Electric-assisted bicycle, or e-bike, means a bicycle with two or three wheels, a saddle, fully operative pedals for human propulsion, and an electric motor. The motor must have a power output of no more than 750 watts and the electric-assisted bicycle must meet the requirements of one of the three following classifications:
Persons under the age of 16 may not operate a class 3 e-bike. There is no age limit for the operation of class 1 and 2 e-bikes.
There are various restrictions on where the different classes of e-bikes may be operated, for example, all classes of e-bikes may be operated on a fully controlled limited access highway and class 1 and 2 e-bikes may be used on a sidewalk. Class 3 e-bikes may not be used on a sidewalk unless there is no alternative to travel over a sidewalk as part of a bicycle or pedestrian path.
Generally, a person may not operate an e-bike on a trail that is designated as non-motorized and that has a natural surface, unless otherwise authorized by the state agency or local authority having jurisdiction over the trail.
State Lands. Currently, the Parks and Recreation Commission is managing the use of e-bikes as a bicycle. The Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Department of Natural Resources are managing e-bikes as motorized vehicles.
Local and state agencies with jurisdiction over a non-motorized, natural surface trail that is open to bicycles must allow the operation of a class 1 electric-assisted bicycles. However, a local or state agency having jurisdiction over the trail may close the trail to bicycles and electric-assisted bicycles, via an open public process, to protect wildlife or natural resources or to preserve public safety.
Local and state agencies with jurisdiction over a road that is limited to non-motorized access that allow bicycles, must allow class 1 and class 3 electric-assisted bicycles.