WSR 04-19-144

PERMANENT RULES

STATE TOXICOLOGIST


[ Filed September 22, 2004, 9:24 a.m. , effective October 23, 2004 ]


Purpose: Adoption of streamlined rules for administration of breath alcohol test. Chapter 68, Laws of 2004 (SHB 3055), effective June 10, 2004, amended RCW 46.61.506 to place requirements for admissibility of breath test results in statute. Chapter 448-13 WAC which previously addressed these issues is being repealed and replaced with chapter 448-16 WAC. Chapter 448-16 WAC follows the direction of the statute to approve methods, equipment and personnel for breath alcohol testing. While many of the sections do not change substantively from those contained in chapter 448-13 WAC, renumbering is intended to simplify the rules and make them easier to read.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing chapter 448-13 WAC.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 46.61.506.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 04-16-062 on July 30, 2004.

Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: No substantive changes.

The proposed WAC has been amended for clarification as follows: "If the subject declines to remove the jewelry or ornamentation, they will be deemed to have a physical limitation rendering them incapable of providing a valid breath sample..." This is not a substantive change.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 16, Amended 0, Repealed 27.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 16, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 16, Amended 0, Repealed 27; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Date Adopted: September 22, 2004.

September 21, 2004

Barry K. Logan PhD

State Toxicologist

REPEALER


The following chapter of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:


Chapter 448-13 WAC Administration of breath test program.
Chapter 448-16 WAC

ADMINISTRATION OF BREATH TEST PROGRAM
NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-010   Basis for rules governing breath testing.   In RCW 46.61.506(4), the legislature establishes criteria for the admissibility of breath alcohol test evidence. RCW 46.61.506(3) authorizes and directs the state toxicologist to approve satisfactory techniques or methods, to supervise the examination of individuals to ascertain their qualifications and competence to conduct such analyses, and to issue permits to those individuals. These rules are intended to implement the direction of the statute by 1) approving instruments and associated equipment capable of performing a reliable breath alcohol test, 2) identifying classifications of individuals who are to be examined for their competence to conduct such tests, and operate or maintain that equipment, and 3) identifying certain aspects of the operation of that equipment, necessary for reliable testing.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-020   Approval of breath test equipment.   (1) Pursuant to RCW 46.61.506, the following instruments are approved for the quantitative measurement of alcohol in a person's breath:

a) The DataMaster.

b) The DataMaster CDM.

(2) Pursuant to RCW 46.61.506, the following thermometers are approved:

a) Mercury in glass thermometers with a scale graduated in tenths of a degree measuring a range between 33.5 and 34.5 degrees centigrade.

b) Digital thermometer system contained within the Guth 2100 wet bath simulator.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-030   Definitions.   (1) "Accuracy" means the proximity of a measured value to a reference value.

(2) "Alcohol" means the unique chemical compound ethyl alcohol.

(3) "Blank test" means the testing of an instrument to ensure that no alcohol from a previous test can interfere with a person's breath test.

(4) "Concentration" means the weight amount of alcohol, expressed in grams, contained in two hundred ten liters of breath or alcohol/water vapor.

(5) "Data entry" means the process of providing information through a keyboard to the instrument for the purposes of (a) identifying a breath test document to an individual and (b) statistical analysis.

(6) "Interference" means a test result whose infrared absorbance properties are not consistent with ethanol.

(7) "End expiratory air" means the last portion of breath to be delivered to the instrument once the appropriate sample acceptance criteria have been met.

(8) "External standard test" means the use of a simulator containing a certified simulator solution, to provide a known alcohol vapor concentration to test the accuracy and proper working order of the instrument. This test of the function of the instrument is performed with every breath test. The external standard test does not calibrate the instrument.

(9) "Internal standard test" means the use of a quartz filter to provide a check that the instrument has maintained calibration since the last time calibration was performed and is in proper working order at the time of the test.

(10) "Precision" means the ability of a technique to perform a measurement in a reproducible manner.

(11) "Simulator" means a device which when filled with a certified simulator solution, maintained at a known temperature, provides a vapor sample of known alcohol concentration.

(12) "Valid breath sample" means a sample of a person's breath provided in such a manner to be accepted for analysis by the instrument.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-040   Foreign substances, interference, and invalid samples.   (1) A determination as to whether a subject has a foreign substance in his or her mouth shall be made by either an examination of the mouth or a denial by the person that he or she has any foreign substances in their mouth. A test mouthpiece is not considered a foreign substance for purposes of RCW 46.61.506.

(2) If a subject is wearing jewelry or ornamentation pierced through their tongue, lips, cheek, or other soft tissues in the oral cavity, they will be required to remove this prior to conducting the breath test. If the subject declines to remove the jewelry or ornamentation, they will be deemed to have a physical limitation rendering them incapable of providing a valid breath sample and will be required to provide a blood sample under the implied consent statute, RCW 46.20.308.

(3) If during a breath test, interference is detected, this will invalidate the test. The subject will be required to repeat the test. A subject whose breath registers the presence of interference on two or more successive breaths shall be deemed to have a physical limitation rendering them incapable of providing a valid breath sample and will be required to provide a blood sample under the implied consent statute, RCW 46.20.308.

(4) In the event that the instrument records an "invalid sample" result at any point during the subject's test, that subject's test should be readministered, after again determining that the subject has no foreign substance in their mouth as outlined in WAC 448-16-040(1), and repeating the fifteen minute observation period.

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Reviser's note: The unnecessary underscoring in the above section occurred in the copy filed by the agency and appears in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.
NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-050   Test defined.   A test of a person's breath for alcohol concentration shall consist of the person insufflating end-expiratory air samples at least twice into the instrument, sufficient to allow two separate measurements. There will be sufficient time between the provision of each sample to permit the instrument to measure each sample individually. Two valid breath samples, provided consecutively, will constitute one test.

The instrument will perform this test according to the following protocol when being employed to quantitatively measure an individual's breath alcohol concentration. Successful compliance with each step of this protocol is determined from an inspection of the printout of results. These steps are necessary to ensure accuracy, precision, and confidence in each test.

Step 1. Data entry.

Step 2. Blank test with a result of .000.

Step 3. Internal standard verified.

Step 4. First breath sample provided by subject.

Step 5. Blank test with a result of .000.

Step 6. External standard simulator solution test. The result of this test must be between .072 and .088 inclusive.

Step 7. Blank test with a result of .000.

Step 8. Second breath sample provided by subject.

Step 9. Blank test with a result of .000.

Step 10. Printout of results.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-060   Determining agreement of duplicate breath samples.   Pursuant to RCW 46.61.506 the following method is approved for determining whether two breath samples agree to within plus or minus ten percent of their mean.

(1) The breath test results shall be reported, truncated to three decimal places.

(2) The mean of the two breath test results shall be calculated and rounded to four decimal places.

(3) The lower acceptable limit shall be determined by multiplying the above mean by 0.9, and truncating to three decimal places.

(4) The upper acceptable limit shall be determined by multiplying the mean by 1.1 and truncating to three decimal places.

(5) If the results fall within and inclusive of the upper and lower acceptable limits, the two breath samples are valid.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-070   Review, approval, and authorization of protocols of procedures and methods by the state toxicologist.   The state toxicologist shall review, approve, and authorize such protocols of procedures and methods (of the toxicologist's own promulgation or submitted by outside agencies or individuals for consideration) required in the administration of the breath test program. Such review, approval, and authorization will be so signified by a signed statement attached to each protocol, and kept on file by the Washington State Patrol. These protocols will be updated as necessary to maintain the quality of the breath test program.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-080   Instructors.   The state toxicologist shall certify persons found to be competent and qualified, as "instructors." Instructors are authorized to administer breath tests for alcohol concentration using approved instruments and are further authorized to train and certify as operators, according to outlines approved by the state toxicologist, those persons the instructor finds qualified to administer the breath test utilizing approved instruments. Instructors who are also certified as PBT technicians may instruct other individuals as PBT technicians according to the approved outlines. Details of persons certified as instructors shall be maintained by the state toxicologist and available upon request.

If an instructor fails or refuses to demonstrate to the state toxicologist or to his representative, that they have the ability to adequately perform their responsibilities as an instructor, then the state toxicologist will suspend their permit.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-090   Operators.   The state toxicologist, or certified instructors shall certify as "operators" persons found by them to be competent and qualified to administer breath tests for alcohol concentration using approved breath testing instruments. Persons who have attended courses in the operation of approved breath testing instruments taught by an instructor qualified by the state toxicologist, upon certification of attendance and qualification, shall be designated as "operators." Details of persons so certified shall be maintained by the state toxicologist and available upon request.

If an operator fails or refuses to demonstrate to the state toxicologist or to a certified instructor, that he or she has the ability to adequately perform his or her responsibilities as an operator, then the state toxicologist will suspend their permit.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-100   Solution changers.   The state toxicologist, or certified instructors, shall certify as "solution changers" operators found by them to be competent and qualified. In addition to being qualified as "operators" these persons must receive approved instruction covering the changing of simulator external standard solutions for approved breath test instruments, taught by an instructor qualified by the state toxicologist. Details of persons so certified shall be maintained by the state toxicologist and available upon request.

If a solution changer fails or refuses to demonstrate to the state toxicologist or to a certified instructor, that he or she has the ability to adequately perform his or her responsibilities as a solution changer, then the state toxicologist will suspend their permit.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-110   Technicians.   The state toxicologist shall certify as "technicians" such persons found to be competent and qualified to maintain the proper working order of breath test instruments through adjustment, repair, and regular service. Details of persons so certified shall be maintained by the state toxicologist and available upon request.

Technicians are authorized to perform maintenance, calibration and instruction in the use of the portable breath test devices. Technicians are also authorized to instruct persons otherwise qualified as "technicians," "instructors," "operators," and "solution changers" according to training outlines approved by the state toxicologist. Certified technicians are themselves authorized to perform the duties of "instructors," "operators," and "solution changers."

If a technician fails or refuses to demonstrate to the state toxicologist or his representative, that he or she has the ability to adequately perform his or her responsibilities as a technician, then the state toxicologist will suspend their permit.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-120   Permit cards.   Pursuant to RCW 46.61.506, the state toxicologist shall authorize the issuance to persons deemed qualified as "instructors," "operators," "solution changers" or "technicians," a wallet-sized card bearing his or her name and designation. Permit cards shall bear the signature or facsimile signature of the state toxicologist. Such permit cards shall expire three years after the date on the card, unless renewed for a like three-year period. Operators whose authorization expires may take recertification training within ninety days following expiration of their prior certification, but are not certified to perform any evidential breath tests during that period. Once ninety days have elapsed after the expiration of authorization, the operator must repeat the basic certification training.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-130   Review, approval, and authorization by the state toxicologist of training courses and outlines.   The state toxicologist shall approve and authorize such courses and course outlines (of his own promulgation or submitted for consideration by outside agencies or individuals) required in the training of breath test program personnel. Such review, approval, and authorization will be so signified by a signed statement attached to each course outline. These course outlines may be reviewed and updated as necessary to maintain the quality of the breath test program. Instructors are directed to use only approved outlines in conducting the training of operators. Information concerning currently approved course outlines can be obtained on application to the office of the state toxicologist.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-140   Information concerning technical aspects of the breath test program.   Documents used by the state toxicologist and personnel involved in breath testing for the state of Washington, which are available on request include: The simulator solution preparation protocol, alcohol analysis protocol, certification document for simulator solution, affidavit from analyst of simulator solution, data base, quality assurance protocol, quality assurance procedure report, operator course outline, operator refresher course outline, and operator training record. A fee may be charged to cover the cost of providing these copies. Copies of most of these records are available at no charge on a Web site maintained by the Washington State Patrol at http://breathtest.wsp.wa.gov/welcome.htm.

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Reviser's note: The unnecessary underscoring in the above section occurred in the copy filed by the agency and appears in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.
NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-150   Address for correspondence.   Information regarding instrument records, or the certification of operators, instructors, solution changers, and technicians should be obtained from the Washington State Patrol, Breath Test Section, 811 E. Roanoke, Seattle, WA 98102.

Persons seeking information regarding other aspects of the breath alcohol testing program shall direct their request initially to the State Toxicologist, Washington State Toxicology Laboratory, Forensic Laboratory Services Bureau, Washington State Patrol, 2203 Airport Way S., Seattle, WA 98134.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 448-16-160   Severability.   If any part or provision of these rules or regulations or the application thereof is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of these rules which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end any section, paragraph or sentence, is declared to be severable.

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