WSR 11-03-068

PERMANENT RULES

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH


[ Filed January 18, 2011, 9:24 a.m. , effective February 18, 2011 ]


Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.

Purpose: Chapter 246-221 WAC, Radiation protection standards; chapter 246-231 WAC, Packaging and transportation of radioactive material; and chapter 246-240 WAC, Radiation protection -- Medical use of radioactive material.

The International Atomic Energy Agency has coordinated international agreements that resulted in new transportation requirements for radioactive material. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) amended federal regulations as a result of these agreements and made minor amendments to medical use of radioactive material regulations. Under the formal agreement between the governor of the state of Washington and the chairman of the NRC, the Washington state radiation control program is required to remain compatible with NRC regulations. These rules eliminate conflicts, duplications, and gaps between the NRC and Washington state's radiation control programs.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 246-221-290 Appendix A -- Annual limits on intake (ALI) and derived air concentrations (DAC) of radionuclides for occupational exposure; effluent concentrations; concentrations for release to sanitary sewerage, 246-231-035 Deliberate misconduct, 246-231-200 Appendix A -- Determination of A1 and A2, 246-240-001 Purpose and scope, 246-240-010 Definitions, 246-240-069 Training for radiation safety officer, 246-240-072 Training for an authorized medical physicist, 246-240-075 Training for an authorized nuclear pharmacist, 246-240-078 Training for experienced radiation safety officer, teletherapy or medical physicist, authorized user, and nuclear pharmacist, 246-240-154 Training for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies, 246-240-163 Training for imaging and localization studies, 246-240-210 Training for use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required, 246-240-213 Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries), 246-240-216 Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities greater than 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries), 246-240-219 Training for the parenteral administration of unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive, 246-240-278 Training for use of manual brachytherapy sources, 246-240-281 Training for ophthalmic use of strontium-90, and 246-240-399 Training for use of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 70.98.050.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 10-14-098 on July 6, 2010.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 18, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 18, Repealed 0.

Date Adopted: January 18, 2011.

Mary C. Selecky

Secretary

OTS-2735.1


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 09-06-003, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09)

WAC 246-221-290   Appendix A -- Annual limits on intake (ALI) and derived air concentrations (DAC) of radionuclides for occupational exposure; effluent concentrations; concentrations for release to sanitary sewerage.   For each radionuclide, Table I indicates the chemical form which is to be used for selecting the appropriate ALI or DAC value. The ALIs and DACs for inhalation are given for an aerosol with an activity median aerodynamic diameter (AMAD) of 1 m (micron) and for three classes (D,W,Y) of radioactive material, which refer to their retention (approximately days, weeks or years) in the pulmonary region of the lung. This classification applies to a range of clearance half-times for D if less than ten days, for W from ten to one hundred days, and for Y greater than one hundred days. Table II provides concentration limits for airborne and liquid effluents released to the general environment. Table III provides concentration limits for discharges to sanitary sewerage.


Note: The values in Tables I, II, and III are presented in the computer "E" notation. In this notation a value of 6E-02 represents a value of 6 x 10-2 or 0.06, 6E+2 represents 6 x 102 or 600, and 6E+0 represents 6 x 100 or 6.

Table I "Occupational Values"


Note that the columns in Table I of this appendix captioned "Oral Ingestion ALI," "Inhalation ALI," and "DAC," are applicable to occupational exposure to radioactive material.


The ALIs in this appendix are the annual intakes of given radionuclide by "Reference Man" which would result in either: A committed effective dose equivalent of 0.05 Sv (5 rem), stochastic ALI; or a committed dose equivalent of 0.5 Sv (50 rem) to an organ or tissue, nonstochastic ALI. The stochastic ALIs were derived to result in a risk, due to irradiation of organs and tissues, comparable to the risk associated with deep dose equivalent to the whole body of 0.05 Sv (5 rem). The derivation includes multiplying the committed dose equivalent to an organ or tissue by a weighting factor, wT. This weighting factor is the proportion of the risk of stochastic effects resulting from irradiation of the organ or tissue, T, to the total risk of stochastic effects when the whole body is irradiated uniformly. The values of wT are listed under the definition of weighting factor in WAC 246-221-005. The nonstochastic ALIs were derived to avoid nonstochastic effects, such as prompt damage to tissue or reduction in organ function.


A value of wT = 0.06 is applicable to each of the five organs or tissues in the "remainder" category receiving the highest dose equivalents, and the dose equivalents of all other remaining tissues may be disregarded. The following portions of the GI tract -- stomach, small intestine, upper large intestine, and lower large intestine -- are to be treated as four separate organs.


Note that the dose equivalents for an extremity, elbows, arms below the elbows, feet and lower legs, knees, and legs below the knees, skin, and lens of the eye are not considered in computing the committed effective dose equivalent, but are subject to limits that must be met separately.


When an ALI is defined by the stochastic dose limit, this value alone is given. When an ALI is determined by the non-stochastic dose limit to an organ, the organ or tissue to which the limit applies is shown, and the ALI for the stochastic limit is shown in parentheses. Abbreviated organ or tissue designations are used:


LLI wall = lower large intestine wall;
St. wall = stomach wall;
Blad wall = bladder wall; and
Bone surf = bone surface.

The use of the ALIs listed first, the more limiting of the stochastic and nonstochastic ALIs, will ensure that nonstochastic effects are avoided and that the risk of stochastic effects is limited to an acceptably low value. If, in a particular situation involving a radionuclide for which the nonstochastic ALI is limiting, use of that nonstochastic ALI is considered unduly conservative, the licensee may use the stochastic ALI to determine the committed effective dose equivalent. However, the licensee shall also ensure that the 0.5 Sv (50 rem) dose equivalent limit for any organ or tissue is not exceeded by the sum of the external deep dose equivalent plus the internal committed dose equivalent to that organ, not the effective dose. For the case where there is no external dose contribution, this would be demonstrated if the sum of the fractions of the nonstochastic ALIs (ALIns) that contribute to the committed dose equivalent to the organ receiving the highest dose does not exceed unity, that is, ∑ (intake (in Ci) of each radionuclide/ALIns) ≤ 1.0. If there is an external deep dose equivalent contribution of Hd, then this sum must be less than 1 - (Hd/50), instead of ≤ 1.0.


The derived air concentration (DAC) values are derived limits intended to control chronic occupational exposures. The relationship between the DAC and the ALI is given by:


DAC = ALI (in Ci)/(2000 hours per working year x 60 minutes/hour x 2 x 104 ml per minute) = [ALI/2.4 x 109] Ci/ml,
where 2 x 104 ml per minute is the volume of air breathed per minute at work by Reference Man under working conditions of light work.


The DAC values relate to one of two modes of exposure: Either external submersion or the internal committed dose equivalents resulting from inhalation of radioactive materials. DACs based upon submersion are for immersion in a semi-infinite cloud of uniform concentration and apply to each radionuclide separately.


The ALI and DAC values include contributions to exposure by the single radionuclide named and any in-growth of daughter radionuclides produced in the body by decay of the parent. However, intakes that include both the parent and daughter radionuclides should be treated by the general method appropriate for mixtures.


The values of ALI and DAC do not apply directly when the individual both ingests and inhales a radionuclide, when the individual is exposed to a mixture of radionuclides by either inhalation or ingestion or both, or when the individual is exposed to both internal and external irradiation. See WAC 246-221-015. When an individual is exposed to radioactive materials which fall under several of the translocation classifications of the same radionuclide, such as, Class D, Class W, or Class Y, the exposure may be evaluated as if it were a mixture of different radionuclides.


It should be noted that the classification of a compound as Class D, W, or Y is based on the chemical form of the compound and does not take into account the radiological half-life of different radionuclides. For this reason, values are given for Class D, W, and Y compounds, even for very short-lived radionuclides.


Table II "Effluent Concentrations"


The columns in Table II of this appendix captioned "Effluents," "Air" and "Water" are applicable to the assessment and control of dose to the public, particularly in the implementation of the provisions of WAC 246-221-070. The concentration values given in Columns 1 and 2 of Table II are equivalent to the radionuclide concentrations which, if inhaled or ingested continuously over the course of a year, would produce a total effective dose equivalent of 0.50 mSv (0.05 rem).


Consideration of nonstochastic limits has not been included in deriving the air and water effluent concentration limits because nonstochastic effects are presumed not to occur at or below the dose levels established for individual members of the public. For radionuclides, where the nonstochastic limit was governing in deriving the occupational DAC, the stochastic ALI was used in deriving the corresponding airborne effluent limit in Table II. For this reason, the DAC and airborne effluent limits are not always proportional as was the case in the previous Appendix A of this chapter.


The air concentration values listed in Table II, Column 1 were derived by one of two methods. For those radionuclides for which the stochastic limit is governing, the occupational stochastic inhalation ALI was divided by 2.4 x 109, relating the inhalation ALI to the DAC, as explained above, and then divided by a factor of three hundred. The factor of three hundred includes the following components: A factor of fifty to relate the 0.05 Sv (5 rem) annual occupational dose limit to the 1 mSv (0.1 rem) limit for members of the public, a factor of three to adjust for the difference in exposure time and the inhalation rate for a worker and that for members of the public; and a factor of two to adjust the occupational values, derived for adults, so that they are applicable to other age groups.


For those radionuclides for which submersion, that is external dose, is limiting, the occupational DAC in Table I, Column 3 was divided by two hundred nineteen. The factor of two hundred nineteen is composed of a factor of fifty, as described above, and a factor of 4.38 relating occupational exposure for two thousand hours per year to full-time exposure (eight thousand seven hundred sixty hours per year). Note that an additional factor of two for age considerations is not warranted in the submersion case.


The water concentrations were derived by taking the most restrictive occupational stochastic oral ingestion ALI and dividing by 7.3 x 107. The factor of 7.3 x 107 (ml) includes the following components: The factors of fifty and two described above and a factor of 7.3 x 105 (ml) which is the annual water intake of Reference Man.


Note 2 of this appendix provides groupings of radionuclides which are applicable to unknown mixtures of radionuclides. These groupings, including occupational inhalation ALIs and DACs, air and water effluent concentrations and releases to sewer, require demonstrating that the most limiting radionuclides in successive classes are absent. The limit for the unknown mixture is defined when the presence of one of the listed radionuclides cannot be definitely excluded as being present either from knowledge of the radionuclide composition of the source or from actual measurements.


Table III "Releases to Sewers"


The monthly average concentrations for release to sanitary sewerage are applicable to the provisions in WAC 246-221-190. The concentration values were derived by taking the most restrictive occupational stochastic oral ingestion ALI and dividing by 7.3 x 106 (ml). The factor of 7.3 x 106 (ml) is composed of a factor of 7.3 x 105 (ml), the annual water intake by Reference Man, and a factor of ten, such that the concentrations, if the sewage released by the licensee were the only source of water ingested by a Reference Man during a year, would result in a committed effective dose equivalent of 5 mSv (0.5 rem).

LIST OF ELEMENTS
Name Symbol Atomic

Number

Name Symbol Atomic

Number

Actinium Ac 89 Molybdenum Mo 42
Aluminum Al 13 Neodymium Nd 60
Americium Am 95 Neptunium Np 93
Antimony Sb 51 Nickel Ni 28
Argon Ar 18 Nitrogen N 7
Arsenic As 33 Niobium Nb 41
Astatine At 85 Osmium Os 76
Barium Ba 56 Oxygen O 8
Berkelium Bk 97 Palladium Pd 46
Beryllium Be 4 Phosphorus P 15
Bismuth Bi 83 Platinum Pt 78
Bromine Br 35 Plutonium Pu 94
Cadmium Cd 48 Polonium Po 84
Calcium Ca 20 Potassium K 19
Californium Cf 98 Praseodymium Pr 59
Carbon C 6 Promethium Pm 61
Cerium Ce 58 Protactinium Pa 91
Cesium Cs 55 Radium Ra 88
Chlorine Cl 17 Radon Rn 86
Chromium Cr 24 Rhenium Re 75
Cobalt Co 27 Rhodium Rh 45
Copper Cu 29 Rubidium Rb 37
Curium Cm 96 Ruthenium Ru 44
Dysprosium Dy 66 Samarium Sm 62
Einsteinium Es 99 Scandium Sc 21
Erbium Er 68 Selenium Se 34
Europium Eu 63 Silicon Si 14
Fermium Fm 100 Silver Ag 47
Fluorine F 9 Sodium Na 11
Francium Fr 87 Strontium Sr 38
Gadolinium Gd 64 Sulfur S 16
Gallium Ga 31 Tantalum Ta 73
Germanium Ge 32 Technetium Tc 43
Gold Au 79 Tellurium Te 52
Hafnium Hf 72 Terbium Tb 65
Holmium Ho 67 Thallium Tl 81
Hydrogen H 1 Thorium Th 90
Indium In 49 Thulium Tm 69
Iodine I 53 Tin Sn 50
Iridium Ir 77 Titanium Ti 22
Iron Fe 26 Tungsten W 74
Krypton Kr 36 Uranium U 92
Lanthanum La 57 Vanadium V 23
Lead Pb 82 Xenon Xe 54
Lutetium Lu 71 Ytterbium Yb 70
Magnesium Mg 12 Yttrium Y 39
Manganese Mn 25 Zinc Zn 30
Mendelevium Md 101 Zirconium Zr 40
Mercury Hg 80


Table 1

Occupational Values


Table II

Effluent

Concentration

Table III

Releases to

Sewers

Col. 1 Col. 2 Col. 3 Col. 1 Col. 2 Monthly

Average

Concen-

tration

Oral

Ingestion

Inhalation
Atomic No. Radionuclide Class ALI

Ci

ALI

Ci

DAC

Ci/ml

Air

Ci/ml

Water

Ci/ml

Ci/ml

1 Hydrogen-3 Water, DAC includes

skin absorption

8E+4

8E+4

2E-5

1E-7

1E-3

1E-2

Gas (HT or T2) Submersion1: Use above values as HT and T2 oxidize in air and in the body to HTO.
4 Beryllium-7 W, all compounds except those given for Y 4E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 6E-4 6E-3
Y, oxides, halides, and nitrates - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
4 Beryllium-10 W, see 7Be 1E+3 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
LLI wall (1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 7Be - 1E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
6 Carbon-112 Monoxide - 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 - -
Dioxide - 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 - -
Compounds 4E+5 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 6E-3 6E-2
6 Carbon-14 Monoxide - 2E+6 7E-4 2E-6 - -
Dioxide - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Compounds 2E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
7 Nitrogen-132 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
8 Oxygen-152 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
9 Fluorine-182 D, fluorides of H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr 5E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(5E+4)

- - - 7E-4 7E-3
W, fluorides of Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, Al, Ga, In, Tl, As, Sb, Bi, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, V, Nb, Ta, Mn, Tc, and Re

Y, lanthanum fluoride

-

-

9E+4

8E+4

4E-5

3E-5

1E-7

1E-7

-

-

-

-

11 Sodium-22 D, all compounds 4E+2 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 6E-6 6E-5
11 Sodium-24 D, all compounds 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 5E-5 5E-4
12 Magnesium-28 D, all compounds except those given for W 7E+2 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
13 Aluminum-26 D, all compounds except those given for W 4E+2 6E+1 3E-8 9E-11 6E-6 6E-5
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
14 Silicon-31 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and nitrates

Y, aluminosilicate glass

-

-

3E+4

3E+4

1E-5

1E-5

5E-8

4E-8

-

-

-

-

14 Silicon-32 D, see 31Si 2E+3 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 31Si - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see 31Si - 5E+0 2E-9 7E-12 - -
15 Phosphorus-32 D, all compounds except phosphates given for W 6E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, phosphates of Zn2+, S3+, Mg2+, Fe3+, Bi3+, and lanthanides - 4E+2 2E-7 5E-10 - -
15 Phosphorus-33 D, see 32P 6E+3 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 32P - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
16 Sulfur-35 Vapor - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
D, sulfides and sulfates except those given for W 1E+4 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
LLI wall (8E+3) - - - 1E-4 1E-3
W, elemental sulfur, sulfides of Sr, Ba, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, W, and Mo. Sulfates of Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, As, Sb, and Bi 6E+3

-

2E+3

9E-7

3E-9

-

-

17 Chlorine-36 D, chlorides of H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr 2E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, chlorides of lantha- nides, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, Mn, Tc, and Re - 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
17 Chlorine-382 D, see 36Cl 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 36Cl - 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
17 Chlorine-392 D, see 36Cl 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 36Cl - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
18 Argon-37 Submersion1 - - 1E+0 6E-3 - -
18 Argon-39 Submersion1 - - 2E-4 8E-7 - -
18 Argon-41 Submersion1 - - 3E-6 1E-8 - -
19 Potassium-40 D, all compounds 3E+2 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 4E-6 4E-5
19 Potassium-42 D, all compounds 5E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 6E-5 6E-4
19 Potassium-43 D, all compounds 6E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 9E-5 9E-4
19 Potassium-442 D, all compounds 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 5E-4 5E-3
19 Potassium-452 D, all compounds 3E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(5E+4)

- - - 7E-4 7E-3
20 Calcium-41 W, all compounds 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 - - -
Bone surf (4E+3) Bone surf (4E+3) - 5E-9 6E-5 6E-4
20 Calcium-45 W, all compounds 2E+3 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
20 Calcium-47 W, all compounds 8E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 1E-5 1E-4
21 Scandium-43 Y, all compounds 7E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
21 Scandium-44m Y, all compounds 5E+2 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
21 Scandium-44 Y, all compounds 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 5E-5 5E-4
21 Scandium-46 Y, all compounds 9E+2 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
21 Scandium-47 Y, all compounds 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
LLI wall (3E+3) - - - 4E-5 4E-4
21 Scandium-48 Y, all compounds 8E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
21 Scandium-492 Y, all compounds 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
22 Titanium-44 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 3E+2 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 4E-6 4E-5
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+1 1E-8 4E-11 - -
Y, SrTi0 - 6E+0 2E-9 8E-12 - -
22 Titanium-45 D, see 44Ti 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 44Ti - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 44Ti - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
23 Vanadium-472 D, all compounds except those given for W 3E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and halides - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
23 Vanadium-48 D, see 47V 6E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 47V - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
23 Vanadium-49 D, see 47V 7E+4 3E+4 1E-5 - - -
LLI wall (9E+4) Bone surf (3E+4) - 5E-8 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 47V - 2E+4 8E-6 2E-8 - -
24 Chromium-48 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 6E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, halides and nitrates - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
24 Chromium-492 D, see 48Cr 3E+4 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 48Cr - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, see 48Cr - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
24 Chromium-51 D, see 48Cr 4E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 48Cr - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
Y, see 48Cr - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
25 Manganese-512 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 6E+4 3E-5 8E-8 - -
25 Manganese-52m2 D, see 51Mn 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 51Mn - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
25 Manganese-52 D, see 51Mn 7E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 51Mn - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
25 Manganese-53 D, see 51Mn 5E+4 1E+4 5E-6 - 7E-4 7E-3
- Bone surf (2E+4) - 3E-8 - -
W, see 51Mn - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
25 Manganese-54 D, see 51Mn 2E+3 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 51Mn - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
25 Manganese-56 D, see 51Mn 5E+3 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 51Mn - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
26 Iron-52 D, all compounds except those given for W 9E+2 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, and halides - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
26 Iron-55 D, see 52Fe 9E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 52Fe - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
26 Iron-59 D, see 52Fe 8E+2 3E+2 1E-7 5E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 52Fe - 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
26 Iron-60 D, see 52Fe 3E+1 6E+0 3E-9 9E-12 4E-7 4E-6
W, see 52Fe - 2E+1 8E-9 3E-11 - -
27 Cobalt-55 W, all compounds except those given for Y 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
27 Cobalt-56 W, see 55Co 5E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 6E-6 6E-5
Y, see 55Co 4E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
27 Cobalt-57 W, see 55Co 8E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 6E-5 6E-4
Y, see 55Co 4E+3 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
27 Cobalt-58m W, see 55Co 6E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 8E-4 8E-3
Y, see 55Co - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
27 Cobalt-58 W, see 55Co 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 55Co 1E+3 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
27 Cobalt-60m2 W, see 55Co 1E+6 4E+6 2E-3 6E-6 - -
St wall

(1E+6)

- - - 2E-2 2E-1
Y, see 55Co - 3E+6 1E-3 4E-6 - -
27 Cobalt-60 W, see 55Co 5E+2 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 3E-6 3E-5
Y, see 55Co 2E+2 3E+1 1E-8 5E-11 - -
27 Cobalt-612 W, see 55Co 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 55Co 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
27 Cobalt-62m2 W, see 55Co 4E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(5E+4)

- - - 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 55Co - 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
28 Nickel-56 D, all compounds except those given for W 1E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, and carbides - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Vapor - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
28 Nickel-57 D, see 56Ni 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 56Ni - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Vapor - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
28 Nickel-59 D, see 56Ni 2E+4 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 56Ni - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
Vapor - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
28 Nickel-63 D, see 56Ni 9E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 56Ni - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Vapor - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
28 Nickel-65 D, see 56Ni 8E+3 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 56Ni - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
Vapor - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
28 Nickel-66 D, see 56Ni 4E+2 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
LLI wall (5E+2) - - - 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 56Ni - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
Vapor - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
29 Copper-602 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, sulfides, halides, and nitrates

-

1E+5

5E-5

2E-7

-

-

Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
29 Copper-61 D, see 60Cu 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 60Cu - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
Y, see 60Cu - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
29 Copper-64 D, see 60Cu 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 60Cu - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
Y, see 60Cu - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
29 Copper-67 D, see 60Cu 5E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 60Cu - 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
Y, see 60Cu - 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
30 Zinc-62 Y, all compounds 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
30 Zinc-632 Y, all compounds 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 3E-4 3E-3
30 Zinc-65 Y, all compounds 4E+2 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 5E-6 5E-5
30 Zinc-69m Y, all compounds 4E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 6E-5 6E-4
30 Zinc-692 Y, all compounds 6E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 8E-4 8E-3
30 Zinc-71m Y, all compounds 6E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
30 Zinc-72 Y, all compounds 1E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
31 Gallium-652 D, all compounds excep those given for W 5E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(6E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, halides, and nitrates - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
31 Gallium-66 D, see 65Ga 1E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 65Ga - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
31 Gallium-67 D, see 65Ga 7E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 65Ga - 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 - -
31 Gallium-682 D, see 65Ga 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 65Ga - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
31 Gallium-702 D, see 65Ga 5E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(7E+4)

- - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 65Ga - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
31 Gallium-72 D, see 65Ga 1E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 65Ga - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
31 Gallium-73 D, see 65Ga 5E+3 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 65Ga - 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
32 Germanium-66 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, sulfides, and halides - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
32 Germanium-672 D, see 66Ge 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 6E-4 6E-3
W, see 66Ge - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
32 Germanium-68 D, see 66Ge 5E+3 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 66Ge - 1E+2 4E-8 1E-10 - -
32 Germanium-69 D, see 66Ge 1E+4 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 66Ge - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
32 Germanium-71 D, see 66Ge 5E+5 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 7E-3 7E-2
W, see 66Ge - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
32 Germanium-752 D, see 66Ge 4E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(7E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 66Ge - 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
32 Germanium-77 D, see 66Ge 9E+3 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 66Ge - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
32 Germanium-782 D, see 66Ge 2E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
St wall

(2E+4)

- - - 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 66Ge - 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
33 Arsenic-692 W, all compounds 3E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 6E-4 6E-3
33 Arsenic-702 W, all compounds 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 2E-4 2E-3
33 Arsenic-71 W, all compounds 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 5E-5 5E-4
33 Arsenic-72 W, all compounds 9E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
33 Arsenic-73 W, all compounds 8E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-4 1E-3
33 Arsenic-74 W, all compounds 1E+3 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
33 Arsenic-76 W, all compounds 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
33 Arsenic-77 W, all compounds 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 - -
LLI wall (5E+3) - - - 6E-5 6E-4
33 Arsenic-782 W, all compounds 8E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
34 Selenium-702 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, carbides, and elemental Se 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
34 Selenium-73m2 D, see 70Se 6E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 70Se 3E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
34 Selenium-73 D, see 70Se 3E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 70Se - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
34 Selenium-75 D, see 70Se 5E+2 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 70Se - 6E+2 3E-7 8E-10 - -
34 Selenium-79 D, see 70Se 6E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 70Se - 6E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
34 Selenium-81m2 D, see 70Se 4E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 70Se 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
34 Selenium-812 D, see 70Se 6E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
St wall

(8E+4)

- - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 70Se - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
34 Selenium-832 D, see 70Se 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 70Se 3E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
35 Bromine-74m2 D, bromides of H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
St wall

(2E+4)

- - - 3E-4 3E-3
W, bromides of lantha- nides, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Mn, Tc, and Re - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
35 Bromine-742 D, see 74mBr 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 5E-45E-3 -
W, see 74mBr - 8E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
35 Bromine-752 D, see 74mBr 3E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
St wall

(4E+4)

- - - 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 74mBr - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
35 Bromine-76 D, see 74mBr 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 74mBr - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
35 Bromine-77 D, see 74mBr 2E+4 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 74mBr - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
35 Bromine-80m D, see 74mBr 2E+4 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 74mBr - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
35 Bromine-802 D, see 74mBr 5E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
St wall

(9E+4)

- - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 74mBr - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
35 Bromine-82 D, see 74mBr 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 74mBr - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
35 Bromine-83 D, see 74mBr 5E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
St wall

(7E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 74mBr - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
35 Bromine-842 D, see 74mBr 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 74mBr - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
36 Krypton-742 Submersion1 - - 3E-6 1E-8 - -
36 Krypton-76 Submersion1 - - 9E-6 4E-8 - -
36 Krypton-772 Submersion1 - - 4E-6 2E-8 - -
36 Krypton-79 Submersion1 - - 2E-5 7E-8 - -
36 Krypton-81 Submersion1 - - 7E-4 3E-6 - -
36 Krypton-83m2 Submersion1 - - 1E-2 5E-5 - -
36 Krypton-85m Submersion1 - - 2E-5 1E-7 - -
36 Krypton-85 Submersion1 - - 1E-4 7E-7 - -
36 Krypton-872 Submersion1 - - 5E-6 2E-8 - -
36 Krypton-88 Submersion1 - - 2E-6 9E-9 - -
37 Rubidium-792 D, all compounds 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(6E+4)

- - - 8E-4 8E-3
37 Rubidium-81m2 D, all compounds 2E+5 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
St wall

(3E+5)

- - - 4E-3 4E-2
37 Rubidium-81 D, all compounds 4E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 5E-4 5E-3
37 Rubidium-82m D, all compounds 1E+4 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 2E-4 2E-3
37 Rubidium-83 D, all compounds 6E+2 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 9E-6 9E-5
37 Rubidium-84 D, all compounds 5E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
37 Rubidium-86 D, all compounds 5E+2 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
37 Rubidium-87 D, all compounds 1E+3 2E+3 6E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
37 Rubidium-882 D, all compounds 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
37 Rubidium-892 D, all compounds 4E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(6E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
38 Strontium-802 D, all soluble compound except SrTiO 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
Y, all insoluble compounds and SrTi0 - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
38 Strontium-812 D, see 80Sr 3E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 80Sr 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
38 Strontium-82 D, see 80Sr 3E+2 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
LLI wall (2E+2) - - - 3E-6 3E-5
Y, see 80Sr 2E+2 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
38 Strontium-83 D, see 80Sr 3E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 80Sr 2E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
38 Strontium-85m2 D, see 80Sr 2E+5 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 3E-3 3E-2
Y, see 80Sr - 8E+5 4E-4 1E-6 - -
38 Strontium-85 D, see 80Sr 3E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 80Sr - 2E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
38 Strontium-87m D, see 80Sr 5E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 6E-4 6E-3
Y, see 80Sr 4E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
38 Strontium-89 D, see 80Sr 6E+2 8E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
LLI wall (6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
Y, see 80Sr 5E+2 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
38 Strontium-90 D, see 80Sr 3E+1 2E+1 8E-9 - - -
Bone surf (4E+1) Bone surf (2E+1) - 3E-11 5E-7 5E-6
Y, see 80Sr - 4E+0 2E-9 6E-12 - -
38 Strontium-91 D, see 80Sr 2E+3 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 80Sr - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
38 Strontium-92 D, see 80Sr 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 80Sr - 7E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-86m2 W, all compounds except those given for Y 2E+4 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
39 Yttrium-86 W, see 86mY 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 86mY - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-87 W, see 86mY 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 86mY - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-88 W, see 86mY 1E+3 3E+2 1E-7 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 86mY - 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
39 Yttrium-90m W, see 86mY 8E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 86mY - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
39 Yttrium-90 W, see 86mY 4E+2 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
LLI wall (5E+2) - - - 7E-6 7E-5
Y, see 86mY - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
39 Yttrium-91m2 W, see 86mY 1E+5 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 2E-3 2E-2
Y, see 86mY - 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 - -
39 Yttrium-91 W, see 86mY 5E+2 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
LLI wall (6E+2) - - - 8E-6 8E-5
Y, see 86mY - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
39 Yttrium-92 W, see 86mY 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
Y, see 86mY - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
39 Yttrium-93 W, see 86mY 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 86mY - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
39 Yttrium-942 W, see 86mY 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
Y, see 86mY - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
39 Yttrium-952 W, see 86mY 4E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(5E+4)

- - - 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 86mY - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
40 Zirconium-86 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 1E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
Y, carbide - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
40 Zirconium-88 D, see 86Zr 4E+3 2E+2 9E-8 3E-10 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 86Zr - 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
40 Zirconium-89 D, see 86Zr 2E+3 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 86Zr - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
40 Zirconium-93 D, see 86Zr 1E+3 6E+0 3E-9 - - -
Bone surf (3E+3) Bone surf (2E+1) - 2E-11 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 86Zr - 2E+1 1E-8 - - -
- Bone surf (6E+1) - 9E-11 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 6E+1 2E-8 - - -
- Bone surf (7E+1) - 9E-11 - -
40 Zirconium-95 D, see 86Zr 1E+3 1E+2 5E-8 - 2E-5 2E-4
- Bone surf (3E+2) - 4E-10 - -
W, see 86Zr - 4E+2 2E-7 5E-10 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
40 Zirconium-97 D, see 86Zr 6E+2 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 86Zr - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 86Zr - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
41 Niobium-882 W, all compounds except those given for Y 5E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
St wall

(7E+4)

- - - 1E-3 1E-2
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
41 Niobium-892

(66 min)

W, see 88Nb 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 1E-4 1E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
41 Niobium-89

(122 min)

W, see 88Nb 5E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
41 Niobium-90 W, see 88Nb 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
41 Niobium-93m W, see 88Nb 9E+3 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (1E+4) - - - 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
41 Niobium-94 W, see 88Nb 9E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 1E-5 1E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
41 Niobium-95m W, see 88Nb 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
41 Niobium-95 W, see 88Nb 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 3E-5 3E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
41 Niobium-96 W, see 88Nb 1E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 88Nb - 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
41 Niobium-972 W, see 88Nb 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
41 Niobium-982 W, see 88Nb 1E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 2E-4 2E-3
Y, see 88Nb - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
42 Molybdenum-90 D, all compounds except those given for Y 4E+3 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 3E-5 3E-4
Y, oxides, hydroxides, and MoS

2E+3

5E+3

2E-6

6E-9

-

-

42 Molybdenum-93m D, see 90Mo 9E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
Y, see 90Mo 4E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
42 Molybdenum-93 D, see 90Mo 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 5E-5 5E-4
Y, see 90Mo 2E+4 2E+2 8E-8 2E-10 - -
42 Molybdenum-99 D, see 90Mo 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
LLI wall (1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
Y, see 90Mo 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
42 Molybdenum-1012 D, see 90Mo 4E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(5E+4)

- - - 7E-4 7E-3
Y, see 90Mo - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
43 Technetium-93m2 D, all compounds except those given for W 7E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
43 Technetium-93 D, see 93mTc 3E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 93mTc - 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 - -
43 Technetium-94m2 D, see 93mTc 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 93mTc - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
43 Technetium-94 D, see 93mTc 9E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 93mTc - 2E+4 1E-5 3E-8 - -
43 Technetium-95m D, see 93mTc 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 93mTc - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
43 Technetium-95 D, see 93mTc 1E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 93mTc - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
43 Technetium-96m2 D, see 93mTc 2E+5 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 93mTc - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
43 Technetium-96 D, see 93mTc 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 93mTc - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
43 Technetium-97m D, see 93mTc 5E+3 7E+3 3E-6 - 6E-5 6E-4
- St wall

(7E+3)

- 1E-8 - -
W, see 93mTc - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
43 Technetium-97 D, see 93mTc 4E+4 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 93mTc - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
43 Technetium-98 D, see 93mTc 1E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 93mTc - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
43 Technetium-99m D, see 93mTc 8E+4 2E+5 6E-5 2E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 93mTc - 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
43 Technetium-99 D, see 93mTc 4E+3 5E+3 2E-6 - 6E-5 6E-4
- St wall

(6E+3)

- 8E-9 - -
W, see 93mTc - 7E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
43 Technetium-1012 D, see 93mTc 9E+4 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
St wall

(1E+5)

- - - 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 93mTc - 4E+5 2E-4 5E-7 - -
43 Technetium-1042 D, see 93mTc 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 93mTc - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
44 Ruthenium-942 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, halides - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
44 Ruthenium-97 D, see 94Ru 8E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 94Ru - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
44 Ruthenium-103 D, see 94Ru 2E+3 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 94Ru - 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
44 Ruthenium-105 D, see 94Ru 5E+3 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 94Ru - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
44 Ruthenium-106 D, see 94Ru 2E+2 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
LLI wall (2E+2) - - - 3E-6 3E-5
W, see 94Ru - 5E+1 2E-8 8E-11 - -
Y, see 94Ru - 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 - -
45 Rhodium-99m D, all compounds except those given for W and Y

2E+4

6E+4

2E-5

8E-8

2E-4

2E-3

W, halides - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
45 Rhodium-99 D, see 99mRh 2E+3 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 99mRh - 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 2E+3 8E-7 3E-9 - -
45 Rhodium-100 D, see 99mRh 2E+3 5E+3 2E-6 7E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 99mRh - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 4E+3 2E-6 5E-9 - -
45 Rhodium-101m D, see 99mRh 6E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 99mRh - 8E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
45 Rhodium-101 D, see 99mRh 2E+3 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 99mRh - 8E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 2E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
45 Rhodium-102m D, see 99mRh 1E+3 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
LLI wall (1E+3) - - - 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 99mRh - 4E+2 2E-7 5E-10 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
45 Rhodium-102 D, see 99mRh 6E+2 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 99mRh - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 6E+1 2E-8 8E-11 - -
45 Rhodium-103m2 D, see 99mRh 4E+5 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 6E-3 6E-2
W, see 99mRh - 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 1E+6 5E-4 2E-6 - -
45 Rhodium-105 D, see 99mRh 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
LLI wall (4E+3) - - - 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 99mRh - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 6E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
45 Rhodium-106m D, see 99mRh 8E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 99mRh - 4E+4 2E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
45 Rhodium-1072 D, see 99mRh 7E+4 2E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
St wall

(9E+4)

- - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 99mRh - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
Y, see 99mRh - 3E+5 1E-4 3E-7 - -
46 Palladium-100 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 1E+3 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, nitrates - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
46 Palladium-101 D, see 100Pd 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 100Pd - 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
46 Palladium-103 D, see 100Pd 6E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
LLI wall (7E+3) - - - 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 100Pd - 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 4E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
46 Palladium-107 D, see 100Pd 3E+4 2E+4 9E-6 - - -
LLI wall (4E+4) Kidneys (2E+4) - 3E-8 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 100Pd - 7E+3 3E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
46 Palladium-109 D, see 100Pd 2E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 100Pd - 5E+3 2E-6 8E-9 - -
Y, see 100Pd - 5E+3 2E-6 6E-9 - -
47 Silver-1022 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 5E+4 2E+5 8E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(6E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, nitrates and sulfides - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Y, oxides and hydroxides - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
47 Silver-1032 D, see 102Ag 4E+4 1E+5 4E-5 1E-7 5E-4 5E-3
W, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
47 Silver-104m2 D, see 102Ag 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
47 Silver-1042 D, see 102Ag 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 102Ag - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
47 Silver-105 D, see 102Ag 3E+3 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 102Ag - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 2E+3 7E-7 2E-9 - -
47 Silver-106m D, see 102Ag 8E+2 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
47 Silver-1062 D, see 102Ag 6E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
St. wall

(6E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 102Ag - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
47 Silver-108m D, see 102Ag 6E+2 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 102Ag - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 2E+1 1E-8 3E-11 - -
47 Silver-110m D, see 102Ag 5E+2 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 102Ag - 2E+2 8E-8 3E-10 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+1 4E-8 1E-10 - -
47 Silver-111 D, see 102Ag 9E+2 2E+3 6E-7 - - -
LLI wall (1E+3) Liver

(2E+3)

- 2E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
47 Silver-112 D, see 102Ag 3E+3 8E+3 3E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 102Ag - 1E+4 4E-6 1E-8 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
47 Silver-1152 D, see 102Ag 3E+4 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
St wall

(3E+4)

- - - 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 102Ag - 9E+4 4E-5 1E-7 - -
Y, see 102Ag - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
48 Cadmium-1042 D, all compounds except those given for W and Y 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, sulfides, halides, and nitrates

-

1E+5

5E-5

2E-7

-

-

Y, oxides and hydroxides - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
48 Cadmium-107 D, see 104Cd 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 8E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 104Cd - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
48 Cadmium-109 D, see 104Cd 3E+2 4E+1 1E-8 - - -
Kidneys (4E+2) Kidneys (5E+1) - 7E-11 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 104Cd - 1E+2 5E-8 - - -
- Kidneys (1E+2) - 2E-10 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
48 Cadmium-113m D, see 104Cd 2E+1 2E+0 1E-9 - - -
Kidneys (4E+1) Kidneys (4E+0) - 5E-12 5E-7 5E-6
W, see 104Cd - 8E+0 4E-9 - - -
- Kidneys (1E+1) - 2E-11 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+1 5E-9 2E-11 - -
48 Cadmium-113 D, see 104Cd 2E+1 2E+0 9E-10 - - -
Kidneys (3E+1) Kidneys (3E+0) - 5E-12 4E-7 4E-6
W, see 104Cd - 8E+0 3E-9 - - -
- Kidneys (1E+1) - 2E-11 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+1 6E-9 2E-11 - -
48 Cadmium-115m D, see 104Cd 3E+2 5E+1 2E-8 - 4E-6 4E-5

-

Kidneys (8E+1)

-

1E-10

-

-

W, see 104Cd - 1E+2 5E-8 2E-10 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+2 6E-8 2E-10 - -
48 Cadmium-115 D, see 104Cd 9E+2 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
LLI wall (1E+3) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 104Cd - 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
48 Cadmium-117m D, see 104Cd 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 104Cd - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
48 Cadmium-117 D, see 104Cd 5E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 104Cd - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
Y, see 104Cd - 1E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
49 Indium-109 D, all compounds except those given for W 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, and nitrates - 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 - -
49 Indium-1102 D, see 109In 2E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
(69.1 min) W, see 109In - 6E+4 2E-5 8E-8 - -
49 Indium-110 D, see 109In 5E+3 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 7E-5 7E-4
(4.9 h) W, see 109In - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
49 Indium-111 D, see 109In 4E+3 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 109In - 6E+3 3E-6 9E-9 - -
49 Indium-1122 D, see 109In 2E+5 6E+5 3E-4 9E-7 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 109In - 7E+5 3E-4 1E-6 - -
49 Indium-113m2 D, see 109In 5E+4 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
W, see 109In - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
49 Indium-114m D, see 109In 3E+2 6E+1 3E-8 9E-11 - -
LLI wall (4E+2) - - - 5E-6 5E-5
W, see 109In - 1E+2 4E-8 1E-10 - -
49 Indium-115m D, see 109In 1E+4 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 109In - 5E+4 2E-5 7E-8 - -
49 Indium-115 D, see 109In 4E+1 1E+0 6E-10 2E-12 5E-7 5E-6
W, see 109In - 5E+0 2E-9 8E-12 - -
49 Indium-116m2 D, see 109In 2E+4 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 109In - 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
49 Indium-117m2 D, see 109In 1E+4 3E+4 1E-5 5E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 109In - 4E+4 2E-5 6E-8 - -
49 Indium-1172 D, see 109In 6E+4 2E+5 7E-5 2E-7 8E-4 8E-3
W, see 109In - 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 - -
49 Indium-119m2 D, see 109In 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(5E+4)

- - - 7E-4 7E-3
W, see 109In - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
50 Tin-110 D, all compounds except those given for W 4E+3 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 5E-5 5E-4
W, sulfides, oxides, hydroxides, halides, nitrates, and stannic phosphate - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
50 Tin-1112 D, see 110Sn 7E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 110Sn - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
50 Tin-113 D, see 110Sn 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
LLI wall (2E+3) - - - 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 110Sn - 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
50 Tin-117m D, see 110Sn 2E+3 1E+3 5E-7 - - -
LLI wall (2E+3) Bone surf (2E+3) - 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 110Sn - 1E+3 6E-7 2E-9 - -
50 Tin-119m D, see 110Sn 3E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (4E+3) - - - 6E-5 6E-4
W, see 110Sn - 1E+3 4E-7 1E-9 - -
50 Tin-121m D, see 110Sn 3E+3 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
LLI wall (4E+3) - - - 5E-5 5E-4
W, see 110Sn - 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
50 Tin-121 D, see 110Sn 6E+3 2E+4 6E-6 2E-8 - -
LLI wall (6E+3) - - - 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 110Sn - 1E+4 5E-6 2E-8 - -
50 Tin-123m2 D, see 110Sn 5E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 7E-4 7E-3
W, see 110Sn - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
50 Tin-123 D, see 110Sn 5E+2 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 - -
LLI wall (6E+2) - - - 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 110Sn - 2E+2 7E-8 2E-10 - -
50 Tin-125 D, see 110Sn 4E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
LLI wall (5E+2) - - - 6E-6 6E-5
W, see 110Sn - 4E+2 1E-7 5E-10 - -
50 Tin-126 D, see 110Sn 3E+2 6E+1 2E-8 8E-11 4E-6 4E-5
W, see 110Sn - 7E+1 3E-8 9E-11 - -
50 Tin-127 D, see 110Sn 7E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 9E-5 9E-4
W, see 110Sn - 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 - -
50 Tin-1282 D, see 110Sn 9E+3 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 110Sn - 4E+4 1E-5 5E-8 - -
51 Antimony-1152 D, all compounds except those given for W

8E+4

2E+5

1E-4

3E-7

1E-3

1E-2

W, oxides, hydroxides, halides, sulfides, sulfates, and nitrates

-

3E+5

1E-4

4E-7

-

-

51 Antimony-116m2 D, see 115Sb 2E+4 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 115Sb - 1E+5 6E-5 2E-7 - -
51 Antimony-1162 D, see 115Sb 7E+4 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
St wall

(9E+4)

- - - 1E-3 1E-2
W, see 115Sb - 3E+5 1E-4 5E-7 - -
51 Antimony-117 D, see 115Sb 7E+4 2E+5 9E-5 3E-7 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 115Sb - 3E+5 1E-4 4E-7 - -
51 Antimony-118m D, see 115Sb 6E+3 2E+4 8E-6 3E-8 7E-5 7E-4
W, see 115Sb 5E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
51 Antimony-119 D, see 115Sb 2E+4 5E+4 2E-5 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 115Sb 2E+4 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
51 Antimony-1202 D, see 115Sb 1E+5 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 - -
(16 min) St wall (2E+5) - - - 2E-3 2E-2
W, see 115Sb - 5E+5 2E-4 7E-7 - -
51 Antimony-120

(5.76 d)

D, see 115Sb 1E+3 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 115Sb 9E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 - -
51 Antimony-122 D, see 115Sb 8E+2 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (8E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 115Sb 7E+2 1E+3 4E-7 2E-9 - -
51 Antimony-124m2 D, see 115Sb 3E+5 8E+5 4E-4 1E-6 3E-3 3E-2
W, see 115Sb 2E+5 6E+5 2E-4 8E-7 - -
51 Antimony-124 D, see 115Sb 6E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 115Sb 5E+2 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
51 Antimony-125 D, see 115Sb 2E+3 2E+3 1E-6 3E-9 3E-5 3E-4
W, see 115Sb - 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
51 Antimony-126m2 D, see 115Sb 5E+4 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
St wall

(7E+4)

- - - 9E-4 9E-3
W, see 115Sb - 2E+5 8E-5 3E-7 - -
51 Antimony-126 D, see 115Sb 6E+2 1E+3 5E-7 2E-9 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 115Sb 5E+2 5E+2 2E-7 7E-10 - -
51 Antimony-127 D, see 115Sb 8E+2 2E+3 9E-7 3E-9 - -
LLI wall (8E+2) - - - 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 115Sb 7E+2 9E+2 4E-7 1E-9 - -
51 Antimony-1282 D, see 115Sb 8E+4 4E+5 2E-4 5E-7 - -
(10.4 min) St wall

(1E+5)

-

-

-

1E-3

1E-2

W, see 115Sb - 4E+5 2E-4 6E-7 - -
51 Antimony-128 D, see 115Sb 1E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 2E-5 2E-4
(9.01 h) W, see 115Sb - 3E+3 1E-6 5E-9 - -
51 Antimony-129 D, see 115Sb 3E+3 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 115Sb - 9E+3 4E-6 1E-8 - -
51 Antimony-1302 D, see 115Sb 2E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 115Sb - 8E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
51 Antimony-1312 D, see 115Sb 1E+4 2E+4 1E-5 - - -
Thyroid (2E+4) Thyroid (4E+4) - 6E-8 2E-4 2E-3
W, see 115Sb - 2E+4 1E-5 - -
- Thyroid (4E+4) - 6E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-116 D, all compounds except those given for W 8E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, oxides, hydroxides, and nitrates - 3E+4 1E-5 4E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-121m D, see 116Te 5E+2 2E+2 8E-8 - - -
Bone surf (7E+2) Bone surf (4E+2) - 5E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 116Te - 4E+2 2E-7 6E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-121 D, see 116Te 3E+3 4E+3 2E-6 6E-9 4E-5 4E-4
W, see 116Te - 3E+3 1E-6 4E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-123m D, see 116Te 6E+2 2E+2 9E-8 - - -
Bone surf (1E+3) Bone surf (5E+2) - 8E-10 1E-5 1E-4
W, see 116Te - 5E+2 2E-7 8E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-123 D, see 116Te 5E+2 2E+2 8E-8 - - -
Bone surf (1E+3) Bone surf (5E+2) - 7E-10 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 116Te - 4E+2 2E-7 - - -
- Bone surf (1E+3) - 2E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-125m D, see 116Te 1E+3 4E+2 2E-7 - - -
Bone surf (1E+3) Bone surf (1E+3) - 1E-9 2E-5 2E-4
W, see 116Te - 7E+2 3E-7 1E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-127m D, see 116Te 6E+2 3E+2 1E-7 - 9E-6 9E-5
- Bone surf (4E+2) - 6E-10 - -
W, see 116Te - 3E+2 1E-7 4E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-127 D, see 116Te 7E+3 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3
W, see 116Te - 2E+4 7E-6 2E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-129m D, see 116Te 5E+2 6E+2 3E-7 9E-10 7E-6 7E-5
W, see 116Te - 2E+2 1E-7 3E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-1292 D, see 116Te 3E+4 6E+4 3E-5 9E-8 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 116Te - 7E+4 3E-5 1E-7 - -
52 Tellurium-131m D, see 116Te 3E+2 4E+2 2E-7 - - -
Thyroid (6E+2) Thyroid (1E+3) - 2E-9 8E-6 8E-5
W, see 116Te - 4E+2 2E-7 - - -
- Thyroid (9E+2) - 1E-9 - -
52 Tellurium-1312 D, see 116Te 3E+3 5E+3 2E-6 - - -
Thyroid (6E+3) Thyroid (1E+4) - 2E-8 8E-5 8E-4
W, see 116Te - 5E+3 2E-6 - - -
- Thyroid (1E+4) - 2E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-132 D, see 116Te 2E+2 2E+2 9E-8 - - -
Thyroid (7E+2) Thyroid (8E+2) - 1E-9 9E-6 9E-5
W, see 116Te - 2E+2 9E-8 - - -
- Thyroid (6E+2) - 9E-10 - -
52 Tellurium-133m2 D, see 116Te 3E+3 5E+3 2E-6 - - -
Thyroid (6E+3) Thyroid (1E+4) - 2E-8 9E-5 9E-4
W, see 116Te - 5E+3 2E-6 - - -
- Thyroid (1E+4) - 2E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-1332 D, see 116Te 1E+4 2E+4 9E-6 - - -
Thyroid (3E+4) Thyroid (6E+4) - 8E-8 4E-4 4E-3
W, see 116Te - 2E+4 9E-6 - - -
- Thyroid (6E+4) - 8E-8 - -
52 Tellurium-1342 D, see 116Te 2E+4 2E+4 1E-5 - - -
Thyroid (2E+4) Thyroid (5E+4) - 7E-8 3E-4 3E-3
W, see 116Te - 2E+4 1E-5 - - -
Thyroid
- (5E+4) - 7E-8 - -
53 Iodine-120m2 D, all compounds 1E+4 2E+4 9E-6 3E-8 - -
Thyroid (1E+4) - - - 2E-4 2E-3
53 Iodine-1202 D, all compounds 4E+3 9E+3 4E-6 - - -
Thyroid (8E+3) Thyroid (1E+4) - 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
53 Iodine-121 D, all compounds 1E+4 2E+4 8E-6 - - -
Thyroid (3E+4) Thyroid (5E+4) - 7E-8 4E-4 4E-3
53 Iodine-123 D, all compounds 3E+3 6E+3 3E-6 - - -
Thyroid (1E+4) Thyroid (2E+4) - 2E-8 1E-4 1E-3
53 Iodine-124 D, all compounds 5E+1 8E+1 3E-8 - - -
Thyroid (2E+2) Thyroid (3E+2) - 4E-10 2E-6 2E-5
53 Iodine-125 D, all compounds 4E+1 6E+1 3E-8 - - -
Thyroid (1E+2) Thyroid

(2E+2)

- 3E-10 2E-6 2E-5
53 Iodine-126 D, all compounds 2E+1 4E+1 1E-8 - - -
Thyroid (7E+1) Thyroid (1E+2) - 2E-10 1E-6 1E-5
53 Iodine-1282 D, all compounds 4E+4 1E+5 5E-5 2E-7 - -
St wall

(6E+4)

- - - 8E-4 8E-3
53 Iodine-129 D, all compounds 5E+0 9E+0 4E-9 - - -
Thyroid (2E+1) Thyroid (3E+1) - 4E-11 2E-7 2E-6
53 Iodine-130 D, all compounds 4E+2 7E+2 3E-7 - - -
Thyroid (1E+3) Thyroid (2E+3) - 3E-9 2E-5 2E-4
53 Iodine-131 D, all compounds 3E+1 5E+1 2E-8 - - -
Thyroid (9E+1) Thyroid (2E+2) - 2E-10 1E-6 1E-5
53 Iodine-132m2 D, all compounds 4E+3 8E+3 4E-6 - - -
Thyroid (1E+4) Thyroid (2E+4) - 3E-8 1E-4 1E-3