Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
Purpose: This is a proposal to revise WAC 468-38-290 to include an overheight feature for the annual and semi-annual farm implement permit. Currently the farm implement must be legal height to qualify for the farm implement permit.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 46.44.140.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 11-10-036 on April 27, 2011.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: June 15, 2011.
Stephen T. Reinmuth
Chief of Staff
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 08-13-042, filed 6/12/08, effective 6/12/08)
WAC 468-38-290 Farm implements. (1) For purposes of issuing special farm implement permits and certain permit exemptions, what is considered a farm implement? A farm implement includes any device that directly affects the production of agricultural products, including fertilizer and chemical applicator apparatus (complete with auxiliary equipment). For purposes of this section, the implement must be nondivisible, weigh less than sixty-five thousand pounds, and comply with the requirements of RCW 46.44.091. The implement must be less than twenty feet in width and not exceed ((
fourteen)) sixteen feet (( high)) in height. However,
for purposes of this section, farm implements must not exceed
fourteen feet in height in the counties of Whatcom, Skagit,
Island, Snohomish, and King. If the implement is
self-propelled, it must not exceed forty feet in length, or
seventy feet overall length if being towed. The implement
must move on pneumatic tires, or solid rubber tracks (( having
protuberances)) that will not damage public highways with
parts that extend beyond the tracks. Implements exceeding any
of these criteria must meet all (( appropriate)) requirements
for special permits as referenced in other sections
(( throughout)) in this chapter and chapter 46.44 RCW.
(2) What dimensional criteria ((
must be met before))
requires a special permit (( is required)) to move extra-legal
farm implements? Self-propelled farm implements, including a
farm tractor pulling no more than two implements, that
exceed(( s)) fourteen feet in height or sixteen feet in width,
but less than twenty feet (( wide)) in width, are required to
get a special permit for movement of farm implements on state
highways. Note: A tow vehicle capable of carrying a load
(i.e., a truck of any kind) may not tow more than one trailing
(3) Will the ((
ability)) opportunity to (( acquire))
purchase a special permit to move oversize farm implements be
affected if the implement(s) is carried on another vehicle?
The (( ability to use)) opportunity to purchase a special
permit for farm implements as defined in subsection (1) of
this section will not be affected unless one of the following
(a) The authorized users of the permit outlined in subsection (5) of this section use a commercial for-hire service to move the implement(s); or
(b) The loaded farm implement creates a combined height
that exceeds ((
fourteen)) sixteen feet; or
(c) The loaded farm implement causes the hauling vehicle
to exceed legal weight limits. The farm implement weight may
weigh up to forty-five)) exceed sixty-five thousand pounds
when carried on another vehicle; however, the combined gross
weight of the hauling unit carrying the implement (( and
hauling unit)) may (( extend to)) not exceed the legal weight
limits established in RCW 46.44.041 Maximum gross
weights -- Wheelbase and axle factors.
If any of ((
the)) these circumstances occur, the
provisions of this subsection will not apply to the movement
of the farm implement. The movement will be required to
comply with the (( appropriate)) requirements for special
permits as (( referenced)) provided in chapter 46.44 RCW and in
other sections (( throughout)) in this chapter.
(4) How does the special permit farm implement
application process ((
for a special permit for farm
implements)) differ from the special permit process outlined
in WAC 468-38-050? Due to the size of the implement and the
potential for use in multiple jurisdictions, the written
application must be submitted to the department's Olympia
office for approval. Permits can be requested for (( a))
three-month periods up to one year. Once approved, (( the)) a
special permit may be generated from the Olympia office by
facsimile or a letter of authorization will be sent
(( allowing)) authorizing the applicant to acquire a special
permit at the nearest permit sales location. If the movement
of the farm implement(s) is confined to a single department
maintenance area, the applicant may make direct written
application to that maintenance area office in lieu of the
(5) Who is authorized to ((
acquire this specific))
purchase a farm implement special permit? The (( acquisition))
purchase and use of a special permit to move farm implements
is restricted to a farmer, or anyone engaged in the business
of selling, repairing and/or maintaining farm implements.
Does)) Will the special permit restrict the
movement to a specific area? The special permit to move farm
implements is generally restricted to six contiguous counties
or less. With proper justification, the area can be expanded.
(( The)) Farm implements may only travel on highway structures
that are designed to support the weight of the farm implement.
Are)) Is department notification(( s of movement))
required before moving implement(s)? Affected department
maintenance areas must be notified at least eight (8) hours in
advance of implement(s) movements (( of vehicles)) in excess of
sixteen feet wide (( must be communicated to all department
maintenance areas affected at least eight hours in advance)). Movements of implements that exceed the legal weight limit
established in RCW 46.44.041 must contact all (( of the))
affected department maintenance (( department)) areas
(( affected)) at least eight hours in advance for weight
restriction information. The (( communication)) notification
is for the purpose of ensuring that there will not be any
planned activity or weight restrictions that would restrict
the move. Locations of department maintenance area offices
and phone listings are provided with each letter authorizing
the purchase of the farm implement special permit.
(8) What safety precautions must be taken when moving
extra-legal farm implement(s)? The movement of extra-legal
farm implements must comply with the ((
(a) Oversize load signs: If the farm implement exceeds
ten feet ((
wide)) in width or exceeds fourteen feet in height
from the road surface, it must display an "OVERSIZE LOAD" sign(s)
visible to both oncoming traffic and overtaking traffic. Signs must comply with the requirements of WAC 468-38-155(7). If the implement is both preceded and followed by pilot/escort
vehicles, a sign is not required on the implement itself.
(b) Curfew/commuter hours: Movement of a farm implement in excess of ten feet wide or fourteen feet in height must comply with any published curfew or commuter hour restrictions, which are an attachment to the farm implement special permit.
(c) Red flags: If the farm implement is moving during
daylight hours, and exceeds ten feet ((
wide)) in width, the
vehicle configuration must display clean, bright red flags. The red flags must measure at least (( twelve)) eighteen inches
square and be able to wave freely. The red flags are to be
positioned at all four corners, or extremities, of the
overwidth implement and at the extreme ends of all
protrusions, projections or overhangs. If a transported
implement overhangs the rear of a transporting vehicle or
vehicle combination by more than four feet, one red flag is
required at the extreme rear. If the width of the rear
overhang(( /)) or protrusion exceeds two feet, (( there must
be)) two red flags must be positioned at the rear to
(( indicate)) show the maximum width of the overhang(( /)) or
(d) Warning lights and slow moving emblem: Lamps and
other lighting must be in compliance with RCW 46.37.160. In
addition to ((
the)) lighting requirements, RCW 46.37.160
(( also)) requires the use of a "slow moving emblem" for moves
traveling at twenty-five miles per hour or less.
(e) Convoys: Convoys, the simultaneous movement of two
or more individually transported implements, are authorized
when the ((
following)) criteria are met following:
(i) A minimum of five hundred feet is maintained between
vehicles to allow the traveling public to safely pass
(ii) If five or more vehicles are lined up behind any one
of the convoy implements, the operator must pull off the road
at the nearest point wide enough to accommodate the
implement(s) and to allow the vehicles to safely pass
(iii) The convoy is preceded and followed with properly equipped pilot/escort vehicles.
(9) Are there any unique requirements or exemptions
regarding the use of farm implement(s) pilot/escort vehicles
with farm implements))? Pilot/escort vehicles must comply
with the requirements of WAC 468-38-100, except for the
(( following)) specific exemptions related only to special
permits for moving farm implement(s) following:
(a) A farmer, farm implement dealer, or agri-chemical
dealer (including employees of each) is exempt from WAC 468-38-100(4) regarding operator certification, WAC 468-38-100
(8)(a) and (b) regarding pilot/escort vehicle physical
description, WAC 468-38-100 (10)(f) regarding use of height
measuring device when the implement does not exceed fifteen
feet in height measured from the road surface, and WAC 468-38-100(11) regarding passengers, when moving a farm
implement off the interstate and ((
on)) to the (( following))
interstate segments following:
(i) I-90 between Exit 109 (Ellensburg) and Exit 270 (Four Lakes);
(ii) I-82 between Junction with I-90 (Ellensburg) and Exit 31 (Yakima);
(iii) I-82 between Exit 37 (Union Gap) and Washington/Oregon border;
(iv) I-182 between Junction with I-82 (West Richland) and
Junction with SR-395; ((
(v) I-5 between Exit 208 (Arlington) and Exit 250 (south of Bellingham).
(b) On two lane highways, one pilot/escort vehicle must precede and one must follow the implement(s) when the width exceeds twelve feet six inches. Implements up to twelve feet six inches wide are exempt from using pilot/escort vehicles.
(c) On all highways, one pilot/escort vehicle equipped with a height measuring device in compliance with WAC 468-38-100 (10)(f) and (14) must precede the farm implement when the height of the farm implement exceeds fifteen feet measured from the road surface. Movements within a sixty mile radius from the place where the implement(s) is principally used or garaged are exempt from this requirement.
(d) A flag person(s) may be used in lieu of a
(s))) vehicle for moves under five hundred
yards. This allowance must be stated on any farm implement
special permit that may be required for the move.
(d))) (e) Posting a route may also be used in lieu of a
pilot/escort vehicle(s) when the route is less than two miles.
Signs must state, "OVERSIZE VEHICLE MOVING AHEAD" on a background
square at least three feet on each side (in diamond
configuration), with black lettering on orange background. The signs must be placed at points before the oversize
implement enters or leaves the highway, and at access points
along the way. Signs must be immediately removed
(( immediately)) after the move has been completed.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.44.090 and 46.44.0915. 08-13-042, § 468-38-290, filed 6/12/08, effective 6/12/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 46.44.090. 06-07-025, § 468-38-290, filed 3/7/06, effective 4/7/06; 05-04-053, § 468-38-290, filed 1/28/05, effective 2/28/05; 00-17-060, § 468-38-290, filed 8/9/00, effective 9/9/00; 00-11-038 (Order 199), § 468-38-290, filed 5/10/00, effective 6/10/00; 99-18-019 (Order 192), § 468-38-290, filed 8/23/99, effective 9/23/99; 85-11-062 (Order 46, Resolution No. 243), § 468-38-290, filed 5/20/85; 83-16-018 (Order 39, Resolution No. 195), § 468-38-290, filed 7/25/83; 82-18-010 (Order 31, Resolution No. 156), § 468-38-290, filed 8/20/82. Formerly WAC 468-38-460. Statutory Authority: 1977 ex.s. c 151. 79-01-033 (DOT Order 10 and Comm. Order 1, Resolution No. 13), § 468-38-290, filed 12/20/78. Formerly WAC 252-24-342.]