Community Preservation and Development Authorities (CPDAs) are entities formed to restore or enhance the health, safety, and economic wellbeing of communities adversely impacted by the construction of, or ongoing operation of, multiple major public facilities, public works, and capital projects with significant public funding or other land use decisions.
A CPDA must have one or more of the following purposes:
Among its other duties, a CPDA has a duty to develop a strategic preservation and development plan to restore and promote the health, safety, and economic wellbeing of the impacted community and to restore and preserve its cultural and historical identity. The CPDA must establish funding mechanisms to support projects and programs identified and supported in the strategic plan such as grants and loans.
The CPDA must be managed by a board of directors consisting of members who: (1) own businesses or reside in the community; (2) are involved in arts and entertainment in the community; (3) have knowledge of the community's culture and history; (4) are involved in a nonprofit or public planning organization directly serving the community; and (5) are representatives of local legislative authorities and serve as ex officio members.
No board member may hold office for more than four years. The terms for the board of director positions must be staggered as follows:
The formation of a CPDA must be authorized by statute. There are currently two CPDAs that have been authorized: Pioneer Square-International District CPDA and Central District CPDA.
A CPDA is a public body corporate and politic and instrumentality of the State of Washington.
The terms of the members of the boards of directors for CPDAs are modified as follows:
(In support) This bill is technical, and it is a clean-up bill. There has been a request by the first CPDA, Historic South Downtown (HSD), which was established in 2007. The HSD has developed best practices for operating a CPDA. It has determined that the length of board of director terms should be extended. Board members find that their knowledge and ability to contribute becomes developed just as their terms expire. This bill extends those terms. Other issues relating to the status of CPDAs exist but relate to the fiscal committees.
The HSD was created in 2007 to mitigate the negative impacts of large-scale publicly funded facilities on Pioneer Square and Chinatown neighborhoods. Many people and businesses have been displaced by these projects. The neighborhoods bear the impacts of these projects while the benefits are enjoyed by those from outside the neighborhoods. The HSD has made a large difference in the community it serves. The HSD has always operated as a state entity and followed state agency rules. This bill addresses one needed change to the CPDA organizing legislation by lengthening the terms of board members. The HSD also needs clear status as a state agency so it can take advantage of state resources and tax exemptions. Taxing CPDA revenue would not add revenue to the state and would undercut the work of CPDAs. Community Preservation and Development Authorities want to continue assisting community during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The purpose of the Central District CPDA is to provide African Americans and other ethnic minorities' families and businesses the ability to continue to live and grow with dignity in the Central District. This purpose includes providing access to quality education, career opportunities, living wage jobs, and affordable housing. The Central District CPDA was created in 2019 to mitigate adverse effects of major public works and capital projects. Its mission is to drive economic empowerment of African American and underserved communities by providing a premier educational institution in the Seattle Vocational Institute. The lengthening of the board terms will add to sustainability and the ability to carry forward institutional knowledge. The Central District CPDA has an asset valued between $26 million and $50 million. This is a significant potential tax liability which will be paid with taxpayer money.