HB 1163

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

As Reported by House Committee On:


Title: An act relating to expanded learning opportunity programs.

Brief Description: Concerning expanded learning opportunity programs.

Sponsors: Representatives Kloba, Jinkins, Valdez, Ortiz-Self, Thai, Pollet and Stanford; by request of Superintendent of Public Instruction.

Brief History:

Committee Activity:

Education: 2/14/19, 2/19/19 [DPS].

Brief Summary of Substitute Bill

  • Establishes the Expanded Learning Grant Program (Program) to create demonstration projects in recipient schools to combat summer learning loss and increase student achievement through additional instruction time and increased opportunities for enrichment.

  • Directs the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) to develop and administer the Program.

  • Appropriates $10 million for the fiscal biennium ending June 30, 2021, from the State General Fund to the OSPI to implement the Program.


Majority Report: The substitute bill be substituted therefor and the substitute bill do pass. Signed by 14 members: Representatives Santos, Chair; Dolan, Vice Chair; Paul, Vice Chair; Steele, Ranking Minority Member; Bergquist, Callan, Harris, Kilduff, Ortiz-Self, Rude, Stonier, Thai, Valdez and Ybarra.

Minority Report: Do not pass. Signed by 5 members: Representatives McCaslin, Assistant Ranking Minority Member; Volz, Assistant Ranking Minority Member; Caldier, Corry and Kraft.

Staff: Ethan Moreno (786-7386).


The Legislature establishes the minimum instructional program of basic education that must be offered by school districts. Among other requirements, the state's program of basic education obligates school districts to:

School districts must also provide a specified minimum number of instructional hours per year, which are defined as those hours during which students are provided the opportunity to engage in educational activity planned by, and under the direction of, school district staff. In accordance with requirements that permit averaging calculations, districts must provide 1,080 instructional hours each school year.

In 2014 the Legislature established the 17-member Expanded Learning Opportunities Council (ELOC) to advise the Governor, the Legislature, and the Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) on a comprehensive expanded learning opportunities system, with particular attention paid to solutions to summer learning loss. Provisions establishing and governing the ELOC expire August 31, 2019.

Among other duties, the ELOC is required to provide a report to the Governor and the Legislature by December 1 each year between 2014 and 2018 that summarizes accomplishments, measures progress, and contains recommendations regarding continued development of an expanded learning opportunities system and reducing summer learning loss.


Summary of Substitute Bill:

The Expanded Learning Grant Program (Program) is established to create demonstration projects of up to five years in duration in selected school districts and state-tribal education compact schools to combat summer learning loss and increase student achievement through additional instruction time and increased opportunities for enrichment. The OSPI is charged with developing and administering the Program. In meeting these duties, the OSPI must solicit community suggestions and involvement

Subject to specific legislative funding, the OSPI may, through a competitive process, award grants from the Program of up to $1.5 million annually to each selected school district or state-tribal education compact school that proposes to implement one or more of the following:

An application for a Program grant must, at a minimum, include the following:

Specific administrative duties related to the Program are established for the OSPI. The OSPI must:

The OSPI is also authorized to use non-state funds to support the Program.

The term "expanded learning opportunities" is defined to mean:

Substitute Bill Compared to Original Bill:

The substitute bill makes the following changes to the original bill:


Appropriation: The sum of $10 million, or as much of that as may be necessary, is appropriated for the fiscal biennium ending June 30, 2021, from the State General Fund to the OSPI to implement the Program.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date of Substitute Bill: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of the session in which the bill is passed.

Staff Summary of Public Testimony:

(In support) Not all kids receive the same educational opportunity: by grade 6, students in poverty have about 6,000 fewer hours of expanded learning opportunities than their middle class peers.  This bill is a step that will provide new opportunities to help close the opportunity gap.  Expanded learning opportunity experiences are hands-on and enriching, and they build upon the efforts of the school day. 

This bill is based upon the work of the ELOC, and will provide opportunities to try new experiences and to see what works. After school programs provide students with safe places to learn, and meaningful enrichment programs. 

Activities offered through expanded learning opportunity programs include activities related to science, technology, engineering, mathematics, as well as outdoor activities.  The kids that attend these programs have higher attendance rates than other students. 

Expanded learning opportunity programs expand learning and stretch dollars.  They include partnerships that benefit the school and enable summer activities.  The partnerships help to give kids in high poverty scenarios access to more learning opportunities.

Washington students have an increasing opportunity gap that is partially caused by insufficient access to summer learning.  This bill will provide the Legislature with definitive evidence about what works for addressing summer learning loss.

The legislation is by request of the OSPI and it has a goal of looking at the 180-day school year and determining whether that is the right length.  It is a good idea to give districts the opportunity to extend the school year.  Students need more recess and lunch time.  The OSPI should have the flexibility to work with school districts to give students more recess time, as it is part of the educational experience.

(Opposed) None.

Persons Testifying: Representative Kloba, prime sponsor; David Beard, School's Out Washington; Josephine Beaudoin, 21st Century Community Learning Center; Kim Hogue, You and Family Link; Carrie Holden, Boys and Girls Clubs of South Puget Sound; Dave Mastin, Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction; and Lucinda Young, Washington Education Association.

Persons Signed In To Testify But Not Testifying: None.