(Board of Physical Therapy)
Purpose: These rules require physical therapists to perform specific tasks and only utilize physical therapist assistants and physical therapy aides who meet specific criteria. The rules protect the public by assuring that skilled professionals only provide physical therapy services and that only qualified appropriately supervised support staff provides their care. There is potential for significant patient harm due to inadequate training, incompetence or negligence in the supervision of physical therapist assistants or physical therapy aides for which there is no licensure requirement; or for graduate physical therapists under an interim permit who have little or no professional experience. The proposed rules address these issues.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 246-915-010 Definitions, 246-915-078 Interim permits, 246-915-140 Personnel identification, and 246-915-160 Responsibilities of supervision.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 18.74.023 (3), (6) and (7).
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 04-08-046 on April 1, 2004.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 4, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 4, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: May 18, 2004.
May 18, 2004
Sam Stockton, PT, Chair
Board of Physical Therapy
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 98-05-060, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98)
WAC 246-915-010 Definitions. For the purposes of this chapter and administering chapter 18.74 RCW, the following ((
terms are to be construed as set forth herein)) words and
phrases have the following meanings:
(1) The "performance of tests of neuromuscular function" includes the performance of electroneuromyographic examinations.
(2) "Consultation" means a communication regarding a patient's evaluation and proposed treatment plan with an authorized health care practitioner.
(3) "Supervisor" ((
shall)) means the licensed physical
"Physical therapist assistant" shall mean a
graduate of an approved school of physical therapy who is
eligible for licensure but has not been licensed to practice
physical therapy in Washington state, or an individual who has
received an associate degree as a physical therapist assistant
from an approved school.
(5) "Physical therapist aide" shall mean an individual who shall have received on-the-job training from a physical therapist.
(6) "Immediate supervision" shall mean the supervisor is in audible or visual range of the patient and the person treating the patient.
(7))) "Trained supportive personnel" as described in RCW 18.74.010(3) means:
(a) "Physical therapist assistant." An individual who has successfully completed a board approved physical therapist assistant program; or
(b) "Physical therapy aide." An individual who is involved in direct physical therapy patient care who does not meet the definition of a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and receives ongoing on-the-job training.
(5) "Direct supervision" ((
shall)) means the supervisor
is on the premises, is quickly and easily available and the
patient has been examined by the physical therapist at such
time as acceptable physical therapy practice requires,
consistent with the delegated health care task.
(8))) (6) "Indirect supervision" (( shall)) means the
supervisor is not on the premises, but has given either
written or oral instructions for treatment of the patient and
the patient has been examined by the physical therapist at
such time as acceptable health care practice requires, and
consistent with the particular delegated health care task.
(9))) (7) "Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome" or
"AIDS" means the clinical syndrome of HIV-related illness as
defined by the board of health by rule.
(10))) (8) "Office on AIDS" means (( that)) the section
within the department of social and health services or any
successor department with jurisdiction over public health
matters as defined in chapter 70.24 RCW.
(11))) (9) "Spinal manipulation" or "manipulative
mobilization" (( is defined as)) means movement beyond the
normal physiological range of motion.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. 98-05-060, § 246-915-010, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-010, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-010, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-010, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). 89-21-007, § 308-42-010, filed 10/6/89, effective 11/6/89; 88-23-014 (Order PM 789), § 308-42-010, filed 11/7/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-010, filed 6/19/84; Order PL 191, § 308-42-010, filed 5/29/75; Order 704207, § 308-42-010, filed 8/7/70, effective 9/15/70.]
(1) Payment of the application fee ((
and interim permit
(2) Evidence of having obtained a physical therapy degree from a board approved school;
(3) Completed a physical therapy license application on which the applicant:
Requests to be scheduled for the first examination
for which he or she is eligible no later than sixty days
before the date of the examination;
(b))) Requests to receive an interim permit;
(c))) (b) Provides the name, location and telephone
number of his or her place of employment;
(d))) (c) Provides the name and license number of his
or her licensed supervising physical therapist; and
(e))) (d) Provides written confirmation from the
licensed supervising physical therapist attesting that he or
(i) Ensure that a licensed physical therapist will remain on the premises at all times to provide "graduate supervision" as specified in RCW 18.74.075;
(ii) Report to the board any change in supervision or any
change in location where services are ((
to be)) provided;
(iii) Ensure that the holder of the interim permit wears
a badge identifying)) identification showing his or her
clinical title and/or role in the facility as a graduate
physical therapist; and
(iv) Ensure that the holder of the interim permit ceases practice immediately upon notification of examination failure; or
(v) Ensure that the holder of the interim permit obtains his or her physical therapy license immediately upon notification of having passed the examination.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-078, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94.]
(1) Provide initial evaluation of the patient.
(2) Develop a treatment plan and program, including treatment goals.
(3) Assess the competence of supportive personnel to perform assigned tasks.
(4) Select and delegate appropriate portions of the treatment plan and program.
(5) Direct and supervise supportive personnel in delegated functions.
(6) Reevaluate the patient and adjust the treatment plan as acceptable physical therapy practice requires, consistent with the delegated health care task.
(7) Document sufficient in-service training and periodic evaluation of performance to assure safe performance of the tasks assigned to supportive personnel.
(8) Provide discharge planning.)) (1) Each person shall wear identification showing his or her clinical title, and/or role in the facility as a physical therapist, a physical therapist assistant, a physical therapy aide, or a graduate physical therapist as appropriate. Supportive personnel may not use any term or designation which indicates or implies that he or she is licensed as a physical therapist in the state of Washington.
(2) The licensee must post the license or interim permit, or a certified copy of the license or interim permit, in a safe, conspicuous location at the licensee's work site. The licensee may block out his or her address before posting the license or interim permit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-140, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-140, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-140, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; 84-17-032 (Order PL 477), § 308-42-135, filed 8/8/84.]
(2) The license or interim permit[,] or a certified copy of the license or interim permit shall be posted in a safe, conspicuous location at the licensee's work site. The licensee's address may be blocked out before posting the license or interim permit.)) A physical therapist is professionally and legally responsible for patient care given by supportive personnel under his or her supervision. If a physical therapist fails to adequately supervise patient care given by supportive personnel, the board may take disciplinary action against the physical therapist.
(1) Regardless of the setting in which physical therapy services are provided, only the licensed physical therapist may perform the following responsibilities:
(a) Interpretation of referrals.
(b) Initial examination, problem identification, and diagnosis for physical therapy.
(c) Development or modification of a plan of care that is based on the initial examination and includes the goals for physical therapy intervention.
(d) Determination of which tasks require the expertise and decision-making capacity of the physical therapist and must be personally rendered by the physical therapist, and which tasks may be delegated.
(e) Assurance of the qualifications of all assistive personnel to perform assigned tasks through written documentation of their education or training that is maintained and available at all times.
(f) Delegation and instruction of the services to be rendered by the physical therapist, physical therapist assistant or physical therapy aide, including, but not limited to, specific tasks or procedures, precautions, special problems and contraindicated procedures.
(g) Timely review of documentation, reexamination of the patient and revision of the plan of care when indicated.
(h) Establishment of a discharge plan.
(2) Supervision requires that the patient reevaluation is performed:
(a) Every fifth visit, or if treatment is performed more than five times per week, reevaluation must be performed at least once a week;
(b) When there is any change in the patient's condition not consistent with planned progress or treatment goals.
(3) Supervision of supportive personnel means:
(a) Physical therapist assistants may function under direct or indirect supervision;
(b) Physical therapy aides shall function under direct supervision;
(c) The physical therapist may supervise a total of two supportive personnel at any one time.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-160, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-160, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-160, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-140, filed 6/19/84.]