[Filed December 16, 2019, 1:02 p.m., effective January 16, 2020]
Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
Purpose: The wording that was agreed upon to be adopted was filed incorrectly. This is a correction to the first section adopted (WAC 139-12-010).
Citation of Rules Affected by this Order: New WAC 139-12-010.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 9A.16.040
(found in chapter 1, Laws of 2019) and 43.101.080
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 19-21-178 on October 23, 2019.
Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: WAC 139-12-010 Purpose, the independent investigation is conducted in the same manner as a criminal investigation and state law requires an "independent investigation" completely independent of the involved agency.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at the Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 1, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: December 16, 2019.
Human Resources and
Government Affairs Manager
Chapter 139-12 WAC
LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING AND COMMUNITY SAFETY ACT—INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATIONS CRITERIA (LETCSA)
In 2015 the U.S. Department of Justice issued a final report from the 21st Century Task Force on Policing. A core focus of that report addressed strategies for improving relationships, increasing community engagement, and fostering cooperation. The report recommended clear and comprehensive policies on the use of force, training on the importance of de-escalation, crisis intervention and mental health, the provision of first aid, and recommended external and independent investigations in officer involved shootings resulting in injury or death. Initiative 940 and SHB 1064 incorporated those recommendations and these WACs implement the requirement of an independent investigation that is completely independent of the involved agency. The goal of this requirement is to enhance accountability and increase trust to improve the legitimacy of policing for an increase in safety for everyone.
Ultimately, this is about the sanctity of all human life; the lives of police officers and the lives of the people they serve and protect. The preservation of life should be at the heart of American policing. RCW 9A.16.040
provides a legal justification for officers whose use of deadly force meets the "good faith" standard. RCW 10.114.011
requires that where the use of deadly force by a peace officer results in death, substantial bodily harm, or great bodily harm an independent investigation must be completed to inform any determination of whether the use of deadly force met the good faith standard established in RCW 9A.16.040
and satisfied other applicable laws and policies. The independent investigation is conducted in the same manner as a criminal investigation and state law requires an "independent investigation" completely independent of the involved agency.