LABOR AND INDUSTRIES
[Filed September 15, 1998, 2:47 p.m., effective November 8, 1998]
Date of Adoption: September 15, 1998.
Purpose: Chapter 296-52 WAC, Safety standards for the possession and handling of explosives.
In a letter dated August 19, 1995, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) notified the department that its safety standards relating to underground transportation of explosives were not at-least-as-effective-as those in the federal standard.
Amended section: WAC 296-52-489 Transportation. The following proposed amendments to subsection (8) add federal requirements to make underground transportation of explosives requirements at-least-as-effective-as or identical to the federal standard. These amendments:
Add the requirement that explosives and blasting agents be hoisted, lowered, or conveyed in a powder car.
Add the requirement that no other materials, supplies, or equipment be transported at the same time explosives and blasting agents are being transported in a powder car.
Add the requirement that explosives and blasting agents being transported underground be taken to the point of use or storage without delay.
Add the requirement that the amount of explosives or blasting agents being transported not exceed the amount needed for the intended blast.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 296-52-489 Transportation.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 49.17.040.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 98-12-103 on June 3, 1998.
Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: The amendments are being adopted as proposed.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 1, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, amended 1, repealed 0.
Effective Date of Rule: November 8, 1998.
September 15, 1998
AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 95-07-014, filed 3/6/95, effective 4/20/95)
WAC 296-52-489 Transportation. (1) Regulations governing the transportation of explosives on public highways are adopted by the United States Department of Transportation (see 49 CFR Parts 100 through 199) and the Washington utilities and transportation commission and administered by the Washington state patrol.
(2) The regulations of this section shall be applicable in-and-on job sites and off-highway roads. The department of labor and industries shall administer these regulations in locations such as but not limited to: Construction or mining access roads and blast sites; off-highway forest roads including both publicly and privately owned logging roads, haul roads or general access roads.
Note: Examples of publicly owned off-highway roads where these regulations are applicable shall include, but are not limited to: U.S. Forest Service roads, Bureau of Land Management roads, state department of natural resources roads, but specifically not including the state or interstate highway system.
(a) No person shall be allowed to smoke, carry matches or any other flame-producing device, except guards or commissioned law enforcement officers, to carry any firearms or loaded cartridges while in or near a motor vehicle transporting explosives; or drive, load, or unload such vehicle in a careless or reckless manner.
(b) Explosives shall not be carried on any vehicle while vehicle is being used to transport workers other than driver and two persons.
(c) Explosives shall be transferred from a disabled vehicle to another, only when proper and qualified supervision is provided. Local fire and police departments shall be promptly notified in congested areas. In remote areas they shall be notified if appropriate.
(d) Other materials or supplies shall not be placed on or in the cargo space of a conveyance containing explosives, detonating cord or detonators, except carrying safety fuse, and properly secured, nonsparking equipment used expressly in the handling of such explosives will be permissible.
(3) Transportation vehicles.
(a) All vehicles used for transporting explosives shall be strong enough to carry the load without difficulty and be in good mechanical condition. The cargo compartment(s) shall have a tight floor and must not have any exposed spark producing metal on the inside which could come into contact with explosives cargo.
(b) Explosives vehicles used on any roadway which is open to public travel shall comply with WAC 296-52-550, Appendix II.
(c) Open top explosives transportation vehicles may only be used on the jobsite or on roads which are not open to public travel (while laden with explosives). In open top vehicles or trailers, explosives may only be transported in the original DOT approved shipping container(s)/box(es) or a daybox or portable magazine which complies with the requirements of this chapter. In all instances the explosive container(s), box(es), daybox or portable magazine shall be secured to the bed of the vehicle or trailer.
(i) If an explosives transportation vehicle or trailer does not have a fully enclosed cargo area with nonsparking interior, the cargo bed and all explosive cargo shall be covered with a flameproof and moisture-proof tarpaulin or other effective protection against moisture and sparks. Whenever tarpaulins are used for covering explosives, both the tarpaulin and the explosives container shall be secured to the body of the truck bed by means of rope, wire, or other equally efficient tie downs.
(ii) Packages of explosives shall not be loaded above the sides on open-sided vehicles.
(4) Vehicles shall be placarded and displayed as specified by the United States Department of Transportation, CFR 49-1981, Parts 100 through 199. Placards shall remain on the vehicle until all explosives have been removed from the vehicle.
(5)(a) Each motor vehicle used for transporting explosives shall be equipped with a minimum of two extinguishers, each having a rating of at least 2A 10BC. The driver shall be trained in the use of the extinguishers on the vehicle.
(i) Only extinguishers listed or approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory shall be deemed suitable for use on explosives-carrying vehicles. Refer to WAC 296-24-58501(19) for definition of listed, and federal regulation 29 CFR 1910.7 for nationally recognized testing laboratory.
(ii) Extinguishers shall be filled and ready for immediate use and readily available. Extinguishers shall be examined periodically by a competent person.
(b) A motor vehicle used for transporting explosives shall be given the following inspection to determine that it is in proper condition for safe transportation of explosives:
(i) Fire extinguishers shall be filled and in working order.
(ii) All electrical wiring shall be completely protected and securely fastened to prevent short-circuiting.
(iii) Chassis, motor, pan, and underside of body shall be reasonably clean and free of excess oil and grease.
(iv) Fuel tank and feedline shall be secure and have no leaks.
(v) Brakes, lights, horn, windshield wipers, and steering apparatus shall function properly.
(vi) Tires shall be checked for proper inflation and defects.
(vii) The vehicle shall be in proper condition in every other respect and acceptable for handling explosives.
(c) Motor vehicles or conveyances carrying explosives, blasting agents, or blasting supplies, shall not be taken inside a garage or shop for repairs or servicing.
(6) Operation of transportation vehicles.
(a) Vehicles transporting explosives shall only be driven by and be in the charge of a licensed driver who is not less than twenty-one years of age, physically fit, careful, capable, reliable, able to read and write the English language, and not addicted to the use, or under the influence of intoxicants, narcotics, or other dangerous drugs. This rule does not apply to persons taking prescription drugs and/or narcotics as directed by a physician providing such use shall not endanger the worker or others. They shall be familiar with the traffic regulations, state laws, and the provisions of this section.
(i) Explosives may only be transported by a licensed manufacturer, blaster, purchaser or seller, or the designated agent or representative thereof, or a contract carrier for hire who complies with all requirements for transportation of hazardous materials.
(ii) The person in control of the explosive laden vehicle shall be made aware of the nature of the cargo and pertinent safety precautions relating to the particular explosive(s) being transported.
(b) Parking. A motor vehicle which contains Class A or Class B explosives must not be parked under any of the following circumstances:
(i) On or within 5 feet of the traveled portion of a public street or highway;
(ii) On private property (including premises of a fueling or eating facility) without the knowledge and consent of the person who is in charge of the property and who is aware of the nature of the hazardous materials the vehicle contains; or
(iii) Within 300 feet of a bridge, tunnel, dwelling, building, or place where people work, congregate, or assemble, except for brief periods when the necessities of operation require the vehicle to be parked and make it impracticable to park the vehicle in any other place.
(c) Every motor vehicle transporting any quantity of Class A or Class B explosives shall, at all times, be attended by a driver or other attendant of the motor carrier. This attendant shall have been made aware of the class of the explosive material in the vehicle and of its inherent dangers, and shall have been instructed in the measures and procedures to be followed in order to protect the public from those dangers. The attendant shall have been made familiar with the vehicle to which assigned, and shall be trained, supplied with the necessary means, and authorized to move the vehicle when required.
(i) For the purpose of this subdivision, a motor vehicle shall be deemed "attended" only when the driver or other attendant is physically on or in the vehicle, or has the vehicle within the driver or attendants field of vision and can reach it quickly and without any kind of interference; "attended" also means that the driver or attendant is awake, alert, and not engaged in other duties or activities which may divert their attention from the vehicle.
(ii) An explosive laden vehicle may be left unattended for a period not to exceed 48 hours provided that:
(A) The vehicle is parked in a designated parking lot which complies with NFPA Std. 498 and with the appropriate clearance table of this chapter for the type and quantity of explosives carried;
(B) The designated parking lot is correctly bermed and walled or fenced and gated to prevent unauthorized entry;
(C) The designated lot is inspected and approved by the department of labor and industries and is provided with a full-time security patrol at all times when explosives are present;
(D) Trucks used for explosives delivery which contain only blasting agents (International Class 1.5 D) and no high explosives need not be attended provided the vehicle is locked to prevent movement of the vehicle, the cargo compartments are locked to prevent theft, the vehicle is parked according to all applicable storage distance requirements, and the vehicle is located in a secured area which restricts entry to the area by unauthorized personnel.
(d) No spark-producing metal, spark-producing tools, oils, matches, firearms, electric storage batteries, flammable substances, acids, oxidizing materials, or corrosive compounds shall be carried in the body of any motor truck and/or vehicle transporting explosives, unless the loading of such dangerous articles and the explosives comply with U.S. Department of Transportation regulations.
(e) Vehicles transporting explosives shall avoid congested areas and heavy traffic.
(f) Delivery and issue of explosives shall only be made by and to authorized persons and into authorized magazines or authorized temporary storage or handling area.
(7) Transporting blasting caps and explosives in the same vehicle.
(a) Fuse type blasting caps, blasting caps with safety fuse and/or blasting caps with metal clad mild detonating fuse shall not be transported in the same vehicle or trailer with other explosives.
(b) Blasting caps rated by U.S. DOT as nonmass detonating may be transported in the same vehicle or trailer with other explosives when:
(i) The caps are carried in DOT approved shipping containers:
(ii) The truck or trailer complies with Appendix 1, WAC 296-52-550.
(8) When primers are made up at a central primer house for use in high speed tunneling, the following shall apply:
(a) Only enough primers shall be made up for each round of blasting.
(b) The primers shall be placed in separate containers or bins, categorized by degree of delay in such a manner so as to prevent them from physical impact.
(c) Explosives carried in the same magazine shall be separated by 1/4-inch steel, covered on each side by four inches of hardwood planking, or equivalent.
(d) Hoist operators shall be notified before explosives or blasting agents are transported in a shaft conveyance.
(e) Explosives and blasting agents shall be hoisted, lowered, or conveyed in a powder car. No other materials, supplies, or equipment shall be transported in the same conveyance at the same time.
(f) Only a state approved powder car or conveyance shall be used underground.
(f))) (g) All explosives or blasting agents in transit
underground shall be taken to the place of use or storage without
(h) The quantity of explosives or blasting agents taken to an underground loading area shall not exceed the amount estimated to be necessary for the blast.
(i) The number of primers for one round will be removed from the state approved car or vehicle at the face or heading after the drilling has been completed and the holes readied for loading. After loading the charge, the powder car or vehicle will be withdrawn from the tunnel.
(g))) (j) Wires on electric caps shall be kept shunted
until wired to the bus wires.
(h))) (k) The powder car or conveyance shall be inspected
daily for lights, brakes and external damage to electrical
circuitry. The electrical system shall be checked weekly to
detect any failures that may constitute an electrical hazard and
a written certification record of such inspection shall be kept
on file for the duration of the job. The certification record
shall contain the date of inspection, the serial number or other
positive identification of the unit being inspected and the
signature of the person performing the inspection.
(i))) (l) The installation of auxiliary lights on truck
beds, which are powered by the truck's electrical system, shall
(j))) (m) No one, except the operator, the helper, and/or
the powderperson, shall be permitted to ride on a conveyance
transporting explosives and blasting agents.
(k))) (n) No person shall ride in any shaft conveyance
transporting explosives and blasting agents.
(l))) (o) No explosives or blasting agents shall be
transported on a crew-haul trip.
(m))) (p) The car or conveyance containing explosives or
blasting agents shall be pulled, not pushed, whenever possible.
(n))) (q) The powder car or conveyance especially built
for the purpose of transporting explosives or blasting agents
shall bear a reflectorized sign on each side with the word
"explosives" in letters not less than 4 inches in height; upon a
background of sharply contrasting color.
(o))) (r) Compartments for transporting detonators and
explosives in the same car or conveyance shall be physically
separated by a distance of 24 inches or by a solid partition at
least 6 inches thick.
(p))) (s) Detonators and other explosives shall not be
transported at the same time in any shaft conveyance.
(q))) (t) Explosives and/or blasting agents, not in
original containers, shall be placed in a suitable container when
(r))) (u) No explosives or blasting agents shall be
transported on any locomotive. At least two car lengths shall
separate the locomotive from the powder car.
(9) When explosives are carried to the blasting site from the main storage magazines by the blaster or helper:
(a) Special insulated containers or original DOT shipping containers shall be used for this purpose, either boxes or bags, one container for explosives and one for detonators.
(b) Detonators or explosives shall never be carried in pockets of clothing.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. 95-07-014, § 296-52-489, filed 3/6/95, effective 4/20/95; 92-17-022 (Order 92-06), § 296-52-489, filed 8/10/92, effective 9/10/92; 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-52-489, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-52-489, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. 86-10-044 (Order 86-24), § 296-52-489, filed 5/6/86.]