SENATE BILL REPORT
This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.
As of February 5, 2014
Title: An act relating to federal funding programs requiring changes in state law.
Brief Description: Concerning federal funding programs requiring changes in state law.
Sponsors: Senators Becker, Sheldon, Holmquist Newbry, Rivers, Brown, Padden, Angel, Dammeier, Dansel, King, Hewitt, Honeyford and Pearson.
Committee Activity: Ways & Means: 2/05/14.
SENATE COMMITTEE ON WAYS & MEANS
Staff: Steve Jones (786-7440)
Background: Article I, section 8 of the U.S. Constitution includes a provision known as the Spending Clause that authorizes Congress to expend funds "for the common defense and general welfare of the United States… ." The U.S. Supreme Court has held that the Spending Clause allows Congress to grant federal funds to the states and to place conditions and restrictions on the states' voluntary receipt of those funds. However, it is impermissible for Congress to use the Spending Clause to compel the states to adopt or administer federal programs and policies. This principle was most recently expressed by the U.S. Supreme Court in the decision concerning the federal Affordable Care Act, where the court indicated that it would "strike down federal legislation that commandeers a State's legislative or administrative apparatus for federal purposes."
Summary of Bill: By December 1 of each year, the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee must report to the Legislature on federal funding programs that require changes in state statutes or administrative rules as a condition of receiving the federal funds.
Fiscal Note: Available.
Committee/Commission/Task Force Created: No.
Effective Date: Ninety days after adjournment of session in which bill is passed.
Staff Summary of Public Testimony: PRO: This bill will increase the transparency of those federal funds that require the state to change its policies, or that require a commitment of state funds. The taxpayers of the state need access to information on the financial obligations the state assumes in order to receive federal grants. The scope of the bill can be narrowed to reduce the fiscal impact of gathering this information.
Persons Testifying: PRO: Senator Becker, prime sponsor.