[Filed June 5, 2019, 11:45 a.m.]
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: In May 2018 members approved amendments to chapter 181-78A WAC revising preparation program standards and review process. May 2018 revisions addressed the broad domain standards and the substandards, or component areas, of each. However, last years' decision did not affect the most fine-grained components of the standards because additional clarification and detail was needed. In this tab, these fine-grained components are addressed in such a way as to include career and technical education (CTE) preparation programs based on input from the CTE Phase 2 work group.
Hearing Location(s): On July 15, 2019, at 8:30 a.m., at Semiahmoo Resort, 9565 Semiahmoo Parkway, Blaine, WA 98230.
Date of Intended Adoption: July 15, 2019.
Submit Written Comments to: Professional Educator Standards Board (PESB) Rules Coordinator, 600 Washington Street S.E., Olympia, WA 98504, email firstname.lastname@example.org, by July 12, 2019.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact PESB rules coordinator, phone 360-725-6275, email email@example.com, by July 8, 2019.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: This proposal will provide greater clarity in program implementation that spans multiple intergovernmental organizations.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: This proposal will provide greater clarity and guidance to CTE preparation programs and ensure more efficient and effective program design as they are designed and implemented between intergovernmental agencies.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 28A.410
Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 28A.410
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: PESB, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Nick Gillion, 600 Washington Street S.E., Olympia, WA 98504, 360-725-6275; Implementation and Enforcement: PESB, 600 Washington Street S.E., Olympia, WA 98504, 360-725-6275.
A school district fiscal impact statement is not required under RCW 28A.305.135
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328
This rule proposal, or portions of the proposal, is exempt from requirements of the Regulatory Fairness Act because the proposal:
Is exempt under RCW 19.85.025
(3) as the rules relate only to internal governmental operations that are not subject to violation by a nongovernment party; and rules only correct typographical errors, make address or name changes, or clarify language of a rule without changing its effect.
June 5, 2019
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 06-14-010, filed 6/22/06, effective 7/23/06)
WAC 181-78A-225Acceptance of alternative standards.
(1) For a given program, the professional educator standards board may allow the substitution of ((the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Education Program's (CACREP) or the National Association of School Psychologist's (NASP)))alternative national standards for program approval standards for school counselor and school psychologist program approval, if they are deemed by the board to be equivalent to the board-adopted national standards for the role (WAC 181-78A-220 (2) through (5)).
(2) The professional educator standards board may allow the substitution of national standards (e.g., the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) teacher education standards) for program approval with any additions deemed necessary by the professional educator standards board. National standards may also be approved for programs in specific endorsement areas if they are deemed to be equivalent to state standards.
WAC 181-78A-231Teacher, principal, career and technical education director, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—Candidates and cohorts.
Candidates and cohorts. Providers of educator preparation programs recruit, select, support, and prepare diverse cohorts of candidates with potential to be outstanding educators.
(1) Providers conduct strategic and ongoing outreach to identify, recruit, admit, support, and transition promising educator candidates.
(a) Create, foster, and utilize effective partnerships to promote careers in teaching and educational leadership.
(b) Implement a targeted, data-informed outreach strategy that includes robust individualized enrollment support.
(c) Establish and monitor attributes and dispositions beyond academic ability that candidates must demonstrate at admissions and during the program.
(d) Providers of teacher preparation programs develop and utilize candidate recruitment strategies that address state, district, and workforce shortage areas.
(2) Providers of educator preparation programs use strategies to recruit, admit, and prepare a greater number of candidates from underrepresented groups including, but not limited to, candidates of color in effort to prepare an educator workforce that mirrors the characteristics of the student population in Washington state public schools.
(a) Demonstrate strategic outreach that is highly accessible and responsive to local communities of color.
(b) Gather and use data to assess strategic outreach to improve responsiveness and effectiveness.
(c) Identify needs and provide supports for enrollment and success in educator preparation programs for local communities of color and candidates representing linguistic and ability diversity.
(d) Providers of career and technical education business and industry route programs establish and expand meaningful and effective recruitment and admissions partnerships with local school districts.
(3) Providers set, publish, and uphold program admission standards to ensure that all educator candidates and cohorts are academically capable and technically prepared to succeed in educator preparation programs.
(a) Articulate clear criteria and requirements for program entry requirements to applicants.
(b) Articulate clear expectations for program completion to applicants and candidates.
(c) Inform, advise, and support applicants on assessment requirements, timelines, occupational experience requirements, and passing thresholds for board approved basic skills, content, and pedagogy assessments.
WAC 181-78A-232Teacher, principal, career and technical education director, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—Candidate knowledge, skills, and cultural responsiveness.
Knowledge, skills, and cultural responsiveness. Providers prepare candidates who demonstrate the knowledge, skills and cultural responsiveness required for the particular certificate and areas of endorsement, which reflect the state's approved standards.
(1) Providers demonstrate effective, culturally responsive pedagogy using multiple instructional methods, formats, and assessments.
(a) Qualified faculty use multiple instructional strategies, pedagogies, and assessments to address students' academic language ability levels and cultural and linguistic backgrounds.
(b) Providers create opportunities for faculty members and program personnel to pursue, apply, and practice ongoing professional learning to improve their knowledge, skill, effectiveness, and cultural responsiveness.
(c) Faculty within the program and the unit collaborate among one another, with content specialists, P-12 schools, members of the broader professional community, and diverse members of local communities for continuous program improvement.
(d) Faculty members and program leaders systematically and comprehensively evaluate faculty's effectiveness in teaching and learning.
(2) Providers ensure that completers demonstrate the necessary subject matter knowledge for success as educators in schools.
(a) Candidates demonstrate knowledge and competence relative to the national standards related to the role, which were adopted by the board. Providers ensure that candidates in teacher preparation programs demonstrate most recently published InTASC Standards, candidates in principal programs demonstrate most recently published NELP - Building Level Standards, and candidates in superintendent programs demonstrate most recently published NELP - District Level Standards, and candidates in career and technical education educator preparation programs demonstrate and document the career and technical education standards approved by the professional educator standards board.
(b) Teacher candidates must take a board approved basic skills assessment prior to program admission and take an endorsement assessment prior to beginning student teaching. Endorsement assessments are not required for teacher candidates in career and technical education business and industry route programs.
(c) Teacher candidates apply content knowledge as reflected in board approved endorsement standards.
(d) Teacher candidates engage with the since time immemorial curriculum focused on history, culture, and government of American Indian peoples as prescribed in WAC 181-78A-300.
(e) Providers ensure that educator candidates complete a course on issues of abuse as required by RCW 28A.410.035
and WAC 181-79A-030.
(3) Providers ensure that candidates demonstrate pedagogical knowledge and skill relative to the national professional standards adopted by the board for the role for which candidates are being prepared.
(a) Candidates demonstrate knowledge and competence relative the national standards related to the role, which were adopted by the board. Providers ensure that candidates in teacher preparation programs demonstrate most recently published InTASC Standards, candidates in principal programs demonstrate most recently published NELP - Building Level Standards, candidates in superintendent programs demonstrate most recently published NELP - District Level Standards, and candidates in career and technical education educator preparation programs demonstrate and document the career and technical education standards approved by the professional educator standards board.
(b) Faculty and mentors provide regular and ongoing feedback to candidates regarding field based performance that is actionable and leads to improvement in candidates' practice.
(c) Providers demonstrate through structured observation, discussion, surveys, and/or artifacts that program completers effectively apply the professional knowledge, skills, and dispositions that the preparation program was designed to achieve.
(d) Providers ensure that teacher candidates achieve passing scores on the teacher performance assessment, also known as the pedagogy assessment, approved by the board. The teacher performance assessment is not required for teacher candidates in career and technical education business and industry route programs.
(e) Providers ensure that all educator candidates demonstrate knowledge of the paraeducator standards of practice, as published by the paraeducator board.
(f) Providers of career and technical educator preparation programs provide candidates all necessary guidance to document, demonstrate, and submit for approval the required hours of occupational experience.
(4) Providers ensure that candidates are well prepared to exhibit the knowledge and skills of culturally responsive educators.
(a) Providers offer all candidates meaningful, reflective opportunities to interact with racially and culturally diverse colleagues, faculty, P-12 practitioners, and P-12 students and families.
(b) Providers prepare candidates to adapt their practices based on students' prior experiences, cultural knowledge, and frames of reference to make learning encounters more relevant and effective.
(c) Providers ensure course work explicitly focuses on cultural responsiveness and integrates components of culturally responsive education within and throughout all courses.
(d) Faculty explicitly model equity pedagogy in course work and practica in ways that enable candidates to integrate their own cultural and linguistic backgrounds into classroom activities.
(5) Providers require candidates to demonstrate knowledge of teacher evaluation research and Washington's evaluation requirements.
(a) Providers ensure educator candidates examine Washington's evaluation requirements, criteria, four-tiered performance rating system, student growth goals, and the preferred instructional frameworks used to describe the evaluation criteria.
(b) Providers ensure educator candidates demonstrate knowledge and skill in self-assessment, goal setting, and reflective practice.
(c) Providers of principal and superintendent programs ensure candidates examine and practice classroom observation skills that recognize and limit bias and promote rater agreement on the four-tiered system.
(d) Providers of principal and superintendent programs ensure candidates demonstrate knowledge and skill using student growth data and multiple measures of performance for use in evaluations.
(e) Providers of principal and superintendent programs ensure candidates demonstrate knowledge and skill conducting evaluation conferences and developing teacher and principal support plans resulting from evaluations.
(f) Providers of principal and superintendent programs ensure candidates demonstrate knowledge and skill in the use of an online tool to manage the collection of observation notes, teacher and principal submitted materials, and other information related to the conduct of the evaluation.
WAC 181-78A-233Teacher, principal, career and technical education program directors, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—Novice practitioners.
Novice practitioners. Providers prepare candidates who are role ready.
(1) Providers prepare candidates who are ready to engage effectively in their role and context upon completion of educator preparation programs.
(a) The provider demonstrates that program completers perceive their preparation as relevant to the responsibilities they confront on the job, and that the preparation was effective.
(b) Providers demonstrate that completers effectively apply the professional knowledge, skills, dispositions, and technical proficiency that the preparation experiences were designed to achieve.
(c) Faculty and supervisors contextualize educators' practice within contemporary socio-political context and within the administrative regulations in schools and districts.
(d) Inform and orient candidates to Washington state processes of certification, licensure, endorsements and ongoing professional learning opportunities and requirements as they apply to the role for which the candidate is being certified.
(2) Providers prepare candidates to develop reflective, collaborative, and professional growth-centered practices through regular evaluation of the effects of their practice through feedback and reflection.
(a) Prepare educators to understand and demonstrate achievement and improvement in their practice.
(b) Providers prepare candidates to seek new learning to remain current in subject area(s), educational theories, practices, research, and ethical practice.
(c) Ensure that all teacher education candidates who complete the program exit the program with a professional growth plan according to the guidance provided by the professional educator standards board.
(3) Providers prepare candidates for their role in directing, supervising, and evaluating paraeducators.
(a) Prepare teacher candidates to direct paraeducators working with students in the classroom.
(b) Prepare administrator candidates to supervise and evaluate paraeducators in schools.
WAC 181-78A-234Teacher, principal, career and technical education program director, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—State and local workforce needs.
State and local workforce needs. Providers contribute positively to state and local educator workforce needs.
(1) Providers partner with local schools, districts, and communities to assess and respond to educator workforce, student learning, and educator professional learning needs.
(a) Establish and develop partnerships (e.g., schools, districts, community colleges, workforce boards, etc.) to understand educator workforce surplus and shortages.
(b) Maintain and use partnerships to gather anecdotes, contacts, and data that identify and describe local workforce needs.
(2) Providers use preparation program and workforce data in cooperation with professional educator advisory boards to assess and respond to local and state workforce needs.
(a) Providers use local and state workforce data to identify and monitor state and local educator and workforce shortages across local districts, industries, and content areas relevant for the roles for which the program recommends certification.
(b) Analyze enrollment, preparation process, and program outcomes data to understand programs' process and performance relative to the local and state educator and industry workforce needs relevant for the roles for which the program recommends certification.
(c) Present to professional educator advisory boards workforce data and program analyses to develop program goals and strategies that can be enacted to meaningfully address state and local workforce needs.
(3) Providers of teacher educator preparation programs prepare and recommend increasing numbers of candidates in endorsement and areas identified by the board as workforce priorities.
(a) Share among faculty, staff, and professional educator advisory boards program's current practice and effectiveness addressing state and local workforce needs.
(b) Recruit and prepare candidates for content areas in response to local and state workforce needs.
(c) Meet the content area needs identified by workforce data of the state and the region.
WAC 181-78A-235Teacher, principal, career and technical education program director, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—Data systems.
Data systems. Providers maintain data systems that are sufficient to evaluate program performance, direct program decision making, inform state-level priorities, and report to the board.
(1) Providers develop and maintain effective data systems that are sufficient for program growth, evaluation, and mandated reporting.
(a) Maintain a data infrastructure that enables storage, tracking, and reporting functions to meet annual data submission requirements and assess program design and outcomes in alignment with state standards.
(b) Collect, store, and report data according to the data manual and report guidance published by the professional educator standards board.
(c) Systematically and comprehensively gather data and evidence on recruitment, retention, candidate learning, and program operations.
(d) Include in data and assessment systems processes and safeguards that ensure fair and unbiased assessment of candidates.
(2) Providers utilize secure data practices for storing, monitoring, reporting, and using data for program improvement.
(a) Develop, publish, and maintain program-specific standards for data security, access, and governance.
(b) The professional educator advisory board annually reviews and analyzes data for the purposes of determining whether candidates have a positive impact on student learning and report to the program provider recommendations for programmatic change.
(c) Program leaders aggregate program and candidate data over time and incorporate perspectives of faculty, data administrators, professional educator advisory boards, candidates, and district and school P-12 partners to inform program decision making.
(d) Program providers consider and respond in writing to recommendations for program change from the members of the professional education advisory board.
(3) Providers produce and utilize data reports in accordance with data manual and reporting guidance published by the board.
(a) Faculty, administrators, and professional educator advisory board members collaborate for program review and improvement.
(b) Data administrators submit annual data according to data manual, schedule, and reporting guidance published by the board.
(c) Gather and submit additional program and candidate data as requested by the board as needed to complete all aspects of the program review process.
WAC 181-78A-236Teacher, principal, career and technical education program director, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—Field experience and clinical practice.
Field experience and clinical practice. Providers offer field-based learning experiences and formalized clinical practice experiences for candidates to develop and demonstrate the knowledge and skills needed for their role.
(1) Providers establish and maintain field placement practices, relationships, and agreements with all school districts in which candidates are placed for field experiences leading to certification or endorsement per WAC 181-78A-125 and 181-78A-300.
(a) The program provider and school partners cooperatively design, implement, and evaluate field experiences and clinical practices conforming to board standards and requirements for the role.
(b) Clinical practice for teacher candidates in programs approved to offer traditional routes to teacher certification must consist of no less than four hundred fifty hours in a classroom setting, with a qualifying mentor teacher. Clinical practice for teacher candidates in programs approved to offer alternative routes to certification must consist of no less than five hundred forty hours in a classroom setting with a qualifying mentor.
(c) Principal candidates complete an internship for a full school year, consisting of at least five hundred forty hours, half of which must be during school hours when students and/or staff are present. Interning candidates must demonstrate that they have the appropriate, specific skills pursuant to the standards identified in WAC 181-78A-220 and 181-78A-232 and meets, at minimum, the standards-based benchmarks approved and published by the board.
(d) Superintendent candidates must complete an internship of at least three hundred sixty hours. Interning candidates must demonstrate that they have the appropriate, specific skills pursuant to the standards identified in WAC 181-78A-220 and 181-78A-232.
(e) Candidates in career and technical education teacher preparation programs as described in WAC 181-77-031 must complete a student teaching experience of at least four hundred fifty hours. Candidates must demonstrate that they have the appropriate, specific skills pursuant to the standards identified in the career and technical education standards approved by the professional educator standards board.
(f) Candidates in career and technical education business and industry route programs must complete a practicum. Candidates must demonstrate that they have the appropriate, specific skills pursuant to the standards identified in the career and technical education standards approved by the professional educator standards board.
(g) Providers articulate in writing clear entry and exit criteria as well as a process for mitigating concerns during clinical practice for candidates, school leader(s), and the mentor.
(2) Providers ensure that candidates integrate knowledge and skills developed through field and industry experiences with the content of programs' course work.
(a) Providers offer field experiences in which teacher and principal candidates plan, practice, discuss, and reflect upon methods of instruction and differentiation, and all educator candidates demonstrate that they have the appropriate, specific relevant skills pursuant to WAC 181-78A-220, 181-78A-232, and 181-78A-300 to be effective in the role.
(b) Integrate assignments, assessments, and actionable feedback throughout candidates' field experiences.
(c) Provide faculty supervision, including on-site visits, on an ongoing basis.
(d) Identify and recruit mentors for candidates who are educational leaders collaboratively with the partner school(s) or district(s).
(e) Ensure that candidates' mentors are fully certificated school personnel and have a minimum of three years of professional experience in the role they are supervising.
(f) Mentors and school leaders are provided with a set of internship expectations and receive, or provide evidence of having received, training and experience mentoring adult learners and culturally responsive teaching and learning.
(g) Effectiveness of mentor preparation and communication are reviewed annually by program faculty.
(3) Providers offer field experiences and related assessment requirements in accordance with WAC 181-78A-300 and the board approved candidate assessment requirements.
(a) Ensure that educator candidates are placed in settings where they can be evaluated and given actionable feedback.
(b) Ensure that educator candidates are fingerprinted and have completed required character clearance prior to placement in field experience settings.
(c) Ensure that teacher candidates have completed knowledge and skills assessments requirements in accordance with this section and WAC 181-78A-300(2) prior to beginning student teaching.
(4) Providers ensure that candidates participate in field experiences in school settings with students and teachers who differ from themselves in race, ethnicity, home language, socio-economic status or local population density.
(a) Field experiences provide opportunities to work in communities or with student populations with backgrounds dissimilar to the background of the candidate.
(b) Course assignments and discussions offer candidates opportunities to reflect upon interactions with diverse populations and communities in order to integrate professional growth in cultural responsiveness as a habit of practice.
(c) Candidates have opportunities to design, implement and receive feedback on cultural responsiveness in lessons, assignments, and activities.
WAC 181-78A-237Teacher, principal, career and technical education program director, superintendent, and program administrator—Specific program approval domain standard—Program resources and governance.
Program resources and governance. Providers ensure that programs have adequate resources, facilities, and governance structures to enable effective administration and fiscal sustainability.
(1) Providers ensure that programs utilize a separate administrative unit responsible for the composition and organization of the preparation program.
(a) An officially designated administrator is responsible for the composition and organization of the preparation program.
(b) Budgetary allocations are sufficient for the program to assure that candidates meet standards and requirements of the board.
(2) Providers ensure the program has adequate personnel to promote teaching and learning.
(a) Workload policies allow program personnel to effectively perform their assigned responsibilities within the program.
(b) Specific program personnel are assigned the responsibility of advising applicants for certification and endorsements and for maintaining certification records.
(c) The program has adequate field supervisors and other support personnel.
(3) Providers ensure the program has adequate facilities and resources to promote teaching and learning.
(a) The program has the necessary classrooms, lab space, office space, and/or other facilities.
(b) The program has technology, library, curricular, and electronic information resources.
(c) The facilities support faculty and candidate use of technology.
The following sections of the Washington Administrative Code are repealed:
Approval standards professional education advisory board.
Approval standard—Program resources and governance.
Approval standard—Program design.
Approval standard—Knowledge and skills.
Special consideration for certain former paraeducators.