(Dental Quality Assurance Commission)
Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 12-14-068 and 13-04-075.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: Chapter 246-817 WAC, amending the chapter to establish requirements for dental anesthesia assistant certification. Amendments also include adding dental assistants and expanded function dental auxiliaries to WAC 246-817-450 and 246-817-460.
Hearing Location(s): Department of Health, Point Plaza East, 310 Israel Road S.E., Room 152/153, Tumwater, WA 98501, on June 7, 2013, at 8:00 a.m.
Date of Intended Adoption: June 7, 2013.
Submit Written Comments to: Jennifer Santiago, P.O. Box 47852, Olympia, WA 98504-7852, e-mail http://www3.doh.wa.gov/policyreview/, fax (360) 236-2901, by May 31, 2013.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Jennifer Santiago by May 31, 2013, TTY (800) 833-6388 or 711.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: E2SSB 5620 (chapter 23, Laws of 2012) now chapter 18.350 RCW creates a new credential/profession, certified dental anesthesia assistant (DAA). The proposed rules implement E2SSB 5620 (chapter 23, Laws of 2012) and establish certification criteria. The DAA would work under supervision of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist. The level of supervision required varies with the task being performed. Adds all dental professionals regulated by the dental quality assurance commission to the established sexual misconduct rules.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: The bill authorizes the dental quality assurance commission to develop rules for approving training programs, renewal of certification, and continuing education requirements for DAAs. The proposed rules help ensure public safety by including all dental professionals under the authority of the commission in the sexual misconduct rules. The existing sexual misconduct rules were established in 2006 prior to the creation of registered dental assistants, licensed expanded function dental auxiliaries, and certified dental anesthesia assistants.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 18.350 RCW, RCW 18.32.0365 and 18.32.640.
Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 18.350 RCW.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: Department of health, dental quality assurance commission, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting, Implementation and Enforcement: Jennifer Santiago, 111 Israel Road S.E., Tumwater, WA 98501, (360) 236-4893.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. The proposed rule would not impose more than minor costs on businesses in an industry. A copy of the statement may be obtained by contacting Jennifer Santiago, P.O. Box 47852, Olympia, WA 98504-7852, phone (360) 236-4893, fax (360) 236-2901, e-mail email@example.com.
A cost-benefit analysis is required under RCW 34.05.328. A preliminary cost-benefit analysis may be obtained by contacting Jennifer Santiago, P.O. Box 47852, Olympia, WA 98504-7852, phone (360) 236-4893, fax (360) 236-2901, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
April 11, 2013
Paul W. Bryan, D.M.D., Chair
Dental Quality Assurance Commission
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 10-07-026, filed 3/8/10, effective 4/8/10)
WAC 246-817-185 Temporary practice permits -- Eligibility. Fingerprint-based national background checks may cause a delay in credentialing. Individuals who satisfy all other licensing requirements and qualifications may receive a temporary practice permit while the national background check is completed.
(1) A temporary practice permit, as defined in RCW 18.130.075, shall be issued at the written request of an applicant for dentists, expanded function dental auxiliaries, dental anesthesia assistants, and dental assistants. The applicant must be credentialed in another state, with credentialing standards substantially equivalent to Washington.
(2) The conditions of WAC 246-817-160 must be met for applicants who are graduates of dental schools or colleges not accredited by the American Dental Association Commission on Dental Accreditation.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.064, 18.130.075, and 18.32.0365. 10-07-026, § 246-817-185, filed 3/8/10, effective 4/8/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.035. 95-21-041, § 246-817-185, filed 10/10/95, effective 11/10/95.]
(1) A completed application on forms provided by the secretary;
(2) Applicable fees as defined in WAC 246-817-99005;
(3) Evidence of:
(a) Completion of a commission approved dental anesthesia assistant education and training. Approved education and training includes:
(i) Completion of the "Dental Anesthesia Assistant National Certification Examination (DAANCE)" or predecessor program, provided by the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS); or
(ii) Completion of the "Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Assistants Course" course provided by the California Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (CALAOMS); or
(iii) Completion of substantially equivalent education and training approved by the commission.
(b) Completion of training in intravenous access or phlebotomy. Training must include:
(i) Eight hours of didactic training that must include:
(A) Intravenous access;
(D) Risks and complications; and
(ii) Hands on experience starting and maintaining intravenous lines with at least ten successful intravenous starts on a human or simulator/manikin; or
(iii) Completion of substantially equivalent education and training approved by the commission;
(c) A current and valid certification for health care provider basic life support (BLS), advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), or pediatric advanced life support (PALS);
(d) A valid Washington state general anesthesia permit of the oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist where the dental anesthesia assistant will be performing his or her services;
(e) Completion of seven clock hours of AIDS education and training as required by chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 8; and
(4) Any other information determined by the commission.
(2) Effective date. The effective date for the continuing education requirement for dentists is July 1, 2001. The first reporting cycle for verifying completion of continuing education hours will begin with renewals due July 1, 2002, and each renewal date thereafter. Every licensed dentist must sign an affidavit attesting to the completion of the required number of hours as a part of their annual renewal requirement.
(3) Requirements. Licensed dentists must complete twenty-one clock hours of continuing education, each year, in conjunction with their annual renewal date. DQAC may randomly audit up to twenty-five percent of practitioners for compliance after the credential is renewed as allowed by chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 7.
(4) Acceptable continuing education - Qualification of courses for continuing education credit. DQAC will not authorize or approve specific continuing education courses. Continuing education course work must contribute to the professional knowledge and development of the practitioner, or enhance services provided to patients.
For the purposes of this chapter, acceptable continuing education means courses offered or authorized by industry recognized state, private, national and international organizations, agencies or institutions of higher learning. Examples of sponsors, or types of continuing education courses may include, but are not limited to:
(a) The American Dental Association, Academy of General Dentistry, National Dental Association, American Dental Hygienists' Association, National Dental Hygienists' Association, American Dental Association specialty organizations, including the constituent and component/branch societies.
(b) Basic first aid, CPR, BLS, ACLS, OSHA/WISHA, or emergency related training; such as courses offered or authorized by the American Heart Association or the American Cancer Society; or any other organizations or agencies.
(c) Educational audio or videotapes, films, slides, internet, or independent reading, where an assessment tool is required upon completion are acceptable but may not exceed seven hours per year.
(d) Teaching a seminar or clinical course for the first time is acceptable but may not exceed ten hours per year.
(e) Nonclinical courses relating to dental practice organization and management, patient management, or methods of health delivery may not exceed seven hours per year. Estate planning, financial planning, investments, and personal health courses are not acceptable.
(f) Dental examination standardization and calibration workshops.
(g) Provision of clinical dental services in a formal volunteer capacity may be considered for continuing education credits when preceded by an educational/instructional training prior to provision of services. Continuing education credits in this area shall not exceed seven hours per renewal cycle.
(5) Refer to chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 7, administrative procedures and requirements for credentialed health care providers for further information regarding compliance with the continuing education requirements for health care providers.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.002 and 18.32.0365. 06-07-036, § 246-817-440, filed 3/8/06, effective 4/8/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.0365. 01-16-007, § 246-817-440, filed 7/19/01, effective 8/19/01.]
(2) Continuing education must involve direct application of dental anesthesia assistant knowledge and skills in one or more of the following categories:
(a) General anesthesia;
(b) Moderate sedation;
(c) Physical evaluation;
(d) Medical emergencies;
(e) Health care provider basic life support (BLS), advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), or pediatric advanced life support (PALS);
(f) Monitoring and use of monitoring equipment;
(g) Pharmacology of drugs; and agents used in sedation and anesthesia.
(3) Continuing education is defined as any of the following activities:
(a) Attendance at local, state, national, or international continuing education courses;
(b) Health care provider basic life support (BLS), advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), or pediatric advanced life support (PALS), or emergency related classes;
(c) Self-study through the use of multimedia devices or the study of books, research materials, or other publications.
(i) Multimedia devices. The required documentation for this activity is a letter or other documentation from the organization. A maximum of two hours is allowed per reporting period.
(ii) Books, research materials, or other publications. The required documentation for this activity is a two-page synopsis of what was learned written by the credential holder. A maximum of two hours is allowed per reporting period.
(d) Distance learning. Distance learning includes, but is not limited to, correspondence course, webinar, print, audio/video broadcasting, audio/video teleconferencing, computer aided instruction, e-learning/on-line-learning, or computer broadcasting/webcasting. A maximum of four hours of distance learning is allowed per reporting period.
SEXUAL MISCONDUCT ((
Dentist)) Health care provider" means an
individual applying for a credential or credentialed
specifically as defined in chapters 18.32, 18.260, and 18.350
(2) "Health care information" means any information, whether oral or recorded in any form or medium that identifies or can readily be associated with the identity of, and relates to the health care of, a patient.
(3) "Key party" means a person legally authorized to make health care decisions for the patient.
(4) "Legitimate health care purpose" means activities for
examination, diagnosis, treatment, and personal care of
patients, including palliative care, as consistent with
community standards of practice for the dental profession.
The activity must be within the scope of practice of the
dentist)) health care provider.
(5) "Patient" means an individual who receives health
care services from a ((
dentist)) health care provider. The
determination of when a person is a patient is made on a
case-by-case basis with consideration given to a number of
factors, including the nature, extent and context of the
professional relationship between the (( dentist)) health care
provider and the person. The fact that a person is not
receiving treatment or professional services is not the sole
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.0365 and 18.130.050 (1) and (12). 08-01-137, § 246-817-450, filed 12/19/07, effective 1/19/08.]
(a) Sexual intercourse;
(b) Touching the breasts, genitals, anus or any
sexualized body part except as consistent with accepted
community standards of practice for examination, diagnosis and
treatment and within the ((
dentist's)) health care provider's
scope of practice;
(c) Rubbing against a patient or key party for sexual gratification;
(e) Hugging, touching, fondling or caressing of a romantic or sexual nature;
(f) Examination of or touching genitals without using gloves;
(g) Not allowing a patient privacy to dress or undress except as may be necessary in emergencies or custodial situations;
(h) Not providing the patient a gown or draping except as may be necessary in emergencies;
(i) Dressing or undressing in the presence of the patient or key party;
(j) Removing patient's clothing or gown or draping without consent, emergent medical necessity or being in a custodial setting;
(k) Encouraging masturbation or other sex act in the
presence of the ((
dentist)) health care provider;
(l) Masturbation or other sex act by the ((
health care provider in the presence of the patient or key
(m) Soliciting a date with a patient or key party;
(n) Discussing the sexual history, preferences or
fantasies of the ((
dentist)) health care provider;
(o) Any behavior, gestures, or expressions that can reasonably be interpreted as seductive or sexual;
(p) Sexually demeaning behavior including any verbal or physical contact which can reasonably be interpreted as demeaning, humiliating, embarrassing, threatening or harming a patient or key party;
(q) Photographing or filming the body or any body part or pose of a patient or key party, other than for legitimate health care purposes; or for the educational or marketing purposes with the consent of the patient; and
(r) Showing a patient or key party sexually explicit photographs, other than for legitimate health care purposes.
(2) A ((
dentist)) health care provider shall not:
(a) Offer to provide health care services in exchange for sexual favors;
(b) Use health care information to contact the patient or key party for the purpose of engaging in sexual misconduct;
(c) Use health care information or access to health care
information to meet or attempt to meet the ((
health care provider's sexual needs.
(3) A ((
dentist)) health care provider shall not engage
in the activities listed in subsection (1) of this section
with a former patient or key party if the (( dentist)) health
(a) Uses or exploits the trust, knowledge, influence or emotions derived from the professional relationship; or
(b) Uses or exploits privileged information or access to
privileged information to meet the ((
dentist's)) health care
provider's personal or sexual needs.
(4) When evaluating whether a ((
dentist)) health care
provider has engaged or has attempted to engage in sexual
misconduct, the commission will consider factors, including
but not limited to:
(a) Documentation of a formal termination;
(b) Transfer of care to another health care provider;
(c) Duration of the ((
dentist-patient)) health care
(d) Amount of time that has passed since the last dental health care services to the patient;
(e) Communication between the ((
dentist)) health care
provider and the patient between the last dental health care
services rendered and commencement of the personal
(f) Extent to which the patient's personal or private
information was shared with the ((
dentist)) health care
(g) Nature of the patient's health condition during and since the professional relationship; and
(h) The patient's emotional dependence and vulnerability.
(5) Patient or key party initiation or consent does not
excuse or negate the ((
dentist's)) health care provider's
(6) These rules do not prohibit:
(a) Providing health care services in case of emergency where the services cannot or will not be provided by another health care provider;
(b) Contact that is necessary for a legitimate health care purpose and that meets the standard of care appropriate to the dental profession; or
(c) Providing dental services for a legitimate health
care purpose to a person who is in a preexisting, established
personal relationship with the ((
dentist)) health care
provider where there is no evidence of, or potential for,
exploiting the patient.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.0365 and 18.130.050 (1) and (12). 08-01-137, § 246-817-460, filed 12/19/07, effective 1/19/08.]
(1) "Analgesia" is the diminution of pain in the conscious patient.
(2) "Anesthesia" is the loss of feeling or sensation, especially loss of sensation of pain.
(3) "Anesthesia ((
assistant/anesthesia)) monitor" means a
credentialed health care provider specifically trained in
monitoring patients under sedation and capable of assisting
with procedures, problems and emergency incidents that may
occur as a result of the sedation or secondary to an
unexpected medical complication.
(4) "Anesthesia provider" means a dentist, physician anesthesiologist, dental hygienist or certified registered nurse anesthetist licensed and authorized to practice within the state of Washington.
(5) "Close supervision" means that a supervising dentist whose patient is being treated has personally diagnosed the condition to be treated and has personally authorized the procedures to be performed. The supervising dentist is continuously on-site and physically present in the treatment facility while the procedures are performed by the assistive personnel and capable of responding immediately in the event of an emergency. The term does not require a supervising dentist to be physically present in the operatory.
(6) "Deep sedation/analgesia" is a drug induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. Patients may require assistance in maintaining a patent airway, and spontaneous ventilation may be inadequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained.
(6) "Direct supervision" means that a licensed provider
whose patient is being treated has personally diagnosed the
condition to be treated and has personally authorized the
procedure to be performed. A dentist must be physically
present in the treatment facility while the procedures are
(7) "Dental anesthesia assistant" means a health care provider certified under chapter 18.350 RCW and specifically trained to perform the functions authorized in RCW 18.350.040 under supervision of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist.
(8) "Direct visual supervision" means ((
supervision by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental
anesthesiologist by verbal command and under direct line of
sight (( to the activity being performed, chairside)).
(8))) (9) "General anesthesia" is a drug induced loss
of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even
by painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain
an airway and respond purposefully to physical stimulation or
verbal command, produced by a pharmacologic or
nonpharmacologic method, or combination thereof may be
impaired. Patients often require assistance in maintaining a
patent airway, and positive pressure ventilation may be
required because of depressed spontaneous ventilation or
drug-induced depression of neuromuscular function.
Cardiovascular function may be impaired.
(9))) (10) "Local anesthesia" is the elimination of
sensations, especially pain, in one part of the body by the
topical application or regional injection of a drug.
(10))) (11) "Minimal sedation" is a drug induced state
during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. Although cognitive function and coordination may be impaired,
ventilatory and cardiovascular functions are unaffected.
(11))) (12) "Moderate sedation" is a drug induced
depression of consciousness during which patients respond
purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied
by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required
to maintain a patent airway, and spontaneous ventilation is
adequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained. Moderate sedation can include both moderate sedation/analgesia
(conscious sedation) and moderate sedation with parenteral
(12))) (13) "Parenteral" means a technique of
administration in which the drug bypasses the gastrointestinal
(GI) tract (i.e., intramuscular, intravenous, intranasal,
submuscosal, subcutaneous, intraosseous).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.640 and 18.32.0365. 09-04-042, § 246-817-710, filed 1/30/09, effective 3/2/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.035. 95-21-041, § 246-817-710, filed 10/10/95, effective 11/10/95.]
Newly hired office staff providing direct patient care are required to obtain the required certification within forty-five days from the date hired.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.640 and 18.32.0365. 09-04-042, § 246-817-720, filed 1/30/09, effective 3/2/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.035. 95-21-041, § 246-817-720, filed 10/10/95, effective 11/10/95.]
(2) A dental anesthesia assistant may only accept delegation from an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist who holds a valid Washington state general anesthesia permit.
(3) Under close supervision, the dental anesthesia assistant may:
(a) Initiate and discontinue an intravenous line for a patient being prepared to receive intravenous medications, sedation, or general anesthesia; and
(b) Adjust the rate of intravenous fluids infusion only to maintain or keep the line patent or open.
(4) Under direct visual supervision, the dental anesthesia assistant may:
(a) Draw up and prepare medications;
(b) Follow instructions to deliver medications into an intravenous line upon verbal command;
(c) Adjust the rate of intravenous fluids infusion beyond a keep open rate;
(d) Adjust an electronic device to provide medications, such as an infusion pump;
(e) Administer emergency medications to a patient in order to assist the oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist in an emergency.
(5) The responsibility for monitoring a patient and determining the selection of the drug, dosage, and timing of all anesthetic medications rests solely with the supervising oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist.
(6) A certified dental anesthesia assistant shall notify the commission in writing, on a form provided by the department, of any changes in his or her supervisor.
(a) The commission must be notified of the change prior to the certified dental anesthesia assistant accepting delegation from another supervisor. The certified dental anesthesia assistant may not practice under the authority of this chapter unless he or she has on file with the commission such form listing the current supervisor.
(b) A supervisor must be an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist who holds a valid Washington state general anesthesia permit.
(c) For the purposes of this subsection "any change" means the addition, substitution, or deletion of supervisor from whom the certified dental anesthesia assistant is authorized to accept delegation.