WSR 97-04-088

PERMANENT RULES

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

[Filed February 5, 1997, 11:12 a.m.]

Date of Adoption: January 24, 1997.

Purpose: The purpose is to establish a performance-based certification system for educators to prepare individuals to work effectively with students in the education system created by the Improvement of Student Achievement Act of 1993.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing chapters 180-75 and 180-79 WAC.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 28A.410.010.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 97-01-102 on December 18, 1996.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 105, amended 0, repealed 110.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 105, amended 0, repealed 110.

Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.

February 4, 1997

Larry Davis

Executive Director

Chapter 180-79A WAC


STANDARDS FOR TEACHER, ADMINISTRATOR, AND EDUCATIONAL STAFF ASSOCIATE CERTIFICATION

NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-003 Authority. The authority for this chapter is RCW 28A.410.010 which authorizes the state board of education to establish, publish, and enforce rules and regulations determining eligibility for the certification of personnel employed in the common schools of this state. This authority is supplemented by RCW 28A.305.130(5) which authorizes the state board of education to specify the types and kinds of certificates necessary for the several departments within the common schools. (Note: RCW 28A.195.010 (3)(a) requires most private school classroom teachers to hold appropriate state certification with few exceptions.)

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-005 Purpose. The purposes of this chapter are to establish the various certificates which must be held as a condition to employment in the Washington school system and establish the conditions and procedures governing issuance and retention of those and other certificates, including endorsements thereon.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-010 State board of education performance-based certification system. The state board of education establishes a performance-based certification system to be fully implemented for all candidates applying for certification after August 31, 2000. The performance-based certification system shall include the issuance of a residency certificate, a professional certificate, and other certificates which the state board of education may add in the future.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-012 Public policy purposes of state board of education performance-based certification system. The policy purposes of state board of education performance-based certification system are:

(1) To provide qualified educators for the emerging performance-based P-12 education system.

(2) To assure that practitioners are more directly involved in decisions related to professional practice.

(3) To recognize that there is a distinction between the level of competence of beginning educators and the competency of educators who have been able to demonstrate their competencies at a professional level.

(4) To assure that all educators demonstrate their competencies before attaining the status of a professional educator.

(5) To establish a certificate level that recognizes service at a high level of achievement.

(6) To assure that all residency educators have the support required to assist them through their induction.

(7) To assure each educator has a professional development plan.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-013 Knowledge and skill requirements of the performance-based certification system--Teachers. Each of the knowledge and skills required for the preparation and certification of teachers shall relate to one or more of the following three standards that all teachers will be required to demonstrate: Effective teaching, professional development, and leadership. The emphasis in the preservice preparation programs shall be on effective teaching; the emphasis in the program for the professional certificate shall be divided among each of the three categories; during the remainder of the teacher's career, the emphasis should be on professional development and leadership.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-015 Washington advisory council for professional certification standards--Purpose and selection. The state board of education shall establish, no later than December 31, 1997, Washington advisory councils for professional teaching standards for teachers, administrators, and educational staff associates. The purpose of the councils shall be to serve as working councils of the state board of education to advise the state board of education regarding the development and implementation of the certification system to be implemented in the year 2000.

(1) A majority of the advisory councils' members shall be practitioners in their respective roles.

(2) The state board of education shall solicit recommendations from the appropriate professional organizations for persons to serve on the councils.

(3) The board of education shall appoint council members on the basis of the recommendations received with consideration being given to educator roles, geographic distribution, gender, race, and ethnicity.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-020 Washington advisory council for professional teaching standards--Duties. (1) The Washington advisory council for professional teaching standards shall present recommendations to the state board of education in regard to the following:

(a) Establishing parameters for the development, monitoring, and evaluation of the field-tests of the professional certificate.

(b) Exploring the role of WACPTS in the alignment and review of the relationship between the standards for the residency certificate and the standards for the professional certificate.

(c) Exploring the role of WACPTS as an appeals board in certification matters.

(d) Monitoring and recommending revisions to the criteria for renewing the residency and professional certificate to ensure equity and fairness.

(2) In addition, WACPTS shall:

(a) Continue the discussion of the third level certificate; and

(b) Serve in a communications role regarding the performance-based certification system.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-022 Washington advisory councils for professional administrator standards and professional educational staff associates standards--Duties. The Washington advisory councils for professional administrator standards and for educational staff associate standards shall present recommendations to the state board of education no later than September 30, 2000, in regard to the following:

(1) Standards to be used to obtain the professional certificates;

(2) Standards for renewing the professional certificate;

(3) Standards for obtaining the professional career certificate; and

(4) The policies for implementing these standards.

In addition, the councils shall submit recommendations for the future composition, term of membership and responsibilities of the councils.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-025 Organization of chapter 180-79A WAC. In order for users of this chapter to easily identify which rules are applicable to the performance-based certification system and which rules are applicable to previous certification systems, the remainder of this chapter is organized as follows:

(1) WAC 180-79A-100 through 180-79A-399 are applicable to all certification systems.

(2) WAC 180-79A-400 through 180-79A-499 are applicable to certification systems preceding the performance-based system.

(3) WAC 180-79A-500 through 180-79A-599 are applicable to the performance-based certification system.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-101 Definitions. The following definitions shall apply to terms used in this chapter:

(1) The terms, "program approval," "endorsement," "interstate compact," "college or university," and "regionally accredited institution of higher education," as defined in WAC 180-78-010 and 180-78A-010 shall apply to the provisions of this chapter.

(2) "Certificate" means the license issued by the superintendent of public instruction to teachers, administrators, and educational staff associates verifying that the individual has met the requirements set forth in this chapter.

(3) "Certificate renewal" means the process whereby the validity of a certificate, subject to expiration, is extended or regained.

(4) "Classroom teaching" means instructing pupils in an instructional setting.

(5) "Approved baccalaureate degree" for the purpose of this chapter, means a baccalaureate from a regionally accredited college or university in any of the subject areas of the endorsement listed in WAC 180-79A-302. Such degrees shall require the completion of at least forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of course work in the subject area: Provided, That a candidate who holds a baccalaureate degree in another academic field will not be required to obtain a second baccalaureate degree if the candidate provides evidence to the superintendent of public instruction that he or she has completed the required forty-five quarter or thirty semester hours of course work in one of the subject areas of the endorsements listed in WAC 180-79A-302.

(6) "Approved master's degree" for the purpose of this chapter, means a master's or doctorate degree from a regionally accredited college or university.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-105 Equivalency of standards. Reasonable flexibility in interpretation of the requirements for certification may be applied consistent with the intent and spirit of the requirements of the appropriate chapter. For example, advanced degrees in the same or related fields may be substituted for required lesser degrees. An annual report of the use of this rule shall be submitted to the state board of education by the superintendent of public instruction.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-110 Denial of application for certification or endorsement by approved professional preparation training institutions. Any person whose application for certification or for an endorsement is denied by an institution of higher education within the state with an approved professional preparation program, after exhausting any appeal procedures established by such institution, may apply directly to the superintendent of public instruction for such certificate or endorsement.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-115 Validity date. The validity date of a certificate or permit shall be the actual date of issuance.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-117 Uniform expiration date. All certificates issued for one or more stated years shall expire on August 31 of the stated year and shall be calculated as follows:

(1) Certificates issued prior to October 1 of a calendar year shall have the expiration date of the certificate calculated on the basis such certificate was issued on September 1 of the same calendar year regardless of the date of issuance.

(2) Certificates issued October 1 or later in the calendar year, other than limited certificates issued pursuant to WAC 180-79A-230, shall have the expiration date of the certificate calculated on the basis such certificate was issued on September 1 of the next calendar year regardless of the date of issuance.

(3) All such certificates issued prior to the effective date of this section and scheduled to expire prior to August 31 of a given year, regardless of such stated expiration date, shall be valid until August 31 of the stated year of expiration.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-120 Certificate replacement. The superintendent of public instruction shall issue a replacement certificate to any person who files an application, pays the appropriate certification fee, and verifies by signature that the original certificate has been lost or destroyed or that a legal name change has occurred.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-122 Good moral character and personal fitness--Necessary supporting evidence by applicants. All applicants for certification shall submit the following:

(1) An affidavit from the applicant indicating that he or she has not been convicted of any crime or a complete disclosure of all arrests and subsequent dispositions of such arrests. In the event of a conviction for any arrest, the applicant shall state reasons why such conviction does not reflect adversely on the requirement to possess good moral character and be personally fit.

(2) An affidavit from the applicant that he or she has no history of serious behavioral problems or a complete disclosure of the nature and status of all such problems, including the names and addresses of health practitioners who have treated the applicant within the past ten years and an executed consent form permitting the superintendent of public instruction to contact and consult with such health practitioners and for such health practitioners to fully disclose medical information related to such behavioral problems.

(3) An affidavit from the dean of the college or school of education or one or more officials designated by such dean, or, if none, by the college or university president, where the applicant completed his or her approved preparation program, that indicates that a designated college or university official has contacted several faculty members who personally know or knew the applicant and has no knowledge of any relevant information related to the applicant's character or fitness that would adversely affect the applicant's ability to serve in a certificated role or a statement from such affiant of the reasons why it is not possible to make such an affidavit.

(4) Provided, That, if the affidavit described in subsection (3) of this section is impossible or impractical to obtain, the applicant shall submit to the superintendent of public instruction the following:

(a) A statement as to why it is impossible or impractical to secure the affidavit required by subsection (3) of this section;

(b) A complete employment history, including the names, addresses, and phone numbers of the immediate supervisor of such applicant when an employee; and

(c) The names, addresses, and phone numbers of three character references who are not related to the applicant.

(5) If the applicant holds or has held a professional certificate in any other state, such applicant shall prepare one of the following affidavits for each such state:

(a) An affidavit that such certificate has not been suspended, surrendered, or revoked. Such affidavit shall be forwarded to the licensing agency in such state with a request that such affidavit be verified and forwarded directly to the superintendent of public instruction.

(b) An affidavit which shall fully disclose the reasons for the suspension, surrender, or revocation of the certificate. Such affidavit shall be submitted directly to the superintendent of public instruction.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-125 Affidavits from applicants. An individual's application for certification shall be signed under oath that the statements therein are true and correct. The application if not notarized by a notary public must conform with the formalities prescribed in RCW 9A.72.085. In addition, the application shall state that any knowingly false statement therein is punishable under perjury laws of the state of Washington.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-126 Other affidavits from applicants and certificate holders. Whenever this chapter requires an applicant or certificate holder to file an affidavit, it shall be in the same form as required by WAC 180-79A-125.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-130 Fee for certification. (1) In accordance with provisions of RCW 28A.410.060 and 28A.415.010, the fee for certificates which are valid for more than one year, issued by authority of the state of Washington and authorizing the holder to serve in the common schools of the state, shall be as follows:

(a) The continuing certificate is seventy dollars;

(b) The reinstatement, additional endorsement on the teaching certificate, duplicate certificates, substitute certificates, and certificates issued for the purpose of showing a name change is fifteen dollars; and

(c) Any other certificate or credential or any renewal thereof shall be five dollars for each year of validity:

(d) Provided, That the fee for all vocational certificates shall be one dollar.

(2) The fee for any other certificate/credential, or for any renewal thereof, issued by the authority of the state of Washington and authorizing the holder to serve in the common schools of the state, shall be five dollars.

(3) Officials authorized to collect certification fees are educational service district superintendents, local school district superintendents, deans and directors of education at colleges and universities, or their designees. The fee must accompany the application for a certificate and shall be transmitted by the receiving district, college or university, or program unit designee at least quarterly to the educational service district within which the application is filed for disposition in accordance with provisions of RCW 28A.410.060. The fee shall not be refunded unless the application is withdrawn before it is finally considered (i.e., the issuance of a certificate or a written communication denying such issuance) by the superintendent of public instruction or his or her designee. Fees not refunded shall apply as credit toward certificate fees if such applicant reapplies within twenty-four months of the date of denial. Moneys accrued from certification fees within the boundaries of an educational service district shall be divided in the following manner:

(a) Local school districts employing more than one hundred teachers and other professional staff and collecting certification fees may retain one dollar of each fee in order to hold a professional training institute. If such district does not hold an institute, all such moneys shall be placed to the credit of the educational service district.

(b) No less than fifty percent of the funds accruing within the boundaries of an educational service district shall be used to support program activities related to state-wide precertification professional preparation and evaluation.

(c) The remaining funds shall be used to support professional in-service training programs and evaluations thereof.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-131 Use of fee for certification. (1) Certification fees will be used solely for precertification preparation, professional in-service training programs, teachers' institutes and/or workshops, and evaluations thereof in accordance with this chapter.

(2) Precertification preparation:

(a) A subcommittee of the state professional education advisory committee as established in WAC 180-78-015 and 180-78A-015 shall assist the superintendent of public instruction in administration of precertification program funds by annually establishing priorities and procedures for distribution of funds available for precertification activities. The primary utilization shall be to support collaborative efforts essential to program development, program evaluation, and assessment of candidates' entry and exit competency.

(b) Funds set aside for precertification shall not supplant funds already available to any participating agency.

(c) A single educational service district shall be designated to administer the funds allocated for precertification programs. The designated educational service district shall be permitted to retain a percentage of the precertification fees at a rate to be negotiated by the superintendent of public instruction and the educational service district for costs related to administering these funds.

(d) Each quarter every educational service district shall forward the moneys designated for precertification programs to the educational service district designated to administer such programs.

(3) Professional in-service training programs and teachers' institutes and/or workshops:

(a) Each educational service district, or cooperative thereof as specified in (d) of this subsection, shall establish an in-service committee composed of an educational service district representative; at least one district superintendent; one principal; one educational staff associate; one elementary, one junior high and one senior high teacher; one representative from the elementary or secondary level of private schools within the educational service district; and one representative selected by the chief administrative officer responsible for professional education from a college/university having a state board of education approved teacher education program. Teacher representatives shall be selected by agreement among the presidents of the local education associations within the respective educational service district or cooperative thereof.

(b) The educational service district representative shall serve as chairperson of the in-service committee and provide liaison with the superintendent of public instruction and the state board of education.

(c) The in-service committee will be responsible for coordinating in-service/staff development model programs within the educational service district and shall submit to the superintendent of public instruction and the state board of education a plan for soliciting and selecting model programs which shall include procedures for conducting needs assessments, determining priorities and carrying out program evaluation.

(d) Cooperative agreements may be made among educational service districts to provide quality in-service education programs.

(e) Funds designated for in-service programs shall not supplant funds already available for such programs.

(4) Allowable expenditures. Funds may be used to support costs related to training, such as the payment of professional contractual services, per diem, travel costs, materials, printing, or released time. Nonallowable costs are college/university tuition and fees.

(5) Annual reporting. The superintendent of public instruction shall prepare and present to the state board of education an annual report concerning the use of certification fees for precertification and in-service activities.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-140 Types of certificates. Four types of certificates shall be issued:

(1) Teacher. The teacher certificate, including teacher exchange permits as provided in WAC 180-79A-220, authorizes service as a classroom teacher.

(2) Vocational. The vocational certificate authorizes service in vocational programs in accordance with the provisions of chapter 180-77 WAC.

(3) Administrator.

(a) The administrator certificate for principal authorizes services as a building administrator or vice-principal. The initial principal certificate shall indicate one of the following grade levels, preschool-9, 4-12, or preschool-12, based on recommendations from the college or university in which the candidate completed an approved preparation program.

(b) The administrator certificates for superintendent or program administrator will be issued to persons who meet state board of education certification standards for service in the roles of superintendent or program administrator.

(4) Educational staff associate. The educational staff associate certificate authorizes service in the roles of school speech pathologists or audiologists, school counselors, school nurses, school occupational therapists, school physical therapists, school psychologists, and school social workers: Provided, That nothing within chapter 180-79A WAC authorizes professional practice by an educational staff associate which is otherwise prohibited or restricted by any other law, including licensure statutes and rules and regulations promulgated by the appropriate licensure board or agency.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-150 General requirements--Teachers, administrators, educational staff associates. The following requirements are to be met by candidates for certification as teachers including vocational teachers, administrators, or educational staff associates:

(1) Age. No person who is less than eighteen years of age shall receive a certificate to serve in the public or nonpublic schools of Washington state.

(2) Character. Applicants for certificates in Washington state who are not holders of a valid Washington state teacher's, administrator's, educational staff associate's, or vocational certificate must give evidence of good moral character and personal fitness as specified in WAC 180-79A-122 and must complete a record check through the Washington state patrol criminal identification system and through the Federal Bureau of Investigation at the applicant's expense as required by RCW 28A.410.010; such record check shall include a fingerprint check using a Washington state patrol approved fingerprint card: Provided, That the superintendent of public instruction may waive the record check for an applicant who has had a record check within the two years prior to application.

(3) Degrees and course work. A candidate for certification shall hold appropriate degrees, licenses, and additional course work as prescribed in chapters 180-79A and 180-77 WAC or have qualified under WAC 180-79A-205.

(4) Approved preparation program. Applicants for certification as teachers, administrators, school counselors, school psychologists and school social workers, except as otherwise provided in WAC 180-79A-205, 180-79A-230, 180-79A-236, and 180-79A-241 and in chapter 180-77 WAC, in order to be certified within the state of Washington shall have completed a state approved college/university preparation program in the professional field for which certification is to be issued. In addition, candidates for principal's certificates must hold a valid teacher's certificate, excluding certificates issued under WAC 180-79A-230, 180-79A-236, or 180-79A-241 or chapter 180-77 WAC, or comparable out-of-state certificates. Candidates for superintendent's certificates must hold a valid teacher, educational staff associate, or program administrator certificate; excluding certificates issued under WAC 180-79A-230, 180-79A-236, or 180-79A-241 or chapter 180-77 WAC, or comparable out-of-state certificates.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-160 Certificates--Previous standards. (1) Certificates issued under previous standards which were issued for a specific term shall continue to be effective for that term.

(2) Certificates issued under previous standards which were issued for an indefinite period shall continue to be in effect.

(3) All persons who hold any standard teacher, administrator, or specialized personnel certificate issued under previous standards of the state board of education shall be issued a continuing certificate at such time as it is necessary for them to reissue a standard certificate or on application and payment of the fee as specified in WAC 180-79A-130.

(4) Any person who holds a provisional principal's or provisional superintendent's certificate under previous standards of the state board of education shall be issued upon application, including payment of applicable fees, continuing administrative for the appropriate role and such certificates shall be subject to the continuing education requirements of chapter 180-85 WAC.

(5) Any person holding a provisional certificate as a school nurse under provisions of chapter 180-84 WAC shall be granted a continuing certificate.

(6) All persons who hold a valid initial certificate granted under previous standards of the state board of education shall be authorized to meet requirements for continuing certification as set forth in the relevant previous standards except as noted below in subsection (7) of this section.

(7) Any person with a valid initial teacher's certificate granted under previous standards of the state board of education may renew that certificate once after August 31, 2000. The individual shall meet requirements for and apply for the continuing certificate by the expiration date on the renewed certificate or meet requirements for the residency certificate for further certification.

(8) Any person whose certificate, subject to expiration and issued under previous standards, has expired shall apply, except as noted under this section, for a new certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-161.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-161 Application for certification. An individual who applies for a Washington state certificate, unless seeking reinstatement pursuant to WAC 180-79A-170 or renewal pursuant to WAC 180-79A-165, or unless otherwise stipulated by the provisions of WAC 180-79A-160 must meet the requirements in effect at the time of application.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-165 Renewal of certificate. A holder of a certificate subject to expiration may renew such certificate subject to the rules in effect at the time of such renewal, unless otherwise stipulated by the provisions of WAC 180-79-160.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-170 Reinstatement of certificates. Only a continuing certificate may be reinstated. A holder of a lapsed, surrendered, or revoked continuing professional certificate at the time of application for reinstatement of such certificate must submit the following:

(1) Character evidence as required by WAC 180-79A-150(2) for candidates for certification.

(2) In accordance with RCW 28A.410.110, a revoked certificate may not be reinstated within one calendar year from the date of revocation.

(3) Provided, That no certificate may be reinstated if more than five calendar years has passed since the date of lapsing, surrender, or revocation; however, such applicants may apply pursuant to WAC 180-79A-161 for a new certificate under requirements in effect at the time of application.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-200 Certification of out-of-state trained educational personnel--Interstate educational personnel contracts. The superintendent of public instruction is authorized to enter into interstate educational personnel contracts with states party to the interstate agreement on qualifications of educational personnel in accordance with provisions of RCW 28A.690.010 and 28A.690.020 which authorize on an interstate basis Washington state certification of persons of other states having preparation and qualifications comparable even though not identical to Washington state board of education standards.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-205 Out-of-state candidates. Candidates for certification from other states shall be eligible for Washington certificates as follows:

(1) Initial and residency certificates. The initial certificate (residency certificate after August 31, 2000,) shall be issued by the superintendent of public instruction to any candidate who meets one of the following:

(a) Qualifies under provisions of the interstate compact.

(b) Holds the appropriate degree and, if applicable, credit hours and/or licensing as set forth in this chapter and has completed a state approved preparation program at a regionally accredited college or university in the professional field for which the certificate is to be issued and such additional professional fields as required by WAC 180-79A-150(4).

(c) Holds an appropriate degree from a regionally accredited college or university and also holds or has held an appropriate certificate issued by another state and has practiced at the P-12 level in that respective role outside the state of Washington for three years.

(d) Holds an appropriate degree from a regionally accredited college or university and has practiced three years as an educational staff associate in that role in a state where such certificate was not required.

(2) Continuing certificate. The continuing certificate shall be issued through August 31, 2000, on verification that the candidate has met all requirements for initial and continuing certification in the state of Washington.

(3) Professional certificate. After August 31, 2000, the professional certificate shall be issued to out-of-state candidates only if one of the following conditions is met:

(a) The candidate has completed an advanced level certification procedure approved by the state board of education as equivalent to the approved program procedure required in Washington; or

(b) An approved professional certificate program verifies that the candidate has met all the requirements of that institution's approved program. The college/university shall evaluate the candidate's background to determine whether or not course work or certification activities are equivalent to that college/university's approved program.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-210 Establishing equivalency for course work, degrees and programs completed in countries outside the United States. Certification candidates who have completed degree and/or approved professional preparation programs in a country other than the United States may be required to submit:

(1) A statement of degree equivalency for the appropriate degree from a foreign credentials' evaluation agency approved by the office of the superintendent of public instruction.

(2) A statement from an official of the college or university where the certification program was completed, indicating completion of the program and approval of the program by the agency governing certification in that country.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-215 Endorsements on teacher certificates for out-of-state candidates. Washington shall issue endorsements, where comparable endorsements exist, to candidates on the basis of endorsements awarded by other states: Provided, That in those subject areas where minimum credits are required for funding purposes, that number of credits shall be required to obtain the endorsement in these subject areas, e.g., special education, vocational education and traffic safety.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-220 Teacher and principal exchange permits. Teacher and principal exchange permits may be issued by the superintendent of public instruction to an individual admitted to the United States for the purpose of serving as an exchange teacher or principal. Such teacher or principal exchange permits shall be valid for one year and may be renewed once.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-225 Temporary permits. Temporary permits may be issued by the superintendent of public instruction and designated agents under the following conditions:

(1) Temporary permits may be issued under this section to those persons who have filed an application for a certificate; who, based on available documentation, including affidavits or other evidence that appears reliable which substantiates the existence of missing documentation, appear to have completed all requirements for certification; and who do not disclose any information which indicates that such applicant fails to meet the character requirement of WAC 180-79A-150(2).

(2) An individual may apply for a permit directly to the superintendent of public instruction or designated agents--i.e., educational service districts or Washington state institutions of higher education.

(3) A permit entitles the holder to serve as a teacher, educational staff associate or administrator consistent with the endorsement(s) on his/her permit.

(4) A permit is valid for one hundred eighty consecutive calendar days unless prior to the expiration date the superintendent of public instruction determines the applicant is ineligible to receive a valid certificate or endorsement. In such cases, the temporary permit shall expire on the date notice of cancellation is received by the applicant and/or the employer.

(5) The temporary permit may be reissued only upon demonstration that the applicant has made a good faith effort to secure the missing documentation.

(6) Issuing authority. The superintendent of public instruction either directly or through a designated agent shall issue all permits and shall provide institutions of higher education and educational service districts with forms and instructions relevant to application for a permit.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-230 Limited certificates. Notwithstanding other requirements prescribed in this chapter for eligibility for certification in the state of Washington, the following certificates shall be issued under specific circumstances set forth below for limited service:

(1) Conditional certificate.

(a) Such certificates are issued upon application by the local school district, approved private school, or educational service district superintendent to persons:

(i) Who meet the age, good moral character, and personal fitness requirements of WAC 180-79A-150 (1) and (2); and

(ii) Who are highly qualified and experienced in subject matter to be taught in the common or nonpublic schools; or

(iii) Who qualify to instruct in the traffic safety program as paraprofessionals pursuant to WAC 392-153-020 (2) and (3); or

(iv) Who are assigned instructional responsibility for intramural/interscholastic activities which are part of the district or approved private school approved program; or

(v) Who possess a state of Washington license for a registered nurse: Provided, That the district will be responsible for orienting and preparing individuals for their assignment as described in (c)(ii) of this subsection; or

(vi) Who have completed a baccalaureate degree level school speech pathologist or audiologist certification preparation program, who were eligible for certification at the time of program completion and who have served in the role for three of the last seven years.

(b) The educational service district or local district superintendent or administrator of an approved private school will verify that the following criteria have been met when requesting the conditional certificate:

(i) No person with regular certification in the field is available as verified by the district or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator;

(ii) The district or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator will indicate the basis on which he/she has determined that the individual is competent for the assignment;

(iii) The individual is being certificated for a limited assignment and responsibility in a specified activity/field.

(c) When requesting the conditional certificate for persons who are highly qualified and experienced in fields of knowledge to be taught in the common or nonpublic schools, the educational service district superintendent or local district superintendent or approved private school administrator will verify that the following additional criteria will be met:

(i) The individual will be delegated primary responsibility for planning, conducting, and evaluating instructional activities with the direct assistance of a school district or approved private school mentor and will not be serving in a paraprofessional role which would not require certification;

(ii) Personnel so certificated will be oriented and prepared for the specific assignment by the employing district or approved private school. A written plan of assistance will be developed, in cooperation with the person to be employed within twenty working days from the commencement of the assignment. In addition, prior to service the person will be apprised of any legal liability, the responsibilities of a professional educator, the lines of authority, and the duration of the assignment;

(iii) Within the first sixty working days, personnel so certificated will complete sixty clock hours (six quarter hours or four semester hours) of course work in pedagogy and child/adolescent development appropriate to the assigned grade level(s) as approved by the employing school district or approved private school.

(d) The certificate is valid for two years or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate, and only for the activity specified. The certificate may be reissued for two years and for two-year intervals thereafter upon completion of sixty clock hours (six quarter hours or four semester hours) of course work since the issuance of the most recent certificate as approved by the employing school district or approved private school.

(2) Substitute certificate.

(a) The substitute certificate entitles the holder to act as substitute during the absence of the regularly certificated staff member for a period not to exceed thirty consecutive school days during the school year in any one assignment. This certificate may be issued to:

(i) Teachers, educational staff associates or administrators whose state of regular Washington certificates have expired; or

(ii) Persons who have completed state approved preparation programs and baccalaureate degrees at regionally accredited colleges and universities for certificates.

(b) The substitute certificate is valid for life:

(c) Provided, That if the district or approved private school has exhausted or reasonably anticipates it will exhaust its list of qualified substitutes who are willing to serve as substitutes, the superintendent of public instruction may issue emergency substitute certificates to persons not fully qualified under this subsection for use in a particular school district or approved private school once the list of otherwise qualified substitutes has been exhausted. Such emergency substitute certificates shall be valid for three years or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate.

(3) Emergency certification.

(a) Emergency certification for specific positions may be issued upon the recommendation of school district and educational service district superintendents or approved private school administrators to persons who hold the appropriate degree and have substantially completed a program of preparation in accordance with Washington requirements for certification: Provided, That a qualified person who holds regular certification is not available or that the position is essential and circumstances warrant consideration of issuance of an emergency certificate: Provided further, That a candidate for emergency certification as a school counselor, school psychologist, or social worker shall be the best qualified of the candidates for the position as verified by the employing school district and shall have completed all course work for the required master's degree with the exception of the internship: Provided further, That a candidate for emergency certification as a school psychologist shall be enrolled in an approved school psychologist preparation program and shall be participating in the required internship.

(b) The emergency certificate is valid for one year or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate.

(4) Nonimmigrant alien exchange teacher. Applicants for certification as a nonimmigrant alien exchange teacher must qualify pursuant to WAC 180-79A-220 and be eligible to serve as a teacher in the elementary or secondary schools of the country of residence.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-236 Instructional specialist certificate. In order to provide opportunities for persons of unusual distinction or exceptional talent to teach in Washington, the state board of education establishes the instructional specialist certificate that shall be issued under the specific circumstances set forth below:

Instructional specialist certificate.

(1) Such certificates are issued upon application by the local school district or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator for a limited assignment and responsibility in a specified activity/field to persons:

(a) Who have unusual distinction or exceptional talent which is able to be demonstrated through public records of accomplishments and/or awards;

(b) Whose records of accomplishments or awards are documented by the local school district or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator who has requested such a certificate;

(c) Who meets the age, good moral character, and personal fitness requirements of WAC 180-79A-150 (1) and (2).

(2) Individuals who meet the following conditions may apply directly to the state board of education:

(a) They intend to teach in more than one school district or approved private school on an occasional or part-time basis;

(b) They provide documentation that there is widespread recognition at the state and/or national level of their unusual distinction or exceptional talent; and

(c) They meet the age, good moral character, and personal fitness requirements of WAC 180-79A-150 (1) and (2).

(3) Such certification applications will be reviewed by the office of the superintendent of public instruction and approved by the state board of education before issuance of the certificate.

(4) The hiring school districts or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator will establish the following conditions for employment:

(a) The individual will be delegated primary responsibility for planning, conducting, and evaluating instructional activities with the direct assistance of a school district or approved private school mentor and will not be serving in a paraprofessional role which would not require certification;

(b) Personnel so certificated will be oriented and prepared for the specific assignment by the employing district or approved private school. A written plan of assistance will be developed, in cooperation with the person to be employed within twenty working days from the commencement of the assignment. In addition, prior to teaching the person will be apprised of any legal liability, the responsibilities of a professional educator, the lines of authority, and the duration of the assignment;

(c) Within the first sixty working days of employment, personnel so certificated will complete sixty clock hours (six quarter hours or four semester hours) of study in pedagogy and/or child/adolescent development appropriate to the assigned grade level(s) as approved by the employing school district or approved private school.

(5) The certificate is valid for two years or less and only for the activity specified. The certificate may be reissued for two years and for two-year intervals thereafter only upon application to and approval by the state board of education. Such application shall include recommendations from all employing school districts or approved private schools, describing the extent to which the person was successful in his or her teaching assignment.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-241 Internship certificate. In order to broaden the base of persons eligible to pursue teaching careers, the state board of education establishes a teaching internship certificate pilot project under the specific circumstances set forth below:

Internship certificate.

(1) Candidates shall be eligible for internship certificates which allow the holder full authority to serve as a part-time or full-time teacher and will be subject to the local school district's or approved private school's evaluation procedures under the following conditions:

(a) Persons must possess a master's degree and have a minimum of forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) in an endorsement area or in a directly related area of study; or a bachelor's degree with a minimum of forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) in an endorsement area or in a directly related area of study and at least five years of relevant work experience, subsequent to the bachelor's degree, as determined by the college or university;

(b) Candidates must be admitted to an approved Washington state college or university teacher education program, and hold a contract for employment as a teacher in a participating school district or approved private school or be given written notice of other program or placement options if the candidate does not hold a contract. Candidates would be eligible for the internship certificate only upon completion of the college or university course work, as specified in subsection (2)(d) of this section, and employment in a participating school district or approved private school;

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions above or other provisions in this section, in order to conduct a field test of an alternative model for the internship certificate, Teach for America resident teachers participating in a professional teaching residency shall be eligible for internship certificates for the two years of their residency program if they are employed by the Seattle School District.

The internship certificate shall be issued for up to two years. The internship certificates shall be endorsed on the basis of the academic requirements in WAC 180-79A-304. If a resident teacher does not continue in the program for the full two years, the certificate shall become invalid when the resident teacher leaves the program.

Prior to teaching under the internship certificate, the resident teacher shall have studied issues of abuse, child or adolescent psychology, classroom management, methods of instruction in the appropriate endorsement area, the legal responsibilities of the professional educator, reading in the content area, and the safety and supervision of children.

If a resident teacher has not completed such study in the summer training program, the Seattle School District shall be responsible for assuring that each resident teacher has completed the required study prior to teaching. The resident teacher shall continue study throughout the two years in appropriate workshops or courses as determined by the Seattle School District and Teach for America.

The resident teacher shall receive on-site assistance throughout the two years.

The assessment of the professional teaching residency field test will focus specifically on the effective recruitment of outstanding individuals (especially minority candidates), the performance-based assessment process, and the teaching effectiveness demonstrated by the resident teachers who complete the program.

At the completion of their two-year internships, resident teachers shall be eligible for the initial certificate upon recommendation by the Seattle School District and by a review board of experienced educators. The authorization for the Teach for America field test extends from the 1994-95 school year through the 1998-99 school year.

An advisory board shall be established by Teach for America and the Seattle School District to assure the active involvement of interested persons, including teachers, principals, representatives of higher education, administrators, and parents in the ongoing review of the professional teaching residency program in order:

(i) To assure that the program is consistent with Seattle School District goals and priorities; and

(ii) To provide ongoing feedback to Teach for America and the Seattle School District.

An evaluation of the program shall be completed prior to the close of the first school year by a professional education advisory committee subcommittee, which shall include a site visit to the Seattle School District and the collection of data from the resident teachers and other parties, including, but not limited to, relevant students, teachers, principals, administrators, and parents. Findings from the evaluations shall be reviewed by the professional education advisory committee. Recommendations for continuation, revisions, or discontinuation of the professional teaching residency program shall be submitted by the professional education advisory committee to the state board of education. On the basis of the evaluation, the state board of education may rescind the authorization for any additional recruitment of resident teachers prior to the beginning of the next school year.

Prior to September 1, 1998, the professional education advisory committee shall review the evaluations of the teaching residency program and make recommendations to the state board on its future status.

(2) The college or university approved internship program shall be designed as follows:

(a) Students shall proceed through the program as a cohort group;

(b) The program shall be a minimum of forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of upper division and/or graduate study and must meet the state board of education standards for approved programs;

(c) The program shall provide the intern a minimum of fifteen quarter hours (ten semester hours) of study prior to the beginning of the school year, five quarter hours (three semester hours) for each quarter/semester of the school year and fifteen quarter hours (ten semester hours) in the summer following the first year of teaching;

(d) Prior to beginning teaching, the candidate must complete a minimum of fifteen quarter hours (ten semester hours) of course work in pedagogy including but not limited to: Child or adolescent psychology, classroom management, methods instruction in the appropriate endorsement area, the legal responsibilities of the professional educator, reading in a content area, and the safety and supervision of children (the course work must include forty hours of observation of school students in learning situations);

(e) During each quarter/semester the interns shall participate in a college/university three hour seminar weekly in order to provide the interns with peer interaction and assistance on issues associated with their teaching experiences;

(f) The college/university shall assign a college supervisor to work with each intern;

(g) The school district or approved private school shall assign a staff member to serve as a mentor (who shall be selected using the criteria established for the teacher assistance program) for each intern;

(h) The school district or approved private school and the college/university shall specify in detail the resources they will provide and the procedures they will follow to assure that the intern is qualified to assume full-time responsibility when placed in the classroom as a teacher;

(i) The year of internship teaching shall be deemed comparable to the state board of education student teaching requirement, provided, the college/university evaluates the intern's teaching as satisfactory. The local school district or approved private school evaluation of the intern shall be shared with the college/university in making its decision;

(j) The internship certificate shall be issued for one year and may be renewed only once for one additional year to persons who for good cause were unable to complete the program upon recommendation by the college or university where the person is enrolled in the teacher education program.

(3) At least one college/university and one school district or approved private school that meet the following criteria shall be approved by the state board of education to conduct this pilot program:

(a) Colleges and universities and school districts or approved private schools wishing to participate in this program must submit joint proposals to the state board of education for its consideration, provided, one college/university may have joint agreements with more than one school district or approved private school and may include within such agreements a cooperative arrangement with an educational service district.

(b) Colleges/universities and school districts or approved private schools shall submit a detailed description of the program based on the requirements in subsection (2) of this section, provided, the state board of education will consider modifications to the requirements if the proposal indicates how the intent of the program can be met in a different curricular design.

(4) The internship teaching program shall be reviewed annually by the respective professional education advisory board and evaluated by the professional education advisory committee during its third year of operation. After receiving the recommendation from the professional education advisory committee, the state board of education shall determine whether or not or under what circumstances the pilot project shall be continued.

(5) The pilot project shall terminate on August 31, 1999, with the exception of the field test described in subsection (1)(c) of this section unless the state board of education extends or revises the existing program.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-300 Certificate endorsement. Teacher certificates shall be endorsed as follows:

(1) Teacher certificates shall specify endorsements in subject area(s) and grade level(s).

(2) In order to change or add an endorsement to any teaching certificate, the candidate must complete an application, pay the certification fee specified in WAC 180-79A-130, and submit verification of completion of the necessary requirements specified in this chapter.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-302 Authorized endorsement for teachers. Endorsements for grade levels, and subject areas within such grade levels, for certificated teachers shall be limited to the following:

(1) Preschool through grade three endorsements shall be granted in the subject area of:

(a) Early childhood special education;

(b) Early childhood education.

(2) Grade kindergarten through grade eight endorsements shall be granted in the subject area of elementary education which shall include all subject areas taught in such grades.

(3) Grade kindergarten through grade twelve endorsements shall be granted in:

(a) Art;

(b) Music (broad subject area endorsement) and the specialized subject areas of:

(i) Choral music;

(ii) Instrumental music;

(c) Physical education;

(d) Reading;

(e) Designated foreign language;

(f) Special education;

(g) Learning resources;

(h) English as a second language;

(i) Bilingual education.

(4) Grade four through grade twelve endorsements shall be granted in:

(a) English/language arts (broad subject area endorsement) and the specialized English/language arts subject areas of:

(i) Drama;

(ii) English;

(iii) Journalism;

(iv) Speech.

(b) Science (broad subject area endorsement) and the specialized science subject areas of:

(i) Biology;

(ii) Chemistry;

(iii) Earth science;

(iv) Physics.

(c) Social studies (broad subject area endorsement) and the specialized social studies subject areas of:

(i) Anthropology;

(ii) Economics;

(iii) Geography;

(iv) History;

(v) Political science;

(vi) Psychology;

(vii) Sociology.

(d) The specialized subject areas of:

(i) Comparative religion;

(ii) Instructional technology (formerly computer science);

(iii) Health;

(iv) Technology education (formerly industrial arts);

(v) Mathematics;

(vi) Philosophy.

(e) The vocational areas of:

(i) Agriculture education;

(ii) Business education;

(iii) Family and consumer sciences education;

(iv) Marketing education.

(5) Traffic safety endorsements may be noted on certificates issued under this chapter if the candidate meets the requirements of the regulations promulgated by the superintendent of public instruction pursuant to RCW 28A.220.020(3).

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-304 Minimum preparation for endorsements for teachers. Endorsements granted teachers shall comply with the following:

(1) Endorsements--with the exception of the broad subject area endorsements of English/language arts, music, science, and social studies, and the areas of agriculture education, business education, family and consumer sciences education, marketing education, and technology education which shall require the satisfactory completion of a minimum of forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of course work--shall require the satisfactory completion of a minimum of twenty-four quarter hours (sixteen semester hours) of course work in the subject area in a regionally accredited institution of higher education or in a college or university with a professional preparation program approved by the state board of education pursuant to chapter 180-79A WAC.

(2) Reasonable flexibility shall be permitted in establishing equivalencies for specified subject area course work. The test for substitution of an equivalent course for a stated subject area course is a factual determination that the subject matter content of the equivalent course, or combination of courses, substantially complies with the generally recognized course content of the subject area course.

(3) Course work used to meet endorsement requirements must be completed through a regionally accredited college/university and may not include student teaching credits.

(4) Only course work in which an individual received a grade of C (2.0) or higher or a grade of pass on a pass-fail system of grading shall be counted toward the required minimum number of credit hours as defined in WAC 180-79A-304.

(5) When existing requirements regarding the number of credit hours, the titles for endorsements, and/or the essential areas of study are revised by the state board of education for any endorsement area, the candidate may, until the first day of September following two calendar years from the effective date of the rule change, obtain the endorsement by completing either the previous or the revised requirements. Following the September first date established above, all candidates shall meet the revised requirements to obtain an endorsement.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-306 Subject area endorsement recommendations by colleges and universities. Applicants for subject area endorsements may apply directly to a Washington college or university with an approved preparation program in the particular subject area. Only applicants who have provided sufficient evidence of completion of the required course work and the essential areas of study for the particular subject area endorsement or who have passed written examinations pursuant to WAC 180-79A-308 shall be recommended, by the college or university, to the superintendent of public instruction for an endorsement in such subject area: Provided, That nothing within this chapter precludes a college or university from adopting additional requirements as conditions for recommendation, by such college or university, to the superintendent of public instruction for a particular subject area endorsement.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-308 Endorsement by examination. In lieu of completing the required number of credit hours and the essential areas of study, or any portion of such requirements, individuals may add endorsements to an initial or continuing teaching certificate by examination in one of the following ways:

(1) An individual may add an endorsement to a teaching certificate by obtaining a score of not less than one-half standard deviation below the mean on a graduate record examination in the subject matter area for which endorsement is sought.

(2) Washington colleges and universities with an approved preparation program for teachers may waive all or any portion of the requirement for a particular endorsement and recommend the candidate to the superintendent of public instruction for the particular endorsement if the following conditions are met:

(a) The candidate is required to demonstrate subject matter competency for all or a portion of the requirement waived through passage of one or more written examinations.

(b) In the case of waiver of an essential area of study, a faculty member regularly responsible for teaching a course which covers that essential area of study must attest to the fact that the proposed examination is of sufficient scope and depth to evaluate the candidate's knowledge of the essential area of study.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-310 Subject area endorsements through SPI. Applicants for subject area endorsements may apply directly to the superintendent of public instruction for a particular subject area endorsement. The application for a particular subject area endorsement shall include the following:

(1) A list of the essential areas of study for a particular subject area endorsement.

(2) Space for the applicant to document the college or university credit hours and/or approved in-service education programs which meet the credit hour requirements in the essential area of study.

(3) Space for the applicant to list all college or university credit hours and approved in-service education programs which are applicable to the minimum credit hour requirements and to indicate which type of evidence--i.e., college transcripts, in-service records, or other reliable documentation--will be forwarded to the superintendent of public instruction.

(4) An affidavit to be signed by the applicant that the information submitted is accurate.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-311 Specialty areas of study. (1) Specialty areas of study in middle grades, gifted, and at-risk students shall be recognized by the state board of education on the basis of the following:

(a) Completion of twelve quarter hours (eight semester hours) of academic study from a regionally accredited college or university directly addressing knowledge and skills relevant to the respective specialty area as recommended by the respective college/university PEAB; and

(b) Recommendation of the individual by the college/university that has offered the specialty area of study.

(2) Specialty areas of study are not endorsements and shall have no bearing on assignment policies as outlined in chapter 180-16 WAC.

(3) The recognition of specialty areas of study shall in no way impact the requirements for obtaining or maintaining an initial or continuing certificate.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-312 Award of college or university credit hours for experience. College and/or university credit hours awarded by accredited institutions of higher education for knowledge acquired in occupational or other experiences shall be recognized as meeting the minimum course work credit hours and/or the essential areas of study for a particular subject area endorsement if the college or university notes on its issued transcript that credit hours have been awarded for specific courses offered by such college or university.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-315 In-service in lieu of college and university credit hours. The following shall govern the substitution of approved in-service education--i.e., sponsored by an approved in-service education provider pursuant to chapter 180-85 WAC--toward the minimum course work credit hours for a particular subject area endorsement and/or for meeting an essential area of study:

(1) The in-service education program must be offered by an in-service education agency approved pursuant to chapter 180-85 WAC.

(2) The in-service education program must be specifically designed by the in-service education agency to serve as a substitute for course work in the specified subject area or areas and/or as meeting a designated essential area of study. The criterion for determining whether the in-service education program is specifically designed for such purpose is whether the in-service program's content is recognized as equivalent in content to what is generally recognized as the content of an equivalent course in an accredited college or university.

(3) The length of the in-service education program is at least ten continuing education hours.

(4) The in-service education agency must hold the recipient accountable for successful completion of the in-service education program through evaluation by an examination or some other work product provided by the recipient.

(5) The in-service education agency must provide the recipient with a letter, certificate, or other written document which indicates the following:

(a) The in-service education agency has been approved by the state board of education.

(b) The subject area or areas and/or the designated essential area of study for which the in-service education program was specifically designed to meet.

(c) The number of continuing education hours awarded.

(d) A statement that the recipient received a passing mark on an examination or some other work product which was evaluated by the in-service education agency.

(6) The in-service education agency must provide the superintendent of public instruction with the following fourteen calendar days prior to commencement of the in-service program:

(a) The dates and location of places where the in-service program will be offered.

(b) The names and qualification of the instructor or instructors who will be assisting in the in-service program.

(c) An outline of the topics to be covered within each in-service session.

(d) A description of the examination or work product which will be used to evaluate the participants.

(e) An invitation for a representative of the superintendent of public instruction and representative of the professional education advisory committee to attend and observe the in-service program.

(7) Upon completion of an in-service education program, the in-service education agency must provide the superintendent of public instruction the following:

(a) A copy of all program materials distributed to participants.

(b) A copy of the evaluation instrument and the results therefrom.

(8) Provided, That no more than one-third of the minimum course work credit hours required for a subject area endorsement may be met through in-service based on ten hours of approved in-service education for one-quarter hour of credit.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-317 Evaluation of in-service in lieu of college and university credit hours by PEAC. The professional education advisory committee shall review materials submitted to the superintendent of public instruction pursuant to WAC 180-79A-315, conduct an evaluation of such in-service programs, and report to the superintendent of public instruction and the state board of education its recommendation regarding the continuation of such program and/or the advisability of removing or modifying the limitation on number of in-service credit hours that may be applied to an endorsement.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-320 Agriculture education--Subject area endorsements. In order to receive an endorsement in agriculture education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of agriculture--e.g., agriculture, agronomy, and animal science--including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Plant science, agronomy, or horticulture.

(2) Soil science.

(3) Animal science or animal husbandry.

(4) Agriculture mechanics.

(5) Agriculture economics.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-322 Anthropology--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in anthropology, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of anthropology, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Cultural anthropology.

(2) Physical anthropology.

(3) Archeology.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-324 Art--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in art, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of art, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Art history or criticism.

(2) Aesthetics or philosophy of art.

(3) Drawing.

(4) Painting.

(5) Sculpture.

(6) Instructional methods in art.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-326 Bilingual education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in bilingual education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of bilingual education, which shall include, but not be limited to, one-half or more of the minimum course work credit hours for an endorsement in a designated foreign language and credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Linguistics.

(2) Instructional methods in English as a second language.

(3) History and/or theories of bilingual education.

(4) Instructional methods in bilingual education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-328 Biology--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in biology, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of biology, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Genetics.

(2) Ecology or evolution theory.

(3) Botany, including laboratory experience therein.

(4) Zoology, including laboratory experience therein.

(5) Laboratory management and safety.

(6) Science technology and society or bioethics.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-330 Business education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in business education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of business education--e.g., business administration, business education, and accounting--including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Business organization or management.

(2) Office procedures or applications.

(3) Information processing, word processing, or machine transcription.

(4) Microcomputer application.

(5) Instructional methods in keyboarding.

(6) Instructional methods in accounting.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-332 Chemistry--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in chemistry, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of chemistry, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Organic chemistry, including laboratory experience therein.

(2) Inorganic chemistry, including laboratory experience therein.

(3) Analytic chemistry, including laboratory experience therein.

(4) Physical chemistry.

(5) Laboratory management and safety.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-333 Comparative religion--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in comparative religion, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of comparative religion, including but not limited to, credit hours in each of the essential areas of, history and/or development of comparative religious thought, and issues and trends in modern religions, plus two other essential areas of study:

(1) History and/or development of comparative religious thought.

(2) Issues and trends in modern religions.

(3) Ethics.

(4) Aesthetics.

(5) Epistemology.

(6) Metaphysics.

(7) Logic.

(8) History of philosophy.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-334 Instructional technology (formerly computer science)--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in instructional technology, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of instructional technology, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Technology and society, i.e., ethical use.

(2) Computer networks and telecommunication system, e.g., Internet.

(3) Instructional hardware usage and classroom applications.

(4) Instructional software, including word processing, data base management systems, spreadsheets and use of multimedia tools, e.g., sound, video, hypertext, and graphics.

(5) Development of student learning activities which integrate technology tools and telecommunications.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-336 Designated foreign language--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in a designated foreign language, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of the designated foreign language, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Writing/composition in the designated foreign language.

(2) Conversation in the designated foreign language.

(3) Reading in the designated foreign language.

(4) History and culture of the designated foreign language.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-338 Drama--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in drama, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of drama, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Acting skills.

(2) Theater production.

(3) Theater history or history of drama.

(4) Creative drama.

(5) Theater directing.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-340 Early childhood education, regular--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in early childhood education, regular, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of early childhood education--e.g., preschool, early childhood, and elementary education, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) All essential areas of study for an endorsement in elementary education.

(2) Issues and trends in early childhood education.

(3) Instructional methods in early childhood or preschool education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-342 Early childhood education, special education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in early childhood education, special education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of special education and early childhood education, the credit hours in each of the essential areas of study for an endorsement in the subject area of special education, and credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Issues and trends in early childhood education.

(2) Instructional methods in early childhood education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-344 Earth science--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in earth science, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of earth science--e.g., geology, mineralogy, oceanography, astronomy, and meteorology--including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Physical geology.

(2) Historical geology.

(3) Environmental geology.

(4) Oceanography.

(5) Astronomy.

(6) Meteorology.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-346 Economics--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in economics, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of economics, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Macroeconomics.

(2) Microeconomics.

(3) History and/or development of economic thought.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-348 Elementary education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in elementary education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of elementary education, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Child growth and development.

(2) Classroom organization and management.

(3) Instructional methods in reading.

(4) Instructional methods in mathematics.

(5) Instructional methods in language arts.

(6) Instructional methods in science.

(7) Instructional methods in social studies.

(8) Instructional methods in art.

(9) Instructional methods in music.

(10) Instructional methods in physical education.

(11) Instructional methods in health education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-350 English--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in English, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of English, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Writing/composition.

(2) American literature.

(3) World literature representing a variety of diverse cultures, including British literature.

(4) Linguistics or structure of language.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-352 English as a second language--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in English as a second language, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of English as a second language--e.g., English, elementary education, and English as a second language--including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Structure of language or language acquisition.

(2) Culture and learning for the ESL student.

(3) Instructional methods in language arts for the ESL student.

(4) Instructional methods in reading for the ESL student.

(5) Instructional methods in English as a second language.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-354 English/language arts--Broad subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in English/language arts, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the specialized subject areas of English/language arts, the credit hours in each of the essential areas of study for an English subject area endorsement, and credit hours selected from the essential areas of study in each of the specialized English/language arts subject areas of:

(1) Drama.

(2) Speech.

(3) Journalism.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-356 Geography--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in geography, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of geography, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Physical geography.

(2) Human or cultural geography.

(3) Economic geography.

(4) North American or other regional geography.

(5) Map reading and analysis.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-358 Health--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in health, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of health, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Substance use and abuse.

(2) Wellness and illness.

(3) Nutrition.

(4) Human physiology.

(5) Safety education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-360 History--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in history, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of history, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Washington state or Pacific Northwest history and government.

(2) United States history.

(3) World, Western, or Pacific Rim history or civilizations.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-362 Family and consumer sciences education (formerly home and family life education)--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in family and consumer sciences education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of family and consumer sciences education, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Family relations.

(2) Child growth and development.

(3) Nutrition.

(4) Consumer education or resource management.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-364 Technology education (formerly industrial arts)--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in technology education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of technology education, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Industrial safety.

(2) Technology education.

(3) Industrial arts program management.

(4) Manufacturing, construction, communications, or transportation.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-366 Marketing education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in marketing education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of marketing education--e.g., business administration, business or marketing education, and economics--including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Selling.

(2) Economics.

(3) Retail management.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-368 Journalism--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in journalism, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of journalism, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) News and feature writing.

(2) Copy editing.

(3) News production.

(4) Copy makeup and design.

(5) Legal rights and liabilities of the press.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-370 Learning resources--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in learning resources, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of learning resources, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Library/media materials selection.

(2) Materials production.

(3) Literature for children and young adults.

(4) Information services.

(5) Learning resources management.

(6) Instructional methods in learning resources.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-372 Mathematics--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in mathematics, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of mathematics, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Euclidean geometry.

(2) Non-Euclidean geometry.

(3) Differential calculus.

(4) Integral calculus.

(5) Discrete mathematics.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-374 Music--Broad subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in music, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of music, the requirements for an endorsement in the specialized subject areas of choral music and instrumental music, and at least an additional six quarter (four semester) hours of credit hours of performance experience in both choral music and instrumental music.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-376 Choral music--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in choral music, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit in the subject area of music, including at least three quarter hours (two semester hours) of performance experience in choral music, and credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Score reading.

(2) Music theory.

(3) Music history and/or culture.

(4) Conducting.

(5) Instructional methods in choral music.

(6) Instructional methods in general music.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-378 Instrumental music--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in instrumental music, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of music, including at least three quarter hours (two semester hours) of performance experience in instrumental music, and credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Score reading.

(2) Music theory.

(3) Music history and/or culture.

(4) Conducting.

(5) Instructional methods in instrumental music.

(6) Instructional methods in general music.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-379 Philosophy--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in philosophy, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of philosophy, including but not limited to, credit hours in a minimum of four of the following areas of essential study:

(1) Ethics.

(2) Aesthetics.

(3) Epistemology.

(4) Metaphysics.

(5) Logic.

(6) History of philosophy.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-380 Physical education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in physical education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of physical education, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Care and prevention of student injury including first aid.

(2) Kinesiology.

(3) Exercise physiology.

(4) School physical education, sports, or athletic law.

(5) Sociology and/or psychology of sports.

(6) Instructional methods in physical education for the handicapped.

(7) Instructional methods in physical education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-382 Physics--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in physics, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of physics, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Mechanics, including laboratory experience therein.

(2) Electricity and magnetism, including laboratory experience therein.

(3) Light and sound, including laboratory experience therein.

(4) Thermodynamics, modern physics, or astronomy.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-384 Political science--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in political science, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of political science, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) American government.

(2) International relations or studies.

(3) Comparative government or political systems.

(4) Political theory.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-386 Psychology--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in psychology, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of psychology, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Human behavior.

(2) Learning theories.

(3) Developmental psychology.

(4) Interpersonal psychology.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-388 Reading--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in reading, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of reading, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Reading development.

(2) Reading diagnosis and prescription.

(3) Children and adolescent literature.

(4) Instructional methods in reading.

(5) Instructional methods in reading in the content areas.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-390 Science--Broad subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in science, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the specialized subject areas of science, the credit hours in each of the essential areas of study for a chemistry, physics, biology, or earth science subject area endorsement, and at least nine quarter (six semester) credit hours selected from the essential areas of study in each of the specialized science subject areas of:

(1) Chemistry, including laboratory experience therein.

(2) Physics, including laboratory experience therein.

(3) Biology, including laboratory experience therein.

(4) Earth science.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-392 Sociology--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in sociology, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of sociology, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Group behavior.

(2) Social institutions.

(3) Social process.

(4) Theory and history of sociology.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-394 Social studies--Broad subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in social studies, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the specialized subject areas of social studies, the credit hours in each of the essential areas of study for a history subject area endorsement, credit hours in American government, and credit hours selected from the essential areas of study in each of the specialized social studies subject areas of:

(1) Economics.

(2) Anthropology, sociology, or psychology.

(3) Geography.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-396 Special education--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in special education, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of special education, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Exceptionality.

(2) Alternative delivery systems and strategies for special education.

(3) Student assessment and evaluation.

(4) Procedural and substantive legal issues in special education.

(5) Instructional methods in special education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-398 Speech--Subject area endorsement. In order to receive an endorsement in speech, the candidate shall have completed the minimum course work credit hours in the subject area of speech, including, but not limited to, credit hours in each of the following essential areas of study:

(1) Public speaking.

(2) Debate.

(3) Group process.

(4) Interpersonal communication.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-403 Levels of certificates, initial and continuing. Two levels of certification may be issued: Provided, That, after August 31, 2000, initial and continuing certificates will be issued only to previous Washington certificate holders, pursuant to WAC 180-79A-160.

(1) Initial certificate. The initial teacher certificate is valid for four years and the initial administrator and educational staff associate certificates are valid for seven years. Initial teacher certificates shall be subject to renewal pursuant to WAC 180-79A-405 and 180-79A-160(7). Initial administrator and educational staff associate certificates shall not be subject to renewal.

(2) Continuing certificate. The continuing certificate is valid on a continuing basis as specified in WAC 180-79A-405(2).

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-405 Initial and continuing certificates--Renewal requirements. The following shall apply to initial and continuing certificates issued pursuant to this chapter:

(1) Initial certificate.

An initial teacher certificate may be renewed for an additional three-year period on application and verification that the individual has completed all course work requirements from a regionally accredited institution of higher education for continuing certification or has completed at least fifteen quarter hours (ten semester hours) of college credit course work (normally 100 level or higher) from a regionally accredited institution of higher education since the certificate was issued or renewed. After August 31, 2000, provisions of WAC 180-79A-160 will apply.

(2) Continuing certificate.

(a) The continuing certificates of holders who were eligible for such certificates prior to August 31, 1987, and who applied for such certificates prior to July 1, 1988, or who would have been eligible for such certificates prior to August 31, 1987, but for one of the three-year experience requirement and who complete such requirement and apply for such certificate prior to August 31, 1988, will be valid for life. Holders of valid continuing certificates affected by this subsection shall be entitled to have such certificate reissued and subject to the terms and conditions applicable to certification at the time of reissuance including the continuing education requirements of chapter 180-85 WAC.

(b) All continuing certificates not affected by the exception stated in (a) of this subsection shall lapse if the holder does not complete the continuing education requirement specified in chapter 180-85 WAC. To reinstate such a lapsed continuing certificate the individual must complete the requirements for reinstatement stated within chapter 180-85 WAC.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-415 Academic requirements for certification--Teachers. Candidates for teachers' certificates shall complete the following requirements in addition to those set forth in WAC 180-79A-150.

(1) Initial.

Candidates for the initial certificate shall hold an approved baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university: Provided, That if the approved baccalaureate degree is in early childhood education, elementary education, or special education, the candidate also must have at least thirty quarter hours (twenty semester hours) in one of the academic fields listed in WAC 180-79A-302 (3)(a) through (e) and (4).

(2) Continuing.

(a) Candidates who apply for a continuing certificate shall have at least forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of upper division and/or graduate work completed from a regionally accredited institution of higher education subsequent to the conferral of the baccalaureate degree: Provided, That if the individual is pursuing study in a new subject matter area or specialization, lower division courses in that subject area or specialization shall be accepted toward continuing certification upon completion of the requirements for an endorsement in that subject area or specialization.

(b) Candidates for a continuing certificate shall have been granted at least two subject area endorsements.

(c) Candidates who apply for a continuing certificate who have not successfully completed course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse, must complete such course work or in-service program as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-417 Experience requirement for continuing certification--Teachers. In addition to the academic requirements specified in WAC 180-79A-415, candidates for continuing teachers' certificates shall provide, as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate, documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more satisfactory teaching experience with an authorized employer--i.e., school district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system--and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-420 Academic requirements for certification--Administrators. Candidates for the respective administrative certificate shall complete the following requirements in addition to those set forth in WAC 180-79A-150 and 180-79A-424.

(1) Superintendent.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of graduate level course work in education.

(ii) The candidate must meet requirements for a superintendent's certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-150(4) .

(b) Continuing.

(i) The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least sixty quarter hours (forty semester hours) of graduate level course work in education or shall hold a doctorate in education.

(ii) The candidate must meet requirements for a superintendent's certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-150(4).

(2) Principal.

(a) Initial.

The candidate shall hold a master's degree and have completed an approved program for the preparation of principals.

(b) Continuing.

(i) The candidate who applies prior to August 31, 1998, shall hold an approved master's degree and completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least forty-five hours (thirty semester hours) of graduate level course work in education or shall hold a doctorate in education.

(ii) The candidate who applies on or after August 31, 1998, shall have completed a program based on the state principal performance domains included in WAC 180-78A-257. Such program shall consist of at least fifteen quarter (ten semester) hours of graduate (post-initial) course work offered by a state approved principal program or one hundred fifty clock hours of study, which meet the state continuing education clock hour criteria, as determined in consultation with and approved by the employer.

(iii) The candidate must meet requirements for a principal's certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-150(4).

(3) Program administrator.

(a) Initial.

The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree, a master's degree required for an educational staff associate certificate, a master's degree in school nursing, occupational therapy or physical therapy, or a master's degree in public education, or business administration and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least twenty-four quarter hours (sixteen semester hours) of graduate level course work in education.

(b) Continuing.

The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree, a master's degree required for an educational staff associate certificate, a master's degree in school nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, or a master's degree in public education, or business administration and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least thirty quarter hours (twenty semester hours) of graduate level course work in education or shall hold a doctorate in education.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-422 Experience requirement for initial endorsement--Principals. In addition to the academic requirements specified in WAC 180-79A-420(2), candidates applying for initial administrator's certificate with a principal's endorsement prior to August 31, 1998, as a condition for the issuance of such endorsement, shall present documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more teaching experience with an authorized employer--i.e., school district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system--and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer. Candidates applying for the initial principal's certificate on or after August 31, 1998, shall present documentation of five hundred forty days (three school years) of full-time or more teaching in a public or private school system. No more than sixty days substitute or equivalent teaching experience may be included for this requirement.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-423 Experience requirement for continuing certification--Administrators. In addition to the academic requirements specified in WAC 180-79A-420, candidates applying for continuing administrator certificates shall provide, as a condition for issuance of a continuing certificate, documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more employment in the respective role with an authorized employer--i.e., school district, educational service district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system--and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer. Candidates applying for the continuing principal's certificate on or after August 31, 1998, shall provide documentation of three contracted school years of full-time employment as a principal or assistant principal.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-424 Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification--Administrators. Candidates who apply for a continuing administrator certificate after August 31, 1994, must have successfully completed course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-430 Academic requirements for certification--School counselors, school psychologists, and school social workers. Candidates for school counselor, school psychologist and school social worker certification shall complete the following requirements in addition to those set forth in WAC 180-79A-150 and 180-79A-435: Provided, That it shall not be necessary for any candidate who holds a master's or doctorate degree to obtain the specified master's degree if the candidate provides satisfactory evidence to the superintendent of public instruction that he or she has completed all course work requirements relevant to the required master's degree and has satisfactorily completed a comprehensive written examination required in such master's degree program: Provided, That if any candidate has been awarded a master's degree without a comprehensive written examination, the candidate, as a condition for certification, shall arrange to take such an examination with any accredited college or university and provide the superintendent of public instruction with an affidavit from the chair of the department of such academic field that he or she has successfully completed the above noted comprehensive examination.

(1) School counselor.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall have completed all requirements for the master's degree (except special projects or thesis) with a major in counseling.

(ii) The candidate shall have successfully completed a written comprehensive examination of the knowledge included in the course work for the required master's degree. This examination shall be an examination of a regionally accredited institution of higher education or the National Counselor Examination (NCE) of the National Board of Certified Counselors (NBCC).

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall hold a master's degree with a major in counseling.

(2) School psychologist.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall have completed all requirements for the master's degree (except special projects or thesis) with a major or specialization in school psychology.

(ii) The candidate shall have successfully completed a written comprehensive examination of the knowledge included in the course work for the required master's degree. This examination shall be an examination from a regionally accredited institution of higher education or the National Certification of School Psychologist (NCSP) examination.

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall hold a master's degree with a major or specialization in school psychology.

(3) School social worker.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall have completed all requirements for a master's degree in social work except special projects or thesis.

(ii) The candidate shall have successfully completed a written comprehensive examination of the knowledge included in the course work for the required master's degree. This examination shall be an examination from a regionally accredited institution of higher education, the social worker examination of the Academy of Certified Social Workers or the National Teacher Examination--School Social Worker Specialty Area examination required for certification as a school social worker by the National Association of Social Workers.

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall hold a master's degree in social work.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-433 Academic requirements for certification--School nurse, school occupational therapist, school physical therapist and school speech-language pathologist or audiologist. Candidates for school nurse, school occupational therapist, school physical therapist and school speech-language pathologist or audiologist certification shall apply directly to the professional education and certification office. Such candidates shall complete the following requirements, in addition to those set forth in WAC 180-79A-150, except state approved college/university professional preparation program:

(1) School nurse.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall hold a valid license as a registered nurse (RN) in Washington state.

(ii) The candidate shall hold a baccalaureate degree in nursing from a National League of Nursing accredited program.

(iii) The candidate shall successfully complete thirty clock hours or three quarter hours (two semester hours) of course work approved by the state board of education which will include schools and society; human growth, development, and learning; American school law; legal responsibilities of the ESA; and the responsibilities of the specific ESA role in a school setting: Provided, That an individual who meets all other requirements but who has not completed the required course work shall, upon verification of employment in the role, be issued a temporary permit valid for one hundred twenty calendar days which will allow the individual to practice in the role. The candidate shall verify to OSPI the completion of the required course work during the one hundred twenty-day period.

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall have completed the requirements for the initial certificate as a school nurse and have completed forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of post-baccalaureate course work in education, nursing, or other health sciences.

(2) School occupational therapist.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall hold a valid license as an occupational therapist in Washington state.

(ii) The candidate shall hold a baccalaureate (or higher) degree from an American Occupational Therapy Association approved program in occupational therapy.

(iii) The candidate shall successfully complete thirty clock hours or three quarter hours (two semester hours) of course work approved by the state board of education which will include schools and society; human growth, development, and learning; American school law; legal responsibilities of the ESA; and the responsibilities of the specific ESA role in a school setting: Provided, That an individual who meets all other requirements but who has not completed the required course work shall, upon verification of employment in the role, be issued a temporary permit valid for one hundred twenty calendar days which will allow the individual to practice in the role. The candidate shall verify to OSPI the completion of the required course work during the one hundred twenty-day period.

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall have completed the requirements for the initial certificate as a school occupational therapist and have completed at least fifteen quarter hours (ten semester hours) of course work beyond the baccalaureate degree in occupational therapy, other health sciences or education.

(3) School physical therapist.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall hold a valid license as a physical therapist in Washington state.

(ii) The candidate shall hold a baccalaureate (or higher) degree from an American Physical Therapy Association accredited program in physical therapy.

(iii) The candidate shall successfully complete thirty clock hours or three quarter hours (two semester hours) of course work approved by the state board of education which will include schools and society; human growth, development, and learning; American school law; legal responsibilities of the ESA; and the responsibilities of the specific ESA role in a school setting: Provided, That an individual who meets all other requirements but who has not completed the required course work shall, upon verification of employment in the role, be issued a temporary permit valid for one hundred twenty calendar days which will allow the individual to practice in the role. The candidate shall verify to OSPI the completion of the required course work during the one hundred twenty-day period.

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall have completed the requirements for the initial certificate as a school physical therapist and have completed fifteen quarter hours (ten semester hours) of course work beyond the baccalaureate degree in physical therapy, other health sciences or education.

(4) School speech-language pathologist or audiologist.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall have completed all course work (except special project or thesis) for a master's degree from a college or university program accredited by the American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA) with a major in speech pathology or audiology. Such program shall include satisfactory completion of a written comprehensive examination: Provided, That if any candidate has not completed a written comprehensive examination, the candidate may present verification from ASHA of a passing score on the National Teacher's Examination in speech pathology or audiology as a condition for certification.

(ii) The candidate shall successfully complete thirty clock hours or three quarter hours (two semester hours) of course work approved by the state board of education which will include schools and society; human growth, development, and learning; American school law; legal responsibilities of the ESA; and the responsibilities of the specific ESA role in a school setting: Provided, That an individual who meets all other requirements but who has not completed the required course work shall, upon verification of employment in the role, be issued a temporary permit valid for one hundred twenty calendar days which will allow the individual to practice in the role. The candidate shall verify to OSPI the completion of the required course work during the one hundred twenty-day period.

(b) Continuing. The candidate shall hold a master's degree with a major in speech pathology or audiology.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-435 Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification--Educational staff associate. Candidates who apply for a continuing educational staff associate certificate after August 31, 1994, must have successfully completed course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-440 Experience requirement for continuing certification--ESAs. In addition to the academic requirements specified in WAC 180-79A-430 and 180-79A-433, candidates for continuing educational staff associate certificates shall provide, as a condition for issuance of a continuing certificate, documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more employment in the respective role with an authorized employer--i.e., school district, educational service district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system--and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-445 Supervised experience requirement for continuing certification. In order to obtain a continuing certificate, school counselors, school psychologists and school social workers who hold initial ESA certificates must demonstrate their respective knowledges and skills while employed in that role by passing a one-quarter or one-semester college or university course that includes peer review. The college or university shall establish the procedures for the peer review with advice from the respective professional education advisory board.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-503 Levels of certificates--Residency and professional. Two levels of certificates may be issued after August 31, 2000: Provided, That a professional certificate may be issued prior to August 31, 2000, pursuant to WAC 180-78A-304.

(1) Residency certificate. The residency certificate is valid for five years and shall be subject to renewal pursuant to WAC 180-79A-510(1).

(2) Professional certificate. The professional certificate is valid for seven years and shall be subject to renewal pursuant to WAC 180-79A-510(2).

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-510 Residency and professional certificates for teachers--Renewal requirements. The following shall apply to residency and professional teacher certificates issued pursuant to this chapter.

(1) Residency certificate. Residency certificates shall be renewed under one of the follow options:

(a) Individuals who hold, or have held, a residency certificate and are enrolled in a professional certificate program may have the certificate renewed for an additional two years upon verification by the professional certificate administrator that the candidate is making satisfactory progress in a state approved professional certificate program.

(b) Individuals who hold, or have held, residency certificates who have not been employed as contracted teachers in Washington may have their residency certificates renewed for an additional five years by the completion of fifteen quarter credits (ten semester credits) of college credit course work (normally one hundred level or higher) from a regionally accredited institution of higher education taken since the issuance of the residency certificate.

(c) All other individuals who hold, or have held, residency certificates may have their certificates renewed only by appeal to the state board of education, or its designated appeals committee. The following conditions apply to such appeals:

(i) Teachers who appeal shall present a rationale and evidence to support their request to have their residency certificates renewed.

(ii) The state board of education, or its designated appeals committee, in making its decision shall determine the length of the renewal and may establish specific conditions (such as course work requirements) as prerequisites for the reissuance of the residency certificate.

(2) Professional certificate. A professional certificate may be renewed for additional seven year periods. Prior to August 31, 2000, the state board of education will establish requirements for renewal of the professional certificate.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-515 Academic requirements for certification--Teachers. Candidates for teachers' certificates shall complete the following requirements in addition to those set forth in WAC 180-79A-150.

(1) Residency. Candidates for the residency certificate shall hold an approved baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university: Provided, That if the approved baccalaureate degree is in early childhood education, elementary education, or special education, the candidate also must have at least thirty quarter hours (twenty semester hours) in one of the academic fields listed in WAC 180-79A-302 (3)(a) through (e) and (4).

(2) Professional.

(a) Candidates for the professional certificate shall have completed a state board of education approved, collaboratively developed program, pursuant to WAC 180-78A-300 through 180-78A-365.

(b) Candidates who apply for a professional certificate who have not successfully completed course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse, must complete such course work or in-service program as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention.

(c) Candidates for a professional certificate shall have been granted at least two subject area endorsements.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-517 Experience requirement for professional certification--Teachers. In addition to the academic requirements specified in WAC 180-79A-515(2), candidates for professional teachers' certificates shall provide, as a condition for the issuance of a professional certificate, documentation that they have completed provisional status with a school district under RCW 28A.405.220 or the equivalent with an approved private school.

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NEW SECTION

WAC 180-79A-520 Requirements for certification for administrators and education staff associates under the performance-based certification system. Academic and experience requirements, as well as applicable conditions, for residency and professional certificates for administrators and educational staff associates shall be approved by the state board of education prior to August 31, 2000.

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REPEALER

The following sections of the Washington Administrative Code are repealed:

WAC 180-75-003 Authority.

WAC 180-75-005 Purpose.

WAC 180-75-016 Equivalency of standards.

WAC 180-75-017 Denial of recommendation for certification or endorsement by approved professional preparation training institutions.

WAC 180-75-045 Certificate validity.

WAC 180-75-047 Uniform expiration date.

WAC 180-75-048 Validity date.

WAC 180-75-050 Certificate required.

WAC 180-75-055 Types of certificates.

WAC 180-75-060 Certificate replacement.

WAC 180-75-061 Application for certification.

WAC 180-75-065 Fee for certification.

WAC 180-75-070 Use of fee for certification.

WAC 180-75-082 Good moral character and personal fitness--Necessary supporting evidence by applicants.

WAC 180-75-085 General requirements--Teachers, administrators, educational staff associates.

WAC 180-75-087 Reinstatement of certificates.

WAC 180-75-088 Renewal of certificate.

WAC 180-75-089 Teacher exchange permits.

WAC 180-75-090 Temporary permits.

WAC 180-75-091 Affidavits from applicants.

WAC 180-75-092 Other affidavits from applicants and certificate holders.

WAC 180-75-100 Certification of out-of-state trained educational personnel--Interstate educational personnel contracts.

WAC 180-75-110 Study of educational staff associate certification.

REPEALER

The following sections of the Washington Administrative Code are repealed:

WAC 180-79-003 Authority.

WAC 180-79-005 Purpose.

WAC 180-79-010 Definitions.

WAC 180-79-031 State board of education 1997 teacher certification policy.

WAC 180-79-032 Public policy purposes of state board of education 1997 certification policy.

WAC 180-79-035 Washington advisory council for professional teaching standards--Selection.

WAC 180-79-041 Washington advisory council for professional teaching standards--Duties.

WAC 180-79-045 Certificates--Previous standards.

WAC 180-79-047 Conversion to new standards.

WAC 180-79-049 Professional preparation program requirement for certification.

WAC 180-79-060 Levels of certificates.

WAC 180-79-062 Approved baccalaureate degree--Definition.

WAC 180-79-063 Approved masters degree--Definition.

WAC 180-79-065 Initial and continuing certificates--Applicable conditions.

WAC 180-79-075 Certificate endorsement.

WAC 180-79-080 Authorized endorsements for teachers.

WAC 180-79-086 Minimum preparation for endorsements for teachers.

WAC 180-79-115 Academic requirements for certification--Teachers.

WAC 180-79-117 Experience requirement for continuing certification--Teachers.

WAC 180-79-120 Academic requirements for certification--Administrators.

WAC 180-79-121 Academic requirements for certification--School nurse, school occupational therapist, school physical therapist and school speech-language pathologist or audiologist.

WAC 180-79-122 Experience requirement for initial endorsement--Principals.

WAC 180-79-123 Experience requirement for continuing certification--Administrators.

WAC 180-79-124 Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification--Administrators.

WAC 180-79-125 Academic requirements for certification--School counselors, school psychologists, and school social workers.

WAC 180-79-126 Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification--Educational staff associate.

WAC 180-79-127 Experience requirement for continuing certification--ESAs.

WAC 180-79-128 Supervised experience requirement for continuing certification.

WAC 180-79-230 Limited certificates.

WAC 180-79-236 Instructional specialist certificate.

WAC 180-79-241 Internship certificate.

WAC 180-79-245 Out-of-state candidates.

WAC 180-79-247 Establishing equivalency for course work, degrees and programs completed in countries outside the United States.

WAC 180-79-300 Subject area endorsement recommendations by colleges and universities.

WAC 180-79-303 Endorsement by examination.

WAC 180-79-305 Subject area endorsements through SPI.

WAC 180-79-311 Specialty areas of study.

WAC 180-79-312 Award of college or university credit hours for experience.

WAC 180-79-315 In-service in lieu of college and university credit hours.

WAC 180-79-317 Evaluation of in-service in lieu of college and university credit hours by PEAC.

WAC 180-79-320 Agriculture--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-322 Anthropology--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-324 Art--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-326 Bilingual education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-328 Biology--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-330 Business education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-332 Chemistry--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-333 Comparative religion--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-334 Instructional technology--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-336 Designated foreign language--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-338 Drama--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-340 Early childhood education, regular--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-342 Early childhood education, special education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-344 Earth science--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-346 Economics--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-348 Elementary education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-350 English--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-352 English as a second language--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-354 English/language arts--Broad subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-356 Geography--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-358 Health--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-360 History--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-362 Home and family life education (formerly home economics)--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-364 Technology education (formerly industrial arts)--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-366 Marketing education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-368 Journalism--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-370 Learning resources--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-372 Mathematics--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-374 Music--Broad subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-376 Choral music--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-378 Instrumental music--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-379 Philosophy--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-380 Physical education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-382 Physics--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-384 Political science--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-386 Psychology--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-388 Reading--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-390 Science--Broad subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-392 Sociology--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-394 Social studies--Broad subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-396 Special education--Subject area endorsement.

WAC 180-79-398 Speech--Subject area endorsement.

Legislature Code Reviser

Register

Washington State Code Reviser's Office