WSR 09-19-006

PERMANENT RULES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


[ Filed September 3, 2009, 8:39 a.m. , effective October 4, 2009 ]


Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.

Purpose: This rule-making order amends chapter 16-752 WAC, Noxious weed control by:

(1) Adding additional species to the wetland and aquatic weed quarantine (floating primrose-willow, variable-leaf milfoil, ricefield bulrush, and water soldier);

(2) Adding additional species to the noxious weed seed and plant quarantine (false brome, shiny geranium, and European hawkweed);

(3) Revising permit requirements for educational or training materials;

(4) Adding language regarding botanical synonyms; and

(5) Increasing its clarity and readability by removing obsolete definitions and updating the language.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 16-752-001, 16-752-300, 16-752-305, 16-752-310, 16-752-315, 16-752-320, 16-752-330, 16-752-400, 16-752-505, 16-752-515, and 16-752-610.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 09-15-181 on July 22, 2009.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 11, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 11, Repealed 0.

Date Adopted: September 3, 2009.

Dan Newhouse

Director

OTS-2357.3


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 2054, filed 9/20/90, effective 10/21/90)

WAC 16-752-001   Definitions.   The definitions set forth in this section shall apply throughout this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

(((1) "Director" means the director of agriculture of this state, or a duly authorized representative.

(2) "Department" means the Washington state department of agriculture.

(3) "Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, agency, or organized group of persons whether or not incorporated.

(4) "Hay" means the harvested herbage of forage plants, including but not limited to grasses, legumes, sedges and rushes.

(5) "State board" means the Washington state noxious weed control board.

(6) "Applicant" means a project sponsor.

(7) "BARS" means the budgeting, accounting, and reporting system of municipal fiscal management.

(8) "Environmental checklist" means the form in WAC 197-11-960.

(9) "Executive secretary" means the state noxious weed control board executive secretary.

(10) "Integrated pest management" means a decision-making process which combines all feasible control techniques into a program for managing targeted noxious weeds including but not limited to prevention, monitoring, consideration of alternative methods, and evaluation.

(11) "Local noxious weed control agency" means any activated county or regional noxious weed control board created under chapter 17.10 RCW, any weed district created under chapter 17.04 RCW, or any intercounty weed district created under chapter 17.06 RCW.

(12) "Monitoring" means inspecting to gather and record site specific information on which decisions about treatment choices are to be based.

(13) "Objectives" means statements of precise outcomes which can be measured to determine actual accomplishments.

(14) "Principal investigator" means the person under whose direction the noxious weed control project will be carried out such as the county weed control coordinator or county weed control board chairperson.

(15) "Project sponsor" means the county legislative authority of a county with an activated noxious weed control board, a local weed control agency, or a combination of two or more agencies acting through a lead agency, responsible for implementing an approved project.

(16) "Public benefits" means those services, goods, or other benefits, whether tangible or intangible, which accrue to persons other than those on whose property weed control measures pursuant to this chapter are undertaken.

(17) "Public costs" means those costs, whether tangible or intangible, which accrue to persons other than those on whose property weed control measures pursuant to this chapter are undertaken.

(18) "Significant environmental harm" means a reasonable likelihood of more than a moderate adverse impact on environmental quality as set forth in WAC 197-11-794.))

"Department" means the Washington state department of agriculture.

"Director" means the director of agriculture of this state, or a duly authorized representative.

"Hay" means the harvested herbage of forage plants, including but not limited to grasses, legumes, sedges and rushes.

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 90-20-002 (Order 2054), 16-752-001, filed 9/20/90, effective 10/21/90; 88-04-044 (Order 1963), 16-752-001, filed 1/29/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 17.10.235(2). 86-19-060 (Order 1907), 16-752-001, filed 9/16/86.]

YELLOW NUTSEDGE QUARANTINE
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 03-16-038, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03)

WAC 16-752-300   Yellow nutsedge -- Establishing quarantine.   Yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L.) is a herbaceous perennial that is one of the most serious noxious weeds of agronomic crops. It propagates by seed, rhizomes, bulbs, and nutlets. Soil containing nutlets is the primary mode of spread in cultivated land. It is highly invasive and its unchecked spread would entail great economic loss to the agricultural industries of the state. It is a class B noxious weed designated for control in Thurston County (WAC 16-750-011 (((33))) (49)(a)). Yellow nutsedge infests a plant nursery site at the Port of Olympia in Tumwater, Washington. Movement of material from this site initiates additional infestations. RCW 17.10.210 provides that either the director or the county noxious weed control board or a weed district may issue an order for quarantine and restriction or denial of access to land determined to be so seriously infested that control measures cannot be undertaken without quarantine of the land. The director has determined:

(1) That the identified site is so seriously infested as to require quarantine; and

(2) That the movement of contaminated materials from this site presents an immediate threat of infestation to the rest of the county agricultural and nonagricultural areas; and

(3) That the restriction of such spread is critical to control efforts.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW. 03-16-038, 16-752-300, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03. Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 98-01-056, 16-752-300, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98; 91-03-045 (Order 2069), 16-752-300, filed 1/11/91, effective 2/11/91; 89-24-090, 16-752-300, filed 12/6/89, effective 1/6/90.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 03-16-038, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03)

WAC 16-752-305   Yellow nutsedge -- Quarantine area.   The quarantine area shall encompass the Port of Olympia, located at the Olympia Airport, Tumwater, Washington, and more particularly described as follows:

County of Thurston, state of Washington:

Parcel number 12711230000 - a portion of this parcel containing twenty-two acres of nursery production, more or less and three access roads one of which begins at 85th Avenue SW, the other two begin at Old Highway 99 SW.

A tract of land in Section 11, Township 17 north, Range 2 west of the Willamette Meridian, more particularly described as follows:

A portion of the Southeast Quarter of the Southwest Quarter and the Southwest Quarter of the Southeast Quarter, Section 11, Township 17 North, Range 2 West, W.N., Thurston County, Washington.

Beginning at the South Quarter corner of Section 11; thence north 0153'09"E, along the center of the section line 77.6 feet to the southerly edge of the infestation, said point being 75 feet northerly of the center of taxiway 5 and the point of beginning; thence south 8814'46"E parallel to and 75 feet northerly of taxiway 5, 1254.2 feet to coordinate pair N 604966 E 1043268 North American Datum 83/91, Washington State Lambert projection South Zone; thence north 0132'43"E parallel to and 75 feet westerly of taxiway 5, 256.1 feet (N 605222 E 1043275); thence north 7444'42"W, parallel to and 200 feet southerly of runway 8-26, 2031.7 feet (N 605757 E 1041315); thence south 1253'58"W, parallel to and 75 feet easterly of taxiway 4, 744.6 feet (N 605031 E 1041148); thence south 8814'46"E parallel to and 75 feet northerly of taxiway 5, 866.5 feet to the point of beginning. TOGETHER WITH: Two (2) 50 foot easements for ingress and egress described as follows: Beginning at the centerline of Old Highway 99 at coordinate pair N 605688 E 1044159; thence south 6213'04"W, 337 feet (N 605531 E 1043861); thence south 3734'07"W, 66 feet (N 605479 E 1043821); thence south 1534'51"W, 432 feet (N 605063 E 1043705); thence south 5650'31"W, 90 feet (N 605014 E 1043630); thence north 7342'21"W, 135 feet (N 605052 E 1043500); thence south 7331'23"W, 47 feet (N 605031 E 1043429).

Beginning at the coordinate pair N 605479 E 1043821; thence north 1018'17"W, 78 feet (N 605556 E 103807); thence north 5223'38"W, 93 feet (N 605613 E 1043733); thence north 7434'40"W, 331 feet (N 605701 E 1043414); thence north 2431'11"W, 63 feet (N 605758 E 1043388); thence north 058'36"W, 352 feet (N 606110 E 1043382).

Beginning at the end of 85th Avenue SE; thence north 1436'57"W, 44 feet; thence north 144'13"E, 103 feet; thence north 144'13"E, 122 feet; thence north 42'36"E, 103 feet; thence north 144'13"E, 140 feet; thence north 331'10"E, 134 feet; thence north 144'13"E, 146 feet; thence north 643'41"W, 141 feet; thence north 63'35"W, 92 feet; thence north 144'13"E, 128 feet; thence north 1558'50"W, 96 feet; thence south 8533'49"W, 113 feet; thence north 8815'39"W, 100 feet; thence north 8538'49"W, 133 feet; thence north 8815'36"W, 137 feet; thence north 8528'20"W, 125 feet; thence south 8935'45"W, 162 feet; thence north 8815'32"W, 129 feet; thence north 8815'30"W, 200 feet; thence north 8815'28"W, 150 feet; thence north 8543'23"W, 137 feet; thence north 8838'45"E, 113 feet; thence north 8356'12"W, 242 feet; thence north 4038'52"W, 25 feet; thence north 406'3"W, 25 feet.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW. 03-16-038, 16-752-305, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03. Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 98-01-056, 16-752-305, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98; 91-03-045 (Order 2069), 16-752-305, filed 1/11/91, effective 2/11/91; 89-24-090, 16-752-305, filed 12/6/89, effective 1/6/90.]

Reviser's note: The typographical error in the above section occurred in the copy filed by the agency and appears in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 98-01-056, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98)

WAC 16-752-310   Yellow nutsedge -- Articles whose movement is restricted.   The movement of all plants and parts of plants of yellow nutsedge and soil contaminated with propagules of the plant, including soil in nursery pots, is ((covered by this quarantine)) restricted. The movement of all balled and burlap nursery stock is ((covered by this quarantine)) restricted.

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 98-01-056, 16-752-310, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98; 91-03-045 (Order 2069), 16-752-310, filed 1/11/91, effective 2/11/91; 89-24-090, 16-752-310, filed 12/6/89, effective 1/6/90.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 03-16-038, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03)

WAC 16-752-315   Yellow nutsedge -- Regulations.   Use of the property identified in WAC 16-752-305 is restricted as follows:

(1) All removal of sand or soil, potted nursery plants and other plants from the quarantine site, except as provided in subsection (6) of this section, is prohibited without a permit from the Thurston County noxious weed control board that details the end use and exact geographic destination.

(2) All land disturbing operations including excavation, utilities work, and similar activities require a one time, no fee permit from the weed board that obligates the operator to thoroughly hose down all equipment before leaving the quarantine area and record the next two areas where the equipment is used after leaving the quarantine area.

(3) All off-road vehicles are banned in the quarantine area without the written permission of the Thurston County noxious weed control board, except in designated parking areas.

(4) All weed control measures and irrigation practices in the quarantine area are to be conducted at the direction of the Thurston County noxious weed control board.

(5) Yellow nutsedge control shall take precedence over all other land uses in the quarantine area.

(6) The Thurston County noxious weed control board may designate and clearly mark portions of the site as free from infestation and allow removal of sand or soil from these areas without specific permit to nonagricultural sites: Provided, That adequate precautions are taken to prevent commingling of infested and noninfested soils and equipment used in the infested area is thoroughly cleaned before use in the area designated as uninfested.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW. 03-16-038, 16-752-315, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03. Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 98-01-056, 16-752-315, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98; 91-03-045 (Order 2069), 16-752-315, filed 1/11/91, effective 2/11/91; 89-24-090, 16-752-315, filed 12/6/89, effective 1/6/90.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 03-16-038, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03)

WAC 16-752-320   Yellow nutsedge -- Costs of quarantine.   The costs of serving the notice required by RCW 17.10.210(2) shall be borne by the department. The costs of control work shall be borne by the landowner unless otherwise determined by the Thurston County noxious weed control board or the director in consultation with the Washington state noxious weed control board.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW. 03-16-038, 16-752-320, filed 7/30/03, effective 8/30/03. Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 98-01-056, 16-752-320, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98; 91-03-045 (Order 2069), 16-752-320, filed 1/11/91, effective 2/11/91; 89-24-090, 16-752-320, filed 12/6/89, effective 1/6/90.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 98-01-056, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98)

WAC 16-752-330   Yellow nutsedge -- Violation and penalty.   Any person who violates this quarantine shall have committed a civil infraction and shall be subject to the provisions of RCW 17.10.310 and 17.10.350 and WAC 16-750-020 which provides monetary penalties of up to one thousand dollars per infraction.

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.10 RCW. 98-01-056, 16-752-330, filed 12/11/97, effective 1/11/98; 91-03-045 (Order 2069), 16-752-330, filed 1/11/91, effective 2/11/91; 89-24-090, 16-752-330, filed 12/6/89, effective 1/6/90.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 2050, filed 7/18/90, effective 8/18/90)

WAC 16-752-400   Establishing quarantine.   The Lythrum ((species)) genus (Purple loosestrife) is an aggressive, semiaquatic, herbaceous perennial weed that has infested wetlands in the state of Washington causing serious harm to native plants and destroying habitat for birds and small mammals. Some varieties of loosestrife are cultivated and sold as nursery stock in the horticultural industry. The director of agriculture, pursuant to the powers provided in chapter 17.24 RCW and RCW 17.10.074 (1)(c), and chapter 15.13 RCW, has determined that the regulation and exclusion of this plant, plant parts, and seeds is necessary to preserve Washington wetlands from further infestation.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10 and 17.24 RCW. 90-15-062 (Order 2050), 16-752-400, filed 7/18/90, effective 8/18/90.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 05-21-028, filed 10/11/05, effective 11/11/05)

WAC 16-752-505   Wetland and aquatic weed quarantine -- Regulated articles.   All plants and plant parts of the following are regulated articles under this chapter:

Scientific Name Common Name
Butomus ((umbelatus)) umbellatus flowering rush
Cabomba caroliniana fanwort
Crassula helmsii Australian swamp stonecrop
Egeria densa Brazilian elodea
Epilobium hirsutum hairy willow herb
Glossostigma diandrum mud mat
Gyceria maxima reed sweetgrass, tall manna grass
Hydrilla verticillata hydrilla
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae European frog-bit
Lagarosiphon major African elodea
Ludwigia hexapetala water primrose
Ludwigia peploides floating primrose-willow
Lysimachia vulgaris garden loosestrife
Murdannia keisak marsh dew flower, Asian spiderwort
Myriophyllum aquaticum parrotfeather
Myriophyllum heterophyllum variable-leaf milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum Eurasian watermilfoil
Najas minor slender-leaved naiad, brittle naiad
Nymphoides peltata yellow floating heart
Sagittaria graminea grass-leaved arrowhead
Sagittaria platyphylla delta arrowhead
Schoenoplectus mucronatus ricefield bulrush
Spartina alterniflora smooth cordgrass
Spartina anglica common cordgrass
Spartina densiflora dense-flowered cordgrass
Spartina patens salt meadow cordgrass
Stratiotes aloides water soldier
Trapa natans water chestnut, bull nut
Trapa bicornus water caltrap, devil's pod, bat nut
Utricularia inflata swollen bladderwort

This list is comprised of the most recent and accepted scientific and common names of the quarantine plant species. Regulated status also applies to all synonyms of these botanical names.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.24 and 34.05 RCW. 05-21-028, 16-752-505, filed 10/11/05, effective 11/11/05. Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW. 04-19-004, 16-752-505, filed 9/2/04, effective 10/3/04. Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.24, 17.10, and 15.13 RCW. 01-01-014, 16-752-505, filed 12/6/00, effective 1/6/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 17.10.235 and chapter 17.24 RCW. 92-07-024, 16-752-505, filed 3/10/92, effective 4/10/92.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 01-01-014, filed 12/6/00, effective 1/6/01)

WAC 16-752-515   Wetland and aquatic weed quarantine -- Exemptions.   The prohibition on transporting plants or plant parts in WAC 16-752-510 shall not apply to plants or plant parts collected for herbariums, research in control methods, creation of pressed specimens for educational or identification purposes and other scientific activities((, except that)). However, all activities requiring live plants, except pressed specimens, ((are)) must be conducted under permit from the director and ((are)) must be conducted in such a way that no infestation is created. No permit is required to transport plants or plant parts, as a part of a noxious weed control activity, to a sanitary landfill, to be burned, or otherwise for disposition, if such activities are conducted under the supervision of an official weed control agency or other public agency with management responsibilities for the control efforts and are conducted in such a manner that seed dispersal or dispersal of propagative materials to uninfested areas is prevented. ((No permit is required for live plants for educational or training purposes, if the specimens are disposed of in such a manner as to prevent infestation.))

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.24, 17.10, and 15.13 RCW. 01-01-014, 16-752-515, filed 12/6/00, effective 1/6/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 17.10.235 and chapter 17.24 RCW. 92-07-024, 16-752-515, filed 3/10/92, effective 4/10/92.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 04-19-004, filed 9/2/04, effective 10/3/04)

WAC 16-752-610   Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine -- Regulated articles.   All plants, plant parts, and seeds in packets, blends, and "wildflower mixes" of the following listed species are regulated under the terms of this noxious weed seed and plant quarantine:


Scientific Name Common Names
Abutilon theophrasti velvetleaf
Alliaria petiolata garlic mustard
Amorpha fruticosa indigobush, lead plant
Anchusa officinalis common bugloss, alkanet, anchusa
Anthriscus sylvestris wild chervil
Brachypodium sylvaticum false brome
Carduus acanthoides plumeless thistle
Carduus nutans musk thistle, nodding thistle
Carduus pycnocephalus Italian thistle
Carduus tenuiflorus slenderflower thistle
Centaurea calcitrapa purple starthistle
Centaurea diffusa diffuse knapweed
Centaurea jacea brown knapweed, rayed knapweed, brown centaury horse-knobs, hardheads
Centaurea jacea x nigra meadow knapweed
Centaurea biebersteinii spotted knapweed
Centaurea macrocephala bighead knapweed
Centaurea nigra black knapweed
Centaurea nigrescens Vochin knapweed
Chaenorrhinum minus dwarf snapdragon
Crupina vulgaris common crupina
Cytisus scoparius Scotch broom
Daucus carota wild carrot, Queen Anne's lace
Echium vulgare blueweed, blue thistle, blue devil, viper's bugloss, snake flower
Euphorbia esula leafy spurge
Euphorbia oblongata eggleaf spurge
Galega officinalis goatsrue
Geranium lucidum shiny geranium
Helianthus ciliaris Texas blueweed
Heracleum mantegazzianum giant hogweed, giant cow parsnip
Hibiscus trionum Venice mallow, flower-of-an-hour, bladder ketmia, modesty, shoo-fly
Hieracium aurantiacum orange hawkweed, orange paintbrush, red daisy flameweed, devil's weed, grim-the-collier
Hieracium caespitosum yellow hawkweed, yellow paintbrush, devil's paintbrush, yellow devil, field hawkweed, king devil
Hieracium floribundum yellow devil hawkweed
Hieracium pilosella mouseear hawkweed
Hieracium sabaudum European hawkweed
Impatiens glandulifera policeman's helmet
Isatis tinctoria dyers' woad
Kochia scoparia kochia, summer-cyprus, burning-bush, fireball, Mexican fireweed
Lepidium latifolium perennial pepperweed
Leucanthemum vulgare oxeye daisy, white daisy, whiteweed, field daisy, marguerite, poorland flower
Linaria dalmatica spp. dalmatica Dalmatian toadflax
Mirabilis nyctaginea wild four o'clock, umbrella-wort
Onopordum acanthium Scotch thistle
Polygonum cuspidatum Japanese knotweed
Polygonum polystachyum Himalayan knotweed
Polygonum sachalinense giant knotweed
Polygonum x bohemicum Bohemian knotweed, Japanese and giant knotweed hybrid
Proboscidea louisianica unicorn-plant
Pueraria montana var. lobata kudzu
Salvia aethiopis Mediterranean sage
Salvia pratensis meadow clary
Salvia sclarea clary sage
Senecio jacobaea tansy ragwort
Silybum marianum milk thistle
Solanum elaeagnifolium silverleaf nightshade
Solanum rostratum buffaloburr
Soliva sessilis lawnweed
Sorghum halepense johnsongrass
Spartium junceum Spanish broom
Tamarix ramosissima saltcedar
Thymelaea passerina spurge flax
Torilis arvensis hedgeparsley
Ulex europaeus gorse, furze
Zygophyllum fabago Syrian bean-caper

This list is comprised of the most recent and accepted scientific and common names of the quarantine plant species. Regulated status also applies to all synonyms of these botanical names.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10, 17.24, and 34.05 RCW. 04-19-004, 16-752-610, filed 9/2/04, effective 10/3/04. Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.24, 17.10, 15.13 RCW. 02-12-030, 16-752-610, filed 5/29/02, effective 6/29/02. Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.24, 17.10 RCW. 00-24-021, 16-752-610, filed 11/28/00, effective 12/29/00; 98-13-008, 16-752-610, filed 6/4/98, effective 7/5/98. Statutory Authority: Chapters 17.10 and 17.24 RCW. 92-07-025, 16-752-610, filed 3/10/92, effective 4/10/92.]

Washington State Code Reviser's Office