Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
Purpose: The purpose of this proposal is to update the energy facility site evaluation council's air rules (chapter 463-78 WAC) to make them consistent with the federal prevention of significant deterioration (PSD) and ecology's new source review (NSR) programs, and to clarify procedures for appeals of air permits and source registration.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 463-78-005, 463-78-030, 463-78-100, 463-78-115, and 463-78-140.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 80.50.040 (1) and (12).
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 06-01-014 on December 9, 2005.
Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: The language in WAC 463-78-140 (1), (2), (3), and (4) was clarified to indicate that permit actions which become effective upon final action of the governor according to RCW 80.50.100 on an application for site certification are subject to judicial review pursuant to RCW 80.50.140.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 5, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 5, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 2, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: February 14, 2006.
James O. Luce
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 04-21-013, filed 10/11/04, effective 11/11/04)
WAC 463-78-005 Adoption by reference. (1) The energy facility site evaluation council adopts the following provisions of chapter 173-400 WAC, in effect on ((
1, (( 2003)) 2005, by reference. WAC 173-400-110(8) and
173-400-730(4) are not adopted by reference.
|WAC 173-400-035:||Portable and temporary sources.|
|WAC 173-400-040:||General standards for maximum emissions.|
|WAC 173-400-050:||Emission standards for combustion and incineration units.|
|WAC 173-400-060:||Emission standards for general process units.|
|WAC 173-400-075:||Emission standards for sources emitting hazardous air pollutants.|
|WAC 173-400-081:||Startup and shutdown.|
|WAC 173-400-091:||Voluntary limits on emissions.|
|WAC 173-400-105:||Records, monitoring, and reporting.|
|WAC 173-400-107:||Excess emissions.|
|WAC 173-400-110:||New source review (NSR).|
|WAC 173-400-112:||Requirements for new sources in nonattainment areas.|
|WAC 173-400-113:||Requirements for new sources in attainment or unclassifiable areas.|
|WAC 173-400-114:||Requirements for replacement or substantial alteration of emission control technology at an existing stationary source.|
|WAC 173-400-117:||Special protection requirements for federal Class I areas.|
|WAC 173-400-120:||Bubble rules.|
|WAC 173-400-131:||Issuance of emission reduction credits.|
|WAC 173-400-136:||Use of emission reduction credits.|
|WAC 173-400-151:||Retrofit requirements for visibility protection.|
|WAC 173-400-161:||Compliance schedules.|
|WAC 173-400-171:||Public involvement.|
|WAC 173-400-175:||Public information.|
|WAC 173-400-190:||Requirements for nonattainment areas.|
|WAC 173-400-200:||Creditable stack height and dispersion techniques.|
|WAC 173-400-205:||Adjustment for atmospheric conditions.|
|WAC 173-400-700:||Review of major stationary sources of air pollution.|
|WAC 173-400-720:||Prevention of significant deterioration (PSD).|
|WAC 173-400-730:||Prevention of significant deterioration application processing procedures.|
|WAC 173-400-740:||PSD permitting public involvement requirements.|
|WAC 173-400-750:||Revisions to PSD permits.|
|WAC 173-401-100:||Program overview.|
|WAC 173-401-500:||Permit applications.|
|WAC 173-401-510:||Permit application form.|
|WAC 173-401-530:||Insignificant emission units.|
|WAC 173-401-531:||Thresholds for hazardous air pollutants.|
|WAC 173-401-532:||Categorically exempt insignificant emission units.|
|WAC 173-401-533:||Units and activities defined as insignificant on the basis of size or production rate.|
|WAC 173-401-600:||Permit content.|
|WAC 173-401-605:||Emission standards and limitations.|
|WAC 173-401-610:||Permit duration.|
|WAC 173-401-615:||Monitoring and related recordkeeping and reporting requirements.|
|WAC 173-401-620:||Standard terms and conditions. Except (2)(i).|
|WAC 173-401-625:||Federally enforceable requirements.|
|WAC 173-401-630:||Compliance requirements.|
|WAC 173-401-635:||Temporary sources.|
|WAC 173-401-640:||Permit shield.|
|WAC 173-401-645:||Emergency provision.|
|WAC 173-401-650:||Operational flexibility.|
|WAC 173-401-700:||Action on application.|
|WAC 173-401-705:||Requirement for a permit.|
|WAC 173-401-710:||Permit renewal, revocation and expiration.|
|WAC 173-401-720:||Administrative permit amendments.|
|WAC 173-401-722:||Changes not requiring permit revisions.|
|WAC 173-401-725:||Permit modifications.|
|WAC 173-401-730:||Reopening for cause.|
|WAC 173-401-750:||General permits.|
|WAC 173-401-800:||Public involvement.|
|WAC 173-401-810:||EPA Review.|
|WAC 173-401-820:||Review by affected states.|
|Part I - GENERAL PROVISIONS
|WAC 173-406-100:||Acid rain program general provisions.|
|WAC 173-406-102:||Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.|
|WAC 173-406-104:||New units exemption.|
|WAC 173-406-105:||Retired units exemption.|
|WAC 173-406-106:||Standard requirements.
|Part II - DESIGNATED REPRESENTATIVE
|WAC 173-406-200:||Designated representative.|
|Part III - APPLICATIONS
|WAC 173-406-300:||Acid rain permit applications.|
|WAC 173-406-301:||Requirement to apply.|
|WAC 173-406-302:||Information requirements for acid rain permit applications.|
|WAC 173-406-303:||Permit application shield and
binding effect of permit
|Part IV - COMPLIANCE PLAN
|WAC 173-406-400:||Acid rain compliance plan and compliance options.|
|WAC 173-406-402:||Repowering extensions.
|Part V - PERMIT CONTENTS
|WAC 173-406-500:||Acid rain permit.|
|WAC 173-406-502:||Permit shield.
|Part VI - PERMIT ISSUANCE
|WAC 173-406-600:||Acid rain permit issuance procedures.|
|WAC 173-406-603:||Statement of basis.|
|WAC 173-406-604:||Issuance of acid rain permits.|
|Part VII - PERMIT REVISIONS
|WAC 173-406-700:||Permit revisions.|
|WAC 173-406-702:||Permit modifications.|
|WAC 173-406-703:||Fast-track modifications.|
|WAC 173-406-704:||Administrative permit amendment.|
|WAC 173-406-705:||Automatic permit amendment.|
|WAC 173-406-706:||Permit reopenings.
|Part VIII - COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATION
|WAC 173-406-800:||Compliance certification.|
|WAC 173-406-801:||Annual compliance certification report.|
|WAC 173-406-802:||Units with repowering extension plans.|
|Part IX - NITROGEN OXIDES
|WAC 173-406-900:||Nitrogen oxides emission reduction program.|
|Part X - SULFUR DIOXIDE OPT-IN
|WAC 173-406-950:||Sulfur dioxide opt-ins.|
|WAC 173-460-030:||Requirements, applicability and exemptions.|
|WAC 173-460-040:||New source review.|
|WAC 173-460-050:||Requirement to quantify emissions.|
|WAC 173-460-060:||Control technology requirements.|
|WAC 173-460-070:||Ambient impact requirement.|
|WAC 173-460-080:||Demonstrating ambient impact compliance.|
|WAC 173-460-090:||Second tier analysis.|
|WAC 173-460-100:||Request for risk management decision.|
|WAC 173-460-110:||Acceptable source impact levels.|
|WAC 173-460-120:||Scientific review and amendment of acceptable source impact levels and lists.|
|WAC 173-460-150:||Class A toxic air pollutants: Known, probable and potential human carcinogens and acceptable source impact levels.|
|WAC 173-460-160:||Class B toxic air pollutants and acceptable source impact levels.|
[Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040 (1) and (12). 04-21-013, recodified as § 463-78-005, filed 10/11/04, effective 11/11/04; 04-17-058, § 463-39-005, filed 8/11/04, effective 9/11/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1). 95-17-088, § 463-39-005, filed 8/21/95, effective 9/21/95; 94-16-031, § 463-39-005, filed 7/26/94, effective 8/26/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1) and chapter 70.94 RCW. 93-23-035, § 463-39-005, filed 11/10/93, effective 12/11/93. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1). 92-09-013, § 463-39-005, filed 4/2/92, effective 5/3/92.]
(2) In addition to the definitions contained in WAC 173-400-030, 173-400-710, 173-401-200, 173-406-101, "ecology,"
"authority," and "permitting ((
agency)) authority" shall be
synonymous with the energy facility site evaluation council
unless a different meaning is plainly required by context.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040 (1) and (12). 04-21-013, recodified as § 463-78-030, filed 10/11/04, effective 11/11/04; 04-17-058, § 463-39-030, filed 8/11/04, effective 9/11/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1). 95-17-088, § 463-39-030, filed 8/21/95, effective 9/21/95. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1) and chapter 70.94 RCW. 93-23-035, § 463-39-030, filed 11/10/93, effective 12/11/93. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1). 92-09-013, § 463-39-030, filed 4/2/92, effective 5/3/92; 79-09-006 (Order 79-1), § 463-39-030, filed 8/6/79.]
(2) Requirement to register. Except as provided in
subsection (3) of this section, the owner or operator of each
stationary)) source subject to chapter 80.50 RCW shall
register the source with the council. (( Stationary)) Sources
subject to the Operating permit regulation in chapter 173-401 WAC are not required to comply with these registration
Registration shall be on forms which have been adopted
for use by the department of ecology within the time specified
thereon.)) (3) The following sources are exempt from
(a) A source that emits pollutants below the following emission rates:
|Carbon monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . .||5.0|
|Nitrogen oxides . . . . . . . . . . . .||2.0|
|Sulfur dioxide . . . . . . . . . . . .||2.0|
|Particulate Matter (PM) . . . . . . . . . . . .||1.25|
|Fine Particulate (PM10) . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.75|
|Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) . . . . . . . . . . . .||2.0|
|Lead . . . . . . . . . . . .||0.005|
(b) A source or emission unit that does not emit measurable amounts of Class A or Class B toxic air pollutants specified in WAC 173-460-150 and 173-460-160.
(4) Initial registration. The owner or operator of a source that exists on the effective date of this rule must register the source with the council by no later than one year after the effective date of this rule. The owner or operator of a new source must register with the council within ninety days after beginning operation.
(5) Annual reregistration. After initial registration, the owner or operator of a source must reregister with the council by February 15 of each year. The reregistration must include all of the information required in the initial registration and must be updated to reflect any changes to such information since the previous registration. For information that has not changed since the previous registration, the owner or operator may reaffirm in writing the correctness and current status of the information previously furnished to the council.
(6) Registration format. Registration shall be in a format approved by the council. Each registration submittal shall include the following information:
(a) Name of the source and the nature of the business;
(b) Street address, telephone number, facsimile number, and e-mail address of the source;
(c) Name, mailing address, telephone number, facsimile number and e-mail address of the owner or operator;
(d) Name, mailing address, telephone number, facsimile number and e-mail address of the local individual responsible for compliance with this rule;
(e) Name, mailing address, telephone number, facsimile number and e-mail address of the individual authorized to receive requests for data and information;
(f) A description of the production processes and a related flow chart;
(g) Identification of emission units and air pollutant generating activities;
(h) A plot plan showing the location and height of all emission units and air pollutant generating activities. The plot plan must also show the property lines of the air pollution source and indicate the distance to and direction of the nearest residential or commercial property;
(i) Type and quantity of fuels, including the sulfur content of fuels, used on a daily and annual basis;
(j) Type and quantity of raw materials used on a daily and annual basis;
(k) Estimates of the total actual emissions for the air pollution source of the following air pollutants: Particulate matter emissions, PM10 emissions, sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOX), carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOC), lead (Pb), fluorides, sulfuric acid mist, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), total reduced sulfur (TRS), and reduced sulfur compounds;
(l) Calculations used to determine the estimated emissions in (k) of this subsection;
(m) Estimated efficiency of air pollution control equipment under present or anticipated operating conditions; and
(n) Any other information specifically requested by the council.
(7) Procedure for estimating emissions. The registration submittal must include an estimate of actual emissions taking into account equipment, operating conditions, and air pollution control measures. The emission estimates must be based upon actual test data, or in the absence of such data, upon procedures acceptable to the council. Any emission estimates submitted to the council must be verifiable using currently accepted engineering criteria. The following procedures are generally acceptable for estimating emissions from air pollution sources:
(a) Source-specific emission tests;
(b) Mass balance calculations;
(c) Published, verifiable emission factors that are applicable to the source;
(d) Other engineering calculations; or
(e) Other procedures to estimate emissions specifically approved by the council.
(8) Other reports required.
(a) A report of closure shall be filed with the council within ninety days after operations producing emissions permanently ceased at any source within the council's jurisdiction.
(2))) (b) A report of relocation of the source shall be
filed with the council no later than ninety days prior to the
relocation of the source. Submitting a report of relocation
does not relieve the owner or operator of other site
certification agreement amendment requirements pursuant to
chapter 463-66 WAC, nor does it relieve the owner or operator
from the requirement to obtain a permit or approval to
construct if the relocation of the air pollution source would
be a new source or modification subject to any federal or
state permit to construct rule.
(c) A report of change of owner or operator shall be reported to the council within ninety days after the change in ownership is effective. Submitting the report of change of ownership does not relieve the owner or operator of other site certification agreement amendment requirements pursuant to chapter 463-66 WAC.
(9) Certification of truth and accuracy. All registrations and reports must include a certification by the owner or operator as to the truth, accuracy, and completeness of the information. This certification must state that, based on information and belief formed after reasonable inquiry, the statements and information are true, accurate, and complete.
(10) The council shall ensure that the following, as it pertains to sources covered under this rule, is passed on to ecology in a timely manner for inclusion in its permit register:
(a) Public meetings or hearings on draft operating permits;
(b) Receipt of complete applications;
(c) Permit appeals;
(d) Issuance or denial of final permit, permit modifications, or renewals;
(e) Authorization for a source to operate without an operating permit by limiting its potential to emit to levels below those that would require the source to obtain an operating permit;
(f) Periodic summaries of enforcement order and changes made without revising the permit pursuant to WAC 173-401-722.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040 (1) and (12). 04-21-013, recodified as § 463-78-100, filed 10/11/04, effective 11/11/04; 04-17-058, § 463-39-100, filed 8/11/04, effective 9/11/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1) and chapter 70.94 RCW. 93-23-035, § 463-39-100, filed 11/10/93, effective 12/11/93. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1). 79-09-006 (Order 79-1), § 463-39-100, filed 8/6/79.]
|Subpart A||General Provisions, except CFR 60.5 and 60.6|
|Subpart D||Fossil fuel fired steam generators for which construction commenced after August 17, 1971, and prior to September 19, 1978, which have a heat input greater than 73 megawatts but not greater than 350 megawatts|
|Subpart Da||Electric utility steam generating units for which construction commenced after September 18, 1978, which have greater than 73 megawatts but not greater than 350 megawatts|
|Subpart J||Petroleum refineries which produce less than 25,000 barrels per day of refined products|
|Subpart K||Storage vessels for petroleum liquid constructed after June 11, 1973, and prior to May 19, 1978, which have a capacity greater than 40, 000 gallons|
|Subpart Ka||Storage vessels for petroleum liquids constructed after May 18, 1978, which have a capacity greater than 40,000 gallons|
|Subpart Kb||Volatile organic liquid storage vessels (including petroleum liquid storage vessels) constructed, reconstructed, or modified after July 23, 1984|
|Subpart Y||Standards for Performance for Coal Preparation Plants|
|Subpart GG||Stationary gas turbines|
|Subpart XX||Bulk gasoline terminals|
|Subpart GGG||Petroleum refineries – compressors and fugitive emission sources|
|Subpart KKK||Equipment leaks of VOC from onshore natural gas processing plants|
|Subpart LLL||Onshore natural gas processing; SO2 emissions|
|Subpart NNN||VOC emissions from SOCMI distillation operations|
|Subpart QQQ||VOC emissions from petroleum refinery wastewater emissions|
|Appendix A||Test Methods|
|Appendix B||Performance Specifications|
|Appendix C||Determination of Emission Rate Change|
|Appendix D||Required Emission Inventory Information|
|Appendix F||Quality Assurance Procedures|
(a) Sections 60.5 (Determination of Construction or
Modification) and 60.6 ((
are not incorporated herein because
they provide for preconstruction review of new stationary
sources only on request. By virtue of WAC 173-400-110, such
review under the state program is mandatory and an order of
approval is required before the construction, installation or
establishment of a new stationary source may commence))
(Review of Plans);
(b) 40 CFR Part 60, subpart B (Adoption and Submittal of State Plans for Designated Facilities), and subparts C, Cb, Cc, Cd, Ce, BBBB, and DDDD (emission guidelines); and
(c) 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix G, Provisions for an Alternative method of Demonstrating Compliance with 40 CFR 60.43 for the Newton Power Station of Central Illinois Public Service Company.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040 (1) and (12). 04-21-013, recodified as § 463-78-115, filed 10/11/04, effective 11/11/04; 04-17-058, § 463-39-115, filed 8/11/04, effective 9/11/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1). 94-16-031, § 463-39-115, filed 7/26/94, effective 8/26/94; 92-09-013, § 463-39-115, filed 4/2/92, effective 5/3/92; 82-14-051 (Order 82-3), § 463-39-115, filed 6/30/82; 79-09-006 (Order 79-1), § 463-39-115, filed 8/6/79.]
(a) Any conditions contained in an order of approval, or the denial of a notice of construction application issued by the council pursuant to the requirements of WAC 173-400-110 may be appealed as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW; provided that any order, permit, conditions or denial issued pursuant to WAC 173-400-110 which becomes effective upon final action of the governor according to RCW 80.50.100 on an application for site certification shall be subject to judicial review only pursuant to RCW 80.50.140.
(b) The council shall promptly mail copies of each order approving or denying a notice of construction application to the applicant and to any other party who submitted timely comments on the notice of construction application, along with a notice advising parties of their rights of appeal.
(2) Appeal of prevention of significant deterioration permits issued pursuant to WAC 173-400-730.
(a) A PSD permit, any conditions contained in a PSD permit, or the denial of a PSD permit by the council may be appealed as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW; provided that a PSD permit, any conditions contained in a PSD permit, or the denial of a PSD permit which becomes effective upon final action of the governor according to RCW 80.50.100 on an application for site certification shall be subject to judicial review only pursuant to RCW 80.50.140. Such an appeal, however, does not stay the effective date of the permit as a matter of federal law.
(b) A PSD permit issued under the terms of a delegation agreement between the EPA and the council can be appealed to the EPA's environmental appeals board as provided in 40 CFR 124.13 and 40 CFR 124.19.
(3) Appeal of operating permits issued pursuant to chapter 173-401 WAC.
(a) A decision to issue or to deny a final permit, or the terms or conditions of such a permit issued by the council pursuant to chapter 173-401 WAC, may be appealed as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW, provided that a decision to issue or to deny a final permit, or the terms or conditions of such a permit issued pursuant to chapter 173-401 WAC which becomes effective upon final action of the governor according to RCW 80.50.100 on an application for site certification, shall be subject to judicial review only pursuant to RCW 80.50.140.
(b) The council shall identify any appealable decision or determination as such and shall notify the recipient that the decision may be appealed by filing an appeal pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW.
(c) The provision for appeal in this section is separate from and additional to any federal rights to petition and review under section 505(b) of the federal Clean Air Act, including petitions filed pursuant to 40 CFR 70.8(c) and 70.8(d).
(d) Appealing parties. Parties that may file the appeal referenced in subsection (4)(a) of this section include any person who submitted comment in the public participation process pursuant to WAC 173-401-800.
(e) As provided in RCW 34.05.570, a person may seek a writ of mandamus in the event that the council fails to take final action on an application for a permit, permit renewal, or permit revision within the deadlines specified by WAC 173-401-700 through 173-401-725.
(4) Appeal of acid rain permits issued pursuant to chapter 173-406 WAC.
(a) Terms used in this subsection have the definitions given in WAC 173-406-101.
(b) Appeals of the acid rain portion of an operating permit issued by the council that do not challenge or involve decisions or actions of the administrator under 40 CFR parts 72, 73, 75, 77 and 78 and sections 407 and 410 of the act and regulations implementing sections 407 and 410 shall be conducted according to the procedures in chapter 34.05 RCW; provided that appeals of the acid rain portion of an operating permit issued by the council which becomes effective upon final action of the governor according to RCW 80.50.100 on an application for site certification shall be subject to judicial review only pursuant to RCW 80.50.140.
(c) Appeals of the acid rain portion of such a permit that challenge or involve such decisions or actions of the administrator shall follow the procedures under 40 CFR part 78 and section 307 of the act. Such decisions or actions include, but are not limited to, allowance allocations, determinations concerning alternative monitoring systems, and determinations of whether a technology is a qualifying repowering technology.
(d) No administrative appeal or judicial appeal of the acid rain portion of an operating permit shall be allowed more than thirty days following respectively issuance of the acid rain portion that is subject to administrative appeal or issuance of the final agency action subject to judicial appeal.
(e) The administrator may intervene as a matter of right in any state administrative appeal of an acid rain permit or denial of an acid rain permit.
(f) No administrative appeal concerning an acid rain requirement shall result in a stay of the following requirements:
(i) The allowance allocations for any year during which the appeal proceeding is pending or is being conducted;
(ii) Any standard requirement under WAC 173-406-106;
(iii) The emissions monitoring and reporting requirements applicable to the affected units at an affected source under 40 CFR part 75;
(iv) Uncontested provisions of the decision on appeal; and
(v) The terms of a certificate of representation submitted by a designated representative under subpart B of 40 CFR part 72.
(g) The council will serve written notice on the administrator of any state administrative or judicial appeal concerning an acid rain provision of any operating permit or denial of an acid rain portion of any operating permit within thirty days of the filing of the appeal.
(h) The council will serve written notice on the administrator of any determination or order in a state administrative or judicial proceeding that interprets, modifies, voids, or otherwise relates to any portion of an acid rain permit. Following any such determination or order, the administrator will have an opportunity to review and veto the acid rain permit or revoke the permit for cause in accordance with WAC 173-401-810 and 173-401-820.
(5) Appeals from notices of violation issued by the
council will be handled via the council's appellate review
procedure as provided in WAC ((
463-54-070)) 463-70-070 (4)(c).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040 (1) and (12). 04-21-013, recodified as § 463-78-140, filed 10/11/04, effective 11/11/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 80.50.040(1) and chapter 70.94 RCW. 93-23-035, § 463-39-140, filed 11/10/93, effective 12/11/93.]