LIQUOR AND CANNABIS
[Filed October 23, 2019, 11:32 a.m., effective October 23, 2019, 11:32 a.m.]
Effective Date of Rule: Immediately upon filing.
Purpose: Chapter 314-35 WAC, Vapor products, the Washington state liquor and cannabis board (board) has adopted emergency rules that establish summary license suspension and petition for stay provisions that are necessary for the enforcement of chapter 246-80 WAC, Vapor products and flavors, effective October 10, 2019.
Citation of Rules Affected by this Order: New WAC 314-35-090 and 314-35-095.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 70.345
Under RCW 34.05.350
the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest.
Reasons for this Finding: The immediate adoption of a rule establishing summary license suspension and petition for stay provisions is necessary for the enforcement of Washington state board of health (SBOH) rules described in chapter 246-80 WAC banning the sale of flavored vapor products. The board has the authority and responsibility to adopt rules for the preservation of public health.
The Centers for Disease Control, United States Food and Drug Administration, Washington state department of health, and many other state and local health departments are currently investigating a multistate outbreak of lung disease associated with vapor product use. More than one thousand cases have been reported across the United States, including twenty-six deaths. Twelve cases of lung injury have been reported in Washington state, and the number of cases is expected to grow. Approximately eighty percent of the cases nationwide have been reported in individuals under thirty-five years of age, with sixteen percent of the cases involving individuals under eighteen years of age and twenty-one percent of the cases involving individuals from eighteen to twenty years old. All reported patients have a history of using vapor products. The specific chemical exposure(s) causing the disease remain unknown, and no single product or substance has been linked to all lung injury cases.
The SBOH health impact review of HB 1932 found strong evidence that prohibiting the sale of flavored vapor products will likely decrease initiation and use of vapor products among adolescents and young adults. Reducing the initiation and use of vapor products by youth and young adults will reduce the exposure of our most vulnerable population to the current outbreak of severe lung disease associated with the use of vapor products.
On October 10, 2019, SBOH issued emergency rules as WSR 19-21-050, prohibiting the sale of flavored vapor products by persons licensed under chapter 69.50
RCW, and consistent with the directives of Executive Order 19-03 Addressing the Vaping Use Public Health Crisis.
These emergency rules serve a two-pronged purpose:
|•||Allow the board to serve an order of summary license suspension after a preliminary staff investigation indicates that a vapor product licensee has violated SBOH rules described in chapter 246-80 WAC and that immediate cessation of licensed activities is necessary for the presentation [preservation] of public health and welfare; and|
|•||Provide a framework and process for an affected vapor product licensee to petition the board for a stay of summary suspension, consistent with the provisions of chapter 34.05 RCW.|
Because the outbreak of lung disease is occurring now and growing, the immediate adoption of rules that establish summary license suspension and petition for stay provisions are necessary for both the enforcement of chapter 246-80 WAC and preservation of public health, safety and general welfare. The board filed a rule proposal on October 16, 2019, as WSR 19-21-102. These rules may be extended, rescinded or considered for inclusion in adopted rules at a later date as appropriate.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at the Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 2, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: October 23, 2019.
WAC 314-35-090Summary license suspension.
(1) The board may serve an order of summary suspension of any license under this chapter after the board's enforcement division has:
(a) Completed a preliminary staff investigation of a violation of state board of health rules, chapter 246-80 WAC; and
(b) Upon a determination that immediate cessation of the licensed activities is necessary for the protection or preservation of the public health, safety, or welfare.
(2) Suspension of any license under this section is effective twenty-four hours after personal service of the summary suspension order on the licensee or employee thereof, unless the licensee becomes compliant as provided in the order before the expiration of the twenty-four hour period.
(3) When a license has been summarily suspended by the board, an adjudicative proceeding must be promptly instituted before an administrative law judge assigned by the office of administrative hearings. If a request for an administrative hearing is timely filed by the licensee, then a hearing will be held within ninety calendar days of the effective date of the summary suspension ordered by the board. The ninety day period may be extended for good cause.
WAC 314-35-095Petition for stay.
(1) When the board summarily suspends a license under WAC 314-35-090, an affected licensee may petition the board for a stay of suspension. A petition for a stay of suspension must be received by the board within ten calendar days of service of the summary suspension order on the licensee. The petition for stay must clearly describe the basis for the stay.
(2) A hearing will be held before an administrative law judge within fourteen calendar days of receipt of a timely petition for stay. The hearing is limited to consideration of whether a stay should be granted, or whether the terms of the suspension will be modified to allow the conduct of limited activities under current licenses.
(3) Any hearing conducted under subsection (2) of this section will be a brief adjudicative proceeding under RCW 34.05.485
. The agency record for the hearing must consist of the documentary information upon which the summary suspension was based. The licensee is permitted to supplement the record with additional documentation during the brief adjudicative proceeding. The licensee must demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that:
(a) The licensee is likely to prevail upon the merits at hearing;
(b) Without relief, the licensee will suffer irreparable injury. For purposes of this section, income alone from licensed activities is not deemed irreparable injury;
(c) The grant of relief will not substantially harm other parties to the proceedings; and
(d) The threat to the public health, safety, or welfare is not sufficiently serious to justify continuation of the suspension, or that modification of the terms of the suspension will adequately protect the public interest.
(4) The initial order on stay is effective immediately upon service unless another date is specified in the order.