State of Washington
66th Legislature
2019 Regular Session
ByRepresentatives Dolan and Jinkins; by request of Superintendent of Public Instruction
Prefiled 01/03/19.Read first time 01/14/19.Referred to Committee on Education.
AN ACT Relating to modifying certain common school provisions; and amending RCW 28A.175.025, 28A.230.094, and 28A.300.310.
Sec. 1. RCW 28A.175.025 and 2007 c 408 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:
Subject to the availability of funds appropriated for this purpose, the office of the superintendent of public instruction shall create a grant program and award grants to local partnerships of schools, families, and communities to begin the phase in of a statewide comprehensive dropout prevention, intervention, and retrieval system. This program shall be known as the building bridges program.
(1) For purposes of RCW 28A.175.025 through 28A.175.075, a "building bridges program" means a local partnership of schools, families, and communities that provides ((all))one or more of the following programs or activities:
(a) A system that identifies individual students at risk of dropping out from middle through high school based on local predictive data, including state assessment data starting in the fourth grade, and provides timely interventions for such students and for dropouts, including a plan for educational success as already required by the student learning plan as defined under RCW 28A.655.061. Students identified shall include foster care youth, youth involved in the juvenile justice system, and students receiving special education services under chapter 28A.155 RCW;
(b) Coaches or mentors for students as necessary;
(c) Staff responsible for coordination of community partners that provide a seamless continuum of academic and nonacademic support in schools and communities;
(d) Retrieval or reentry activities; ((and))
(e) Alternative educational programming, including, but not limited to, career and technical education exploratory and preparatory programs and online learning opportunities.
(2) One of the grants awarded under this section shall be for a two-year demonstration project focusing on providing fifth through twelfth grade students with a program that utilizes technology and is integrated with state standards, basic academics, cross-cultural exposures, and age-appropriate preemployment training. The project shall:
(a) Establish programs in two western Washington and one eastern Washington urban areas;
(b) Identify at-risk students in each of the distinct communities and populations and implement strategies to close the achievement gap;
(c) Collect and report data on participant characteristics and outcomes of the project, including the characteristics and outcomes specified under RCW 28A.175.035(1)(e); and
(d) Submit a report to the legislature by December 1, 2009.
Sec. 2. RCW 28A.230.094 and 2018 c 127 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:
(1)(a) Beginning with or before the 2020-21 school year, each school district that operates a high school must provide a mandatory one-half credit stand-alone course in civics for each high school student. Except as provided by (c) or (d) of this subsection, civics content and instruction embedded in other social studies courses do not satisfy the requirements of this subsection.
(b) Credit awarded to students who complete the civics course must be applied to course credit requirements in social studies that are required for high school graduation.
(c) Civics content and instruction required by this section may be embedded in social studies courses that offer students the opportunity to earn both high school and postsecondary credit.
(d) Civics content and instruction required by this section may be embedded in career and technical education high school equivalency courses.
(2) The content of the civics course must include, but is not limited to:
(a) Federal, state, tribal, and local government organization and procedures;
(b) Rights and responsibilities of citizens addressed in the Washington state and United States Constitutions;
(c) Current issues addressed at each level of government;
(d) Electoral issues, including elections, ballot measures, initiatives, and referenda;
(e) The study and completion of the civics component of the federally administered naturalization test required of persons seeking to become naturalized United States citizens; and
(f) The importance in a free society of living the basic values and character traits specified in RCW 28A.150.211.
Sec. 3. RCW 28A.300.310 and 1999 c 373 s 101 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) The superintendent of public instruction ((shall identify a collection of reading passages and assessment procedures that can be used to measure second grade))recognizes the importance of oral reading accuracy ((and)), fluency ((skills)), and comprehension. The purpose of the second grade reading assessment is to provide information to parents, teachers, and school administrators on the level of acquisition of oral reading accuracy, comprehension, and fluency skills of each student at the beginning of second grade. The passages used for the assessment ((procedures and each of the reading passages in the collection)) must meet the following criteria and be administered according to the publishers' guidelines:
(a) Provide a reliable and valid measure of a student's oral reading accuracy, comprehension, and fluency skills;
(b) Be able to be individually administered;
(c) Have been approved by ((a panel of)) nationally recognized professionals in the area of beginning reading, whose work has been published in peer-reviewed education research journals, and professionals in the area of measurement and assessment; and
(d) Assess student skills in recognition of letter sounds, phonemic awareness, word recognition, and reading connected text. Text used for the test of fluency, and comprehension, must be ordered in relation to difficulty.
(2) ((The superintendent of public instruction shall select reading passages for use by schools and school districts participating in pilot projects under RCW 28A.300.320 during the 1997-98 school year. The final collection must be selected by June 30, 1998. The superintendent of public instruction may add reading passages to the initial list if the passages are comparable in format to the initial passages approved by the expert panel in subsection (1) of this section.
(3))) The superintendent of public instruction ((shall develop a))may provide an estimated per-pupil cost for ((the)) assessments ((in the collection that details the costs for administering the assessments, booklets, scoring, and training required to reliably administer the test))aligned to the state learning standards. To the extent funds are appropriated, the superintendent of public instruction shall ((pay for the cost of administering and scoring the assessments, booklets or other assessment material, and training required to administer the test))provide districts with funds to purchase assessment materials and professional learning for educators needed to implement the district's reading assessment system.
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