Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
Purpose: The department is amending chapter 388-112A WAC, Residential long-term care services training, by adding a new definition for expanded specialty training to WAC 388-112A-0010. The department is also creating WAC 388-112A-1292, a new section added to set minimum qualifications for community instructors to teach expanded specialty trainings, and WAC 388-112A-1294, a new section added to set minimum qualifications for facility training program instructors to teach expanded specialty trainings.
Citation of Rules Affected by this Order: New WAC 388-112A-1292 and 388-112A-1294; and amending WAC 388-112A-0010.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 20-24-055 on November 24, 2020.
A final cost-benefit analysis is available by contacting David Chappell, P.O. Box 45600, Olympia, WA 98504-5600, phone 360-725-2516, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 2, Amended 1, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at the Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 2, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: January 27, 2021.
The following definitions apply to this chapter:
(1) "Activities of daily living" means self-care abilities related to personal care such as bathing, eating, using the toilet, dressing, medication assistance, and transfer. Instrumental activities of daily living may also be used to assess a person's functional abilities in the home and the community such as cooking, shopping, house cleaning, doing laundry, working, and managing personal finances.
(2) "Adult family home training network"
means a nonprofit organization established by the exclusive bargaining representative of adult family homes designated under RCW 41.56.026
with the capacity to provide training, workforce development, and other services to adult family homes.
(3) "Applicant" means:
(a) An individual who is applying for an adult family home license;
(b) An individual with an ownership interest in a partnership, corporation, or other entity that is applying for an adult family home license; or
(c) An individual who is applying for an enhanced services facility license.
(4) "Capable caregiving training
" means the DSHS developed training curricula in dementia and mental health that will be available in three class levels. The level one series of the class in both dementia and mental health meets the requirements under RCW 18.20.270
for specialty training. The level two and level three capable caregiving classes, when developed in both topics, may be completed for continuing education credits.
(5) "Care team" includes the resident and everyone involved in their care. The care team may include family, friends, doctors, nurses, long-term care workers, social workers, and case managers. The role of the care team is to support the resident's well-being. However, the resident directs the service plan when able.
(6) "Challenge test" means a competency test taken for specialty training without first taking the class for which the test is designed.
(7) "Competency" means the integrated knowledge, skills, or behavior expected of a long-term care worker after completing the training in a required topic area. Learning objectives are associated with each competency.
(8) "Competency testing" including challenge testing, evaluates a student to determine if they can demonstrate the required level of skill, knowledge, and behavior with respect to the identified learning objectives of a particular course.
(9) "Core basic training" is the portion of the seventy-hour long-term care worker basic training that covers the core competencies and skills that long-term care workers need in order to provide personal care services efficiently and safely. The core basic training hours also includes hours devoted to student practice and demonstration of skills.
(10) "Date of hire" for determining timeframes related to training and certification, means the day an individual was first hired as a long-term care worker as determined by the department according to WAC 388-112A-0115.
(11) "DDA" means the developmental disabilities administration.
(12) "Designee" means a person in an assisted living facility or enhanced services facility who supervises long-term care workers and is designated by an assisted living facility administrator or enhanced services facility administrator to take the trainings in this chapter required of the facility administrator. An assisted living facility or enhanced services facility administrator may have more than one designee.
(13) "Direct care worker" means a paid individual who provides direct, personal care services to persons with disabilities or the elderly requiring long-term care (see also the definition of long-term care worker, which includes direct care workers).
(14) "Direct supervision" means oversight by a person who has demonstrated competency in basic training and if required, specialty training, or has been exempted from the basic training requirements, and is on the premises and quickly available to the caregiver.
(15) "DSHS" or "department" means the department of social and health services.
(16) "Enhancement" means additional time provided for skills practice and additional training materials or classroom activities that help a long-term care worker to thoroughly learn the course content and skills. Enhancements may include new student materials, videos or DVDs, online materials, and additional student activities.
(17) "Entity representative" means the individual designated by an adult family home provider who is or will be responsible for the daily operations of an adult family home.
(18) "Expanded specialty training" means optional curricula that provide caregivers with advanced knowledge and skills to provide person-centered care to clients or residents living with conditions other than developmental disabilities, dementia, and mental health. The optional expanded specialty training may include such topics as traumatic brain injury, diabetes care, and bariatric care. The optional expanded specialty training curricula must be DSHS developed and based on competencies and learning objectives established by the department.
" means an individual as defined in chapter 11.88
(((19)))(20) "Home" means adult family homes, enhanced services facilities, and assisted living facilities.
(((20)))(21) "Home care aide certified" or "home care aide" means a person who obtained and maintains a home care aide certification through the department of health.
(((21)))(22) "Indirect supervision" means oversight by a person who has demonstrated competency in basic training and if required, specialty training, or was exempted from basic training requirements, and who is quickly and easily available to the long-term care worker, but not necessarily on-site.
(((22)))(23) "Learning objectives" means measurable, written statements that clearly describe what a long-term care worker must minimally learn to meet each competency. Learning objectives are identified for each competency. Learning objectives provide consistent, common language and a framework for curriculum designers, the curriculum approval process, and testing.
(((23)))(24) "Long-term care worker" means:
(a) All persons who provide paid, personal care services for the elderly or persons with disabilities, including but not limited to individual providers of home care services, direct care workers employed by home care agencies, providers of home care services to persons with developmental disabilities under Title 71A
RCW, all direct care workers in state-licensed assisted living facilities, adult family homes, respite care providers, community residential service providers, and any other direct care staff who provide home or community-based services to the elderly or persons with functional disabilities or developmental disabilities.
(b) Long-term care workers do not include:
(i) Persons employed by the following facilities or agencies: Nursing homes subject to chapter 18.51
RCW, hospitals or other acute care settings, residential habilitation centers under chapter 71A.20
RCW, facilities certified under 42 C.F.R., Part 483, hospice agencies subject to chapter 70.127
RCW, adult day care centers, and adult day health care centers; or
(ii) Persons who are not paid by the state, by a private agency, or facility licensed by the state to provide personal care services.
(((24)))(25) "Personal care services" means physical or verbal assistance with activities of daily living, or activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living, which is provided to meet the resident's care needs.
" means any person or entity licensed by the department to operate an adult family home, enhanced services facility, or assisted living facility, or any person or entity certified by the department to provide instruction and support services to meet the needs of persons receiving services under Title 71A
(((26)))(27)"Renewal period" means the certification renewal period as defined in WAC 246.12.010.
(((27)))(28) "Resident" means a person residing and receiving long-term care services at an assisted living facility, enhanced services facility, or adult family home. As applicable, "resident" also means the resident's legal guardian or other surrogate decision maker.
(((28)))(29) "Resident manager" means a person employed or designated by the provider to manage the adult family home who meets the requirements in WAC 388-76-10000 and this chapter.
(((29)))(30) "Routine interaction" means regular contact with residents.
(((30)))(31) "Seventy-hour long-term care worker basic training" means the seventy-hours of required training that a new long-term care worker must complete within one hundred and twenty days of hire. It has three components: Core competencies, practice of skills, and population specific topics, which may include specialty and nurse delegation training.
(((31)))(32)"Special needs" means a resident has dementia consistent with WAC 388-78A-2510 for assisted living or WAC 388-76-10000 for adult family homes; mental illness consistent with WAC 388-78A-2500 for assisted living or WAC 388-76-10000 for adult family homes; or developmental disabilities consistent with WAC 388-78A-2490 for assisted living or WAC 388-76-10000 for adult family homes.
" means curricula that meets the requirements of RCW 18.20.270
to provide basic core knowledge and skills that caregivers need to learn and understand to effectively and safely provide care to residents living with mental illness, dementia, or developmental disabilities. The specialty training curricula may be DSHS developed or DSHS approved and must be based on the competencies and learning objectives in WAC 388-112A-0430, 388-112A-0440, or 388-112A-0450.
(((33)))(34) "Training entity" means an organization, including an independent contractor, who provides or may provide training under this chapter using approved curriculum.
(1) The minimum qualifications for community instructors to teach an expanded specialty training, in addition to the general qualifications in WAC 388-112A-1420(1) and (2), include:
(a) The instructor must be experienced in caregiving practices related to the expanded specialty topic and capable of demonstrating competency in the entire course content;
(i) Bachelor's degree, registered nurse, paramedic, emergency medical technician (EMT), mental health specialist, or a specialist with nationally recognized credentials in the expanded specialty topic with at least eighty hours of education in seminars, conferences, continuing education, or accredited college classes, in subjects directly related to expanded specialty topics; and
(ii) Successful completion of the expanded specialty training class before the instructor trains others;
(c) Work experience: Two years full-time equivalent direct work or volunteer experience with people in the specialty topic population; and
(d) Teaching experience:
(i) Two hundred hours experience teaching;
(ii) Successful completion of an adult education class that meets the requirements of WAC 388-112A-1297;
(iii) Successful completion of the DSHS instructor qualification/demonstration process; and
(iv) The instructor has been approved and contracted by the department as a community instructor;
(e) Instructors who will administer tests must have experience or training in assessment and competency testing; and
(2) Five years of full-time equivalent direct work experience with people in the specialty topic population may substitute for either:
(a) The credential or degree described in subsection (1)(b)(i) of this section; or
(b) The eighty hours in seminars, conferences, continuing education described in subsection (1)(b)(i).