Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: WAC 173-160-381 (3)(c), (d), (e) and (f), standards for
decommissioning a dug well.
THIS RULE IS BEING PROPOSED UNDER AN EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS THAT WILL ELIMINATE THE NEED FOR THE AGENCY TO HOLD PUBLIC HEARINGS, PREPARE A SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT, OR PROVIDE RESPONSES TO THE CRITERIA FOR A SIGNIFICANT LEGISLATIVE RULE. IF YOU OBJECT TO THIS USE OF THE EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS, YOU MUST EXPRESS YOUR OBJECTIONS IN WRITING AND THEY MUST BE SENT TO Jerry Thielen, Agency Rules Coordinator, Department of Ecology, P.O. Box 47600, Olympia, WA 98504-7600 , AND RECEIVED BY February 20, 2007.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: To make a technical correction to clarify how dug wells are to be decommissioned. The recently adopted rule incorrectly omitted the words "the remainder of" in WAC 173-160-381 (3)(c), (d), (e), and (f).
Reasons Supporting Proposal: The currently codified language is not clear on what a well driller should do when decommissioning a dug well so ecology is amending the language to clarify the decommissioning process.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 18.104 RCW, Water Well Construction Act (1971).
Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 18.104 RCW, Water Well Construction Act (1971).
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: Department of ecology, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Dick Szymarek, Olympia, Washington, (360) 407-6648; Implementation and Enforcement: Ken Slattery, Olympia, Washington, (360) 407-6602.
December 19, 2006
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 06-08, filed 11/21/06, effective 12/22/06)
WAC 173-160-381 What are the standards for decommissioning a well? Any well which is unusable, abandoned, or whose use has been permanently discontinued, or which is in such disrepair that its continued use is impractical or is an environmental, safety or public health hazard shall be decommissioned. The decommissioning procedure (as prescribed by these regulations) must be recorded and reported as required by the department.
(1) Cased wells. Remove all liners, debris, and obstructions from the well casing, except well screens and packers. All cased water wells shall be decommissioned in one of the following ways:
(a) Perforate the casing from the bottom to within five feet of the land surface and pressure seal the casing.
(i) Perforations shall be at least four equidistant cuts per row, and one row per foot. The perforations must be sufficient enough to allow neat cement grout or neat cement, or bentonite slurry to migrate outside the casing and effectively prevent the movement of water.
(ii) Apply enough pressure to force the sealing material through the perforations, filling any voids on the outside of the casing.
(iii) The casing shall be filled completely with neat cement grout, neat cement, or bentonite slurry. The screen and up to five feet of riser pipe may be filled with unhydrated bentonite. The remainder of the riser pipe must be removed.
(iv) The casing may be cut off at a maximum of five feet below land surface. A steel cap shall be welded on the casing; or
(b) Withdraw the casing and fill the bore hole with neat cement grout, neat cement, unhydrated bentonite, or bentonite slurry as the casing is being withdrawn.
(2) Uncased wells - Remove all liners, debris, and obstructions. Seal uncased wells with concrete, neat cement grout, neat cement, or bentonite.
(3) Dug wells -
(a) The following criteria are required for the decommissioning of all dug wells:
(i) Remove all debris and obstructions that impede decommissioning or that may contaminate the aquifer from within the dug well.
(ii) Dug wells may have a maximum of three feet of soil cover from top of sealing material to land surface.
(iii) Dug wells shall be sealed with either unhydrated bentonite, neat cement, neat cement grout, or concrete. The use of controlled density fill (CDF), bentonite slurry, or fly ash is prohibited.
(iv) Dug wells that are not cast-in-place must have a minimum of three feet of sealing material in contact with native soil below land surface. Bentonite slurry shall not be used to decommission dug wells.
(b) Dug wells that are dry at any time during the year and that are less than twenty feet in depth shall be sealed from the bottom to within three feet of land surface.
(c) Dug wells that have a static water level of ten feet
from land surface or less and a depth of less than twenty feet
may be decommissioned by installing clean chlorinated sand or
pea gravel to a maximum depth of ten feet below land surface.
Otherwise,)) The remainder of the well shall be filled with
either unhydrated bentonite, neat cement, neat cement grout,
(d) Dug wells that have a static water level over ten
feet and a depth of less than twenty feet from land surface
may be decommissioned by installing clean chlorinated sand or
pea gravel to the static level. ((
Otherwise,)) The remainder
of the well shall be filled with either unhydrated bentonite,
neat cement, neat cement grout, or cement.
(e) Dug wells with static levels twenty feet or less from
the land surface and that are greater than twenty feet deep
may be decommissioned by placing chlorinated sand or pea
gravel to twenty feet below land surface. ((
remainder of the well, to a maximum of three feet below land
surface, shall be filled with unhydrated bentonite, neat
cement, neat cement grout, or concrete.
(f) Dug wells with static levels below twenty feet from
land surface, may be decommissioned by placing chlorinated
sand or pea gravel to the static level and then placing
alternating layers of sealing material and chlorinated sand or
pea gravel to within twenty feet of land surface. The
alternating layers of sand or pea gravel must be a maximum of
five feet thick. The minimum thickness of the sealing
material layers must be five feet. ((
remainder of the dug well shall be filled with unhydrated
bentonite, neat cement, neat cement grout, or concrete to a
maximum of three feet below land surface.
(4) Flowing artesian wells that are not leaking on the outside of the casing shall be decommissioned by pressure grouting with neat cement or weighted high solids bentonite slurry from the bottom of the well bore to land surface. If the well is leaking on the outside of the casing or if leaking develops while the decommissioning method above is employed, then the casing must be perforated and pressure grouted to replace all confining layers and to stop leakage.
(5) Placement of sealing material.
(a) Sealing material placed below the static water level shall be piped directly to the point of application or placed by means of a dump bailer or pumped through a tremie tube. As the sealing material is placed, the existing well tile may be encapsulated into the seal material. If concrete, neat cement grout, bentonite, bentonite slurry, or neat cement is used to seal below the static water level in the well, the material shall be placed from the bottom up by methods that avoid segregation or dilution of the material. When used to place concrete, neat cement, neat cement grout, or bentonite slurry the discharge end of the tremie tube shall be submerged in the sealing material to avoid breaking the seal while filling the annular space.
(b) All authorized sealing material placed above the static water level or into the dewatered portion of the well may be hand poured above the static water level, provided the material does not dilute or segregate, and result in a seal free of voids.
(c) When decommissioning wells that were originally constructed without casing, unhydrated bentonite chips or pellets may be hand placed, provided it forms a continuous seal.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.104 RCW. 06-23-121 (Order 06-08), § 173-160-381, filed 11/21/06, effective 12/22/06. Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.104 RCW and RCW 43.21A.080. 98-08-032 (Order 97-08), § 173-160-381, filed 3/23/98, effective 4/23/98.]