Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 06-18-095.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: WAC 458-20-131 ((
Games of chance)) Gambling activities.
Hearing Location(s): Capital Plaza Building, 4th Floor, L&P Large Conference Room, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Olympia, WA 98504, on December 7, 2006, at 9:30 a.m.
Date of Intended Adoption: December 14, 2006.
Submit Written Comments to: Gayle Carlson, Department of Revenue, P.O. Box 47453, Olympia, WA 98504-7453, e-mail GayleC@dor.wa.gov, fax (360) 586-5543, by December 7, 2006.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Sandy Davis at (360) 725-7499 no later than ten days before the hearing date. Deaf and hard of hearing individuals may call 1-800-451-7985 (TTY users).
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: The department is proposing changes to WAC 458-20-131 (Rule 131) to recognize legislation (chapter 369, Laws of 2005). The legislation established a specific business and occupation (B&O) tax for income derived from contests of chance (codified as RCW 82.04.285). This income was previously subject to the 1.5% service and other activities B&O tax. Reporting instructions for prior to and after the effective date of the legislation are included. Chapter 369 also imposes a new B&O tax on income from pari-mutuel wagering (codified as RCW 82.04.286), which was previously exempt from B&O tax.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: To recognize recent legislation.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 82.32.300 and 82.01.060(2).
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 82.04.285, 82.04.4286, and Title 82 RCW as it applies to gambling activities and games of chance.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: Department of revenue, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Gayle Carlson, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Suite #544, Olympia, WA, (360) 570-6126; Implementation: Alan R. Lynn, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Suite #544, Olympia, WA, (360) 570-6125; and Enforcement: Janis P. Bianchi, 1025 Union Avenue S.E., Suite #544, Olympia, WA, (360) 570-6147.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. The rule does not impose any new performance requirement or administrative burden on any small business not required by statute.
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. The proposed rule is not a significant legislative rule as defined by RCW 34.05.328.
October 31, 2006
Janis P. Bianchi
Technical Advice Division
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-08-090, filed 4/6/99, effective 5/7/99)
WAC 458-20-131 ((
Games of chance.)) Gambling activities.
(1) Introduction. This (( rule)) section explains the business
and occupation (B&O), retail sales, and use tax reporting
requirements of persons operating contests of chance such as
pull-tab and punch board games(( . It also explains the
application of tax to persons conducting amusement games)),
card games, bingo games, (( and)) raffles, and persons
operating amusement games such as dart-toss games, ball-throw
or ball-roll games, and crane games. It also explains the B&O
tax reporting requirements of persons engaged in the business
of conducting parimutuel wagering, which became effective July
1, 2005. Nonprofit organizations conducting (( these games as
a part of their)) activities for fund-raising (( activities))
purposes should also refer to RCW 82.04.3651, 82.08.02573, and
WAC 458-20-169 (Religious, charitable, benevolent, nonprofit
service organizations, and sheltered workshops) to determine
if a B&O, retail sales, or use tax exemption is available for
operating or selling these types of games))
conducting the types of activities described above should also
be aware that the Washington state gambling commission
regulates these activities. These persons should refer to
chapter 9.46 RCW (Gambling -- 1973 Act), Title 230 WAC (Gambling
commission), and/or contact the Washington state gambling
commission with any questions regarding their licensing and
reporting responsibilities with the commission. Persons
engaging in the business of parimutuel wagering should refer
to chapter 67.16 RCW (Horse racing) and/or contact the
Washington horse racing commission for additional reporting
Measure of tax. The business and occupation (B&O)
and retail sales taxes apply to income as described below.
These guidelines apply equally whether the game is
mechanically or electronically operated.
(a) Pull-tab, punch board, and bingo games.)) Parimutuel wagering. Effective July 1, 2005, persons engaging within this state in the business of conducting race meets for which a license must be obtained from the Washington horse racing commission are taxable under the parimutuel wagering B&O tax classification. Chapter 369, Laws of 2005. This tax is in addition to any tax imposed under chapter 67.16 RCW. Unlike the parimutuel tax, the B&O tax applies to both in-state and out-of-state parimutuel wagering. The measure of tax is the gross income of the business derived from parimutuel wagering. For purposes of this classification, "gross income" does not include amounts paid to players for winning wagers, or taxes imposed or other distributions required under chapter 67.16 RCW (i.e., RCW 67.16.102 owners bonus, RCW 67.16.105 fair fund, RCW 67.16.175 breeders award).
(3) Contests of chance. Contests of chance means any contests, games, gaming schemes, or gaming devices, other than the state lottery as defined in RCW 67.70.010, in which the outcome depends in a material degree upon an element of chance, notwithstanding that skill of the contestants may also be a factor in the outcome. The term includes social card games, bingo, raffle, and punch board games, and pull-tabs as those terms are defined in chapter 9.46 RCW. Contests of chance does not include race meets for the conduct of which a license must be secured from the Washington horse racing commission, or "amusement game" as defined in RCW 9.46.0201.
(a) Taxability of contests of chance on or after July 1, 2005. Effective July 1, 2005, persons operating contests of chance are taxable under one of two new B&O tax classifications on their total gross income for all contests of chance. Chapter 369, Laws of 2005. Persons whose gross income from contests of chance is less than fifty thousand dollars in a calendar year will report all such income under the "gambling contests of chance (less than $50,000 a year)" tax classification. Persons whose gross income from contests of chance is fifty thousand dollars or more in a calendar year will report all such income under the "gambling contests of chance ($50,000 a year or greater)" tax classification.
(b) Taxability of contests of chance before July 1, 2005. Before July 1, 2005, persons operating contests of chance were taxable on their gross income under the service and other activities B&O tax classification.
(c) Measure of tax. Persons operating contests of chance are subject to B&O tax on the gross income of the business derived from contests of chance. With respect to income from contests of chance, "gross income" of the business does not include the monetary value or actual cost of any prizes that are awarded, amounts paid to players for winning wagers, accrual of prizes for progressive jackpot contests, or repayment of amounts used to seed guaranteed progressive jackpot prizes. In the case of donated merchandise, the operator may deduct the fair-market value of the merchandise. Costs of operating the game, including the amount paid for the purchase of the actual game (e.g., a punch board), may not be deducted.
Examples. The following examples identify a number of facts and then state a conclusion. These examples should be used only as a general guide. The tax results of other situations must be determined after a review of all facts and circumstances.
(i) Example 1. Persons operating ((
board, or)) for-profit weekly bingo games at the Town &
Country Social Club are taxable (( under the service and other
activities B&O tax classification)) upon (( all "increases"))
gross income arising from the (( conduct)) operation of
(( such)) their games. (( The term "increases" as used in this
subsection, means gross gambling receipts less the monetary
value or, in the case of merchandise, the actual cost, of any
prizes that are awarded. The actual cost of the merchandise
is the amount actually paid by the operator without any
markup. In the case of donated merchandise, the operator may
deduct the fair-market value of the merchandise. While the
cost of merchandise prizes may be deducted, other costs of
operating the game, including the amount paid for the purchase
of the actual game (e.g., a punch board), may not be deducted.
Prior to April 1, 1999, operators of pull-tab and punch board games awarding merchandise as prizes were considered to be selling the prizes for the gross income derived from the games. As a result, this income was subject to the retailing B&O and retail sales taxes.
(b) Card games. The fees charged to card players as a condition for their participation in card games, whether the fees are based on time, on a per-hand basis, or on a percentage of the wagered amount (commonly referred to as a "rake"), are subject to the service and other activities B&O tax. In those cases where the operator of the card room participates in the card game as a house or central bank, the measure of tax is the amount of winnings less the amount of losses.
(c) Raffles. Effective April 1, 1999, persons conducting raffles are subject to the service and other activities B&O tax upon all "increases" (as defined in subsection (2)(a) above) arising from the conduct of the raffles. Prior to this date, the measure of tax was the gross income from the sale of raffle tickets or chances without any deduction for the value or cost of any prizes awarded.
(d))) As their annual gross income from the bingo games is $30,000, they will report under the gambling contests of chance (less than $50,000 a year) tax classification.
(ii) Example 2. The Lucky Card Room (LCR) charges a fee to all card players as a condition for participating in their card games. Depending on the game, the LCR may charge a fee based on time, on a per-hand basis, or on a percentage of the wagered amount (commonly referred to as a "rake"). Their annual gross income from card game fees and percentages of wagers is $120,000, and thus they will report under the gambling contests of chance ($50,000 a year or greater) tax classification.
(iii) Example 3. Take A Chance (TAC) is a business offering customers several types of gambling activities, such as pull-tabs, bingo, and punch board games. Based on last year's income and this year's anticipated income, TAC started the year out reporting their gross income under the gambling contests of chance (less than $50,000 a year) tax classification. As their income from gambling activities was better than anticipated, they passed the $50,000 threshold. TAC must now start reporting their gross income under the gambling contests of chance ($50,000 a year or greater) tax classification. They must also reclassify, by filing amended excise tax returns, all income reported for the year under the tax classification for less than $50,000 a year to $50,000 a year or greater.
(4) Amusement games. Chapter 369, Laws of 2005, made no
change to the taxability of income derived from amusement
games as defined in RCW 9.46.0201. The gross receipts derived
from the operation of ((
amusement games as defined in RCW 9.46.0201)) these games are subject to the service and other
activities B&O tax. The cost of any prizes awarded may not be
deducted from the measure of tax. (( (i))) Businesses computing
their gross income from contests of chance, for reporting
under the gambling contests of chance tax classification,
should not include income derived from their amusement games.
For example. The Lucky Card Room in Example 2 of subsection (3)(c)(ii) of this section also provides games for customers to play that do not involve wagering. Prizes, such as free or discounted meal vouchers or home appliances, are awarded to the winners. The cost of these prizes is not allowed as an adjustment to computing the LCR's gross income.
(a) What is an amusement game? The term "amusement game"
is defined in RCW 9.46.0201 ((
defines amusement games to be))
as a game played for entertainment in which:
(A))) (i) The contestant actively participates;
(B))) (ii) The outcome depends in a material degree
upon the skill of the contestant;
(C))) (iii) Only merchandise prizes are awarded; (( and
(D))) (iv) The outcome is not in the control of the operator;
(v) The wagers are placed, the winners are determined, and a distribution of prizes or property is made in the presence of all persons placing wagers at such game; and
(vi) The game is conducted or operated by any agricultural fair, person, association, or organization in such manner and at such locations as may be authorized by rules adopted by the gambling commission under chapter 9.46 RCW.
(ii))) (b) Examples of amusement games. Crane
machines, coin-toss and dart-toss games at fairs and
carnivals, and skill-stop games are examples of games
qualifying as amusement games under RCW 9.46.0201. For
additional examples of amusement games, refer to WAC 230-20-508 (Authorized amusement games -- Types, standards and
classifications) issued by the gambling commission.
(c) Coin-operated games are not amusement games. Persons operating coin-operated games that do not qualify under the definition of amusement games in RCW 9.46.0201 (e.g., pinball, video, and pool games) should refer to WAC 458-20-187 (Coin-operated vending machines, amusement devices and service machines) for an explanation of their tax reporting responsibilities.
(e))) (5) Sales of foods and beverages. Sales of
foods, beverages, and other tangible personal property by
persons operating or conducting any of the activities
described above are retail sales and subject to the retailing
B&O and retail sales taxes, unless a specific exemption
applies (e.g., see WAC 458-20-124 regarding sales of food and
beverages by restaurants, taverns, and similar businesses and
WAC 458-20-244 for exemptions available for certain food
products). Persons conducting dice games to determine the
amount that the customer will pay for food or beverages are
subject to tax upon the amount the customer actually pays for
the food or drink.
(3))) (6) Merchandise prizes. Persons operating or
conducting any of the activities described (( in subsection
(2)(a) through (d) of this rule)) above are the consumers of
any merchandise delivered to the players in the form of prizes
or awards. Purchases of this merchandise are purchases at
retail and subject to the retail sales tax, unless a specific
exemption applies (e.g., see WAC 458-20-244 for exemptions
available for certain food products). Purchases of supplies,
devices, and other equipment used in the conduct of these
(( games)) activities are also subject to the retail sales tax.
(a))) If retail sales tax is not collected by the
seller, the person conducting these (( games)) activities must
remit the retail sales tax (often referred to as deferred
retail sales tax) or use tax directly to the department of
revenue. See also WAC 458-20-178 (Use tax).
(b) Prior to April 1, 1999, operators of punch board
and pull-tab games awarding merchandise as prizes were
considered to be selling the prizes for the gross income
derived from the games. The purchase of the merchandise
prizes by the operators of these games were purchases at
wholesale and not subject to either the retail sales or use
For the purposes of determining the taxability of merchandise prizes awarded by operators of punch board and pull-tab games that were in operation both before and after April 1, 1999, the operator should remit retail sales or use tax on the value of the prizes awarded on or after April 1, 1999.))
[Statutory Authority: RCW 82.32.300. 99-08-090, § 458-20-131, filed 4/6/99, effective 5/7/99; 83-07-034 (Order ET 83-17), § 458-20-131, filed 3/15/83; Order ET 70-3, § 458-20-131 (Rule 131), filed 5/29/70, effective 7/1/70.]