HOUSE BILL 1231
State of Washington
2019 Regular Session
ByRepresentatives Griffey, Orwall, Irwin, Klippert, Kraft, MacEwen, Macri, Eslick, Caldier, Walen, Chambers, and Dent
Read first time 01/17/19.Referred to Committee on Public Safety.
AN ACT Relating to the statute of limitations for certain felony sex offenses; and reenacting and amending RCW 9A.04.080
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
and 2017 c 266 s 9, 2017 c 231 s 2, and 2017 c 125 s 1 are each reenacted and amended to read as follows:
(1) Prosecutions for criminal offenses shall not be commenced after the periods prescribed in this section.
(a) The following offenses may be prosecuted at any time after their commission:
(ii) Homicide by abuse;
(iii) Arson if a death results;
(iv) Vehicular homicide;
(v) Vehicular assault if a death results;
(vi) Hit-and-run injury-accident if a death results (RCW 46.52.020
(vii) Rape of a child in the first degree;
(viii) Child molestation in the first degree.
(b) Except as provided in (c) of this subsection, the following offenses shall not be prosecuted more than ten years after their commission:
(i) Any felony committed by a public officer if the commission is in connection with the duties of his or her office or constitutes a breach of his or her public duty or a violation of the oath of office;
(ii) Arson if no death results;
(iii)(A) Violations of RCW 9A.44.040
if the rape is reported to a law enforcement agency within one year of its commission.
(B) If a violation of RCW 9A.44.040
is not reported within one year, the rape may not be prosecuted more than three years after its commission;
(iv) Indecent liberties under RCW 9A.44.100
(v) Attempted murder; or
(c) A v
)) of the following statutes, when committed against a victim under the age of eighteen, may be prosecuted up to the victim's thirtieth birthday: RCW 9A.44.040
(rape in the first degree), 9A.44.050
(rape in the second degree), ((9A.44.073 (rape of a child in the first degree),
)) 9A.44.076 (rape of a child in the second degree), 9A.44.079
(rape of a child in the third degree), ((9A.44.083 (child molestation in the first degree),
)) 9A.44.086 (child molestation in the second degree), 9A.44.089
(child molestation in the third degree), 9A.44.100
(1)(b) (indecent liberties), 9A.64.020
(incest), or 9.68A.040
(sexual exploitation of a minor).
(d) A violation of any offense listed in this subsection (1)(d) may be prosecuted up to ten years after its commission or, if committed against a victim under the age of eighteen, up to the victim's thirtieth birthday, whichever is later:
(i) RCW 9.68A.100
(commercial sexual abuse of a minor);
(ii) RCW 9.68A.101
(promoting commercial sexual abuse of a minor); or
(iii) RCW 9.68A.102
(promoting travel for commercial sexual abuse of a minor).
(e) The following offenses shall not be prosecuted more than six years after their commission or their discovery, whichever occurs later:
(ii) Any felony violation of chapter 9A.83
(iii) Any felony violation of chapter 9.35
(iv) Theft in the first or second degree under chapter 9A.56
RCW when accomplished by color or aid of deception;
(v) Theft from a vulnerable adult under RCW 9A.56.400
(vi) Trafficking in stolen property in the first or second degree under chapter 9A.82
RCW in which the stolen property is a motor vehicle or major component part of a motor vehicle as defined in RCW 46.80.010
(f) The following offenses shall not be prosecuted more than five years after their commission: Any class C felony under chapter 74.09
, 82.36, or 82.38
(g) Bigamy shall not be prosecuted more than three years after the time specified in RCW 9A.64.010
(h) A violation of RCW 9A.56.030
must not be prosecuted more than three years after the discovery of the offense when the victim is a tax exempt corporation under 26 U.S.C. Sec. 501(c)(3).
(i) No other felony may be prosecuted more than three years after its commission; except that in a prosecution under RCW 9A.44.115
, if the person who was viewed, photographed, or filmed did not realize at the time that he or she was being viewed, photographed, or filmed, the prosecution must be commenced within two years of the time the person who was viewed or in the photograph or film first learns that he or she was viewed, photographed, or filmed.
(j) No gross misdemeanor may be prosecuted more than two years after its commission.
(k) No misdemeanor may be prosecuted more than one year after its commission.
(2) The periods of limitation prescribed in subsection (1) of this section do not run during any time when the person charged is not usually and publicly resident within this state.
(3) In any prosecution for a sex offense as defined in RCW 9.94A.030
, the periods of limitation prescribed in subsection (1) of this section run from the date of commission or one year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by deoxyribonucleic acid testing or by photograph as defined in RCW 9.68A.011
, whichever is later.
(4) If, before the end of a period of limitation prescribed in subsection (1) of this section, an indictment has been found or a complaint or an information has been filed, and the indictment, complaint, or information is set aside, then the period of limitation is extended by a period equal to the length of time from the finding or filing to the setting aside.
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