FISH AND WILDLIFE
Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 10-04-126 on February 3, 2010.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: Hunting rules and falconry management.
Hearing Location(s): Red Lion Inn at the Park, 303 West North River Drive, Spokane, WA 99201, on June 4-5, 2010, at 8:00 a.m.
Date of Intended Adoption: August 6-7, 2010.
Submit Written Comments to: Wildlife Program Commission Meeting Public Comments, 600 Capitol Way North, Olympia, WA 98501-1091, e-mail Wildthing@dfw.wa.gov, fax (360) 902-2162, by May 14, 2010.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Susan Yeager by May 25, 2010, TTY (800) 833-6388 or (360) 902-2267.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: WAC 232-12-068, Nontoxic shot requirements. The department is recommending two sites be added to the list of sites where the public is required to possess only nontoxic shot - Davis Creek (Koopman) Unit and Chehalis Unit of the South Puget Sound Wildlife Area. While waterfowl hunters are already required to use nontoxic shot, this change will require all users, including upland bird hunters, dog trainers, field trial participants, and target shooters, to use nontoxic shot.
Chapter 232-30 WAC, revise existing and create new state falconry regulations to conform with new federal falconry regulations. Update and amend existing state regulations to reflect changes in conservation needs, add simplicity, and eliminate irrelevant language and inconsistencies. Staff time to administer falconry will be reduced by new rules. The new regulations will be easier for falconers to read and understand.
A new chapter is created to consolidate amended existing and new regulations into a better organized series of grouped sections and subsections.
WAC 232-16-690, the purpose of the proposal is to repeal the Bayview Game Reserve rule, eliminating a reserve that is not functioning as designed.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: WAC 232-12-068, both the Davis Creek (Koopman) and Chehalis Units of the South Puget Sound Wildlife Area have substantial wetlands that act as feeding areas for waterfowl. To avoid potential lead shot ingestion and to protect waterfowl resources, users should be required to utilize nontoxic shot.
Chapter 232-30 WAC, falconry and management of birds of prey are jointly regulated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Washington department of fish and wildlife (WDFW). A state may promulgate its own falconry regulations; however, they must be consistent with federal regulations' minimum standards. State regulations may be more restrictive than federal regulations. In order for the WDFW to continue falconry as a legally permitted activity and in order to be certified as a state in which falconry is permitted by the USFWS, the WDFW falconry regulations must be revised to be consistent and in compliance with federal regulations.
WAC 232-16-690, the Bayview Game Reserve was established on the east shore of Padilla Bay (Skagit County) in 1983 to benefit brant geese. Since that time, brant have shifted their use patterns and utilize the reserve only infrequently. Repeal of the Bayview Game Reserve rule would allow for increased public duck hunting access to shoreline in the Padilla Bay area.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 77.12.047, 77.12.210.
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 77.12.047, 77.12.210.
Rule is necessary because of federal law, C.F.R. Title 50, Part 21, Subpart C, Section 21.29; Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
Name of Proponent: Washington department of fish and wildlife, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting and Implementation: Dave Brittell, Natural Resources Building, Olympia, (360) 902-2504; and Enforcement: Bruce Bjork, Natural Resources Building, Olympia, (360) 902-2373.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. Previous rule making for falconry has had no impact on small businesses. This is primarily a nonprofit recreational activity for two hundred thirty falconers. For the small number of commercial raptor propagators, there will be reduced state regulation involvement with them, because the WDFW will be eliminating the requirement for a state falconry permit. Currently there is a redundant legal requirement for both state and federal propagation permits. When the new state regulations are adopted, propagation permits and propagation administration in Washington will be the sole responsibility of the USFWS.
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. These rules are not related to hydraulics regulations.
April 20, 2010
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 09-53, filed 4/15/09, effective 5/16/09)
WAC 232-12-068 Nontoxic shot requirements. (1) It is unlawful to possess shot (either in shotshells or as loose shot for muzzleloading) other than nontoxic shot when hunting for waterfowl, coot, or snipe. Nontoxic shot includes the following approved types:
|Approved Nontoxic Shot Type*||Percent Composition by Weight|
|bismuth-tin||97 bismuth, 3 tin|
|iron (steel)||iron and carbon|
|iron-tungsten||any proportion of tungsten, >=1 iron|
|iron-tungsten-nickel||>=1 iron, any proportion of tungsten, up to 40 nickel|
|tungsten-bronze||51.1 tungsten, 44.4 copper, 3.9 tin, 0.6 iron; and 60 tungsten, 35.1 copper, 3.9 tin, 1 iron|
|tungsten-iron-copper-nickel||40-76 tungsten, 37 iron, 9-16 copper, 5-7 nickel|
|tungsten-matrix||95.9 tungsten, 4.1 polymer|
|tungsten-polymer||95.5 tungsten, 4.5 nylon 6 or 11|
|tungsten-tin-iron||any proportions of tungsten and tin, >=1 iron|
|tungsten-tin-bismuth||any proportions of tungsten, tin, and bismuth|
|tungsten-tin-iron-nickel||65 tungsten, 21.8 tin, 10.4 iron, 2.8 nickel|
|*Coatings of copper, nickel, tin, zinc, zinc chloride, and zinc chrome on approved nontoxic shot types also are approved.|
(2) It is unlawful to possess shot (either in shotshells or as loose shot for muzzleloading) other than nontoxic shot in the following areas:
Well's Wildlife Area (Bridgeport Bar Unit)
Cowlitz Wildlife Area (all units)
Whatcom Wildlife Area (all units)
Shillapoo Wildlife Area (all units)
Skagit Wildlife Area (all units)
Snoqualmie Wildlife Area (all units)
Sunnyside-Snake River Wildlife Area (Headquarters, Byron and Windmill Ranch units)
Sinlahekin Wildlife Area (Driscoll Island, Hegdahl, and Kline Parcel units)
John's River)) Olympic Wildlife Area (Chinook and
South Puget Sound Wildlife Area (Davis Creek (Koopman) Unit).
(3) It is unlawful to possess shot (either in shotshells or as loose shot for muzzleloading), other than nontoxic shot, when hunting for upland game birds (pheasants, quail, chukar, or gray partridge), mourning doves, band-tailed pigeons, or game animals in the following areas:
Chehalis River pheasant release site
Dungeness Recreation Area
Hunter Farms pheasant release site
Raymond Airport pheasant release site
Two Rivers and Wallula Units of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's McNary National Wildlife Refuge
All Whidbey Island pheasant release sites
(4) Beginning in 2011, it is unlawful to possess shot (either in shotshells or as loose shot for muzzleloading), other than nontoxic shot, when hunting for upland game birds (pheasant, quail, chukar, and gray partridge), mourning doves, band-tailed pigeons, on areas where pheasants are released, to include:
|Chelan Wildlife Area
(Chelan Butte and Swakane units)
|Columbia Basin Wildlife Area (Banks Lake, Gloyd Seeps, Lower Crab Creek, Quincy Lakes, Warden units)|
(Hill Road Unit)
|Scatter Creek Wildlife Area||Sherman Creek Wildlife Area|
|Skookumchuck Wildlife Area||Steamboat Rock, Fishtrap, John Henley, Willow Bar, Rice Bar, Hartsock, Mill Creek, Wallula, Peninsula, Hollebeke/Lost Island, Buckshot, Big Flat, and Ringold Pheasant Release sites||Fort Lewis
Woodland Creek and Lincoln Creek
Pheasant Release sites
[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047, 77.12.020, 77.12.570, 77.12.210, 77.12.150, 77.12.240. 09-09-083 (Order 09-53), § 232-12-068, filed 4/15/09, effective 5/16/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047, 77.12.020. 08-01-052 (Order 07-292), § 232-12-068, filed 12/13/07, effective 1/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-16-133 (Order 06-181), § 232-12-068, filed 8/2/06, effective 9/2/06; 05-17-098 (Order 05-174), § 232-12-068, filed 8/15/05, effective 9/15/05; 03-16-030 (Order 03-165), § 232-12-068, filed 7/29/03, effective 8/29/03; 03-13-047 (Order 03-129), § 232-12-068, filed 6/12/03, effective 7/13/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.040. 01-17-092 (Order 01-157), § 232-12-068, filed 8/20/01, effective 9/20/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.040, 77.12.020, 77.32.070, 77.32.530. 01-10-048 (Order 01-69), § 232-12-068, filed 4/26/01, effective 5/27/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.040, 77.12.010, 77.12.020, 77.12.770, 77.12.780. 00-11-137 (Order 00-50), § 232-12-068, filed 5/23/00, effective 6/23/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.040. 99-17-034 (Order 99-118), § 232-12-068, filed 8/11/99, effective 9/11/99; 98-17-044 (Order 98-152), § 232-12-068, filed 8/13/98, effective 9/13/98; 97-18-026 (Order 97-164), § 232-12-068, filed 8/25/97, effective 9/25/97. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.040 and 77.12.010. 96-18-009 (Order 96-127), § 232-12-068, filed 8/22/96, effective 9/22/96. Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.040. 95-18-072 (Order 95-126) § 232-12-068, filed 9/1/95, effective 10/2/95.]
The following sections of the Washington Administrative Code are repealed:
|WAC 232-12-064||Live wildlife.|
|WAC 232-12-066||Revocation, modification, or suspension of a permit to hold wild animals, wild birds, or game fish in captivity.|
|WAC 232-12-101||Falconry and captive propagation of raptors permitted.|
|WAC 232-12-104||Falconry definitions.|
|WAC 232-12-106||Provisions for accidental take by falconers.|
|WAC 232-12-107||Falconry permit license required.|
|WAC 232-12-114||Permit required for capture of raptors.|
|WAC 232-12-117||Marking and identification of raptors required.|
|WAC 232-12-121||Reporting requirements for capture, importation, exportation, transfer, or other disposal of raptors.|
|WAC 232-12-124||Methods of capture and prohibitions in taking raptors.|
|WAC 232-12-127||Revocation, modifications or suspension of falconry permits.|
|WAC 232-12-129||Captive propagation of raptors -- Sale, records, reports and inspection.|
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
|WAC 232-16-690||Bayview Game Reserve.|
(2) It is unlawful to take or possess a raptor or raptor eggs without a permit from the director and/or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. It is unlawful to violate the conditions of a permit issued under this rule.
"Captive-bred raptor" means the progeny of a mating of raptors in captivity.
"Falconry" means the possession and use of raptors for the purpose of hunting or free flight training.
"Hacking" is the release, sometimes temporary, of a raptor held for falconry to the wild so that it must survive on its own.
"Hybrid" means offspring of birds of two or more distinct species listed in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife 50 C.F.R. § 10.13 or offspring of birds recognized by ornithological authorities as two or more distinct species listed in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife 50 C.F.R. § 10.13.
"Imp" is to cut a broken or damaged feather and replace it with an undamaged feather.
"Imprint" for the purposes of falconry, means a bird that is hand-raised in isolation from the sight of other raptors from two weeks of age until it has fledged. An imprinted bird is considered to be so for its entire lifetime.
"Raptor" means a migratory bird of the Order Falconiformes or the Order Strigiformes listed in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife 50 C.F.R. § 10.13, including the bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) or a golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).
"Take" means to trap or capture or attempt to trap or capture a raptor from the wild.
(2) The temporary possession and short-term handling of a raptor, such as letting any other person hold or practice flying a raptor possessed under a Washington falconry permit, is not possession for the purposes of this section if the handler is under the permitted falconer's supervision. Falconry observers are not required to possess a falconry permit or a hunting license.
(3) For determining possession and take of raptors for falconry, a regulatory year is the calendar year starting January 1st and ending the following December 31st.
(4) A resident of Washington must have a valid Washington falconry permit to take, possess raptors for falconry, or to engage in the practice of falconry. In order to release a falconry raptor to pursue or hunt, depending on the type of game hunted, a resident falconer will need resident state and tribal hunting licenses, permits, stamps, and a Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (a "Duck Stamp").
(5) Falconry permits shall be valid from the date issued until the date of expiration on the permit. The permit will be valid for a maximum period of two years to expire on December 31st. For determining possession and take of raptors for falconry, a year is the calendar year starting January 1st and ending the following December 31st.
(6) A falconer must have permit(s) or legible copies of them in immediate possession if he/she is not at the location of his/her falconry facilities and are trapping, transporting, displaying, or engaging in falconry.
(2) The form may be submitted directly to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to a national computer electronic reporting system on-line via the web site http://permits.fws.gov/186A. The department accesses information from that data base to satisfy the state reporting requirement. For those who do not wish to submit electronic reports, the department will accept paper forms with a charge for an administrative processing fee per paper form and will enter the falconry transaction into the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service data base.
(3) A falconer is required to keep copies of all electronic data base submissions or paper forms documenting take, transfer, loss, rebanding, or microchipping of each falconry raptor until five years after a falconry raptor transaction.
(2) An applicant must correctly answer at least eighty percent of the questions on an examination administered by the department, or provide proof of having previously held a valid apprentice falconry permit. The examination will cover care and handling of falconry raptors, state and federal regulations relevant to falconry, and other appropriate subject matter.
(3) An applicant must submit a letter to the department from a general falconer or a master falconer, who is at least eighteen years of age with at least two years experience at the general falconer level, stating that he/she has agreed to be a sponsor to assist the applicant in learning about the husbandry and training of raptors held for falconry, relevant wildlife laws and regulations, and in deciding what permitted raptor species is appropriate to possess while an apprentice falconer.
(4) The applicant must submit an original, signed certification incorporated into the department application form, and is worded as follows: I certify that I have read and am familiar with Washington and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service falconry regulations, and the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, and that the information I have submitted is complete and accurate to the best of my knowledge and belief. I understand that any false statement herein may subject me to cancellation of the application and/or criminal penalties.
(5) An apprentice falconer may not intentionally capture a raptor species that this permit classification does not allow to possess for falconry. Any raptor captured, that an apprentice falconer is not permitted to take must be released immediately.
(6) Regardless of the number of state, tribal, or territorial falconry permits an apprentice falconer may have, no more than one raptor may be possessed for use in falconry.
(7) An apprentice falconer may take a red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) or a kestrel (Falco sparverius) from the wild in Washington. An apprentice may possess a red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), kestrel (Falco sparverius), or a Harris' hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus) for falconry.
(8) An apprentice falconer may use captive-bred individuals of the species permitted to possess.
(9) A wild raptor may be transferred to an apprentice.
(10) An apprentice falconer may not possess a nestling raptor taken from the wild and may not possess a bird that is imprinted on humans.
(11) An apprentice falconer may take a free flying permitted raptor species less than one year of age from the wild during any period.
(12) Exotic, nonnative North American species of raptors that are not listed in the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act are not covered under these regulations; however, apprentice falconers may not practice falconry or hunt with exotic raptors. Possession, import, and export of exotics may be subject to other state and federal regulations.
(13) Raptor facilities must pass inspection by the department or its designee before an apprentice falconer applicant is granted a permit.
(2) An applicant must submit a document from a general falconer or master falconer (preferably an apprentice's sponsor to the department stating that the applicant has practiced falconry at the apprentice falconer level or equivalent for at least two years, including maintaining, training, flying, or hunting the raptor(s) for at least four months in each year. That practice may include capture and release of falconry raptor(s). The applicant may provide proof of a previously held valid general falconry permit. Falconry school program or education is not acceptable to shorten the period of two years at the apprentice falconer level.
(3) A general falconer may not intentionally capture a raptor species that this permit classification does not allow to possess for falconry. Any raptor captured, that a general falconer is not permitted to take must be released immediately.
(4) A general falconer, may take raptors less than one year of age from the wild during any period. However, an American kestrel or owl of any age may be taken from the wild during any period.
(5) Regardless of the number of state, tribal, or territorial falconry permits a general falconer may have, no more than three raptors may be possessed for use in falconry.
(6) A general falconer may take the following species of raptors from the wild in Washington: Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), kestrel (Falco sparverius), merlin (Falco columbarius), prairie falcon (Falco mexicanus), gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter striatus), Cooper's hawk (Accipiter cooperii), goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), great horned owl (Bubo virginianus), barred owl (Strix varia).
(7) A general falconer may possess any species of Falconiform or Strigiform lawfully taken from out-of-state, except a golden eagle (Aguila chrysaetos), a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), or a Steller's sea-eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus). A general falconer may use captive-bred individuals or hybrids of the species you are allowed to possess.
(8) Exotic, nonnative North American species of raptors that are not listed in the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act are not covered under these regulations; however, general falconers may practice falconry or hunt with exotic raptors unless otherwise prohibited. Possession, import, and export of exotics may be subject to other state and federal regulations.
(2) A master falconer may not intentionally capture a raptor species that this permit classification does not allow to possess for falconry. Any raptor captured, that a master falconer is not permitted to take, must be released immediately.
(3) A master falconer, may take raptors less than one year of age from the wild during any period. However, an American kestrel or owl of any age may be taken from the wild during any period.
(4) Regardless of the number of state, tribal, or territorial falconry permits a master falconer may have, no more than five raptors may be possessed for use in falconry, including golden eagles (Aguila chrysaetos). A master falconer may possess any number of captive-bred raptors; however, the master falconer must train them in the pursuit of wild game and use them in hunting.
(5) A master falconer may take the following species of raptors from the wild in Washington: Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), kestrel (Falco sparverius), merlin (Falco columbarius), prairie falcon (Falco mexicanus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter striatus), Cooper's hawk (Accipiter cooperii), goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), great horned owl (Bubo virginianus), barred owl (Strix varia).
(6) Nestling, post fledgling, or passage peregrine falcons may be taken by a master falconer who possesses, at the time of capture, a permit from the department authorizing such capture in accordance with federal regulations and implementation guidance set forth by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service regarding the falconry take in the United States. The number and age class of peregrine falcons to be captured in Washington will be determined by the director in accordance with federal regulations or implementation guidance, may vary annually in response to population and productivity data, and as a participant in actions of the Pacific Flyway Council. The director will establish permit issuance procedures, capture monitoring requirements, and open areas for the capture of nestling peregrine falcons.
(7) A master falconer may possess any species of Falconiform or Strigiform lawfully taken from out-of-state, except a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).
(8) A master falconer who meets the requirements in this section may possess up to three eagles of the following species for use in falconry: Golden eagle (Aguila chrysaetos), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), or Steller's sea-eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus). A master falconer may possess any captive-bred individuals, or hybrids of any species.
(9) The department must have the following documented by a master falconer before approving a request to possess an eagle to use in falconry:
(a) Experience in handling large raptors, such as eagles, ferruginous hawks (Buteo regalis), goshawks (Accipiter gentilis), great horned owls (Bubo virginianus), red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), or others. Include information about which species have been handled, the type, and duration of the activity in which experience was gained.
(b) At least two letters of reference from people with experience handling and/or flying large raptors. Each must contain a concise history of the author's experience with large raptors, which can include, but is not limited to, falconry, propagation, abatement, handling of raptors held by zoos, rehabilitating large raptors, or scientific studies involving large raptors. Each letter must also assess the master falconer's capability to care for eagles and fly them in falconry.
(10) A golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, or Steller's sea-eagle in possession will count as one of the five raptors a master falconer is allowed to possess for use in falconry.
(11) Exotic, nonnative North American species of raptors that are not listed in the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act are not covered under these regulations; however, master falconers may practice falconry or hunt with exotic raptors unless otherwise prohibited. Possession, import, and export of exotics may be subject to other state and federal regulations.
(2) If a permit has expired for five years or more, the permittee must correctly answer at least eighty percent of the questions on the Washington falconry examination. If the falconer passes the test, his/her permit may be reinstated at the previously held level. The reinstated falconer's facilities must pass inspection by the department or its delegate prior to possession of a falconry raptor.
(2) In addition to passing the examination, the department will base its decision for permit issuance on documentation of the falconer's experience and any other pertinent material and supportive documents provided by the falconer or a third party. The falconer's facilities must meet the standards in these regulations and be inspected prior to receiving a Washington falconry permit.
A falconer from another country may need federal permits to bring a raptor into the United States to be legally possessed in Washington.
(2) Falconry raptors may be imported into the state if a health certificate is in the possession of the importer. When flown free, any raptor brought into Washington temporarily must have two attached radio transmitters.
(3) In order to release a falconry raptor to pursue game, or hunt, depending on the type of game hunted, a nonresident falconry permit holder is required to purchase appropriate nonresident state hunting licenses, permits, tags, Washington Bird Stamp, migratory bird validation, and a federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp.
(4) Nonresident falconers may be authorized to capture one legal raptor per year in Washington with the requirement to purchase a nonresident raptor capture permit. A premium Class 1 nonresident raptor capture permit may authorize a nonresident falconer to capture a peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), or goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). A basic Class 2 nonresident raptor capture permit may authorize a nonresident falconer to capture any other raptor authorized for capture in Washington.
(5) The taking of a legal raptor by a nonresident must comply with Washington regulations for the appropriate class of falconer. The nonresident raptor capture permit shall be valid for one year.
(2) Prior to being issued a Washington falconry permit, the falconer may continue to hold all birds which were legally held prior to his move. The department will issue an appropriate class of permit based on the out-of-state permit and experience the applicant has possessed.
(3) Until the falconer has established official residency and a Washington permit has been issued, or until the permit expiration date occurs, the department will continue to recognize a valid permit issued from another state.
(2) A falconer may take no more than two raptors from the wild each year to use in falconry during any period of the year.
(3) The number of wild-caught or captive-bred raptors transferred is not restricted, but a falconer may not exceed the possession limit of his/her class of falconry.
(4) A falconer may recapture a falconry bird that he/she lost at any time. The recapture will not be considered a new take of a wild bird.
(5) If a falconer transfers a raptor taken from the wild to another permittee in the same year in which it is captured, the raptor will count as one of the raptors the falconer is allowed to take from the wild that year. It will not count as a capture by the recipient, though it will always be considered a wild bird.
(2) The recaptured falconry bird must be returned to the person who lost it, if that person is authorized to possess it. If that person cannot possess the bird or does not wish to possess it, it may be kept by the falconer who captured it without it counting as a wild take, but he/she must be authorized to possess it.
(3) Disposition of a bird whose legal possession cannot be determined will be at the discretion of the department. While the falconer who captured the raptor may hold a raptor for return to the person who lost it, the raptor will not count against his/her possession limit.
(4) With the exception of a banded peregrine falcon, a falconer may take any raptor authorized for his/her possession from the wild if the raptor is banded with a Federal Bird Banding Laboratory aluminum band.
(5) If a falconer captures a peregrine falcon with a research band, such as a colored band with alphanumeric codes, or a research marker attached to it, it must be immediately released. If the falcon has a transmitter attached to it, the capturing falconer is authorized to possess the bird up to thirty days to allow time to contact the researcher to determine if he/she wants to replace the transmitter or its batteries. If the researcher wants to do so, or to have the transmitter removed, the researcher or his or her designee may make the change or allow the capturing falconer to do so before the bird is released. If the researcher does not want to keep the transmitter on the falcon, the raptor may be kept if it was captured in circumstances in which capture of wild peregrines is allowed.
(6) If a falconer captures any other species of raptor that has any band, research marker, or transmitter attached to it, the band numbers and all other relevant information must be promptly reported to the Federal Bird Banding Laboratory at 1-800-327-2263. If the raptor has a transmitter attached to it, the capturing falconer is authorized to possess the bird up to thirty days to allow time to contact the researcher to determine if he/she wants to replace the transmitter or its batteries. If the researcher wants to do so, or to have the transmitter removed, the researcher or his or her designee may make the change or allow the capturing falconer to do so before the bird is released. If the researcher does not want to keep the transmitter on the raptor, the raptor may be kept if it was captured in circumstances in which capture of that species of wild raptor is allowed.
(2) A person other than a permitted falconer may climb to a raptor nest and remove a nestling for the falconer, but only with the falconer present at the nest site.
(3) The falconer permittee taking a raptor must be present at the capture site. The permittee is considered the person who removes the bird from the wild even if a proxy climber, or other person, captures the bird for you. The permittee is responsible for reporting take of the bird from the wild.
(4) If a falconer is not at the immediate location where a raptor is taken from the wild for him/her, the person who removes the bird from the wild must be a general or master falconer, and must report take of the bird. If that person then transfers the bird to another falconer, the originating falconer must report the transaction no later than ten days after the take of the raptor. The raptor will count as one of the two wild raptors that a falconer is allowed to capture in any year. The bird will not count as a bird taken from the wild by the recipient. The falconer who takes the raptor from the wild must report the take even if he/she promptly transfers it to another falconer.
(5) If a falconer has a long-term or permanent physical impairment or disability that prevents him/her from attending the capture of a raptor, a general or master falconer may capture a bird for that falconer. The disabled falconer is responsible for reporting take of the bird from the wild, and the bird will count against the take of wild raptors he/she is allowed to take in any year. It will not count against the annual wild take for the falconer who captured the bird for the disabled falconer.
(2) The raptor may be possessed by the falconer and reported within ten days after capture of the raptor. The bird will count against his/her possession limit.
(3) The raptor may be given directly to a veterinarian, a permitted wildlife rehabilitator, or an appropriate department representative or delegate. It will not count against the allowed take or the number of raptors of the falconer.
(2) If a raptor possessed by a falconer is stolen, it must be reported to the department and to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Regional Law Enforcement office within ten days of the theft of the bird.
(2) If the species a falconer wants to release is native to Washington and is captive-bred, it may not be released to the wild intentionally without permission from the department. The raptor may be hacked to the wild at an appropriate time of year and an appropriate location. The falconry band, if banded, must be removed, and the falconer shall report the release.
(3) If the species a falconer wants to release is native to Washington and was taken from the wild, it may be released at an appropriate time of year and an appropriate location. The falconry band, if banded, must be removed and the falconer shall report the release.
(2) Wild raptors may not be purchased, sold, traded, or bartered. Exchanging birds with other falconers is not considered to be barter.
(3) A raptor may be transferred to another permit type if the recipient of the bird, which could be the same transferring falconer, possesses the necessary permits for the other activity.
(4) A wild-caught falconry raptor may be transferred to a raptor propagation permit after the raptor has been used in falconry for at least two years, with the exception of one year is allowed for a sharp-shinned hawk, a Cooper's hawk, a merlin, or an American kestrel. Report this transfer within ten days.
(5) A wild-caught falconry raptor may be transferred to another permit type in less than two years with the exception of one year for a sharp-shinned hawk, a Cooper's hawk, a merlin, or an American kestrel, if the bird has been injured, and a veterinarian or permitted wildlife rehabilitator has determined that the bird can no longer be flown for falconry. Report this transaction within ten days and provide a copy of the certification from the veterinarian or rehabilitator that the bird is not useable in falconry to the department and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
(6) A surviving spouse, executor, administrator, or other legal representative of a deceased falconry permittee may transfer any bird held by the permittee to another authorized permittee within ninety days of the death of the falconry permittee. After ninety days, disposition of a bird held under the permit is at the discretion of the department.
(2) If the accidentally killed quarry is a species identified on the Washington candidate species list (for endangered, threatened, or sensitive status) or specifically identified by the director, or is a federally or state protected species, the falconer shall, before leaving the site of the kill, record upon a form provided by the department, or upon a facsimile, the falconer's name, falconry permit number, date, species and sex (if known) of the quarry, and exact location of the kill. The falconer shall submit the information to the department falconry permit coordinator by April 1st following the close of the current hunting season. A falconer must also report take of any federally listed species to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
(3) Accidental kill by any falconer in any license year shall not exceed a total of five individuals of any combination of species designated under subsection (2) of this section. Following an accidental kill by any falconer of any species designated under subsection (2) of this section, the falconer shall cease hunting for the day.
(4) Falconers must ensure that their activities do not cause the take of federally or state listed threatened or endangered wildlife, for example, by avoiding flying a raptor in the vicinity of the listed species. Notwithstanding any other section of this rule, take of species designated as endangered, threatened, or sensitive in Washington under WAC 232-12-011 or 232-12-014 is not permitted except by permit from the director.
(5) Violation of this section is an infraction, punishable under RCW 77.15.160.
(2) Trapping raptors for falconry is not allowed in the following wildlife area units located in the western half of the Skagit Wildlife Area: Debay and Johnson Slough Unit, Fir Island Farms Reserve Unit, and Headquarters (Skagit) Unit.
(2) A raptor bred in captivity must be banded with a seamless metal band or have an implanted ISO-compliant (134.2 kHz) microchip. If a seamless band is removed, or if it is lost, report it and request a replacement U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service nonreusable band from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Report the action and the band number and the microchip information within ten days.
(3) If banding a nestling and the raptor is not developed enough to be banded, the band does not need to be applied until the bird has developed sufficiently. During the interim, the band must accompany the bird at all times until the band is placed on the bird.
(4) If the band must be removed or is lost from a raptor in possession, report the loss of the band within five days, and request a replacement U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service nonreusable band from the department. Report the rebanding immediately.
(5) It is unlawful to alter, deface, or counterfeit a band. A falconer may smooth any imperfect surface on the rear tab of a band on a raptor taken from the wild if that action does not affect the integrity of the band or the numbering on it.
(6) If health or injury problems are documented for a raptor in possession that is caused by the band, the department will provide an exemption to the requirement for that raptor. In that case, you the falconer shall keep and possess a copy of the exemption paperwork with him/her when transporting or flying the raptor. If the raptor is a wild goshawk, Harris's hawk, peregrine falcon, or gyrfalcon, the band must be replaced with an ISO-compliant microchip purchased by the falconer.
(7) A raptor removed from the wild shall not be banded with a seamless numbered band.
(2) All falconers must submit to the department a signed and dated statement showing that you agree that the falconry facilities and raptors may be inspected without advance notice. If your facilities are not on property owned by the falconer, the falconer must submit a signed and dated statement showing that the property owner agrees that the falconry facilities may also be inspected in the presence of the property owner. Inspecting authorities may not enter the facilities or disturb the raptors unless the falconer is present.
(2) Raptor facilities shall be approved by the department before a new falconry permittee obtains a raptor or a nonresident imports a raptor into Washington. A nonresident falconer shall submit to the department in advance of importing raptor into the state a description of temporary facilities.
(3) The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service may establish standards and specifications for raptor propagation facilities.
(4) All raptors held under falconry or abatement permits shall be maintained in humane and healthful conditions.
(2) An indoor facility must be large enough to allow for the care and feeding of raptors kept there. Acceptable indoor facilities include perch enclosures where raptors are tethered side by side. If raptors in an indoor facility are not tethered, all walls that are not solid must be protected on the inside. Suitable materials may include vertical bars spaced narrower than the width of the body of the smallest raptor you house in the enclosure. However, heavy-duty netting or other such materials may be used to cover the walls or roof of the enclosure
(3) Other innovative housing systems are acceptable if they provide the enclosed raptors with protection and maintain healthy feathers. A falconry raptor or raptors may be kept inside a residence if a suitable perch or perches are provided. If inside a home, windows or other aspects of the structure do not need modification. Raptors kept in a home must be tethered when they are not being moved into or out of the location in which they are kept, exercised, worked with, or trained.
(4) An outdoor facility may be made of wire, heavy-duty plastic mesh, slats, pipe, wood, or other suitable material. The facility must have at least a covered perch to protect a raptor held in it.
(5) New and different types of housing facilities and/or husbandry practices may be used if they satisfy the basic requirements above.
(6) Falconry raptors may be kept outside in the open if they are under watch, at any location or by a designated individual, for in a weathering yard.
(7) The department must be informed within five business days if the address of falconry facilities change.
(2) A raptor may be temporarily housed outside of your permanent facilities when you are not transporting it or using it for hunting for no more than one hundred twenty consecutive calendar days if the raptor has suitable facilities as described in WAC 232-30-440.
(2) Another person who does not have a falconry permit may care for falconry bird(s) possessed at the permittees facilities for up to forty-five consecutive calendar days. The raptor(s) will remain on the permittees falconry permit. The raptor(s) must remain in the authorized facilities. The person(s) caring for their raptor(s) may not fly them for any reason.
(3) The care of your raptor(s) may be extended by written request to the department in extenuating circumstances, such as illness, military service, or for a family emergency.
(2) The department may promulgate state regulations for the management of captive raptor propagation in addition to federal regulations for raptor propagation.
(3) Raptors possessed under a falconry permit may be used for captive propagation purposes if the propagator acquired state and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service falconry permits. It is not necessary to transfer a raptor from a state falconry permit to a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service propagation permit if the raptor is used for fewer than eight months in a year for captive propagation. The raptor must be transferred by reporting that action, if the raptor is permanently transferred for use in propagation. The raptor bird must then be banded as required by state and federal regulations. With the exception of progeny from wild-caught raptors taken in Washington, the offspring of captive raptors are considered as captive-bred.
(4) Raptors you held under falconry and propagation permits shall be maintained in humane and healthful conditions.
(5) Wild-caught raptors taken in Washington may be used for propagation purposes, progeny shall not be offered for sale or trade.
(2) Any raptor a falconer intends to hack with intent to continue to possess for recreational falconry counts against the permitted possession limit of a falconer.
(3) Any hybrid you hack must have two attached functioning radio transmitters during hacking.
(4) You may not hack a falconry bird near a nesting area of a state or federally threatened or endangered animal species or in any other location where the raptor is likely to harm a state or federally listed threatened or endangered animal species that might be disturbed or taken by a falconry raptor.
(2) An abatement operator, or subpermittees thereof, and raptor handlers, using captive bred origin raptors, may receive payment for providing abatement services if they are listed in a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Abatement Permit. Abatement activities shall comply with any federal depredation order/permit and take permits. The abatement operator may be required to possess a Washington permit issued by the director for the take of wildlife (RCW 77.12.240 and 77.36.030). It is the responsibility of the abatement operator to possess all other relevant state and local permits.
(3) A master falconer, may independently conduct abatement activities. A general falconer, may conduct abatement activities only as a subpermittee of the holder of the federal abatement permit. A raptor handler who is not engaged in active flying of the raptor is not required to possess a falconry permit.
(4) Wildlife taken under abatement and depredation permits may be stored and/or used as food for raptors.
(2) An apprentice falconer may present education programs if under the supervision of a general or master falconer.
(3) A raptor used by a falconer for education must be one primarily used for falconry. A fee for presentation of an education program may be charged. The fee may not exceed the amount required to recoup your costs.
(4) In presenting conservation education programs, a falconer must provide information about the biology, ecological roles, and needs of raptors or other migratory birds, although not all of these topics must be addressed in every presentation.
(2) A falconer may not use falconry raptors to make movies, commercials, or in other commercial ventures that are not related to falconry.
(3) Falconry raptors may not be used for commercial entertainment; for advertisements; as a representation of any business, company, corporation, or other organization; or for promotion or endorsement of any products, merchandise, goods, services, meetings, or fairs, with the following exceptions:
(a) A falconry raptor may be used to promote or endorse a nonprofit falconry organization or association.
(b) A falconry raptor may be used to promote or endorse products or endeavors related to falconry including, but not limited to, items such as hoods, telemetry equipment, giant hoods, perches, materials for raptor facilities, falconry training and education materials, and scientific research and publication.
(2) A raptor possessed for rehabilitation does not need to be added to a falconry permit. It will remain under the rehabilitator's permit.
(3) Any raptor bird that cannot be permanently released to the wild must be returned to the rehabilitator or the department within the one hundred eighty-day time frame in which the rehabilitator is authorized to possess the bird, unless the department authorizes the raptor's detention for longer than one hundred eighty days, or unless the rehabilitator or department transfers the raptor to the falconer to possess or hold under his/her falconry permit.
(4) Before releasing a threatened or endangered migratory bird, you must comply with any requirements for the release from the department and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
(2) A falconer may donate feathers from a falconry bird, except golden eagle feathers, to any person or institution with a valid permit to possess them, or to anyone exempt from a permit requirement for feather possession.
(3) Except for primary or secondary flight feathers or retrices from a golden eagle, as a falconer you are not required to gather feathers that are molted or otherwise lost by a falconry bird. You may leave the feathers where they fall, store them, or destroy them.
(4) A falconer must collect molted flight feathers and retrices from a golden eagle. If the falconer chooses not to keep them for imping, golden eagle feathers must be sent to the National Eagle Repository.
(5) Send all other feathers (including body feathers) collected from any falconry golden eagle, and that are not needed for imping, to the National Eagle Repository.
(6) Any feathers in possession of a falconer whose permit is expired, suspended, or revoked must donate the feathers of any species of falconry raptors, except a golden eagle, to any person or any institution exempt from the permit requirement or authorized by permit to acquire and possess the feathers. If the feathers are not donated, they must be burned, buried, or otherwise destroyed.
(2) The body or feathers of any other species of raptor may be donated to any person or institution exempt or authorized by permit to acquire and possess such parts or feathers.
(3) The body of any raptor, except that of a golden eagle, may be kept so that the feathers are available for imping, or that the body may be mounted by a taxidermist. The mount may be displayed in giving education programs. If the bird was banded, the band must be left on the leg. If the bird has an implanted microchip, the microchip must be left in place.
(4) If the raptor body or feathers are not donated or kept with the falconer, it must be burned, buried, or otherwise destroyed within ten days of the death of the bird or after final necropsy by a veterinarian. Carcasses of euthanized raptors could pose a risk of secondary poisoning scavaging wildlife. A falconer must take appropriate precautions to avoid such poisonings.
(5) If the raptor body and its parts are retained by the falconer, the body and its parts may be possessed for as long as the falconer has a valid falconry permit. Raptor bodies including all parts, and other state and federally protected birds, shall not be bought, sold, bartered, or otherwise used for commercial purposes.