POLLUTION CONTROL AUTHORITY
Purpose: To clarify the inclusion of any newly incorporated governmental entities in the existing requirements of the regulation. It also clarifies some of the reporting requirements of the regulation.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending SCAPCA Regulation 1, Article 6, Section 6.14 Standards for Control of Particulate Matter on Paved Surfaces.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 70.94.141.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 04-18-081 on August 31, 2004, 1:21 p.m.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: October 7, 2004.
Ronald J. Edgar
Chief of Technical ServicesAMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order Res. 99-01, filed 9/01/04)
SECTION 6.14 STANDARDS FOR CONTROL OF PARTICULATE MATTER ON PAVED SURFACES
A. Applicability. The provisions of Section 6.14 shall
apply to any government agency of a state, county, city or
local government or private company)) municipal corporation
that applies or contracts for application of sanding materials
to or mechanically sweeps or vacuums or contracts for sweeping
or vacuuming of paved surfaces within the PM10 Nonattainment
area, or within the PM10 maintenance area after the
nonattainment area is redesignated to attainment. This
Section shall also apply to all suppliers of sanding materials
to be used by these affected entities.
1. Affected Entit((
ies))y (( are)) is any governmental
agency of a state, county, city or (( local government or
private company)) municipal corporation as described in
Subsection A. (( that applies sanding material to, or
mechanically sweeps or vacuums paved surfaces within the PM10
2. Approved Laboratory means a certified or approved facility capable of performing the specified tests in a competent, professional, and unbiased manner in accordance with ASTM testing procedures.
3. The Authority is the Spokane County Air Pollution Control Authority.
4. Base Sanding Amount is the average amount of sanding materials applied per lane mile by each affected entity within the PM10 Nonattainment Area during the 1992 - 1993 season or another base season, as requested by an affected entity and approved by the Authority.
5. Durability Index means the percent loss of weight as determined using ASTM "Standard Test Method for Resistance to Degradation of Small-Size Coarse Aggregate by Abrasion and Impact in the Los Angeles Machine", designated C131-89, or other approved ASTM procedure.
6. Full Deployment means that sanding materials have been
applied to all priority roadways targeted for treatment during
a snow/ice event ((
7. Percent Fines means the percent material passing a #100 sieve as determined by the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) "Standard Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates", Designation C136-84a (1988) (American Highway and Transportation Officials designation T27-88), or other approved ASTM procedure.
8. PM10 Maintenance Area means the same as the PM10 Nonattainment area unless otherwise defined in an approved PM10 Maintenance Plan.
8)) 9. PM10 Nonattainment Area means the Spokane County
PM10 Nonattainment Area, defined in CFR Title 40, Part 81, as
designated on November 15, 1990. (( This definition will
remain in effect, even after the United States Environmental
Protection Agency makes the determination that the PM10
standard that existed before September 16, 1997, no longer
applies to Spokane County. Retaining the definition ensures
compliance with the Environmental Protection Agency's Guidance
for implementing the 1-Hour Ozone and Pre-Existing PM10 NAAQS,
dated December 29, 1997, by continuing implementation of
control measures in the State Implementation Plan and
preserving air quality gains.))
9)) 10. Priority Roadway means any street, arterial, or
highway, within the PM10 Nonattainment Area, with more than
15,000 average daily traffic count, and any connecting
entrance or exit ramp.
10)) 11. Recycled Sanding Materials means previously
used sanding materials which have been collected from roadways
or paved areas and are then re-used as is, after washing, or
after blending with new sanding materials.
11)) 12. Sanding Materials means natural geologic
materials, excluding salt and other de-icing chemicals, used
to provide increased traction on roadways or paved areas.
12)) 13. Season means the period beginning, November 1,
in one calendar year and concluding on April 30, the next
C. Emission reduction and control plans. Each affected
governmental)) entity shall submit to the Authority an
initial plan, including an implementation schedule describing
the programs and methods to be used to reduce PM10 emissions
from paved surfaces(( , within 30 days after the effective date
of this regulation)). If the affected entity incorporated
after the effective date of this regulation, that entity shall
submit an initial plan within 180 days of incorporation. In
reviewing each plan, the Authority shall allow consideration
of mobility and transportation safety factors. (( Approval
of)) In approving any initial plan, (( shall require that)) or
plan revision the Authority (( determine)) must make a finding,
in consultation with the Washington State Department of
Ecology, that the cumulative effect of the plans submitted by
all affected entities will (( achieve and)) maintain at least a
70% reduction, from the 1992 - 1993 base season, in the 24
hour PM10 emissions from paved surfaces.
1. Each plan is subject to approval by the Authority and
shall address, at a minimum, ((
but not necessarily be limited
to)) all of the following:
a. Base sanding amount;
b. Percent sanding reduction goal;
c. Sanding materials specifications to be employed;
d. Criteria for application of sanding materials. Where and when sanding materials are applied;
d)) e. Identification of priority roadways(( .));
e)) f. Locations, application rates, and circumstances
for the use of chemical deicers and other sanding
f)) g. Street sweeping frequency and technology to be
g)) h. Factors for determining when and where to
initiate street sweeping following a sanding event, with the
goal of expeditious removal of sanding materials from priority
roadways when safety and mobility requirements have been
h)) i. An implementation schedule giving the estimated
dates of start and completion, if applicable, of each part of
the plan(( .)); and
j. A schedule for removal of sanding materials from all surfaces to which they are applied.
Beginning 30 days after the effective date of this
regulation, t))The plans submitted shall be implemented by
each affected entity(( . U))upon approval of each plan(( , the
affected entity shall implement the approved plan)).
3. Within 45 days of submittal of the reports required in
G)) F. of this Section, the Authority shall
determine if the plan commitments have been met and shall
notify (( any)) each affected entity that has failed to (( meet
plan commitments)) fully implement its plan.
4. If the Authority determines that any governmental
entity has failed to meet the plan commitments, the Authority,
shall require that any affected governmental entity submit a
revised plan within 30 days of notification by the Authority.
The revised plan shall establish methods for meeting the plan
commitments. Any revised plan must be implemented upon
approval by the Authority.))
5)) 4. If the Authority, after consultation with the
affected (( governmental)) entities, the Washington Department
of Ecology, and the United States Environmental Protection
Agency, determines that the emission reduction and control
plans do not provide for sufficient reduction in PM10
emissions to (( meet)) achieve the emission reduction credit
for paved road surfaces as contained in the State
Implementation Plan, the Authority may require (( the)) any or
all affected (( governmental)) entities to modify their plans
in order to achieve additional reductions.
5. Each affected entity shall review their approved plan within 90 days of the effective date of the amendment to this regulation and every five (5) years thereafter and within 90 days of the Authority's determination made pursuant to subsection C.4. and revise the plan as appropriate to ensure that identified priority roadways reflect changes in traffic counts and driving patterns and that all aspects of the plan reflect current sanding and sweeping technologies, programs, and schedules of the affected entity and requirements of the Authority. All amended plans are subject to approval by the Authority.
D. Sweeping requirements. Beginning the effective date
of this regulation, the City of Spokane, Spokane County, and
the Washington State Department of Transportation, or their
contractors, shall clean all priority roadways in an
expeditious manner following each sanding event when road
conditions are appropriate and safety and mobility
requirements have been satisfied. Cleaning shall be
accomplished with broom sweepers or a more effective technique
approved by the Authority.))
E)) D. Sanding Materials Specifications
1. Material Standards. No affected entity shall use sanding materials, whether new or recycled, which equal or exceed 3% fines and 25% durability index.
2. Contractual Requirements. After the effective date of this regulation, no affected entity shall execute a contract for the purchase of sanding materials unless the contract includes standards at least as stringent as those set forth in Subsection E.1. of this Section.
F)) E. Testing
1. Supplier Testing Requirements
a. Suppliers of sanding materials shall have tests performed by an approved laboratory to determine the percent fines and durability index on representative samples of their sanding materials which are supplied to affected entities.
b. The sampling and test frequency and methodology used
shall ensure that the samples are representative and enable
the supplier to certify to the affected entity that the actual
sanding materials supplied for use will meet the requirements
of Subsection ((
E)) D. of this Section.
2. User Requirements. Affected entities or their contractors, shall have at least one test performed by an approved laboratory to determine the percent fines and durability index on all recycled materials at least once for the first 250 tons of recycled materials used each season and at least once for every 500 tons of recycled materials used thereafter during the same season.
3. Authority Audits. The Authority may enter the site of
any affected entity or supplier of sanding materials subject
to this Section for the purpose of obtaining a sample of
sanding materials to determine if the materials meet the
requirements of Subsection ((
E)) D. of this Section.
G)) F. Reporting
1. Supplier Reporting Requirements. Prior to, or upon,
delivery of sanding materials, suppliers shall provide
affected entities that use their sanding materials a report
demonstrating that the supplier has met all testing
requirements of this Section applicable to the time period in
which deliveries are made. The supplier shall certify in
writing to the affected entity that the sanding materials meet
the requirements of Subsection ((
E)) D. of this Section.
2. Affected Entity Reporting Requirements
a. Affected entities that use recycled sanding materials
shall submit to the Authority copies of the results of testing
conducted according to Subsection ((
F)) E.2. of this Section
no later than 30 days after the tests are conducted.
b. No later than June 30, of each year, affected
governmental)) entities shall submit a report to the
Authority containing information for the preceding season on:
1) the total amount of sanding materials (both new and recycled) and salt and other deicing chemicals used;
2) the number of lane miles sanded, salted and deiced; and
3) the number of full deployment episodes; and
4) the same information specified in b.(1), b.(2) and
b.(3), for all private companies performing sanding, salting,
or deicing services under a contract with the affected
c. No later than June 30, of each year, private
companies that use 250 tons of sanding materials or more per
season for non-governmental applications within the PM10
nonattainment area shall submit a report to the Authority
containing information for the preceding season on the total
amount of sanding materials (both new and recycled) and salt
and other deicing chemicals used;))
d)) c. Within 7 calendar days of awarding a contract
for the purchase of sanding materials to a supplier, an
affected entity shall notify the Authority of the supplier's
name and location of the aggregate sources from which the
materials will be supplied.
e)) d. Affected entities shall maintain on file reports
received under the provisions of Subsection (( G)) F.1. of this
Section for a period of three (3) years.
3. Sweeper Reporting Requirements
a. Affected entities shall maintain monthly records to
document the information described below. No later than June
30, of each year, each affected ((
governmental)) entity shall
submit a report to the Authority (( which)) that shall contain
the information described below (( for each priority roadway)).
1) Date of each sweeping operation;
2) Priority ((
L))lane miles swept;
3) All other lane miles swept;
3)) 4) Type of equipment used; and
4)) 5) Number of passes on priority roadways.
5) the same information specified in a.(1), a.(2),
a.(3) and a.(4), for all private companies performing sweeping
under a contract with the affected governmental entity.))
4. Authority Audits. All records generated under the provisions of this Section shall be made available for inspection upon request by the Authority.
H)) G. Alternate Test Methods and Standards. Alternate
percent fines and durability index test procedures may be
approved by the Authority should they be determined to provide
a measure that is equivalent to the test procedures of this
I)) H. Alternate Sanding Materials. Experimentation
with new sanding materials may be approved by the Authority
provided the Authority finds that the impact of such
experiments will not cause (( or contribute to a violation of
the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for PM10)) a
failure to maintain the 70% reduction in PM10 emissions from
the 1992-93 base season, as described in Subsection C.
J. Failure to comply with this Section will subject
affected entities and/or suppliers to penalties as provided in
Article II of this Regulation.))
Reviser's note: The typographical errors in the above material occurred in the copy filed by the Spokane County Air Pollution Control Authority and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.