SB 5377

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

As Reported by House Committee On:

Agriculture & Natural Resources

Title: An act relating to extending the program establishing Christmas tree grower licensure.

Brief Description: Extending the program establishing Christmas tree grower licensure.

Sponsors: Senators Rivers, Hatfield, Bailey, Becker and Hargrove.

Brief History:

Committee Activity:

Agriculture & Natural Resources: 3/14/13, 3/20/13 [DP].

Brief Summary of Bill

  • ŸExtends the program establishing Christmas tree grower licensure.


Majority Report: Do pass. Signed by 14 members: Representatives Blake, Chair; Lytton, Vice Chair; Chandler, Ranking Minority Member; MacEwen, Assistant Ranking Minority Member; Buys, Dunshee, Haigh, Hurst, Kretz, Orcutt, Pettigrew, Schmick, Stanford and Warnick.

Staff: Cherlyn Walden (786-7296).


Licensure, Fees, and Exemptions.

The Washington State Department of Agriculture's (Department) Plant Protection Division administers horticultural plant inspections and licensing programs. A Christmas tree grower must obtain a Christmas tree grower's license from the Department prior to operating as a grower. The annual licensing fee established by the Department Director (Director) in rule is $40 annually plus a $3 per acre assessment. The total annual license fee must not exceed $5,000. The information required on the license application is specified.

Fees collected will be deposited in the Christmas tree account within the Agricultural Local Fund. The fees must be used only for the Christmas tree program established in this chapter, which may include market surveys and research related to Christmas trees.

Exempted from the licensing requirements is any Christmas tree grower who owns trees, whose business consists solely of retail sales to the ultimate consumer, and who either has less than one acre of Christmas trees, or harvests fewer than 400 Christmas trees per year by u-cut or otherwise. Also exempted are licensed nursery dealers who furnish live plants for planting to growers.

The Director is authorized to audit licensees during normal business hours to determine that required fees have been paid. The Director must not issue a Christmas tree grower license to any applicant who has failed to pay any assessments due. The Director may apply for a court injunction restraining a Christmas tree grower from operating without a license. An order restraining such operation must contain provision for payment of pertinent court costs, reasonable attorneys' fees, and equitable administrative expenses.

Inspections, Certification, and Enforcement.

The Director is authorized to adopt rules for: inspection and/or certification of Christmas trees as to freedom from plant pest infestation; Christmas tree grower license fees and tree inspection fees; and fee collection methods.

The Director may, by rule, require that any or all Christmas trees delivered or shipped into Washington be inspected for conformance with the requirements of state law prior to release by the person transporting or delivering them, even if the trees are accompanied by acceptable inspection certificates issued by the state or country of origin.

The Director may issue a hold order on Christmas trees when there is cause to believe they are damaged, infested, or infected by a plant pest. The Director may prescribe the conditions for holding the material. The Director must condemn any Christmas trees shipped or sold if they are found to be diseased, infected, or infested to the extent that treatment is not practical, and must order such trees either destroyed or returned at the shipper's option.

If the Director is denied access to perform inspections at the horticultural facilities of a Christmas tree grower, the grower may be subject to license revocation.

Any licensee or person financially interested in Christmas trees may request inspection and/or certification services for a fee in an amount set by the Director.

Unlawful Actions and Penalty for Noncompliance.

It is unlawful for any person to:ŸŸ

A person who fails to comply with this chapter may be subject to denial; revocation or suspension of the Christmas tree grower license; or assessed a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 per violation.

The Christmas tree licensure scheme will expire on July 1, 2014.


Summary of Bill:

The program establishing Christmas tree grower licensure is extended from its July 1, 2014, expiration date to July 1, 2020.


Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of the session in which the bill is passed.

Staff Summary of Public Testimony:

(In support) Christmas tree inspection and licensing program began in 2007 as part of the horticultural inspection and licensing program in the Washington State Department of Agriculture (Department). It has an expiration date of July 1, 2014, and has been a successful program to ensure against infestation of pests, such as the Asian Gypsy Moth or Sudden Oak Death.

The Christmas tree growers are a very independent group, and the bill has a sunset time frame because they were unsure how the new partnership with the Department would work. There has been a great working relationship thus far, and the Christmas tree growers are happy to pay the licensure fee in order to have the safeguards and protections in place for their industry. They would like to extend that relationship until July 1, 2020, to determine at that time whether the current program is still meeting their needs.

(Opposed) None.

Persons Testifying: Senator Rivers, prime sponsor; and Brad Tower, Washington Christmas Tree Growers.

Persons Signed In To Testify But Not Testifying: None.