Title of Rule: Chapter 16-462 WAC, Grapevines--Registration and certification.
Purpose: To comply with new grapevine standards developed by NAPPO (North American Plant Pest Organization), to reflect changes in industry and program practices, and to comply with legislative mandates such as regulatory reform and use of clear and readable format.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 15.14 RCW.
Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 15.14 RCW.
Summary: NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) and GATT (General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs) have altered the regulatory parameters for plant disease and insect phytosanitary issues, not only for international trade, but also for interstate and internal quarantines and certification programs such as the one defined in these rules. NAPPO (North American Plant Pest Organization), the international organization authorized to define the new standards in this area, has drafted NAPPO Standards for Phytosanitary Measures - requirements for importation of grapevines into a NAPPO member country. This rule revision brings the existing grapevine certification standards into compliance with this international standard, to position Washington growers to take advantage of market opportunities.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: In order to comply with new international standards and to maintain consistency with other states, this rule must be modified. In addition, changes in industry and program practices and legislative mandates (for instance, the regulatory reform statutes) have made other modifications necessary.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Mary Toohey, 1111 Washington Street, Olympia, WA 98504-2560, (360) 902-1907; Implementation and Enforcement: Tom Wessels, 1111 Washington Street, Olympia, WA 98504-2560, (360) 902-1984.
Name of Proponent: Joint proposal of the Washington State Department of Agriculture and the Grapevine Certification Advisory Committee, governmental.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: Nine participants enroll in the Washington grapevine certification program, which is created by these rules. Participation is entirely voluntary for any producer of grapevines. Enrollment and compliance with the requirements of this fee-supported program are intended to produce a known, high quality agricultural product apparently free of specified diseases and other pests, that normally commands a market premium. NAFTA and GATT have altered the regulatory parameters for plant disease and insect phytosanitary issues, not only for international trade, but also for certification programs such as these rules define. NAPPO (North American Plant Pest Organization), the international organization authorized to define the new standards in this area, has published grapevine standards as its most recent effort. In order to comply with new internationally mandated standards and to maintain consistency with other states, the existing rule must be modified. In addition, changes in industry and program practices and legislative mandates (for instance, the regulatory reform statutes) have made other modifications necessary.
The Washington State Department of Agriculture has sought individual and collective input from all program participants and other stakeholders. Because of the resulting high level stakeholder participation and intensive discussion, we feel a stakeholder consensus was reached. We anticipate that the positive effects of these rule changes, particularly expanded trade opportunities, outweigh any adverse effects that might result from the changes.
Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: The rule changes allow for expanded
testing ("indexing" is the industry term used in the rule) to verify freedom from certain defined
pests, mostly virus diseases, in grapevines used for production of certified stock. The pest list is
more clearly defined and expanded. Record-keeping requirements for registered grapevines
have been expanded, so that the source and ancestry of certified vines can be demonstrated. The
terminology has been updated and made consistent throughout the rule. Some of the sections
have been reorganized into a more coherent framework and clear and readable format has been
incorporated into the rule.
THIS RULE IS BEING PROPOSED TO BE ADOPTED USING AN EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS THAT WILL ELIMINATE THE NEED FOR THE AGENCY TO HOLD PUBLIC HEARINGS, PREPARE A SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT, OR PROVIDE RESPONSES TO THE CRITERIA FOR A SIGNIFICANT LEGISLATIVE RULE. IF YOU OBJECT TO THIS RULE BEING ADOPTED USING THE EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS, YOU MUST EXPRESS YOUR OBJECTIONS IN WRITING AND THEY MUST BE SENT TO Mary Toohey, Washington State Department of Agriculture, Lab Services Division, P.O. Box 42560, Olympia, WA 98504-2560 , AND RECEIVED BY May 24, 1999.
March 24, 1999
Mary A. Martin Toohey
VINES)) PLANTING STOCK--REGISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION
Vines may be registered as sources for the propagation of certified grape nursery stock
when)) Grapevines or parts of grape plants may be designated as registered stock or certified
stock, if they and the stock from which they were produced have been inspected, indexed, and
tested in accordance with procedures and requirements outlined in rule and found to be
(( true-to-name and apparently free from virus and virus-like diseases)) in compliance with all
standards and requirements established in this chapter.
(2) The issuance of a ((
certified)) state of Washington plant tag (( or)), stamp, or other
document under this chapter (( affirms solely)) means only that the tagged (( or)), stamped
(( rootstock)) or otherwise documented planting stock has been subjected to (( certification))
standards and procedures (( by the department)) described in this chapter and determined to be in
compliance with its standards and requirements. The department disclaims all express or
implied warranties, including without limitation, implied warranties of merchantability and
fitness for particular purpose, regarding all plants, plant parts, and plant materials under this
(3) The department is not responsible for disease, genetic disorders, off-type, failure of performance, mislabeling, or otherwise, in connection with this chapter. No grower, nursery dealer, government official, or other person is authorized to give any expressed or implied warranty, or to accept financial responsibility on behalf of the department regarding this chapter.
(4) Participation in the ((
certified)) grape (( nursery)) planting stock certification program
(( shall be)) is voluntary.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-010, filed 4/2/86; Order 1193, § 16-462-010, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-010, filed 4/2/68.]
The definitions ((
set forth)) in this section (( shall))
apply throughout this chapter unless the context (( otherwise)) clearly requires otherwise:
"Department" means the department of agriculture of the state of Washington.
(2) "Director" means the director of the department of agriculture or a duly appointed representative.
(3) "Virus infected (affected)" means presence of a virus(es) in a plant or plant part.
(4) "Virus-like" means a disorder of genetic or nontransmissible origin.
(5) "Off-type" means not true-to-name.
(6) "Indicator plant" means any herbaceous or woody plant used to index or determine virus infection.
(7) "Index or indexing" means to determine virus infection by means of inoculation from the plant to be tested to an indicator plant; or by any other method.
(8) "Registered vine" means any vine propagated from the foundation block that has been inspected and indexed virus-free in accordance with recommendations of Washington State University, and is identified by the number assigned to the original vines in the foundation from which it was propagated.
(9) "Foundation block" means a planting of grape vines established, operated and maintained by Washington State University, that are indexed to be free from viruses and that are true-to-name. Cuttings to establish mother blocks shall be furnished to the applicants by the Washington state department of agriculture. Written requests for foundation material shall be received by the department of agriculture before December 1 of each year.
(10) "Mother block" means a planting of grape vines for which propagating material originated directly from the Washington State University foundation block or first generation plants originating from such stock. The mother blocks shall be maintained by the nurserymen and provide propagating wood to produce Washington certified grape nursery stock.
(11) "Washington certified grape nursery stock" means vines, rooted cuttings and cuttings taken or propagated directly from foundation or mother blocks and certified in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Certified plants grown in a greenhouse may be used for one growing season to propagate additional certified plants.)) "Aseptic shoot tip propagation" means aseptically removing a vegetative shoot tip from growth arising from a dormant cutting from a foundation plant or from green growth (i.e., softwood) from a foundation plant during the growing season and aseptically transferring this shoot tip to a suitable vessel containing an appropriate culture medium.
(2) "Certified grape planting stock" means vines, rooted cuttings, cuttings or grafted plants taken or propagated directly from foundation vines, registered vines or certified plants grown in a green house for one year and certified in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.
(3) "Department" means the department of agriculture of the state of Washington.
(4) "Director" means the director of the department of agriculture or the director's designee.
(5) "Foundation block" means a planting of grapevines established, operated and maintained by Washington State University, that are indexed and found free from viruses designated in this chapter and that are not off-type.
(6) "Index" means determining whether a virus infection is present by means of inoculation from the plant to be tested to an indicator plant or by any other testing method approved by the department.
(7) "Indicator plant" means any herbaceous or woody plant used to index or determine virus infection.
(8) "Off-type" means appearing under visual examination to be different from the variety listed on the application for registration or certification, or exhibiting symptoms of a genetic or nontransmissible disorder.
(9) "Registered block" means a planting of registered grapevines maintained by a nursery and used as a source of propagation material for certified grapevines.
(10) "Registered vine" means any vine propagated from the foundation block, identified by the number assigned to the original vine in the foundation block from which it was propagated, and registered with the Washington state department of agriculture, in compliance with provisions of this chapter.
(11) "Virus-like" means a graft-transmissible disorder with symptoms resembling a characterized virus disease, including, but not limited to, disorders caused by viroids and phytoplasmas.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-015, filed 4/2/86; 78-10-072 (Order 1583), § 16-462-015, filed 9/27/78; Order 1397, § 16-462-015, filed 4/7/75; Order 1193, § 16-462-015, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-015, filed 4/2/68.]
(a))) The applicant shall be responsible, subject to the approval of the department, for the
selection of the location and the proper maintenance of ((
mother)) registered blocks and
(( nursery)) planting stock.
(2) The applicant ((
shall be responsible for maintaining)) must maintain the identity of
(( all nursery stocks and mother block vines, and for keeping all plants in a thrifty growing
condition and free of plant pests)) registered vines. The applicant must maintain records
identifying the source of certified planting stock.
(b))) (3) The applicant shall take suitable precautions in cultivation, irrigation,
movement and use of equipment, and in other farming practices, to guard against spread of
soil-borne pests to planting(( s)) stock entered (( under)) in this program. The applicant shall
keep all (( areas)) registered blocks and certified planting stock clean cultivated except for cover
(c))) (4) Following notification by the department the applicant shall remove and
destroy immediately(( , following notification by the department,)) any registered vine or
(( nursery plant)) certified planting stock found to be off-type or affected by a virus or virus-like
(( disease or is off-type)) disease or a quarantined pest.
(d) The applicant agrees to make available to commercial grape growers, following the
establishment of a mother block, at least seventy-five percent of certified cuttings or plants of
each variety available each year.
(2) Location.)) (5) The foundation block, ((
all mother)) registered blocks and (( nursery))
certified planting stock (( shall)) must be located at least one hundred feet from any land on
which noncertified or nonregistered grape vines have been grown within the past ten years.
(a) Plants of different varieties in the mother blocks shall be separated by a minimum of twelve feet in the row. The distance between rows of different varieties shall be a minimum of eight feet.
(b) Cuttings from each mother block variety and selection number shall be identified and kept separate during the growing season.
(c) Treatment to eliminate soil-borne pests may be required.
(d) All nursery stock other than greenhouse grown plants shall comply with the grades and standards for Washington certified grape nursery stock as listed in the section for grades and standards.
(e) Certified stock shall remain in the nursery no more than two growing seasons.
(f) An inspection tag shall be attached by the plant grower. Certification is based solely on visual inspections of sample plants of this lot which were found to meet tolerances prescribed in the section on tolerances. Certification of this lot does not represent the freedom from disease or quality of any other lot of grape planting stock. Inspection reports of all lots of grape planting stock entered for certification can be inspected at the Department of Agriculture, Seed Branch, 2015 South 1st Street, Yakima, Washington.))
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-020, filed 4/2/86; 78-10-072 (Order 1583), § 16-462-020, filed 9/27/78; Order 1193, § 16-462-020, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-020, filed 4/2/68.]
(1) All registered grapevines must be identified by the number assigned to the original grapevine in the foundation block from which they were taken.
(2) With the exception of practices allowed in subsections (3) and (4) of this section, registered plants must be propagated directly from cuttings taken from the foundation block.
(3) Plants propagated from the foundation block by aseptic shoot tip propagation and grown entirely under greenhouse conditions may serve as a source of softwood cuttings or shoot tip culture used to establish a registered block or registered grapevines.
(4) Registered grapevines may be propagated from other registered grapevines within the same registered block for the purpose of increasing the size of the registered block or for replacement grape vines.
(5) Grapevines of different varieties in registered blocks must be separated by a minimum of twelve feet within the row. The distance between rows of different varieties must be a minimum of eight feet.
(1) Certified planting stock must be propagated from cuttings taken from registered or foundation grapevines.
(2) Cuttings from registered blocks must be sorted and kept separate by variety and selection number or clone.
(3) Treatment to control soil-borne pests may be required at any time by the department.
(4) All certified planting stock other than greenhouse grown plants must comply with the grades and standards for Washington certified grape planting stock as listed in WAC 16-462-055.
(5) Certification is based solely on visual inspection of grape planting stock that is found to meet requirements prescribed in WAC 16-462-050 and other requirements of this chapter.
The)) (1) Inspections (( shall)) of foundation, registered and certified
planting stock will be (( made)) performed by the department (( and shall be conducted in a
manner and)) at times (( determined as)) it determines to be suitable for the detection of virus and
virus-like disease symptoms.
(2) The foundation block and registered blocks must be indexed and reindexed periodically, as required to comply with the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) standards for phytosanitary measures - requirements for the importation of grapevines into a NAPPO member country.
(1) Foundation block.
(a))) (3) Two inspections ((
shall be made)) of foundation and registered planting stock
must be performed by the department during each growing season.
(b))) (4) Except for varieties to be used solely as rootstock, foundation and registered
grape vines (( shall)) used for the production of certified planting stock must be pruned to allow
(2) Mother block.
(a) Two inspections shall be made during each growing season.
(b) Mother block vines shall be pruned to allow some fruiting.
(3) Nursery stock.
(a) Two inspections shall be made during each growing season.
(b) The stock shall also be inspected during or after digging and grading and shall be apparently free of rootknot nematode, crown gall and other visible diseases and serious pest injury.))
(5) Certified planting stock must be inspected three times per growing season by the department, twice during the growing season and once during or after harvest.
(6) Certification or registration will be refused or withdrawn for any planting stock which is infested or infected with any quarantine pest.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-025, filed 4/2/86; Order 1193, § 16-462-025, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-025, filed 4/2/68.]
(a))) The applicant shall furnish all information requested on the application form and
shall give ((
his)) consent to the department to take plants or plant parts from any planting stock
enrolled in the program as registered for inspection (( or testing purposes)) or indexing.
(b))) (2) Application for inspection shall be filed with the department by January 1 of
each year accompanied by a one hundred seventy-five dollar application fee.
(c))) (3) Inspection, phytosanitary certification, indexing and testing fees (( established
shall be payable upon completion of the work to be done and shall be for the sole purpose of
defraying expenses incurred in the inspection, approval, registration, and certification procedures
(d) Payment for inspection of mother blocks and nursery stock for registration and certification shall be made upon completion of the inspection. Billing to the applicant to be made by the chemical and plant division, seed branch.
(2) Inspection fees.
(a) The inspection tags shall be furnished by the department of agriculture)) are due upon completion of services.
(b) The mother block and nursery stock)) (4) Fees for inspection (( fee)), phytosanitary
certification, and testing shall be (( twenty-five dollars per hour, and)) assessed at the appropriate
rate established in WAC 16-401-025 and 16-470-910. Mileage for inspections and other on-site
services shall be charged at a rate established by the state office of financial management.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 93-17-022 (Order 5001), § 16-462-030, filed 8/11/93, effective 9/11/93; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-030, filed 4/2/86; 78-10-072 (Order 1583), § 16-462-030, filed 9/27/78; Order 1397, § 16-462-030, filed 4/7/75; Order 1193, § 16-462-030, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-030, filed 4/2/68.]
Tagging. The department requires the use of official)) Certification tags (( for the identification
of nursery stock such as rooted)) issued by the department must be securely attached by the
grower to each certified planting stock, including rooted cuttings (( and)), cuttings (( that meet the
requirements of this chapter)) and grafted plants.
Identity.)) Any person selling Washington certified grape nursery stock (( shall be))
is responsible for the identity of such nursery stock. Persons issued tags authorized by this
chapter (( shall)) must account by variety for stock produced and sold (( and)). They must keep
(( such other)) and allow the department to inspect and copy records (( as may be)) necessary to
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-035, filed 4/2/86; Order 1193, § 16-462-035, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-035, filed 4/2/68.]
Specific requirements for grape ((
nursery)) planting stock (( inspection
tolerances)) are based solely on visual inspections (( of sample plants)) conducted according to
WAC 16-462-025(( :)). Certified plants must be apparently free of grape fanleaf virus, grape
leafroll virus, grape corky bark virus, rupestris stem pitting virus, grape phylloxera, rootknot
nematode, crown gall and other visible diseases or serious pest injuries.
Registered mother blocks
Pest and diseases
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-050, filed 4/2/86.]
All certified stock offered for sale ((
shall)) must be bundled in accordance with
commercial practice and (( shall be)) correctly identified by one or more legible printed labels.
(1) Grades for rooted cuttings((
.)) are as follows:
(a) Grade No. 1 ((
shall)) must have one live cane at least nine inches long and (( shall))
must be well rooted.
(b) Grade No. 2 ((
shall)) must have one live cane at least six inches long and (( shall))
must be well rooted.
(2) Cuttings ((
shall)) must have at least three buds and (( shall not)) be (( less than)) at
least nine inches long (( and at least one-fourth inch caliper at top end)). (( Top bud shall not be
more than two inches from tip of cutting.)) The basal bud (( shall)) must be within one-(( fourth))
half inch (( from)) of the basal end.
(3) Two year plants shall meet the same standard as rooted cutting Grade No. 1.
(4) Tolerances. In order to allow for variations incident to proper grading and packing,
not more than a combined total of five percent by count, of the plants or cuttings in any lot
shall)) may fail to meet the requirements of the (( above)) grades set forth in this section.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-055, filed 4/2/86.]
The following sections of the Washington Administrative Code are repealed:
|WAC 16-462-045||Effective date.|
|WAC 16-462-060||Certified grape nursery stock--Aseptic shoot tip propagation.|