Washington State

House of Representatives

Office of Program Research



Consumer Protection & Business Committee

HB 1069

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

Brief Description: Concerning the creation of the insurance fraud surcharge account.

Sponsors: Representatives Stanford, Reeves, Santos and Ryu; by request of Insurance Commissioner.

Brief Summary of Bill

  • Creates an insurance fraud surcharge dedicated to funding the Office of Insurance Commissioner's Criminal Investigations Unit.

Hearing Date: 1/16/19

Staff: Robbi Kesler (786-7153).


Legislation was enacted in 2006 to create an insurance fraud program (Program), at the Office of the Insurance Commissioner (OIC). The primary focus of the Program is on organized fraudulent activities committed against insurance companies. The Program may include supervisory, legal, and investigative personnel. All personnel must be qualified by training and experience in the areas of detection, investigation, or prosecution of fraud in which the insurance company is a victim. The chief of the Program serves at the pleasure of the Insurance Commissioner (Commissioner). The Commissioner may use funds from the Program to fund: one or more State Patrol Officers to work with the Program, one or more assistant attorney generals to work with the Program, support staff for the assistant attorney generals, and make grants to or reimburse local prosecuting attorneys.

The annual cost of operating the Program is funded from the OIC's regulatory account, subject to appropriation by the Commissioner.

The antifraud unit includes investigation and prosecution of fraudulent claims. The investigative activities are funded from the OIC's regulatory account.

The OIC may:

In a criminal prosecution where the insurance company is a victim, a court may consider the insurer a victim for the purpose of ordering restitution as part of a criminal penalty.

Summary of Bill:

A new insurance fraud surcharge is created.

The surcharge will be paid by:

The fees collected may pay for the reasonable cost of administering the Program, including overhead costs. The surcharge collected from each organization is the cost of operating the Program for the following fiscal year in a proportionate share based on the organization's receipts collected or received on business in the state during the previous calendar year; not to exceed one-eighth of 1 percent of receipts. The minimum fraud surcharge is $100.

A new account, the Commissioner's Insurance Fraud Account, is created at the State Treasury. All insurance fraud surcharge funds must be deposited in the Commissioner's fraud account. All unspent funds in the Commissioner's fraud account at the close of a fiscal year are carried forward to the next fiscal year and are used to reduce future insurance fraud surcharges.

Insurers may collect insurance fraud surcharges remitted in prior years by means of an annual policy holder surcharge.

Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date: The bill contains an emergency clause and takes effect on July 1, 2019.