CERTIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT
ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE SENATE BILL 5330
Chapter 457, Laws of 2019
2019 REGULAR SESSION
SMALL FORESTLAND OWNERS--ANALYSIS
EFFECTIVE DATE: July 28, 2019
Passed by the Senate April 23, 2019
Yeas 47 Nays 0
President of the Senate
Passed by the House April 17, 2019
Yeas 98 Nays 0
Speaker of the House of Representatives
I, Brad Hendrickson, Secretary of the Senate of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE SENATE BILL 5330 as passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on the dates hereon set forth.
Approved May 21, 2019 2:25 PM
May 21, 2019
Governor of the State of Washington
Secretary of State
State of Washington
ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE SENATE BILL 5330
AS AMENDED BY THE HOUSE
Passed Legislature - 2019 Regular Session
State of Washington
2019 Regular Session
BySenate Agriculture, Water, Natural Resources & Parks (originally sponsored by Senators Braun, Van De Wege, Takko, Short, Becker, Rivers, Wagoner, and Warnick)
READ FIRST TIME 02/08/19.
AN ACT Relating to analyzing state regulatory impact on small forestland owners; creating new sections; and providing an expiration date.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. (1) Small forestland owners own and manage approximately three million two hundred thousand acres of Washington's forestlands and exert a tremendous influence on public resources, including fish bearing streams, water quality, air, wildlife habitat, and carbon sequestration.
(2) Adoption of the forests and fish report was made possible, in part, by the agreement of small forestland owners who supported the intent of the law despite significant economic impacts to some members of the small forestland owner community. Twenty years after the adoption of the forests and fish report, it is time to evaluate how the increased regulations have impacted small forestland owners and their land.
(3) When the forests and fish report was adopted, the legislature enacted RCW 76.13.100
"(1) The legislature finds that increasing regulatory requirements continue to diminish the economic viability of small forest landowners. The concerns set forth in RCW 77.85.180
about the importance of sustaining forestry as a viable land use are particularly applicable to small landowners because of the location of their holdings, the expected complexity of the regulatory requirements, and the need for significant technical expertise not readily available to small landowners. The further reduction in harvestable timber owned by small forest landowners as a result of the rules to be adopted under RCW 76.09.055
will further erode small landowners' economic viability and willingness or ability to keep the lands in forestry use and, therefore, reduce the amount of habitat available for salmon recovery and conservation of other aquatic resources, as defined in RCW 76.09.020
(2) The legislature finds that the concerns identified in subsection (1) of this section should be addressed by establishing within the department of natural resources a small forest landowner office that shall be a resource and focal point for small forest landowner concerns and policies. The legislature further finds that a forestry riparian easement program shall be established to acquire easements from small landowners along riparian and other areas of value to the state for protection of aquatic resources. The legislature further finds that small forest landowners should have the option of alternate management plans or alternate harvest restrictions on smaller harvest units that may have a relatively low impact on aquatic resources. The small forest landowner office should be responsible for assisting small landowners in the development and implementation of these plans or restrictions."
(4) The twentieth anniversary of the adoption of the forests and fish report into law presents an optimal time to review how the state's regulatory actions, intended to benefit both landowners and habitat, have affected small forestland owners. How have programs intended to make up for the disproportionate economic impact been implemented? What can the legislature do to keep small forestland owners on the landscape, so their land will be available for salmon habitat and water quality rather than converted?
(5)(a) The school of environmental and forest sciences within the college of the environment at the University of Washington must complete a trends analysis.
(b) The trends analysis must address, at a minimum, the following questions:
(i) Have the number of small forestland owners increased or decreased?
(ii)(A) Has the acreage held by small forestland owners increased or decreased?
(B) Of the land no longer owned by small forestland owners, what percentage was converted to nonforest use, became industrial forestland, trust land, or some other use?
(c)(i) The school of environmental and forest sciences at the University of Washington, using the data from the trends analysis and other pertinent information, must:
(A) Determine which factors contributed to small forestland owners selling their land;
(B) Recommend actions the legislature can take to help keep forestland working; and
(C) Assess the effectiveness and implementation of the programs created in RCW 76.13.100
(2) which described three programs to assist small forestland owners and mitigate the disproportionate economic impact. The assessment must include:
(I) Evaluating the effectiveness of the small forest landowner office: Does it have adequate resources and authority to successfully address landowner concerns? Has it received adequate funding to implement fully the duties as assigned through RCW 76.13.110
(II) Forest riparian easement program: Does the structure of the program adequately address economic impact to small forestland owners? Has funding kept up with need? Has the lack of funding resulted in the loss of riparian habitat?
(III) Have meaningful alternate management plans or alternate harvest restrictions been developed for smaller harvest units?
(IV) Has the family forest fish passage program addressed economic impact to landowners and fish passage barriers adequately?
(ii) Would meaningful alternate harvest restrictions reduce the financial burden on the forest riparian easement program?
(iii) How can the legislature incentivize small forestland owners to maintain their land as forestland?
(iv) Could a program be developed to facilitate small forestland owner's participation in carbon markets?
(6) The University of Washington may reach out to a broad variety of stakeholders for input.
(7) The policy analysis must use the trends analysis, the regulatory impact analysis, and other data to provide recommendations on ways the forest practices board and the legislature can provide more effective incentives to encourage continued management of nonindustrial forests for forestry uses, including traditional timber harvest uses, open space uses, or as part of developing carbon market schemes.
(8) The University of Washington must report the results of the trends analysis and policy analysis to the appropriate committees of the legislature and the forest practices board by November 1, 2020, with recommendations to improve mitigation measures for small forestland owners and improve retention of working forestland held by small forestland owners.
(9) This section expires December 31, 2020.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 2. If specific funding for the purposes of this act, referencing this act by bill or chapter number, is not provided by June 30, 2019, in the omnibus appropriations act, this act is null and void.
Passed by the Senate April 23, 2019.
Passed by the House April 17, 2019.
Approved by the Governor May 21, 2019.
Filed in Office of Secretary of State May 21, 2019.
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