW 43.41.398 and 2009 c 548 s 601 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) The legislature recognizes that providing students with the opportunity to access a world-class educational system depends on our continuing ability to provide students with access to world-class educators. The legislature also understands that continuing to attract and retain the highest quality educators will require increased investments. The legislature intends to enhance the current salary allocation model and recognizes that changes to the current model cannot be imposed without great deliberation and input from teachers, administrators, and classified employees. Therefore, it is the intent of the legislature to begin the process of developing an enhanced salary allocation model that is collaboratively designed to ensure the rationality of any conclusions regarding what constitutes adequate compensation.
(2) Beginning July 1, ((
2011)) 2010, the office of financial
management in collaboration with the office of the superintendent of
public instruction, shall convene a technical working group to
recommend the details of an enhanced salary allocation model that
aligns state expectations for educator development and certification
with the compensation system and establishes recommendations for a
concurrent implementation schedule. In addition to any other details
the technical working group deems necessary, the technical working
group shall make recommendations on the following:
(a) How to reduce the number of tiers within the existing salary allocation model;
(b) How to account for labor market adjustments;
(c) How to account for different geographic regions of the state where districts may encounter difficulty recruiting and retaining teachers;
(d) The role of and types of bonuses available;
(e) Ways to accomplish salary equalization over a set number of years; and
(f) Initial fiscal estimates for implementing the recommendations including a recognition that staff on the existing salary allocation model would have the option to grandfather in permanently to the existing schedule.
(3) As part of its work, the technical working group shall conduct or contract for a preliminary comparative labor market analysis of salaries and other compensation for school district employees to be conducted and shall include the results in any reports to the legislature. For the purposes of this subsection, "salaries and other compensation" includes average base salaries, average total salaries, average employee basic benefits, and retirement benefits.
(4) The analysis required under subsection (1) of this section must:
(a) Examine salaries and other compensation for teachers, other certificated instructional staff, principals, and other building-level certificated administrators, and the types of classified employees for whom salaries are allocated;
(b) Be calculated at a statewide level that identifies labor markets in Washington through the use of data from the United States bureau of the census and the bureau of labor statistics; and
(c) Include a comparison of salaries and other compensation to the appropriate labor market for at least the following subgroups of educators: Beginning teachers and types of educational staff associates.
(5) The working group shall include representatives of the department of personnel, the professional educator standards board, the office of the superintendent of public instruction, the Washington education association, the Washington association of school administrators, the association of Washington school principals, the Washington state school directors' association, the public school employees of Washington, and other interested stakeholders with appropriate expertise in compensation related matters. The working group may convene advisory subgroups on specific topics as necessary to assure participation and input from a broad array of diverse stakeholders.
(6) The working group shall be monitored and overseen by the legislature and the quality education council created in RCW 28A.290.010. The working group shall make an initial report to the legislature by ((
December 1, 2012)) November 30, 2010, and a final
report by June 30, 2011, and shall include in its report
recommendations for whether additional further work of the group is
NEW SECTION. Sec. 5 A new section is added to chapter 28A.300
RCW to read as follows:
The office of the superintendent of public instruction shall implement and maintain an internet-based portal that provides ready public access to the state's prototypical school funding model for basic education under RCW 28A.150.260. The portal must provide citizens the opportunity to view, for each local school building, the staffing levels and other prototypical school funding elements that are assumed under the state funding formula. The portal must also provide a matrix displaying how individual school districts are deploying those same state resources through their allocation of staff and other resources to school buildings, so that citizens are able to compare the state assumptions to district allocation decisions for each local school building.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 6 The legislature intends to continue to
refine and provide greater detail to the distribution formula for the
basic education instructional allocation, which shall be based on
minimum staffing and nonstaff costs that the legislature deems
necessary to support instruction and operations in prototypical schools
as defined by the legislature. The legislature expects that the
detailed prototype school model will bring greater transparency,
understanding, and public accountability to the funding system because
it displays funding assumptions in understandable terms centered on the
operations of school buildings.
Sec. 7 RCW 28A.150.260 and 2009 c 548 s 106 are each amended to
read as follows:
The purpose of this section is to provide for the allocation of state funding that the legislature deems necessary to support school districts in offering the minimum instructional program of basic education under RCW 28A.150.220. The allocation shall be determined as follows:
(1) The governor shall and the superintendent of public instruction may recommend to the legislature a formula for the distribution of a basic education instructional allocation for each common school district.
(2) The distribution formula under this section shall be for allocation purposes only. Except as may be required under chapter 28A.155, 28A.165, 28A.180, or ((
28A.155)) 28A.185 RCW, or federal laws
and regulations, nothing in this section requires school districts to
use basic education instructional funds to implement a particular
instructional approach or service. Nothing in this section requires
school districts to maintain a particular classroom teacher-to-student
ratio or other staff-to-student ratio or to use allocated funds to pay
for particular types or classifications of staff. Nothing in this
section entitles an individual teacher to a particular teacher planning
(3)(a) To the extent the technical details of the formula have been adopted by the legislature and except when specifically provided as a school district allocation, the distribution formula for the basic education instructional allocation shall be based on minimum staffing and nonstaff costs the legislature deems necessary to support instruction and operations in prototypical schools serving high, middle, and elementary school students as provided in this section. The use of prototypical schools for the distribution formula does not constitute legislative intent that schools should be operated or structured in a similar fashion as the prototypes. Prototypical schools illustrate the level of resources needed to operate a school of a particular size with particular types and grade levels of students using commonly understood terms and inputs, such as class size, hours of instruction, and various categories of school staff. It is the intent that the funding allocations to school districts be adjusted from the school prototypes based on the actual number of annual average full-time equivalent students in each grade level at each school in the district and not based on the grade-level configuration of the school to the extent that data is available. The allocations shall be further adjusted from the school prototypes with minimum allocations for small schools and to reflect other factors identified in the omnibus appropriations act.
(b) For the purposes of this section, prototypical schools are defined as follows:
(i) A prototypical high school has six hundred average annual full-time equivalent students in grades nine through twelve;
(ii) A prototypical middle school has four hundred thirty-two average annual full-time equivalent students in grades seven and eight; and
(iii) A prototypical elementary school has four hundred average annual full-time equivalent students in grades kindergarten through six.
(c))) (4)(a) The minimum allocation for each level of
prototypical school shall be based on the number of full-time
equivalent classroom teachers needed to provide instruction over the
minimum required annual instructional hours under RCW 28A.150.220 and
provide at least one teacher planning period per school day, and based
on (( an)) the following general education average class size (( as
specified in the omnibus appropriations act.)) of full-time equivalent
students per teacher:
Grades K-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 25.23
Grade 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . 27.00
Grades 5-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . 27.00
Grades 7-8 . . . . . . . . . . . . 28.53
Grades 9-12, except in cases when lower average class sizes
are specified for approved career and technical education
programs and skill centers . . . . . . . . . . . . 28.74
(b) The minimum allocation for each prototypical middle and high school shall also provide for full-time equivalent classroom teachers based on the following number of full-time equivalent students per teacher in career and technical education:
Career and technical
Approved career and technical education offered at
the middle school and high school level . . . . . . . . . . . . 26.57
Skill center programs meeting the standards established
by the office of the superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.76
(c) According to an implementation schedule adopted by the legislature, the omnibus appropriations act shall at a minimum specify:
Basic average class size;)) A high-poverty average class size in schools where
more than fifty percent of the students are eligible for free and
reduced-price meals; and
(iii))) (ii) A specialty average class size for (( exploratory and
preparatory career and technical education,)) laboratory science,
advanced placement, and international baccalaureate courses(( ; and)).
(iv) Average class size in grades kindergarten through three
(d))) (5)(a) The minimum allocation for each level of
prototypical school shall include allocations for the following types
of staff in addition to classroom teachers:
(i) Principals, including assistant principals, and other
certificated building-level administrators;))
(ii) Teacher librarians, performing functions including information literacy, technology, and media to support school library media programs;
(iii) Student health services, a function that includes school nurses, whether certificated instructional or classified employee, and social workers;
(iv) Guidance counselors, performing functions including parent outreach and graduation advisor;
(v) Professional development coaches;
(vi) Teaching assistance, which includes any aspect of educational instructional services provided by classified employees;
(vii) Office support, technology support, and other noninstructional aides;
(viii) Custodians, warehouse, maintenance, laborer, and professional and technical education support employees; and
(ix) Classified staff providing student and staff safety.
|Elementary School||Middle School||High School|
|Principals, assistant principals, and other certificated building-level
administrators, except administrators for approved career|
and technical programs and skill centers . . . . . . . . . . . .
|Teacher librarians, a function that includes information literacy, technology, and media to support school library media programs . . . . . . . . . . . .|
|Health and social services:|
|School nurses . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.076||0.060||0.096|
|Social workers . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.042||0.006||0.015|
|Psychologists . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.017||0.002||0.007|
|Guidance counselors, a function that includes parent outreach and graduation advising . . . . . . . . . . . .|
|Professional development coaches . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Teaching assistance, including any aspect of educational instructional services provided by classified employees . . . . . . . . . . . .|
|Office support and other noninstructional aides . . . . . . . . . . . .||1.971||2.277||3.201|
|Custodians . . . . . . . . . . . .||1.622||1.902||2.903|
|Classified staff providing student and staff safety . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.077||0.090||0.138|
|Parent involvement coordinators . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.000||0.000||0.000|
Sec. 8 RCW 28A.150.390 and 2009 c 548 s 108 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) The superintendent of public instruction shall submit to each regular session of the legislature during an odd-numbered year a programmed budget request for special education programs for students with disabilities. Funding for programs operated by local school districts shall be on an excess cost basis from appropriations provided by the legislature for special education programs for students with disabilities and shall take account of state funds accruing through RCW 28A.150.260 ((
(3)(b), (c)(i), and (d), (4), and (8) and federal medical
assistance and private funds accruing under RCW 74.09.5249 through
74.09.5253 and 74.09.5254 through 74.09.5256)) (4)(a), (5)(a), (6), and
(2) The excess cost allocation to school districts shall be based on the following:
(a) A district's annual average headcount enrollment of students ages birth through four and those five year olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten who are eligible for and enrolled in special education, multiplied by the district's base allocation per full-time equivalent student, multiplied by 1.15; and
(b) A district's annual average full-time equivalent basic education enrollment, multiplied by the district's funded enrollment percent, multiplied by the district's base allocation per full-time equivalent student, multiplied by 0.9309.
(3) As used in this section:
(a) "Base allocation" means the total state allocation to all schools in the district generated by the distribution formula under RCW 28A.150.260 ((
(3)(b), (c)(i), and (d), (4), and (8))) (4)(a), (5)(a),
(6), and (7), to be divided by the district's full-time equivalent
(b) "Basic education enrollment" means enrollment of resident students including nonresident students enrolled under RCW 28A.225.225 and students from nonhigh districts enrolled under RCW 28A.225.210 and excluding students residing in another district enrolled as part of an interdistrict cooperative program under RCW 28A.225.250.
(c) "Enrollment percent" means the district's resident special education annual average enrollment, excluding students ages birth through four and those five year olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten, as a percent of the district's annual average full-time equivalent basic education enrollment.
(d) "Funded enrollment percent" means the lesser of the district's actual enrollment percent or twelve and seven-tenths percent.
Sec. 9 RCW 28A.150.410 and 2007 c 403 s 1 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) The legislature shall establish for each school year in the appropriations act a statewide salary allocation schedule, for allocation purposes only, to be used to distribute funds for basic education certificated instructional staff salaries under RCW 28A.150.260. For the purposes of this section, the staff allocations for classroom teachers, teacher librarians, professional development coaches, guidance counselors, and student health services staff under RCW 28A.150.260 are considered allocations for certificated instructional staff.
(2) Salary allocations for state-funded basic education certificated instructional staff shall be calculated by the superintendent of public instruction by determining the district's average salary for certificated instructional staff, using the statewide salary allocation schedule and related documents, conditions, and limitations established by the omnibus appropriations act.
(3) Beginning January 1, 1992, no more than ninety college quarter-hour credits received by any employee after the baccalaureate degree may be used to determine compensation allocations under the state salary allocation schedule and LEAP documents referenced in the omnibus appropriations act, or any replacement schedules and documents, unless:
(a) The employee has a master's degree; or
(b) The credits were used in generating state salary allocations before January 1, 1992.
(4) Beginning in the 2007-08 school year, the calculation of years of service for occupational therapists, physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, nurses, social workers, counselors, and psychologists regulated under Title 18 RCW may include experience in schools and other nonschool positions as occupational therapists, physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, nurses, social workers, counselors, or psychologists. The calculation shall be that one year of service in a nonschool position counts as one year of service for purposes of this chapter, up to a limit of two years of nonschool service. Nonschool years of service included in calculations under this subsection shall not be applied to service credit totals for purposes of any retirement benefit under chapter 41.32, 41.35, or 41.40 RCW, or any other state retirement system benefits.
Sec. 10 RCW 28A.150.100 and 1990 c 33 s 103 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) For the purposes of this section and RCW 28A.150.410 and 28A.400.200, "basic education certificated instructional staff" ((
shall)) means all full-time equivalent classroom teachers, teacher
librarians, guidance counselors, certificated student health services
staff, and other certificated instructional staff in the following
programs as defined for statewide school district accounting purposes:
Basic education, secondary vocational education, general instructional
support, and general supportive services.
In the 1988-89 school year and thereafter,)) Each school
district shall maintain a ratio of at least forty-six basic education
certificated instructional staff to one thousand annual average full
time equivalent students.
Sec. 11 2009 c 548 s 710 (uncodified) is amended to read as
(1) RCW 28A.150.030 (School day) and 1971 ex.s. c 161 s 1 & 1969 ex.s. c 223 s 28A.01.010;
(2) RCW 28A.150.060 (Certificated employee) and 2005 c 497 s 212, 1990 c 33 s 102, 1977 ex.s. c 359 s 17, 1975 1st ex.s. c 288 s 21, & 1973 1st ex.s. c 105 s 1;
RCW 28A.150.100 (Basic education certificated instructional
staff -- Definition -- Ratio to students) and 1990 c 33 s 103 & 1987 1st
ex.s. c 2 s 203;)) RCW 28A.150.040 (School year -- Beginning -- End) and 1990 c 33
s 101, 1982 c 158 s 5, 1977 ex.s. c 286 s 1, 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 118
s 22, & 1969 ex.s. c 223 s 28A.01.020;
(5))) (4) RCW 28A.150.370 (Additional programs for which
legislative appropriations must or may be made) and 1995 c 335 s 102,
1995 c 77 s 5, 1990 c 33 s 114, 1982 1st ex.s. c 24 s 1, & 1977 ex.s.
c 359 s 7; and
(6))) (5) RCW 28A.155.180 (Safety net funds--Application--Technical assistance--Annual survey) and 2007 c 400 s 8.
Sec. 12 2009 c 548 s 804 (uncodified) is amended to read as
Sections 101 through 105, 107 through 110, and 701 through 710 of this act take effect September 1, 2011.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 13 If any part of this act is found to be in
conflict with federal requirements that are a prescribed condition to
the allocation of federal funds to the state, the conflicting part of
this act is inoperative solely to the extent of the conflict and with
respect to the agencies directly affected, and this finding does not
affect the operation of the remainder of this act in its application to
the agencies concerned. Rules adopted under this act must meet federal
requirements that are a necessary condition to the receipt of federal
funds by the state.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 14 If any provision of this act or its
application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the
remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other
persons or circumstances is not affected.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 15 Sections 6 through 13 of this act take
effect September 1, 2011.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 16 Section 3 of this act is necessary for the
immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or
support of the state government and its existing public institutions,
and takes effect immediately."
SHB 2776 -
By Committee on Ways & Means
ADOPTED AS AMENDED 03/04/2010
On page 1, line 2 of the title, after "education;" strike the remainder of the title and insert "amending RCW 28A.150.315, 43.41.398, 28A.150.260, 28A.150.390, 28A.150.410, and 28A.150.100; amending 2009 c 548 s 302 (uncodified); amending 2009 c 548 s 710 (uncodified); amending 2009 c 548 s 804 (uncodified); adding a new section to chapter 28A.300 RCW; creating new sections; providing an effective date; and declaring an emergency."