SENATE BILL REPORT
This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.
As of January 25, 2019
Title: An act relating to encouraging the success of agriculture on agricultural land.
Brief Description: Encouraging the success of agriculture on agricultural land.
Sponsors: Senators Zeiger, Warnick, Van De Wege, Fortunato and Takko.
Committee Activity: Local Government: 1/24/19.
SENATE COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Staff: Bonnie Kim (786-7316)
Background: Growth Management Act. The Growth Management Act (GMA) is the comprehensive land use planning framework for counties and cities in Washington. The GMA sets forth three broad planning obligations for those counties and cities who plan fully under the GMA:
the county legislative authority must adopt a countywide planning policy;
the county, and the cities within the county, must designate critical areas, agricultural lands, forestlands, and mineral resource lands, and adopt development regulations accordingly; and
the county must designate and take other actions related to Urban Growth Areas (UGAs).
Jurisdictions that fully plan under the GMA must adopt development regulations to assure the conservation of designated natural resource lands of long-term commercial significance. These same jurisdictions must also adopt comprehensive land-use plans to express the general land-use policies of the county or city, and development regulations to implement those plans.
Comprehensive plans must include specific planning elements, each of which is a subset of the plan. The rural element of a comprehensive plan must include measures that apply to rural development and protect the rural character of the area by, in part, protecting against conflicts with the use of designated agricultural, forest, and mineral resource lands.
Innovative Zoning Techniques. Counties and cities may consider Innovative Zoning Techniques (IZTs) to conserve agricultural lands and encourage the agricultural economy. Allowable methods include agricultural zoning limiting density, cluster zoning, large lot zoning, quarter/quarter zoning, and sliding scale zoning.
Agricultural Accessory Uses. Counties and cities have authority to limit or exclude allowable accessory uses on agricultural lands. Allowable agricultural accessory uses and activities include those related to storage and distribution. Nonagricultural accessories and uses are allowed if they are consistent with the size, scale, and intensity of the existing agricultural use of the property and existing buildings onsite. Generally, nonagricultural accessories may not extend beyond areas already developed for buildings and may not otherwise convert more than one acre of agricultural land to nonagricultural use.
Voluntary Stewardship Program. The Voluntary Stewardship Program (VSP) was created in 2011 and allows participating counties to develop local work plans that use voluntary and incentive-based tools, as an alternative to regulation, to protect critical areas and agricultural lands. Counties had to opt in by early 2012, and 28 counties chose to participate.
Counties participating in VSP create a work plan that is approved by the Washington State Conservation Commission and then implement the plan by recruiting local landowners to participate in incentive-based stewardship activities. Counties report their progress to the Conservation Commission.
Summary of Bill: Natural Resources Industries. A provision noting that encouraging the conservation of productive agricultural lands requires local governments to have a regulatory strategy that allows agricultural landowners to successfully engage in agriculture is added to the goals of comprehensive plans.
Agricultural Lands of Long-Term Commercial Significance. Counties and cities planning under the GMA may consider the use of IZTs and other criteria related to accessories regardless of whether the land at issue lies within a UGA.
A provision limiting nonagricultural accessory uses and activities to areas already developed for buildings and disallowing the conversion of more than one acre of agricultural land to nonagricultural use is removed.
Counties and cities may also consider the following measures regarding agricultural lands:
consolidating multiple permit requirements to create a more efficient permitting system;
exempting agricultural lands from requirements a county or city determines to be unnecessary;
reducing the amount of time required for permit review;
expanding opportunities for county or city employees to provide technical assistance to landowners who request assistance; and
increasing coordination among counties or cities and other agencies to avoid duplication of work during permit review.
The Department of Commerce is given authority to provide financial assistance to jurisdictions planning under the GMA to promote IZTs and other measures as amended in the bill.
Voluntary Stewardship Program. The date to join the VSP is reset from January 2012 to July 1, 2020.
Fiscal Note: Available.
Creates Committee/Commission/Task Force that includes Legislative members: No.
Effective Date: Ninety days after adjournment of session in which bill is passed.
Staff Summary of Public Testimony: PRO: Puyallup Valley farmers feel they are threatened by rising costs, growing density and difficult permitting processes. The Legislature and local governments have recognized the value of farm land and but have done too little to preserve the viability of farming. Our small farm is struggling to put in a well because the difficult permitting process. We do not need financial help but need help easing the regulatory process. Farmers in urban counties are struggling because they are unable diversify their business which is critical to maintain economic viability.
CON: The Building Industry Association of Washington would also like permit streamlining, particularly in a UGA. Industry should be treated equally. The removal of the provision disallowing conversion of more than one acre agricultural land will result in the wholesale loss of agricultural land. There may not be any connection to agricultural use for new development. Exempting or streamlining certain permitting systems may endanger critical areas.
Persons Testifying: PRO: Senator Hans Zeiger, Prime Sponsor; Timothy Richter; Tom Davis, Washington Farm Bureau. CON: Jan Himebaugh, Building Industry Association of Washington; Bryce Yadon, Futurewise.
Persons Signed In To Testify But Not Testifying: No one.