Title of Rule: Certification of operators of solid waste incinerator and landfill facilities, chapter 173-300 WAC. There are amendments to the following sections: WAC 173-300-020 Definitions, 173-300-030 Duties of the board of advisors, 173-300-050 Operator certification required at incineration facilities, 173-300-060 Operator certification required at landfill facilities, 173-300-070 Certification of inspectors, 173-300-080 Applications and certification requirements, 173-300-090 Training and examinations, 173-300-100 Certificate term, 173-300-110 Renewal of certificate, 173-300-120 Fees, and 173-300-130 Revocation. A new section is also proposed, WAC 173-300-075 Contracting for services.
Purpose: To clarify that landfill and incineration operator certification processes can be conducted by parties external to the department of ecology under agreements or other contractual arrangements. Proposed amendments also include minor housekeeping amendments.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 70.95D.080.
Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 70.95D RCW.
Summary: The rule provides the process and criteria for certifying solid waste incinerator and landfill operators. The amendment specifically states that ecology may enter into agreements for those certifications to be carried out by other governmental or nongovernmental organizations under agreements or contracts with ecology.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: The rule clarifies existing language. Certification activities could be carried out without the rule amendment; however the language being added or changed will avoid potential confusion and uncertainty.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Marvin Vialle, Department of Ecology, Olympia, Washington, (360) 407-6999; Implementation and Enforcement: Cullen Stephenson, Department of Ecology, Olympia, Washington, (360) 407-6103.
Name of Proponent: Washington Department of Ecology, governmental.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: The revisions will prevent potential confusion in the interpretation of the rule language regarding ecology's authority to rely on external organizations in the certification, testing, training and recertification of landfill and incinerator operators. This flexibility is expected to increase the access to meaningful training and testing in Washington. For example, under the administration delegation MOU with SWANA, MOLO¦ training will be offered within Washington at least once every two years, to a minimum of thirty individual registrants. At the conclusion of each MOLO¦ training conducted in Washington, SWANA will also administer a certification qualification test. SWANA or SWANA-HQ will conduct a certification/recertification test annually in Washington. We predict that continuing education quality and increased networking will improve operator skills and thus better protect and safeguard the health, welfare, or safety of Washington's citizens.
Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: See
Explanation of Rule above.
THIS RULE IS BEING PROPOSED UNDER AN EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS THAT WILL ELIMINATE THE NEED FOR THE AGENCY TO HOLD PUBLIC HEARINGS, PREPARE A SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT, OR PROVIDE RESPONSES TO THE CRITERIA FOR A SIGNIFICANT LEGISLATIVE RULE. IF YOU OBJECT TO THE USE OF THE EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS, YOU MUST EXPRESS YOUR OBJECTIONS IN WRITING AND THEY MUST BE SENT TO Jerry Thielen, Department of Ecology, P.O. Box 47600, Olympia, WA 98504-7600 , AND RECEIVED BY July 19, 2004.
May 17, 2004
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 00-16, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00)
WAC 173-300-020 Definitions. (1) "Ash" means the residue and includes any air pollution flue dusts from combustion or incineration of material including solid wastes.
|Note:||Please see definition for "special incinerator ash."|
(a) "Animal waste," which includes waste animal carcasses, body parts, and bedding of animals that were known to have been deliberately infected or inoculated with human pathogenic microorganisms during research.
(b) "Liquid human body fluids" means waste that includes waste liquid emanating or derived from humans including but not limited to human blood and blood products, serum and plasma, sputum, drainage secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid and amniotic fluid that exceeds fifty milliliters per container, storage vessel, or plastic bag and cannot be and has not been directly discarded into a sanitary sewage system.
(c) "Cultures and stocks" means waste that includes waste cultures and stocks of microbiological agents infectious to humans, human serums and discarded live and attenuated vaccines infectious to humans, human blood specimens, and laboratory wastes that are contaminated with these agents or specimens.
(d) "Biosafety level 4 disease waste," which includes wastes contaminated with blood, excretions, exudates, or secretions from humans or animals who are isolated to protect others from highly communicable infectious diseases that are identified as viruses assigned to Biosafety Level 4 by the Centers for Disease Control, National Institute of Health, Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 2nd Edition, 1988. These viruses include, but are not limited to, Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever, tick-borne encephalitis virus complex (Absettarov, Hanzalova, Hypr, Kumlinge, Kyasanur Forest disease, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, and Russian spring-summer encephalitis), Marburg, Ebola, Junin, Lassa, and Machupo.
(e) "Pathological waste," which includes waste human source biopsy materials, tissues, and anatomical parts that emanate from surgery, obstetrical procedures, autopsy, and laboratory procedures. "Pathological waste" does not include teeth or formaldehyde or other preservative agents, human corpses, remains, and anatomical parts that are intended for interment or cremation.
(f) "Sharps waste," which includes waste hypodermic needles, syringes, IV tubing with needles attached, scalpel blades, and lancets that have been used in animal or human patient care or treatment in medical research.
(3) "Biomedical waste treatment" means incineration, steam sterilization, or any method, technique, or process that changes the biological character or composition of biomedical waste to render it noninfectious. Any waste, except sharps, that has been treated is not considered to be biohazardous or biomedical.
(4) "Board" means the board of advisors for solid waste incinerator and landfill certification established by RCW 70.95D.050.
(5) "Certificate" means the certificate of competency issued by the director stating that the operator has met the requirements for the operation and maintenance of a specific classification of solid waste incinerator or landfill facility.
(6) "Contractor" means any other state, federal or interstate agencies, municipalities, educational institutions, or other organizations or individuals with whom the department has an agreement, contract or cooperative arrangement.
(7) "Certificate holder" means the individual to whom a certificate is issued.
(7))) (8) "Commercial waste" means nonhazardous solid
waste that is generated by the commercial business sector.
(8))) (9) "Department" means the Washington state
department of ecology.
(9))) (10) "Director" means the director of the
department of ecology or the director's designee.
(10))) (11) "Fee" means only those monies to be paid
for examinations, certification, or renewal.
|Note:||Fees do not include the costs of training or other educational opportunities.|
(12))) (13) "Incineration" means reducing the volume of
solid wastes by use of an enclosed device using controlled
(13))) (14) "Incinerator" means an enclosed mechanical
combustion device that has as its primary purpose the burning
and reduction of the volume of solid waste or solid
waste-derived fuel. Crematoria facilities that have
combustion devices which burn human corpses, or burn animal
bodies exclusively, in a manner that is not a solid waste
reduction measure, or burn primarily hog fuel waste are not
included in this definition. NOTE: Crematoria facilities that
burn any kind of biomedical, treated or untreated medical
waste, human or animal, or other solid waste, in their
incinerator are subject to this rule.
(14))) (15) "Incineration facility" means any municipal
or private activity that has as part of its operations a solid
waste incinerator. It may also include means for storage,
preparation, and conveyance of the solid waste fuel, and air
pollution control equipment.
(15))) (16) "Incinerator operator in responsible
charge" means an individual who is the owner or who is
designated as the on-site operator in responsible charge of
operation and maintenance duties at a solid waste incineration
(16))) (17) "Inspector" means any person employed by
any public agency that inspects the operation of solid waste
incinerators, or the operation of solid waste landfills, to
determine the compliance of the facility with state and local
laws or rules.
(17))) (18) "Institutional waste" means nonhazardous
solid waste that is generated by any commercial or
noncommercial service establishment.
(18))) (19) "Landfill" means an operating disposal
facility or part of a facility at which solid waste is placed
in or on land and which is not a land treatment.
(19))) (20) "Landfill operator in responsible charge"
means an individual who is the owner or who is designated as
the on-site or on-call operator in responsible charge of
operation and maintenance duties at a landfill facility.
(20))) (21) "Limited purpose landfill" means a landfill
that receives solid waste of a limited type or types of known
and consistent composition.
(21))) (22) "Monofill" means a disposal facility or
part of a facility that is not a land treatment facility, at
which only a single, specific substance is deposited in or on.
(22))) (23) "Municipal solid waste" means any
combination of nonhazardous solid waste generated by
residential sources, and any institutional waste, commercial
waste, and industrial waste. NOTE: Household hazardous wastes
are an excluded waste under WAC 173-303-071 and therefore may
be disposed of in a municipal or incinerated landfill or
incinerated. Small quantities of hazardous waste may also be
landfilled if the waste complies with WAC 173-303-070 (8)(a)
(23))) (24) "Owner" means:
(a) In the case of a town or city, the city or town acting through its chief executive officer or the lessee if operated under a lease or contract;
(b) In the case of a county, the chief elected official of the county legislative authority or the chief elected official's designee;
(c) In the case of a board of public utilities, association, municipality, or other public body, the president or chief elected official of the body or the president's or chief elected official's designee;
(d) In the case of a privately owned landfill or incinerator, the legal owner.
(24))) (25) "Reciprocity" means the automatic
recognition of comparable training from another state, the
federal government, a local government, or a professional
association. NOTE: Correction of deficiencies such as a lack
of training in Washington state solid waste law is required
(25))) (26) "Reserved" is a note to the regulated
community that means a section that has no requirements and
which is set aside for future possible rule making.
(26))) (27) "Solid waste" or "wastes" as defined in RCW 70.95.030 (1989 ed.) means all putrescible and nonputrescible
solid and semisolid wastes including, but not limited to,
garbage, rubbish, ashes, industrial wastes, swill, demolition
and construction wastes, abandoned vehicles or parts thereof,
and recyclable materials. NOTE: Treated biomedical waste or
medical waste not defined as biomedical waste is considered to
be solid waste. Woodwaste is also considered solid waste.
(27))) (28) "Special incinerator ash" means ash
residues that results from the operation of incineration or
energy recovery facilities which manage municipal solid waste
from residential, commercial, and industrial establishments,
if the ash residues are:
(a) Not otherwise regulated as hazardous wastes under chapter 70.105 RCW; and
(b) Are not regulated as a hazardous waste under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 6901 et seq.
(28))) (29) "Woodwaste" means solid waste that consists
of wood pieces or particles generated as a by-product or waste
from the manufacturing of wood products, and the handling and
storage of raw materials, trees, and stumps. This includes
but is not limited to sawdust, chips, shavings, bark, pulp,
and log sort yard waste, but does not include wood pieces or
particles containing chemical preservatives such as creosote,
pentachlorophenol, or copper-chrome-arsenate.
|Note:||All applicable terms not defined above have the same meaning as those defined in chapter 173-304 WAC.|
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-020, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-020, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(2) The board shall act)) may include:
(a) Acting as an advisory committee to the department and
shall assist)) assisting in the development and review of
the rules adopted under this chapter.
(3) The board shall assist)) (b) Assisting in the
development and evaluation of the training and testing
material required for certification.
(4))) (c) Holding hearings and making recommendations
to the director on matters of revocation of certification(( ,
the board shall hold a hearing and make recommendations to the
(5) The board shall encourage)) (d) Encouraging
operating personnel other than those who are required to be
certified in chapter 70.95D RCW to become certified on a
(6))) (2) Members shall receive no compensation for
their services but must be reimbursed for their travel
expenses while engaged in business of the committee in
accordance with RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060 as now existing or
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-030, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-030, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(2) All other operational employees are to be encouraged to become certified on a voluntary basis.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-050, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-050, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(a) All municipal waste landfills.
(b) All problem waste landfills. NOTE: Problem waste landfills are presently reserved per WAC 173-304-463.
(c) All special incinerator ash landfills or monofills. NOTE: In a case where a monofill is a separate cell at a municipal waste landfill, the responsible operator in charge of the complete facility may assume responsibility of the operation of the monofills.
(d) All inert waste and demolition waste landfills.
(e) All limited purpose solid waste landfills.
(2) These standards do not apply to:
(a) Dangerous waste landfills;
(b) Drop box facilities;
(c) Interim solid waste handling sites;
(d) Landspreading disposal facilities;
(f) Transfer stations;
(g) Waste recycling facilities; and
(h) Composting facilities.
(3) Owners of small landfills with a total capacity at closure of two hundred thousand cubic yards of solid waste or less, may apply to the department to have their facility operated and maintained by a certified operator who is in responsible charge on an on-call basis at all times the landfill is operating: Provided, That a certified operator visit the site once each working day. The department shall consider all applications on a case-by-case basis. The department shall base its decision on the following requirements:
(a) A physical inspection of the facility by the department to determine whether the facility is being operated in a manner that is protective of human health and the environment;
(b) That the facility has an up-to-date approved facility operating plan and is in compliance with all other sections of chapter 173-304 WAC;
(c) That the status of all facility variances, compliance schedules, and related grants are current as required; and
(d) That the facility strictly adheres to all other applicable laws and rules.
(4) All landfills that have on-call designations shall reapply for the designation every five years from the date of issuance. This designation may be revoked at any time the facility does not meet the minimum requirements.
(5) When a position required to be filled by an on-site certified landfill operator is vacated for a period of not longer than a maximum of thirty calendar days due to an emergency such as a short-term illness, the landfill owner may apply to the department for a variance that allows the facility be operated and maintained by a certified operator on an on-call basis as outlined in this section. These requirements may be waived temporarily at the director's discretion.
(6) All other operational employees are to be encouraged to become certified on a voluntary basis.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-060, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-060, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(2) Inspectors are exempt from all certification fees under WAC 173-300-120.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-070, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW. 91-12-040 (Order 91-30), § 173-300-070, filed 6/4/91, effective 7/5/91. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-070, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
• Collection of fees to administer these services.
(2) The contractor must comply with chapter 70.95D RCW, this chapter, and other applicable state and federal laws when providing the services detailed in the contract.
(3) If the department enters into a contract as in subsection (1) of this section then WAC 173-300-120 does not apply. Fees will be set and collected under the terms of the contract.
(2) Upon receipt of the completed application and
application)) applicable fee, the department or its
contractor shall determine:
(a) If the applicant has successfully completed the required training and examinations;
(b) The status of a reciprocal certification; and
(c) That the facility at which the applicant is employed is in compliance with local and state laws or rules.
(3) Upon successful determination of all requirements and the payment of the certification fees provided for in WAC 173-300-110 and 173-300-120, the appropriate operator or inspector certificate will be issued.
(4) An owner may apply for a variance for a temporary certificate without an examination to fill a vacated position required by WAC 173-300-050 and 173-300-060 to have a certified operator, or 173-300-070, in the case of a certified inspector. A temporary certificate must be valid for a period of not more than twelve months from date of issue.
(5) Persons who hold a current operators certificate
from any national organization, educational institution, the
federal government, other states, or a province may be granted
an interim certification if the applicant meets the
requirements of WAC 173-300-140.
(a) No interim certification may be issued or be valid after January 1, 1992.
(b) Interim certification may not automatically qualify an operator for certification.))
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-080, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-080, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
The board of advisors shall assist in the
development of written examinations to be used in determining
the competency of operators. Incinerator operators are also
required to successfully complete an examination to determine
the competency needed to operate and maintain the facility for
which the operator is responsible.
(3) Examinations must be held immediately at the end of all required operator training courses. Additional examinations must be held at places and times set by the board.
(4))) All examinations must be graded by the department
the department's designee)) its contractor and the
applicant must be notified by mail of the score attained. Examinations may not be returned to the applicant.
(5))) (3) An applicant who fails to pass an examination
must be reexamined at the next scheduled examination. An
additional application form and examination fee is required. No individual will be allowed to retake the same examination.
(6))) (4) An applicant who fails to pass a second
examination is required to repeat the certification training.
(7) The board shall forward the recommendations for
certification of those examined to the director.))
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-090, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-090, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-100, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-100, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(2) The department or its contractor shall mail renewal notices and refresher course information to all certificate holders eligible for renewal four months before the date the certificate expires.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-110, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-110, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(2) After an applicant successfully completes ((
examination administered by the department and is notified by
the department of the results, the applicant shall pay a
certification fee of $200.00 to the department within thirty
days of the date of the results notification.
(3) A fee of $50.00 is required to apply for consideration of certification through reciprocity under WAC 173-300-140. After determining that the reciprocal criteria has been met, the department will notify the applicant:
(a) That the applicant is deficient in a required area, and the process to correct the deficiency; or
(b) That the applicant has successfully completed all requirements for certification and that the applicant must pay a certification fee of $200.00 to the department within thirty days of the date of notification.
(4) A $200.00 renewal fee must accompany an application for certificate renewal.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-120, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-120, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(a) If renewal of the certificate is not completed during
the suspension period, the director or its contractor shall
mail a written notice of revocation by certified mail to the
last known certificate holder's employer ((
as last known by
the department)) and to the last known certificate holder's
(( at the)) address (( last known by the department)).
(b) If, during the revocation notice period, the certificate is not renewed, the certificate must be revoked ten days after the notice is mailed.
(2) Certificates may also be revoked ((
when a majority of
the board so recommends to the director, and the director
agrees, upon finding)) by the director upon written findings
that there was:
(a) Fraud or deceit in obtaining the certificate;
(b) Gross negligence in the operation or inspection of an incineration or landfill facility;
(c) Violation of the requirements of chapter 70.95D RCW, this chapter or of any lawful rule or order of the department; or if
(d) The facility operated by the certified employee is operated in violation of local, state, or federal environmental laws.
(3) No revocation may be made under subsection (2) of
this section unless the operator has been notified that
revocation is proposed, has been advised of the grounds
therefore, and has been ((
given an opportunity to appear
before the board and be heard on the matter)) provided notice
of appeal rights to the pollution control hearings board.
(4) A person whose certificate is revoked under this
section is ((
eligible)) ineligible to apply for a certificate
for one year from the effective date of the final order of
(5) Whenever an individual's certificate is revoked, the individual may not be certified again until:
(a) He or she has repeated all required training for
certification or has completed other requirements
recommended by the board and)) approved by the department or
(b) Has applied for certification under WAC 173-300-090;
(c) Paid the application fees; and
(d) Upon notification, paid the certification fee within thirty days of notification.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-130, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-130, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]
(1) Applications for reciprocity will be considered when:
(a) The training received by the applicant is comparable
to training offered by the state of Washington. A detailed
syllabus outlining all relevant training must be released by
the appropriate training facility for review and approval by
board)) director. Those applicants with deficiencies
shall resolve the deficiencies before certification is
granted. Applicants must contact the department within one
year of application;
(b) The department or its contractor receives written
confirmation from the certifying authority of the state,
province, the federal government, or professional association
in which the applicant is certified, that the certificate is
currently valid and was earned by passing a written
examination. A copy of the exam passed by the applicant must
also be released for review by the ((
board)) director or its
(c) The application fee is received.
(2) The ((
board)) director or its contractor shall review
and compare out-of-state examinations with Washington's
examinations to determine at which level the examination is
(3) Training in state of Washington solid waste law is required for certification.
(4) Incinerator operators are required to successfully complete an examination to determine the competency needed to operate and maintain the facility for which the operator is currently responsible.
(5) Certificates must be issued to each reciprocity applicant who meets the minimum training and examination requirements set forth in WAC 173-300-080. Upon notification by the department that the applicant meets all the criteria, the certification fee is due within thirty days from the date of notification.
[Statutory Authority: 1989 c 431. 00-19-017 (Order 00-16), § 173-300-140, filed 9/8/00, effective 10/9/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.95D RCW and RCW 70.95.710. 91-01-093, § 173-300-140, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/1/91.]