SOCIAL AND HEALTH SERVICES
(Medical Assistance Administration)
Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 03-08-086 and 03-12-054.
Title of Rule: Part 4 of 4, chapter 388-535 WAC, Dental services, new sections WAC 388-535-1270 Dental-related services requiring prior authorization -- Adults, 388-535-1280 Obtaining prior authorization for dental-related services -- Adults and 388-535-1290 Dentures and partial dentures for adults; amending WAC 388-535-1350 Payment methodology for dental-related services, 388-535-1400 Payment for dental-related services and 388-535-1450 Payment for denture laboratory services; and repealing WAC 388-535-1120 Coverage limits for dental-related services provided under state-only funded programs.
Purpose: To avoid federal penalties, the department is amending these rules to be HIPAA-compliant (P.L. 104-191) by October 16, 2003. To comply with requirements of the 2003-2005 State Omnibus Operating Budget (ESSB 5404), the department is incorporating into rule the 25% reduction in adult dental benefits.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.057, 74.08.090, and 74.09.530.
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.057, 74.08.090, and 74.09.530; ESSB 5404 (chapter 25, Laws of 2003 1st sp.s.).
Summary: See Purpose above.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: See Purpose above.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Kathy Sayre, P.O. Box 45533, Olympia, WA 98504, (360) 725-1342; Implementation and Enforcement: Gini Egan, P.O. Box 45506, Olympia, WA 98504, (360) 725-1580.
Name of Proponent: Department of Social and Health Services, governmental.
Rule is necessary because of federal law, Public Law 104-191 (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996).
Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: See Purpose above.
The purpose is to meet federal and state requirements, to incorporate rule changes to reflect the 25% reduction in dental-[related] services for adults, and to incorporate changes required by HIPAA.
The anticipated effect is compliance with federal and state requirements and easier to understand rules.
Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: Proposal incorporates state legislative changes in adult dental-related services and the changes required by HIPAA. The rules change and add to existing definitions, amend sections in and add new sections to chapter 388-535 WAC. WAC 388-535-1120 will be repealed.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. The department has analyzed the proposed rules, and, to the best of the department's knowledge, the rule will not place more than a minor economic impact on small businesses.
RCW 34.05.328 applies to this rule adoption. The department has determined that the proposed rule meets the definition of a "significant legislative rule." The department has analyzed the proposed amendments and concludes that the probable benefits are greater than the probable costs and has prepared a cost benefit analysis (CBA) memo regarding these rule changes. A copy of the CBA memo is available from Gini Egan, Division of Medical Management, Medical Assistance Administration, Department of Social and Health Services, P.O. Box 45506, Olympia, WA 98504-5506, phone (360) 725-1580.
Hearing Location: Blake Office Park (behind Goodyear Courtesy Tire), 4500 10th Avenue S.E., Rose Room, Lacey, WA 98503, on August 26, 2003, at 10:00 a.m.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Andy Fernando, DSHS Rules Coordinator, by August 22, 3003 , phone (360) 664-6094, TTY (360) 664-6178, e-mail email@example.com [firstname.lastname@example.org].
Submit Written Comments to: Identify WAC Numbers, DSHS Rules Coordinator, Rules and Policies Assistance Unit, mail to P.O. Box 45850, Olympia, WA 98504-5850, deliver to 4500 10th Avenue S.E., Lacey, WA, fax (360) 664-6185, e-mail email@example.com by 5:00 p.m., August 26, 2003.
Date of Intended Adoption: Not sooner than August 27, 2003.
July 17, 2003
Brian H. Lindgren, Manager
Rules and Policies Assistance Unit3272.4
(1) Nonemergent inpatient hospital dental admissions as described under WAC 388-535-1100 (2)(o) and 388-550-1100(1);
(2) Dentures and partial dentures as described in WAC 388-550-1290;
(3) Fluoride treatment (gel or varnish) for clients age nineteen through sixty-four who are diagnosed with xerostomia; and
(4) Selected procedures identified by the medical assistance administration (MAA) and published in its current dental billing instructions.
(5) See WAC 388-535-1280 for obtaining prior authorization for dental-related services for adults.
(1) MAA requires a dental provider who is requesting prior authorization to submit sufficient objective clinical information to establish medical necessity. The request must be submitted in writing on an American Dental Association (ADA) claim form, which may be obtained by writing to the American Dental Association, 211 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611. The request must include at least all of the following:
(a) The client's patient identification code (PIC);
(b) The client's name and address;
(c) The provider's name and address;
(d) The provider's telephone and fax number (including area code);
(e) The provider's MAA-assigned seven-digit provider number;
(f) The physiological description of the disease, injury, impairment, or other ailment;
(g) The most recent and relevant radiographs that are identified with client name, provider name, and date the radiograph was taken;
(h) The treatment plan;
(i) Periodontal charting and diagnosis;
(j) Study model, if requested; and
(k) Photographs, if requested.
(2) MAA considers requests for services according to WAC 388-535-1270.
(3) MAA denies a request for dental services when the requested service is:
(a) Not listed in chapter 388-535 WAC as a covered service;
(b) Not medically necessary;
(c) A service, procedure, treatment, device, drug, or application of associated service that the department or the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) consider investigative or experimental on the date the service is provided; or
(d) Covered under another department program or by an agency outside the department.
(4) MAA may require second opinions and/or consultations before authorizing any procedure.
(5) Authorization is valid only if the client is eligible for covered services on the date of service.
(2) Subject to the criteria in this section and other applicable WAC, MAA covers the following for eligible adults:
(a) Dentures, subject to the following limitations:
(i) Only one complete maxillary denture and one complete mandibular denture allowed per client in a ten-year period, when constructed after the client has been without teeth for a period of time; or
(ii) Only one immediate maxillary denture and one immediate mandibular denture allowed per client, per lifetime, and only when constructed prior to the removal of the client's teeth.
(b) Replacement dentures, subject to the following limitations:
(i) Only one replacement of a complete maxillary denture and one replacement of a complete mandibular denture allowed per client in a ten-year period; and
(ii) Allowed only when the applicable criteria in subsection (5) of this section are met.
(c) Partial dentures, subject to the following limitations:
(i) Only one maxillary partial denture (resin) and one mandibular partial denture (resin) to replace one, two, or three missing anterior teeth per arch, allowed per client in a ten-year period; or
(ii) Only one maxillary partial denture (cast metal framework) and one mandibular partial denture (cast metal framework) allowed per client in a ten-year period to replace:
(A) Any combination of at least six anterior and posterior missing teeth per arch, excluding wisdom teeth; or
(B) At least four anterior missing teeth per arch.
(d) Replacement partial dentures, subject to the following limitations:
(i) Only one replacement of a maxillary partial denture (cast metal framework) and a mandibular partial denture (cast metal framework) allowed per client in a ten-year period; and
(ii) Allowed only when the applicable criteria in subsection (5) of this section are met.
(3) Dentures must be of an acceptable structure and quality to meet the standard of care.
(4) MAA covers complete denture and partial denture relines only once in a five-year period.
(5) In addition to the prior authorization requirement and other limitations in this section, all replacement dentures and partial dentures are allowed once in a ten-year period and must:
(a) Replace a complete maxillary denture, a complete mandibular denture, a maxillary partial denture (cast metal framework) or a mandibular partial denture (cast metal framework) (see subsection (2) of this section);
(b) Replace dentures or partial dentures that are no longer serviceable and are unable to be relined;
(c) Replace dentures or partial dentures that are damaged beyond repair;
(d) Replace dentures or partial dentures that a client has been able to wear successfully; and
(e) Be medically necessary, as defined in WAC 388-500-0005.
(6) For billing purposes, a provider must:
(a) Use the delivery date as the service date for the dentures and partial dentures; and
(b) Use the impression date as the service date for dentures and partial dentures only when:
(i) Related dental services, including laboratory services, were provided during a client's eligible period; and
(ii) The client is not eligible at the time of delivery; or
(iii) The client does not return to obtain the dentures or partial dentures.
(7) A provider must retain in a client's record:
(a) Written laboratory prescriptions;
(b) Receipts for laboratory fees;
(c) Charts of missing teeth for partial dentures; and
(d) Documentation that justifies the placement or replacement of dentures or partial dentures.
(8) MAA does not pay separately for laboratory and professional fees for dentures and partial dentures. However, MAA may partially reimburse for these fees when the provider obtains prior authorization and the client:
(b) Moves from the state;
(c) Cannot be located; or
(d) Does not participate in completing the dentures.
(9) MAA does not pay separately for relines that are done within six months of the seat date. These procedures are included in the reimbursement for the dentures and partial dentures.
(1) For covered dental-related services provided to
eligible clients, MAA pays dentists and ((
eligible providers on a fee-for-service or contractual basis,
subject to the exceptions and restrictions listed under WAC 388-535-1100 and 388-535-1400.
(2) MAA sets maximum allowable fees for dental services provided to children as follows:
(a) MAA's historical reimbursement rates for various procedures are compared to usual and customary charges.
(b) MAA consults with representatives of the provider community to identify program areas and concerns that need to be addressed.
(c) MAA consults with dental experts and public health professionals to identify and prioritize dental services and procedures for their effectiveness in improving or promoting children's dental health.
(d) Legislatively authorized vendor rate increases and/or earmarked appropriations for children's dental services are allocated to specific procedures based on the priorities identified in (c) of this subsection and considerations of access to services.
(e) Larger percentage increases may be given to those procedures which have been identified as most effective in improving or promoting children's dental health.
(f) Budget-neutral rate adjustments are made as appropriate based on the department's evaluation of utilization trends, effectiveness of interventions, and access issues.
(3) MAA reimburses dental general anesthesia services for eligible clients on the basis of base anesthesia units plus time. Payment for dental general anesthesia is calculated as follows:
(a) Dental procedures are assigned an anesthesia base unit of five;
(b) Fifteen minutes constitute one unit of time. When a dental procedure requiring dental general anesthesia results in multiple time units and a remainder (less than fifteen minutes), the remainder or fraction is considered as one time unit;
(c) Time units are added to the anesthesia base unit of five and multiplied by the anesthesia conversion factor;
(d) The formula for determining payment for dental general anesthesia is: (5.0 base anesthesia units + time units) x conversion factor = payment.
(4) When billing for anesthesia, the provider must show the actual beginning and ending times on the claim. Anesthesia time begins when the provider starts to physically prepare the client for the induction of anesthesia in the operating room area (or its equivalent), and ends when the provider is no longer in constant attendance (i.e., when the client can be safety placed under post-operative supervision).
(5) MAA ((
may pay anesthesiologists for general dental
anesthesia provided in dental offices. Only anesthesiologists
specially contracted by the department are paid an additional
fee for that service)) pays eligible providers listed in WAC 388-535-1070 for conscious sedation with parenteral and
multiple oral agents, or for general anesthesia when the
provider meets the criteria in this chapter and other
(6) Dental hygienists who have a contract with MAA are
paid at the same rate as dentists who have a contract with
MAA, for services allowed under The Dental Hygienist Practice
, which is available from the department of health,
(7) Licensed denturists who have a contract with MAA are paid at the same rate as dentists who have a contract with MAA, for providing dentures and partials.
(8) MAA makes fee schedule changes whenever the legislature authorizes vendor rate increases or decreases.
(9) MAA may adjust maximum allowable fees to reflect changes in services or procedure code descriptions.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090, 74.09.035, 74.09.500, 74.09.520, 42 U.S.C. 1396d(a), 42 C.F.R. 440.100 and 440.225. 02-13-074, § 388-535-1350, filed 6/14/02, effective 7/15/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090, 74.09.035, 74.09.520 and 74.09.700, 42 USC 1396d(a), CFR 440.100 and 440.225. 99-07-023, § 388-535-1350, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: Initiative 607, 1995 c 18 2nd sp.s. and 74.08.090. 96-01-006 (Order 3931), § 388-535-1350, filed 12/6/95, effective 1/6/96.]
(2) Participating providers must bill MAA their usual and customary fees.
(3) Payment for dental services is based on MAA's schedule of maximum allowances. Fees listed in the MAA fee schedule are the maximum allowable fees.
(4) MAA pays the provider the lesser of the billed charge (usual and customary fee) or MAA's maximum allowable fee.
(5) MAA pays "by report" on a case-by-case basis, for a covered service that does not have a set fee.
(6) Participating providers must bill a client according to WAC 388-502-0160, unless otherwise specified in this chapter.
(7) If the client's eligibility for dental services ends
before the conclusion of the dental treatment, payment for any
remaining treatment is the client's responsibility. The
exception to this is dentures and ((
partials as stated))
partial dentures as described in WAC 388-535-1240 and
(7) The client is responsible for payment of any dental
treatment or service received during any period of
ineligibility with the exception described in WAC 388-535-1240(4) even if the treatment was started when the
client was eligible.))
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090, 74.09.035, 74.09.500, 74.09.520, 42 U.S.C. 1396d(a), 42 C.F.R. 440.100 and 440.225. 02-13-074, § 388-535-1400, filed 6/14/02, effective 7/15/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090, 74.09.035, 74.09.520 and 74.09.700, 42 USC 1396d(a), CFR 440.100 and 440.225. 99-07-023, § 388-535-1400, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: Initiative 607, 1995 c 18 2nd sp.s. and 74.08.090. 96-01-006 (Order 3931), § 388-535-1400, filed 12/6/95, effective 1/6/96.]
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090, 74.09.035, 74.09.500, 74.09.520, 42 U.S.C. 1396d(a), 42 C.F.R. 440.100 and 440.225. 02-13-074, § 388-535-1450, filed 6/14/02, effective 7/15/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090, 74.09.035, 74.09.520 and 74.09.700, 42 USC 1396d(a), CFR 440.100 and 440.225. 99-07-023, § 388-535-1450, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: Initiative 607, 1995 c 18 2nd sp.s. and 74.08.090. 96-01-006 (Order 3931), § 388-535-1450, filed 12/6/95, effective 1/6/96.]
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
|WAC 388-535-1120||Coverage limits for dental-related services provided under state-only funded programs.|