Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 05-16-025.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: WAC 458-20-17902 Brokered natural gas -- Use tax, RCW 82.12.022 and 82.14.230 impose state and local use taxes on the use of natural gas or manufactured gas by a consumer, if the person who sold the gas to the consumer has not paid public utility tax with respect to the gas. This use tax is imposed only for natural gas delivered to a consumer through a pipeline, and the tax rate that applies is the same rate as the state and city public utility taxes. Rule 17902 explains how this use tax applies and the reporting requirements.
Hearing Location(s): Capital Plaza Building, 4th Floor, Large L&P Conference Room, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Olympia, WA 98504, on December 5, 2006, at 1:30 p.m.
Date of Intended Adoption: December 12, 2006.
Submit Written Comments to: Pat Moses, P.O. Box 47453, Olympia, WA 98504-7453, e-mail PatM@dor.wa.gov, fax (360) 586-5543, by December 5, 2006.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Sandy Davis at (360) 725-7499 no later than ten days before the hearing date. Deaf and hard of hearing individuals may call 1-800-451-7985 (TTY users).
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: Consumers currently report and pay this use tax on a separate "natural gas use tax return." The department is considering a revision to rule 17902, so that the "natural gas use tax return" can be incorporated into the excise tax return and reported with the other taxes included on that return, such as the business and occupation (B&O) and public utility taxes.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: The proposed change allows increased efficiency in the reporting and processing of the tax.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 82.12.022(9), 82.32.300, and 82.01.060(2).
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 82.12.022 and 82.14.230.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: Department of revenue, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Pat Moses, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Suite #544, Olympia, WA, (360) 570-6116; Implementation: Alan R. Lynn, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Suite #544, Olympia, WA, (360) 570-6125; and Enforcement: Janis P. Bianchi, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Suite #544, Olympia, WA, (360) 570-6147.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. A small business economic impact statement is not required because the rule and the amendments do not impose any requirements or burdens upon small business that are not already required by statute.
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. The proposed rule is not a significant legislative rule as defined by RCW 34.05.328.
October 31, 2006
Janis P. Bianchi
Technical Advice Division
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 90-17-068, filed 8/16/90, effective 9/16/90)
WAC 458-20-17902 Brokered natural gas -- Use tax. (1) Introduction. RCW 82.12.022 and 82.14.230 impose state and local use taxes on the use of natural gas or manufactured gas by a consumer, if the person who sold the gas to the consumer has not paid public utility tax on that sale. This use tax is imposed only for natural gas delivered to a consumer through a pipeline. The use tax is applied at the same rate as the state and city public utility taxes. This section explains how this use tax applies and how it is reported to the department.
(2) Definitions. For the purpose of this section:
(a) "Brokered natural gas" ((
as used in this section is))
means natural gas purchased by a consumer from a source out of
the state and delivered to the consumer in this state.
(b) "Value of gas consumed or used" ((
as used in this
section shall be)) means the purchasing price of the gas to
the consumer and generally (( shall)) must include all or part
of the transportation charges as explained later.
(2))) (3) Applicability of use tax. The distribution
and sale of natural gas in this state is generally taxed under
the state and city public utility taxes. With changing
conditions and federal regulations, it is now possible to have
natural gas brokered from out of the state and sold directly
to the consumer. If this occurs and the public utility taxes
have not been paid, RCW 82.12.022 (state) and RCW 82.14.230
(city) impose a use tax on the brokered natural gas at the
same rate as the state and city public utility taxes.
(3))) (4) State tax. When the use tax applies, the
rate of tax imposed is equal to the public utility tax on gas
distribution business under RCW 82.16.020 (1)(c). The rate of
tax applies to the value of the gas consumed or used and is
imposed upon the consumer.
(4))) (5) City tax. Cities are given the authority to
impose a use tax on brokered natural gas. When imposed and
applicable, the rate of tax is equal to the tax on natural gas
business under RCW 35.21.870 on the value of gas consumed or
used and is imposed on the consumer.
(5))) (6) Transportation charges.
(a) If all or part of the transportation charges for the delivery of the brokered natural gas are separately subject to the state's and cities' public utility taxes (RCW 82.16.020 (1)(c) and RCW 35.21.870), those transportation charges are excluded from measure of the use tax. The transportation charges not subject to the public utility taxes are included in the value of the gas consumed or used.
(b) Examples. The following examples identify a number of facts and then state a conclusion. These examples should be used only as a general guide. In actual practice, the tax status of a situation must be determined after a review of all of the facts and circumstances.
(i) Public university purchases natural gas from an out of the state source through a broker. The natural gas is delivered by interstate pipeline to the local gas distribution system who delivers it to the university. The university pays the supplier for the gas, the pipeline for the interstate transportation charge, and the gas distribution system for its local transportation charge. The transportation charge by the pipeline is not subject to public utility tax because it is an interstate transportation charge. The transportation charge paid to the local gas distribution system is subject to the public utility taxes as an intrastate delivery. The value of the gas consumed or used is the purchase price paid to the supplier plus the transportation charge paid to pipeline company.
(ii) The above factual situation applies except that the natural gas is delivered directly by the interstate pipeline to the university. The university pays the supplier for the gas and the pipeline for the transportation charge. As the transportation charge is not subject to the public utility tax, it will be included in the measure of the tax. The value of the gas consumed or used is the purchase price plus the transportation charge paid to the pipeline.
(6))) (7) Credits against the taxes.
(a) A credit is allowed against the use taxes described
in this section for any use tax paid by the consumer to
another state which is similar to this use tax and is
applicable to the gas subject to this tax. Any other state's
use tax allowed as a credit ((
shall)) will be prorated to the
state's and cities' portion of the tax based on the relative
rates of the two taxes.
(b) A credit is also allowed against the use tax imposed by the state for any gross receipts tax similar that imposed pursuant to RCW 82.16.020 (1)(c) by another state on the seller of the gas with respect to the gas consumed or used.
(c) A credit is allowed against the use tax imposed by the cities for any gross receipts tax similar to that imposed pursuant to RCW 35.21.870 by another state or political subdivision of the state on the seller of the gas with respect to the gas consumed or used.
(7))) (8) Reporting requirements. The person who
delivers the gas to the consumer (( shall)) must make a report
to the miscellaneous tax division of the department by the
fifteenth day of the month following a calendar quarter. The
report (( shall)) must contain the following information:
(a) The name and address of the consumer to whom gas was delivered,
(b) The volume of gas delivered to each consumer during the calendar quarter, and,
(c) Service address of consumer if different from mailing address.
(8))) (9) Collection and administration. (( A separate
quarterly return for)) Use tax on brokered natural gas
(( shall)) must be filed with the department by the consumer on
(( or before the last day of the month following a calendar
quarter)) forms and records prescribed by the department.
Such forms and records must be filed according to the
reporting frequency assigned by the department and must be
accompanied by the remittance of the tax. (( The collection
and administration for the cities of the use tax described in
this section shall be done by the department under RCW 82.14.050.)) The department's authority to collect this tax
is found in RCW 82.12.020 and 82.14.050. It may be of
interest to note that the use tax on brokered natural gas has
historically been reported and paid on a specific "natural gas
use tax return," filed on a quarterly basis. However,
starting no sooner than the first period of 2007, the
department intends to be able to have taxpayers report and pay
their natural gas use tax with their regular excise tax
return, to be filed at whatever frequency has been assigned by
the department to that particular tax reporting account.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 82.32.300. 90-17-068, § 458-20-17902, filed 8/16/90, effective 9/16/90.]